Mesopotamian Geo

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Mesopotamian Geo

  1. 1. Social Studies for 8th E.G.B Teacher: Mauricio Torres GEOGRAPHY OF MESOPOTAMIA
  2. 2. WATER IS LIFE • With bands of hunter-gatherers settling down all around the world, into farming settlements, they began to domesticate animals and plants. • Civilizations needed water to support their growing numbers. • They learned how to control floods. • These were the River Valley Civilizations.
  3. 3. THE LAND BETWEEN RIVERS • The Tigris and Euphrates rivers are the most important physical features of the region known as Mesopotamia. • Its Greek for: “in between rivers”
  4. 4. THE LAND BETWEEN RIVERS
  5. 5. GEOGRAPHY • It lies between Asia Minor and the Persian Gulf. • The region is part of an area known as the Fertile Crescent (a large arc of rich, fertile farmland). • Mesopotamia is made of two parts: • A plateau in the North. • A flat plain in the South. Vocabulary Plateau: An area of flat, high land. Plain: is a land with with relatively low relief.
  6. 6. WHY? RISE OF CIVILIZATION • 12,000 years ago, hunter-gatherers first settled in the area. • Every year, the flood of the rivers made the land ideal for farming, because the soil was rich in nutrients. • By 7,000 BC they began producing: • Farming: Wheat, barley and other types of grain. • Growing: Livestock, fish and birds.
  7. 7. FARMING & CITIES • The first thing farmers needed, was to control water. • If it rained too much were the rivers began, floods would destroy crops, kill livestock and wash away everything. • It it didn’t, then crops dried up. • Controlling Water • They developed irrigation. • They dug canals. Vocabulary Irrigation: a way of supplying water to an area of land. Plain: human-made waterways.
  8. 8. FOOD SURPLUSES • With these new developments, along with the use of Iron Tools, farmers now produced more than what they actually needed, and this is called surplus. • Along with surplus, trade was the next step. This allowed for people in the area to feed on a wide variety of foods. • People now had more time for themselves, so new jobs were created and also something called division of labor.
  9. 9. BIGGER GOALS • When people where available to work on different jobs, this meant that society could accomplish more. • This was done because: • Large projects needed more specialized workers. • They needed to be organized (structure and rules). • To complete those goals, government and laws were needed.
  10. 10. CITIES ON THE HORIZON • Settlements in Mesopotamia grew in size and complexity. • Between 4000 and 3000 BC they developed into cities. • Even though cities emerged, their main activity was still agricultural based. • But in cities everything was done in a much larger scale: • Trading • Building • Culture
  11. 11. ASK YOURSELF (FOR FURTHER READING USE YOUR BOOKS, CHAPTER 3, SECTION 1) • Identify: • What does Mesopotamia mean? • What were the two rivers where it developed? • Explain: • What is the Fertile Crescent? • How did irrigation help farmers? • Summarize: • When, how and why were settlements established in Mesopotamia? • Analyze: • What effects did irrigation have on farming?
  12. 12. BIBLIOGRAPHY • Burstein, S. M., & Shek, R. (2012). World History (Teacher´s Edition) (1st Edition ed.). (H. McDougal, Ed.) Orlando, Florida, US.: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. • Images taken from Google.com

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