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  1. 1. Physical and mental hygiene <br />By<br />s3<br />BNYS(2nd sem)<br />S-VYASA <br />
  2. 2. Contents:<br />PHYSICAL HYGEINE:<br /><ul><li>Introduction
  3. 3. Bath Regularly
  4. 4. Hands and nails care
  5. 5. Teeth care
  6. 6. Ears care
  7. 7. Skin care
  8. 8. Hair Care
  9. 9. Beard And Moustache trimming
  10. 10. Feet care
  11. 11. Body and mouth odor
  13. 13. Introduction
  14. 14. Definition
  15. 15. Emotions
  16. 16. Prayer
  17. 17. Sleep
  18. 18. Conclusion
  19. 19. References </li></li></ul><li>Introduction:<br />Hygiene refers to the set of practices associated with the preservation of health and healthy living<br />Hygiene is an old concept related to medicine, as well as to personal and professional care practices related to most aspects of living<br /> In medicine and in home (domestic) and everyday life settings, hygiene practices are employed as preventative measures to reduce the incidence and spreading of disease<br />
  20. 20. Physical hygiene<br />
  21. 21. Have Bath Everyday<br />There are like 2 million bacteria every square cm in the armpit of a man<br />Therefore imagine how many bacteria there is on your body when u don't shower frequently<br />You need to look after yourself and be clean or you are just spreading the germs and can get sick<br />
  22. 22. Hand Care<br />
  23. 23. Nail Care<br />Cut your nails and push your cuticles<br />Wash your nails<br />File your nails Inwards<br />
  24. 24. Hair clean<br /><ul><li>Shampoo and Conditioner: Keeping It Clean and Smooth</li></ul>Wash your hair regularly<br /><ul><li>Scalp Conditions
  25. 25. Head lice 
  26. 26. The average person loses 80
  27. 27. scalp hair everyday</li></ul>Dandruff<br />
  28. 28. Beard and Moustache <br /><ul><li>Trim Your Beard and Moustache
  29. 29. Be neat and presentable</li></li></ul><li>Foot Care<br /><ul><li>Wash—often
  30. 30. Powder your toes
  31. 31. Change your socks—often
  32. 32. Show shoe sense
  33. 33. Regularly soak your feet in vinegar and water
  34. 34. Stay cool
  35. 35. The sweat glands in your feet, similar to those in your armpits and palms, respond to emotions</li></li></ul><li>Food hygiene<br /><ul><li>Watch what you eat
  36. 36. when you eat spicy or pungent foods (such as onions, peppers, garlic, or scallions), the essence of these odors can be excreted through the sweat glands on your feet
  37. 37. So, yes, your feet can end up smelling like your lunch!</li></li></ul><li>Body Odor<br />What causes body odor?<br /><ul><li>Perspiration and bacteria mixed together
  38. 38. Apocrine glands under the arms and in the groin secrete odors
  39. 39. Poor hygiene
  40. 40. Poor diets or some foods such as onions and garlic</li></li></ul><li>Treatments…<br /><ul><li>The use antiperspirants decreases perspiration and cover odor with a manly smell
  41. 41. Daily baths or showers using soap and scrubbing the entire body with a washcloth
  42. 42. Change clothing daily
  43. 43. Maintain a healthy diet</li></li></ul><li>ears<br /><ul><li>Wash ears daily with a wash cloth don’t forget behind the ears
  44. 44. Do not use Ear buds too deep in the ear, it will smash the ear wax deep into the ear canal
  45. 45. Did you know…..??
  46. 46. Ear wax is usually removed when you chew food or gum</li></li></ul><li>skin<br /><ul><li>Wash the face two times a day with a mild soap or gentle cleanser. It is best to avoid washing too often, as the skin will become irritated and dry out
  47. 47. Use lotions only if needed, and use ones that are oil-free and water-based
  48. 48.  Try to identify what irritates the skin; if it's stress, try to reduce stress levels
  49. 49.  Leave pimples alone; picking, popping, or squeezing them will only make them worse
  50. 50.  Have only a dermatologist remove or extract pimples.
  51. 51.  Try to avoid touching the face
  52. 52.  Keep hands clean by washing them often
  53. 53.  Try to stay out of the sun, and use a sunscreen every day during summer and winter</li></li></ul><li>acne<br />Acne is created when oil from the oil glands mix with the dead cells and plug up the hair follicles in the skin it creates a “whitehead.” <br /> A “blackhead” is when the air touches the plug, the plug turns black<br />
  54. 54. Cont…<br />What makes acne worse?<br />Oil-based makeup, suntan oil, hair jells and spray <br />For girls, menstruation<br />Squeezing or picking at blemishes<br />Hard scrubbing of the skin<br />
  55. 55. teeth<br />What causes cavities?<br /><ul><li>Sugar and Plaque together creates bacteria that causes tooth decay
  56. 56. Tooth Decay can be transmitted through the mouth from someone who may have tooth decay bacteria.</li></ul>How to avoid tooth decay?<br /><ul><li>Daily dental hygiene routine that consist of brushing for 2-4 minutes and flossing.
  57. 57. See a dentist every 6 months</li></li></ul><li>Bad Breath…<br />Caused by the activity of certain <br />types of oral bacteria<br />Other causes:<br /><ul><li>Tongue not cleaned
  58. 58. Food stuck in teeth
  59. 59. Sinus problems
  60. 60. Stomach problems</li></li></ul><li>Mental Hygiene<br />
  61. 61. DEFINITION<br />Maintenance of good mental health is referred to be mental hygiene<br />
  62. 62. Emotions<br />Fear<br />Jealousy<br />Anger<br />Worry<br />Envy<br />Spite<br />Self-pity<br />Hope<br />Love<br />Joy faith<br />Happiness<br />Courage<br />Optimism<br />Destructive emotions<br />Constructive emotions<br />
  63. 63. Prayer<br />‘Prayer is the key of the morning and lock of the evening’ – M.K. Gandhi<br />Pray twice a day- Panchatantra<br />Bhajan<br />Meditation<br />
  64. 64. SLEEP<br />Sleep is very important to keep the mind fresh<br />Every human being should sleep for at least 6-7 hrs<br />Even this is a very important aspect of mental hygiene<br />
  65. 65. Conclusion<br />For the maintenance of good health both physical and mental hygiene must be practiced regularly<br />Physical and mental hygiene must go hand in hand<br />Hygiene is the secret of health<br />
  66. 66. Referances.<br />www.wikipedia.com<br />‘Natural hygiene’ – H. Shelton<br />
  67. 67. Thank you<br />