SlideShare a Scribd company logo
The
 rules
 and
 the
 market
 
                                                                                                do
 change...                                                                                                                           You
 need
 
                      If
 you
 don’t
 want
 to
 grope
 
                                                                                               in
 the
 dark...                                                                                          FIRE!




www.fire-italia.org   White Certificates for the industrial sector
                      Dario Di Santo, FIRE


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          ECEEE Industrial Summer Study 2012
FIRE

                      The Italian Federation for the Rational use of Energy is a no-profit
                      association that promotes energy efficiency, supporting energy
                      manager, ESCos and other companies dealing with energy.

                      Besides the activities directed to its nearly 500 members,  FIRE
                      operates under an implementing agreement with the Ministry of
                      Economic Development to manage the Italian energy manager network
                      since 1992.

                      In order to promote energy efficiency FIRE cooperates and deals with
                      public authorities, energy technology and service companies,
                      consultants, medium and large consumers, universities and
                      associations to promote best practices and improve the legislation.



www.fire-italia.org




                                                    EGE certification
                                               Energy Management Experts
                                                      UNI CEI 11339

                         www.fire-italia.org       www.secem.eu            Gestione Energia magazine
FIRE activities and projects




                      www.enforce-een.eu          www.hreii.eu/demo           www.soltec-project.eu
                                                                             Among closed projects:
                                                                             - www.e-quem.enea.it
                                                                             - www.eu-greenlight.org
                                                                             - www.enerbuilding.eu
                                                                             - Eurocontract
                                                                             - ST-Esco
                       www.ener-supply.eu            www.esd-ca.eu

                      Besides to dedicated meetings, FIRE organises the Enermanagement
www.fire-italia.org   conference, workshops, and training courses. It implements dissemination
                      campaigns, surveys, market analysis and studies.
                      Among the subjects with which FIRE has cooperated there are ENEA, GSE,
                      RSE, large companies, universities, associations, agencies and trade fairs
                      organizers.
                                                                                                       3
WhC: different approaches from different countries
                      !                                      UK (CERT and CESP)
                                                         2002-2005 (EEC-1)
                                                                                                       Italy                          France                            Denmark                  Flanders region (Belgium)

                                                         2005-2008 (EEC-2)                                                2006-2009 (first period)         2006-2009 (first period)
WhC and 20-20-20          Obligation period
                                                         2008-2012 (CERT)
                                                                                         2005-2012
                                                                                                                          2011-2013 (second period)        2010-2012 (second period)
                                                                                                                                                                                               2003 –
                                                         2009-2012 (CESP)

WhC in Italy
                                                                                                                                                           2.95 PJ annual (first year          Approx. 580 GWh (2009 target)
                                                         293 MtCO2 lifetime savings in                                                                     savings) until 2009                 3.5% of the amount of electricity
                                                                                                                          345 TWh lifetime discounted
WhC in industry           Target size (ongoing phase)
                                                         2012 (CERT)                     Cumulative savings of at least
                                                                                                                          (over the period January 2011-
                                                                                                                                                           As of 2010: 6.1 PJ/y (first year    supplied the year before to
                                                         19.25 MtCO2 lifetime savings    22.4 Mtoe in 2012                                                 savings weighted with               household and non-residential
                                                                                                                          Dec. 2013)
                                                         in 2012 (CESP)                                                                                    prioritisation factors reflecting   clients (2.5% in case of less than
                                                                                                                                                           action lifespan)                    2,500 clients).
Comments

                                                                                                                                                                                               Residential and non energy
                          Energy end-use sectors covered Residential                     All                              All excl. ETS                    All except transport
                                                                                                                                                                                               intensive industry and service
                                                        40% priority group and 15%
                                                        super priority group. 25%
                                                        insulation measures (CERT)                                        25 TWh cumac max achievable                                          The actions must always consist
                          Restrictions in achieving the                                 Until 2008 50% on own energy
                                                        Low income areas; max 4% by                                       by information, formation and    None specific                       of financial contribution and an
                          target                                                        source
                                                        loft insulations; max 4% by                                       innovation programmes                                                awareness-raising element
                                                        cavity wall insulations; max 1%
                                                        by energy advice
                                                                                        Standard values (19 measures)     Standard values (about 240
                                                                                                                                                          Standard values for approx. 200
                          Measurement and verification                                  Engineering approach (5           measures)
                                                        Standard values                                                                                   measures                         Case-by-case approval by VEA
                          options                                                       measures)                         Case-by-case approval for other
                                                                                                                                                          Specific engineering calculation
                                                                                        Metered baseline method           measures
                          Dominant measurement and
                                                        Deemed savings only             Deemed savings                    Deemed savings                   Specific engineering calculations NA
                          verification choice
                                                                                                                                                           Ex-ante (adjusted first year
                          Accreditation of savings       Ex-ante                         Ex-ante (majority)               Ex-ante                                                              Ex-ante approval
                                                                                                                                                           savings only)
                          Size of certificate            NA                              1 toe                            1 kWh cumac                      NA                                  NA
                                                                                         The entire phase of the scheme   3 compliance periods             NA (only adjusted first year
                          Validity of certificate        NA (compliance in 2012)                                                                                                               NA
                                                                                         (2005-2012)                      (compliance in 2009 and 2013)    savings count)


www.fire-italia.org                                                                      20 toe/year, 40 toe/year and 60
                                                                                         toe/year for savings evaluated   1 GWh cumac
                          Certification threshold size   NA                              respectively by deemed,          (projects can be pooled to reach NA                                  NA
                                                                                         engineering and metered baseline the threshold)
                                                                                         methods

                                                                                         Spot market
                          Trading* mechanisms            Trading among suppliers                                          OTC only                         No trading                          No trading
                                                                                         OTC (dominant)
                                                         Banking of excess savings                                                                         Banking till 2012
                                                                                         Banking till 2012
                                                         between phases                                                   Banking three compliance         As of 2010 borrowing if under
                          Banking, borrowing                                             Borrowing for 1 year if under                                                                   Banking of excess savings
                                                         (EEC-1 to EEC-2, EEC-2 to                                        periods                          compliance below 35% (45% in
                                                                                         compliance below 40%
                                                         CERT)                                                                                             2010)

                              Figure 1. Summary of WhC schemes in Europe. Source: European Commission Directorate General JRC
Italian white certificates scheme (obliged parties)
                                            Obliged parties: DSOs with more than              WhC flows
WhC and 20-20-20      ENEA                  50.000 clients.
                                                                                              cash flows
WhC in Italy                                                                                  relations between
                        WhC project                                                           parties
                        evaluation
WhC in industry                                   1st step obtaining WhC
Comments                           asks for WhC                                    project implementation
                      AEEG                                  DSO                          agreement

                         Authorises WhC
                            emission                                                   End-user
                                        GME             Tranfers WhC

                                                                                           Energy savings


                                              2nd step: target compliance
www.fire-italia.org
                                WhC
                             obliteration
                      AEEG                       DSO



                                                                                             Source: FIRE.    5
Italian white certificates scheme (voluntary parties)
                                      Voluntary parties: companies connected                      WhC flows
WhC and 20-20-20      ENEA            with obliged DSOs, small distributors, SSE
                                      and ESCOs, large consumers with                             cash flows
WhC in Italy                          appointed energy manager                                    relations between
                        WhC project                                                               parties
                        evaluation
WhC in industry                                  1st step obtaining WhC
Comments                           asks for WhC                                        project implementation
                      AEEG                            Voluntary player                       agreement

                         Authorises WhC
                            emission                                                      End-user
                                        GME             Tranfers WhC

                                                                                               Energy savings

                                              2nd step: target complaiance
                                                            Direct contracting (OTC)
www.fire-italia.org             WhC
                             obliteration
                      AEEG                    Distributor        WhC trading
                                                                                       Voluntary company

                                                                    GME
                                                                    market
                                                                                                Source: FIRE.     6
WhC for dummies

WhC and 20-20-20      Obliged parties (SO)      DSOs with more than 50.000 clients
WhC in Italy
                                                DSOs with less than 50.000 clients
WhC in industry       Voluntary parties (SV)    Companies linked to or controlled from SO
                                                Energy service providers SSE
Comments                                        Companies with appointed energy manager

                      WhC energy equivalent     1 WhC (also called TEE) = 1 additional toe


                      WhC economic equivalent   Depends on the market (95-115 €/toe recently)


                      Allowed actions           Energy efficiency improvements and savings


                                                5 years
                      Duration of WhC issuing   8 years for building envelope related actions
                                                10 years for high efficiency cogeneration
www.fire-italia.org



                                                Modalità standardizzata - deemed savings
                      Saving evaluation         Modalità analitica - engineering estimates
                                                Modalità a consuntivo - monitoring plans

                                                                                                7
WhC for dummies
                                                     Type I - electricity savings
WhC and 20-20-20                                     Type II - gas savings
                      Types of certificates          Type III - other fuels savings (no transport)
WhC in Italy                                         Type IV - other fuels savings transport D.S.
                                                     Type V - other fuels savings transport E.E.  M.P.
WhC in industry
                      Duration and validity of WhC   Both till 2012, to be extended
Comments

                                                     It depends on a standard fuel mix price trend. Till
                      DSO tariff reimbursment
                                                     now the range has been: 86.98-100 €/toe.


                      Targets                        Primary energy efficiency improvements


                                                     It is the the ratio between the useful life of the
                                                     measure and the standard WhC project life (5 or
                      Coefficient tau                8 years). It ranges between 1,00 and 4,58.
                                                     It depends on the technology group as collected
                                                     in the ministerial decrees tables.
www.fire-italia.org

                                                     WhC are released quarterly for deemed savings.
                      WhC release timetable          After the measure are collected for the other
                                                     projects (the timetable can be freely chosen,
                                                     provided it is at least annually.

                                                                                                           8

More Related Content

Similar to White certificates in industry

White certificates in industry
White certificates in industryWhite certificates in industry
White certificates in industry
Dario Di Santo
 
White certificates in Italy: will it overcome the huge challenges it has been...
White certificates in Italy: will it overcome the huge challenges it has been...White certificates in Italy: will it overcome the huge challenges it has been...
White certificates in Italy: will it overcome the huge challenges it has been...
Dario Di Santo
 
White certificates in Italy
White certificates in ItalyWhite certificates in Italy
White certificates in Italy
Dario Di Santo
 
White certificate at Germany G7 meeting
White certificate at Germany G7 meetingWhite certificate at Germany G7 meeting
White certificate at Germany G7 meeting
Dario Di Santo
 
Consideration about incentives in Italy and energy efficiency
Consideration about incentives in Italy and energy efficiencyConsideration about incentives in Italy and energy efficiency
Consideration about incentives in Italy and energy efficiency
Dario Di Santo
 
Introduction to the Energy manager forum, Smart Energy, Verona
Introduction to the Energy manager forum, Smart Energy, VeronaIntroduction to the Energy manager forum, Smart Energy, Verona
Introduction to the Energy manager forum, Smart Energy, Verona
Dario Di Santo
 
The white certificates scheme in Italy: how it works
The white certificates scheme in Italy: how it worksThe white certificates scheme in Italy: how it works
The white certificates scheme in Italy: how it works
Dario Di Santo
 
Business models for buildings performance
Business models for buildings performanceBusiness models for buildings performance
Business models for buildings performance
Dario Di Santo
 
White certificates in Italy: the shift towards industry
White certificates in Italy: the shift towards industryWhite certificates in Italy: the shift towards industry
White certificates in Italy: the shift towards industry
Dario Di Santo
 
Business models for energy efficiency in buildings
Business models for energy efficiency in buildingsBusiness models for energy efficiency in buildings
Business models for energy efficiency in buildings
Dario Di Santo
 
Some Consideration about the White Certificates Mechanisms
Some Consideration about the White Certificates Mechanisms Some Consideration about the White Certificates Mechanisms
Some Consideration about the White Certificates Mechanisms
IEA DSM Implementing Agreement (IA)
 
White certificates: news and opportunities after 2018 review
White certificates: news and opportunities after 2018 reviewWhite certificates: news and opportunities after 2018 review
White certificates: news and opportunities after 2018 review
Dario Di Santo
 
Measurement and verification in the Italian white certificate scheme
Measurement and verification in the Italian white certificate schemeMeasurement and verification in the Italian white certificate scheme
Measurement and verification in the Italian white certificate scheme
Dario Di Santo
 
Value Partners 9 Energy Summit Sole24Ore
Value Partners 9 Energy Summit Sole24OreValue Partners 9 Energy Summit Sole24Ore
Value Partners 9 Energy Summit Sole24Ore
Alessandro Leona
 
Infrastructure and new energies from planning to realization_Value Partners
Infrastructure and new energies from planning to realization_Value PartnersInfrastructure and new energies from planning to realization_Value Partners
Infrastructure and new energies from planning to realization_Value Partners
Value Partners
 
Energy industry challenges
Energy industry challengesEnergy industry challenges
Energy industry challenges
Dario Di Santo
 
Energy manager: the Italian experience
Energy manager: the Italian experienceEnergy manager: the Italian experience
Energy manager: the Italian experience
Dario Di Santo
 
White certificates: the shift towards industry presented at ECEEE summer study
White certificates: the shift towards industry presented at ECEEE summer studyWhite certificates: the shift towards industry presented at ECEEE summer study
White certificates: the shift towards industry presented at ECEEE summer study
Dario Di Santo
 
Recuperi termici nell'industria
Recuperi termici nell'industriaRecuperi termici nell'industria
Recuperi termici nell'industria
Dario Di Santo
 
White certificates in industry at ECEEE conference
White certificates in industry at ECEEE conferenceWhite certificates in industry at ECEEE conference
White certificates in industry at ECEEE conference
Dario Di Santo
 

Similar to White certificates in industry (20)

White certificates in industry
White certificates in industryWhite certificates in industry
White certificates in industry
 
White certificates in Italy: will it overcome the huge challenges it has been...
White certificates in Italy: will it overcome the huge challenges it has been...White certificates in Italy: will it overcome the huge challenges it has been...
White certificates in Italy: will it overcome the huge challenges it has been...
 
White certificates in Italy
White certificates in ItalyWhite certificates in Italy
White certificates in Italy
 
White certificate at Germany G7 meeting
White certificate at Germany G7 meetingWhite certificate at Germany G7 meeting
White certificate at Germany G7 meeting
 
Consideration about incentives in Italy and energy efficiency
Consideration about incentives in Italy and energy efficiencyConsideration about incentives in Italy and energy efficiency
Consideration about incentives in Italy and energy efficiency
 
Introduction to the Energy manager forum, Smart Energy, Verona
Introduction to the Energy manager forum, Smart Energy, VeronaIntroduction to the Energy manager forum, Smart Energy, Verona
Introduction to the Energy manager forum, Smart Energy, Verona
 
The white certificates scheme in Italy: how it works
The white certificates scheme in Italy: how it worksThe white certificates scheme in Italy: how it works
The white certificates scheme in Italy: how it works
 
Business models for buildings performance
Business models for buildings performanceBusiness models for buildings performance
Business models for buildings performance
 
White certificates in Italy: the shift towards industry
White certificates in Italy: the shift towards industryWhite certificates in Italy: the shift towards industry
White certificates in Italy: the shift towards industry
 
Business models for energy efficiency in buildings
Business models for energy efficiency in buildingsBusiness models for energy efficiency in buildings
Business models for energy efficiency in buildings
 
Some Consideration about the White Certificates Mechanisms
Some Consideration about the White Certificates Mechanisms Some Consideration about the White Certificates Mechanisms
Some Consideration about the White Certificates Mechanisms
 
White certificates: news and opportunities after 2018 review
White certificates: news and opportunities after 2018 reviewWhite certificates: news and opportunities after 2018 review
White certificates: news and opportunities after 2018 review
 
Measurement and verification in the Italian white certificate scheme
Measurement and verification in the Italian white certificate schemeMeasurement and verification in the Italian white certificate scheme
Measurement and verification in the Italian white certificate scheme
 
Value Partners 9 Energy Summit Sole24Ore
Value Partners 9 Energy Summit Sole24OreValue Partners 9 Energy Summit Sole24Ore
Value Partners 9 Energy Summit Sole24Ore
 
Infrastructure and new energies from planning to realization_Value Partners
Infrastructure and new energies from planning to realization_Value PartnersInfrastructure and new energies from planning to realization_Value Partners
Infrastructure and new energies from planning to realization_Value Partners
 
Energy industry challenges
Energy industry challengesEnergy industry challenges
Energy industry challenges
 
Energy manager: the Italian experience
Energy manager: the Italian experienceEnergy manager: the Italian experience
Energy manager: the Italian experience
 
White certificates: the shift towards industry presented at ECEEE summer study
White certificates: the shift towards industry presented at ECEEE summer studyWhite certificates: the shift towards industry presented at ECEEE summer study
White certificates: the shift towards industry presented at ECEEE summer study
 
Recuperi termici nell'industria
Recuperi termici nell'industriaRecuperi termici nell'industria
Recuperi termici nell'industria
 
White certificates in industry at ECEEE conference
White certificates in industry at ECEEE conferenceWhite certificates in industry at ECEEE conference
White certificates in industry at ECEEE conference
 

More from Dario Di Santo

Audizione alla 10a Commissione della Camera sul recepimento della direttiva EPBD
Audizione alla 10a Commissione della Camera sul recepimento della direttiva EPBDAudizione alla 10a Commissione della Camera sul recepimento della direttiva EPBD
Audizione alla 10a Commissione della Camera sul recepimento della direttiva EPBD
Dario Di Santo
 
Il ruolo degli energy manager nella sanità
Il ruolo degli energy manager nella sanitàIl ruolo degli energy manager nella sanità
Il ruolo degli energy manager nella sanità
Dario Di Santo
 
Certificati bianchi: storia, situazione e proposte
Certificati bianchi: storia, situazione e proposteCertificati bianchi: storia, situazione e proposte
Certificati bianchi: storia, situazione e proposte
Dario Di Santo
 
Efficienza e generazione distribuita: l'era dei prosumer
Efficienza e generazione distribuita: l'era dei prosumerEfficienza e generazione distribuita: l'era dei prosumer
Efficienza e generazione distribuita: l'era dei prosumer
Dario Di Santo
 
Fotovoltaico: considerazioni e prospettive
Fotovoltaico: considerazioni e prospettiveFotovoltaico: considerazioni e prospettive
Fotovoltaico: considerazioni e prospettive
Dario Di Santo
 
rapporto energy manager FIRE 2018
rapporto energy manager FIRE 2018rapporto energy manager FIRE 2018
rapporto energy manager FIRE 2018
Dario Di Santo
 
Audizione FIRE presso la X Commissione della Camera dei Deputati
Audizione FIRE presso la X Commissione della Camera dei DeputatiAudizione FIRE presso la X Commissione della Camera dei Deputati
Audizione FIRE presso la X Commissione della Camera dei Deputati
Dario Di Santo
 
Alcune considerazioni sugli obiettivi per l'efficienza energetica al 2030
Alcune considerazioni sugli obiettivi per l'efficienza energetica al 2030Alcune considerazioni sugli obiettivi per l'efficienza energetica al 2030
Alcune considerazioni sugli obiettivi per l'efficienza energetica al 2030
Dario Di Santo
 
Il ruolo del fotovoltaico: situazione e prospettive
Il ruolo del fotovoltaico: situazione e prospettiveIl ruolo del fotovoltaico: situazione e prospettive
Il ruolo del fotovoltaico: situazione e prospettive
Dario Di Santo
 
Incentivi per l'efficienza energetica e la cogenerazione
Incentivi per l'efficienza energetica e la cogenerazioneIncentivi per l'efficienza energetica e la cogenerazione
Incentivi per l'efficienza energetica e la cogenerazione
Dario Di Santo
 
Il pacchetto clima energia: cosa attendersi per l'efficienza energetica
Il pacchetto clima energia: cosa attendersi per l'efficienza energeticaIl pacchetto clima energia: cosa attendersi per l'efficienza energetica
Il pacchetto clima energia: cosa attendersi per l'efficienza energetica
Dario Di Santo
 
Finanziare l'efficienza energetica nell'industria
Finanziare l'efficienza energetica nell'industriaFinanziare l'efficienza energetica nell'industria
Finanziare l'efficienza energetica nell'industria
Dario Di Santo
 
L'energy manager nella pubblica amministrazione
L'energy manager nella pubblica amministrazioneL'energy manager nella pubblica amministrazione
L'energy manager nella pubblica amministrazione
Dario Di Santo
 
Certificati bianchi, uno schema complesso
Certificati bianchi, uno schema complessoCertificati bianchi, uno schema complesso
Certificati bianchi, uno schema complesso
Dario Di Santo
 
Efficienza energetica negli edifici alla luce delle nuove direttive
Efficienza energetica negli edifici alla luce delle nuove direttiveEfficienza energetica negli edifici alla luce delle nuove direttive
Efficienza energetica negli edifici alla luce delle nuove direttive
Dario Di Santo
 
EPC for the renovation of public buildings in Italy
EPC for the renovation of public buildings in ItalyEPC for the renovation of public buildings in Italy
EPC for the renovation of public buildings in Italy
Dario Di Santo
 
Sfide efficienza energetica industria
Sfide efficienza energetica industriaSfide efficienza energetica industria
Sfide efficienza energetica industria
Dario Di Santo
 
Decarbonizzazione: obiettivi, temi e limiti
Decarbonizzazione: obiettivi, temi e limitiDecarbonizzazione: obiettivi, temi e limiti
Decarbonizzazione: obiettivi, temi e limiti
Dario Di Santo
 
Efficienza energetica negli edifici: nuove direttive EU e temi principali
Efficienza energetica negli edifici: nuove direttive EU e temi principaliEfficienza energetica negli edifici: nuove direttive EU e temi principali
Efficienza energetica negli edifici: nuove direttive EU e temi principali
Dario Di Santo
 
Certificati bianchi: un aggiornamento
Certificati bianchi: un aggiornamentoCertificati bianchi: un aggiornamento
Certificati bianchi: un aggiornamento
Dario Di Santo
 

More from Dario Di Santo (20)

Audizione alla 10a Commissione della Camera sul recepimento della direttiva EPBD
Audizione alla 10a Commissione della Camera sul recepimento della direttiva EPBDAudizione alla 10a Commissione della Camera sul recepimento della direttiva EPBD
Audizione alla 10a Commissione della Camera sul recepimento della direttiva EPBD
 
Il ruolo degli energy manager nella sanità
Il ruolo degli energy manager nella sanitàIl ruolo degli energy manager nella sanità
Il ruolo degli energy manager nella sanità
 
Certificati bianchi: storia, situazione e proposte
Certificati bianchi: storia, situazione e proposteCertificati bianchi: storia, situazione e proposte
Certificati bianchi: storia, situazione e proposte
 
Efficienza e generazione distribuita: l'era dei prosumer
Efficienza e generazione distribuita: l'era dei prosumerEfficienza e generazione distribuita: l'era dei prosumer
Efficienza e generazione distribuita: l'era dei prosumer
 
Fotovoltaico: considerazioni e prospettive
Fotovoltaico: considerazioni e prospettiveFotovoltaico: considerazioni e prospettive
Fotovoltaico: considerazioni e prospettive
 
rapporto energy manager FIRE 2018
rapporto energy manager FIRE 2018rapporto energy manager FIRE 2018
rapporto energy manager FIRE 2018
 
Audizione FIRE presso la X Commissione della Camera dei Deputati
Audizione FIRE presso la X Commissione della Camera dei DeputatiAudizione FIRE presso la X Commissione della Camera dei Deputati
Audizione FIRE presso la X Commissione della Camera dei Deputati
 
Alcune considerazioni sugli obiettivi per l'efficienza energetica al 2030
Alcune considerazioni sugli obiettivi per l'efficienza energetica al 2030Alcune considerazioni sugli obiettivi per l'efficienza energetica al 2030
Alcune considerazioni sugli obiettivi per l'efficienza energetica al 2030
 
Il ruolo del fotovoltaico: situazione e prospettive
Il ruolo del fotovoltaico: situazione e prospettiveIl ruolo del fotovoltaico: situazione e prospettive
Il ruolo del fotovoltaico: situazione e prospettive
 
Incentivi per l'efficienza energetica e la cogenerazione
Incentivi per l'efficienza energetica e la cogenerazioneIncentivi per l'efficienza energetica e la cogenerazione
Incentivi per l'efficienza energetica e la cogenerazione
 
Il pacchetto clima energia: cosa attendersi per l'efficienza energetica
Il pacchetto clima energia: cosa attendersi per l'efficienza energeticaIl pacchetto clima energia: cosa attendersi per l'efficienza energetica
Il pacchetto clima energia: cosa attendersi per l'efficienza energetica
 
Finanziare l'efficienza energetica nell'industria
Finanziare l'efficienza energetica nell'industriaFinanziare l'efficienza energetica nell'industria
Finanziare l'efficienza energetica nell'industria
 
L'energy manager nella pubblica amministrazione
L'energy manager nella pubblica amministrazioneL'energy manager nella pubblica amministrazione
L'energy manager nella pubblica amministrazione
 
Certificati bianchi, uno schema complesso
Certificati bianchi, uno schema complessoCertificati bianchi, uno schema complesso
Certificati bianchi, uno schema complesso
 
Efficienza energetica negli edifici alla luce delle nuove direttive
Efficienza energetica negli edifici alla luce delle nuove direttiveEfficienza energetica negli edifici alla luce delle nuove direttive
Efficienza energetica negli edifici alla luce delle nuove direttive
 
EPC for the renovation of public buildings in Italy
EPC for the renovation of public buildings in ItalyEPC for the renovation of public buildings in Italy
EPC for the renovation of public buildings in Italy
 
Sfide efficienza energetica industria
Sfide efficienza energetica industriaSfide efficienza energetica industria
Sfide efficienza energetica industria
 
Decarbonizzazione: obiettivi, temi e limiti
Decarbonizzazione: obiettivi, temi e limitiDecarbonizzazione: obiettivi, temi e limiti
Decarbonizzazione: obiettivi, temi e limiti
 
Efficienza energetica negli edifici: nuove direttive EU e temi principali
Efficienza energetica negli edifici: nuove direttive EU e temi principaliEfficienza energetica negli edifici: nuove direttive EU e temi principali
Efficienza energetica negli edifici: nuove direttive EU e temi principali
 
Certificati bianchi: un aggiornamento
Certificati bianchi: un aggiornamentoCertificati bianchi: un aggiornamento
Certificati bianchi: un aggiornamento
 

Recently uploaded

Patch Tuesday de julio
Patch Tuesday de julioPatch Tuesday de julio
Patch Tuesday de julio
Ivanti
 
(CISOPlatform Summit & SACON 2024) Gen AI & Deepfake In Overall Security.pdf
(CISOPlatform Summit & SACON 2024) Gen AI & Deepfake In Overall Security.pdf(CISOPlatform Summit & SACON 2024) Gen AI & Deepfake In Overall Security.pdf
(CISOPlatform Summit & SACON 2024) Gen AI & Deepfake In Overall Security.pdf
Priyanka Aash
 
Use Cases & Benefits of RPA in Manufacturing in 2024.pptx
Use Cases & Benefits of RPA in Manufacturing in 2024.pptxUse Cases & Benefits of RPA in Manufacturing in 2024.pptx
Use Cases & Benefits of RPA in Manufacturing in 2024.pptx
SynapseIndia
 
Semantic-Aware Code Model: Elevating the Future of Software Development
Semantic-Aware Code Model: Elevating the Future of Software DevelopmentSemantic-Aware Code Model: Elevating the Future of Software Development
Semantic-Aware Code Model: Elevating the Future of Software Development
Baishakhi Ray
 
Litestack talk at Brighton 2024 (Unleashing the power of SQLite for Ruby apps)
Litestack talk at Brighton 2024 (Unleashing the power of SQLite for Ruby apps)Litestack talk at Brighton 2024 (Unleashing the power of SQLite for Ruby apps)
Litestack talk at Brighton 2024 (Unleashing the power of SQLite for Ruby apps)
Muhammad Ali
 
High Profile Girls call Service Pune 000XX00000 Provide Best And Top Girl Ser...
High Profile Girls call Service Pune 000XX00000 Provide Best And Top Girl Ser...High Profile Girls call Service Pune 000XX00000 Provide Best And Top Girl Ser...
High Profile Girls call Service Pune 000XX00000 Provide Best And Top Girl Ser...
bhumivarma35300
 
High Profile Girls Call ServiCe Hyderabad 0000000000 Tanisha Best High Class ...
High Profile Girls Call ServiCe Hyderabad 0000000000 Tanisha Best High Class ...High Profile Girls Call ServiCe Hyderabad 0000000000 Tanisha Best High Class ...
High Profile Girls Call ServiCe Hyderabad 0000000000 Tanisha Best High Class ...
aslasdfmkhan4750
 
Integrating Kafka with MuleSoft 4 and usecase
Integrating Kafka with MuleSoft 4 and usecaseIntegrating Kafka with MuleSoft 4 and usecase
Integrating Kafka with MuleSoft 4 and usecase
shyamraj55
 
Types of Weaving loom machine & it's technology
Types of Weaving loom machine & it's technologyTypes of Weaving loom machine & it's technology
Types of Weaving loom machine & it's technology
ldtexsolbl
 
Using LLM Agents with Llama 3, LangGraph and Milvus
Using LLM Agents with Llama 3, LangGraph and MilvusUsing LLM Agents with Llama 3, LangGraph and Milvus
Using LLM Agents with Llama 3, LangGraph and Milvus
Zilliz
 
Best Practices for Effectively Running dbt in Airflow.pdf
Best Practices for Effectively Running dbt in Airflow.pdfBest Practices for Effectively Running dbt in Airflow.pdf
Best Practices for Effectively Running dbt in Airflow.pdf
Tatiana Al-Chueyr
 
Three New Criminal Laws in India 1 July 2024
Three New Criminal Laws in India 1 July 2024Three New Criminal Laws in India 1 July 2024
Three New Criminal Laws in India 1 July 2024
aakash malhotra
 
Girls call Kolkata 👀 XXXXXXXXXXX 👀 Rs.9.5 K Cash Payment With Room Delivery
Girls call Kolkata 👀 XXXXXXXXXXX 👀 Rs.9.5 K Cash Payment With Room Delivery Girls call Kolkata 👀 XXXXXXXXXXX 👀 Rs.9.5 K Cash Payment With Room Delivery
Girls call Kolkata 👀 XXXXXXXXXXX 👀 Rs.9.5 K Cash Payment With Room Delivery
sunilverma7884
 
Computer HARDWARE presenattion by CWD students class 10
Computer HARDWARE presenattion by CWD students class 10Computer HARDWARE presenattion by CWD students class 10
Computer HARDWARE presenattion by CWD students class 10
ankush9927
 
Sonkoloniya documentation - ONEprojukti.pdf
Sonkoloniya documentation - ONEprojukti.pdfSonkoloniya documentation - ONEprojukti.pdf
Sonkoloniya documentation - ONEprojukti.pdf
SubhamMandal40
 
Premium Girls Call Mumbai 9920725232 Unlimited Short Providing Girls Service ...
Premium Girls Call Mumbai 9920725232 Unlimited Short Providing Girls Service ...Premium Girls Call Mumbai 9920725232 Unlimited Short Providing Girls Service ...
Premium Girls Call Mumbai 9920725232 Unlimited Short Providing Girls Service ...
shanihomely
 
(CISOPlatform Summit & SACON 2024) Cyber Insurance & Risk Quantification.pdf
(CISOPlatform Summit & SACON 2024) Cyber Insurance & Risk Quantification.pdf(CISOPlatform Summit & SACON 2024) Cyber Insurance & Risk Quantification.pdf
(CISOPlatform Summit & SACON 2024) Cyber Insurance & Risk Quantification.pdf
Priyanka Aash
 
Mastering OnlyFans Clone App Development: Key Strategies for Success
Mastering OnlyFans Clone App Development: Key Strategies for SuccessMastering OnlyFans Clone App Development: Key Strategies for Success
Mastering OnlyFans Clone App Development: Key Strategies for Success
David Wilson
 
Dublin_mulesoft_meetup_Mulesoft_Salesforce_Integration (1).pptx
Dublin_mulesoft_meetup_Mulesoft_Salesforce_Integration (1).pptxDublin_mulesoft_meetup_Mulesoft_Salesforce_Integration (1).pptx
Dublin_mulesoft_meetup_Mulesoft_Salesforce_Integration (1).pptx
Kunal Gupta
 
Opencast Summit 2024 — Opencast @ University of Münster
Opencast Summit 2024 — Opencast @ University of MünsterOpencast Summit 2024 — Opencast @ University of Münster
Opencast Summit 2024 — Opencast @ University of Münster
Matthias Neugebauer
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Patch Tuesday de julio
Patch Tuesday de julioPatch Tuesday de julio
Patch Tuesday de julio
 
(CISOPlatform Summit & SACON 2024) Gen AI & Deepfake In Overall Security.pdf
(CISOPlatform Summit & SACON 2024) Gen AI & Deepfake In Overall Security.pdf(CISOPlatform Summit & SACON 2024) Gen AI & Deepfake In Overall Security.pdf
(CISOPlatform Summit & SACON 2024) Gen AI & Deepfake In Overall Security.pdf
 
Use Cases & Benefits of RPA in Manufacturing in 2024.pptx
Use Cases & Benefits of RPA in Manufacturing in 2024.pptxUse Cases & Benefits of RPA in Manufacturing in 2024.pptx
Use Cases & Benefits of RPA in Manufacturing in 2024.pptx
 
Semantic-Aware Code Model: Elevating the Future of Software Development
Semantic-Aware Code Model: Elevating the Future of Software DevelopmentSemantic-Aware Code Model: Elevating the Future of Software Development
Semantic-Aware Code Model: Elevating the Future of Software Development
 
Litestack talk at Brighton 2024 (Unleashing the power of SQLite for Ruby apps)
Litestack talk at Brighton 2024 (Unleashing the power of SQLite for Ruby apps)Litestack talk at Brighton 2024 (Unleashing the power of SQLite for Ruby apps)
Litestack talk at Brighton 2024 (Unleashing the power of SQLite for Ruby apps)
 
High Profile Girls call Service Pune 000XX00000 Provide Best And Top Girl Ser...
High Profile Girls call Service Pune 000XX00000 Provide Best And Top Girl Ser...High Profile Girls call Service Pune 000XX00000 Provide Best And Top Girl Ser...
High Profile Girls call Service Pune 000XX00000 Provide Best And Top Girl Ser...
 
High Profile Girls Call ServiCe Hyderabad 0000000000 Tanisha Best High Class ...
High Profile Girls Call ServiCe Hyderabad 0000000000 Tanisha Best High Class ...High Profile Girls Call ServiCe Hyderabad 0000000000 Tanisha Best High Class ...
High Profile Girls Call ServiCe Hyderabad 0000000000 Tanisha Best High Class ...
 
Integrating Kafka with MuleSoft 4 and usecase
Integrating Kafka with MuleSoft 4 and usecaseIntegrating Kafka with MuleSoft 4 and usecase
Integrating Kafka with MuleSoft 4 and usecase
 
Types of Weaving loom machine & it's technology
Types of Weaving loom machine & it's technologyTypes of Weaving loom machine & it's technology
Types of Weaving loom machine & it's technology
 
Using LLM Agents with Llama 3, LangGraph and Milvus
Using LLM Agents with Llama 3, LangGraph and MilvusUsing LLM Agents with Llama 3, LangGraph and Milvus
Using LLM Agents with Llama 3, LangGraph and Milvus
 
Best Practices for Effectively Running dbt in Airflow.pdf
Best Practices for Effectively Running dbt in Airflow.pdfBest Practices for Effectively Running dbt in Airflow.pdf
Best Practices for Effectively Running dbt in Airflow.pdf
 
Three New Criminal Laws in India 1 July 2024
Three New Criminal Laws in India 1 July 2024Three New Criminal Laws in India 1 July 2024
Three New Criminal Laws in India 1 July 2024
 
Girls call Kolkata 👀 XXXXXXXXXXX 👀 Rs.9.5 K Cash Payment With Room Delivery
Girls call Kolkata 👀 XXXXXXXXXXX 👀 Rs.9.5 K Cash Payment With Room Delivery Girls call Kolkata 👀 XXXXXXXXXXX 👀 Rs.9.5 K Cash Payment With Room Delivery
Girls call Kolkata 👀 XXXXXXXXXXX 👀 Rs.9.5 K Cash Payment With Room Delivery
 
Computer HARDWARE presenattion by CWD students class 10
Computer HARDWARE presenattion by CWD students class 10Computer HARDWARE presenattion by CWD students class 10
Computer HARDWARE presenattion by CWD students class 10
 
Sonkoloniya documentation - ONEprojukti.pdf
Sonkoloniya documentation - ONEprojukti.pdfSonkoloniya documentation - ONEprojukti.pdf
Sonkoloniya documentation - ONEprojukti.pdf
 
Premium Girls Call Mumbai 9920725232 Unlimited Short Providing Girls Service ...
Premium Girls Call Mumbai 9920725232 Unlimited Short Providing Girls Service ...Premium Girls Call Mumbai 9920725232 Unlimited Short Providing Girls Service ...
Premium Girls Call Mumbai 9920725232 Unlimited Short Providing Girls Service ...
 
(CISOPlatform Summit & SACON 2024) Cyber Insurance & Risk Quantification.pdf
(CISOPlatform Summit & SACON 2024) Cyber Insurance & Risk Quantification.pdf(CISOPlatform Summit & SACON 2024) Cyber Insurance & Risk Quantification.pdf
(CISOPlatform Summit & SACON 2024) Cyber Insurance & Risk Quantification.pdf
 
Mastering OnlyFans Clone App Development: Key Strategies for Success
Mastering OnlyFans Clone App Development: Key Strategies for SuccessMastering OnlyFans Clone App Development: Key Strategies for Success
Mastering OnlyFans Clone App Development: Key Strategies for Success
 
Dublin_mulesoft_meetup_Mulesoft_Salesforce_Integration (1).pptx
Dublin_mulesoft_meetup_Mulesoft_Salesforce_Integration (1).pptxDublin_mulesoft_meetup_Mulesoft_Salesforce_Integration (1).pptx
Dublin_mulesoft_meetup_Mulesoft_Salesforce_Integration (1).pptx
 
Opencast Summit 2024 — Opencast @ University of Münster
Opencast Summit 2024 — Opencast @ University of MünsterOpencast Summit 2024 — Opencast @ University of Münster
Opencast Summit 2024 — Opencast @ University of Münster
 

White certificates in industry

  • 1. The
  • 6.   do
  • 9.   If
  • 10.  you
  • 13.  to
  • 15.   in
  • 16.  the
  • 17.  dark... FIRE! www.fire-italia.org White Certificates for the industrial sector Dario Di Santo, FIRE ECEEE Industrial Summer Study 2012
  • 18. FIRE The Italian Federation for the Rational use of Energy is a no-profit association that promotes energy efficiency, supporting energy manager, ESCos and other companies dealing with energy. Besides the activities directed to its nearly 500 members, FIRE operates under an implementing agreement with the Ministry of Economic Development to manage the Italian energy manager network since 1992. In order to promote energy efficiency FIRE cooperates and deals with public authorities, energy technology and service companies, consultants, medium and large consumers, universities and associations to promote best practices and improve the legislation. www.fire-italia.org EGE certification Energy Management Experts UNI CEI 11339 www.fire-italia.org www.secem.eu Gestione Energia magazine
  • 19. FIRE activities and projects www.enforce-een.eu www.hreii.eu/demo www.soltec-project.eu Among closed projects: - www.e-quem.enea.it - www.eu-greenlight.org - www.enerbuilding.eu - Eurocontract - ST-Esco www.ener-supply.eu www.esd-ca.eu Besides to dedicated meetings, FIRE organises the Enermanagement www.fire-italia.org conference, workshops, and training courses. It implements dissemination campaigns, surveys, market analysis and studies. Among the subjects with which FIRE has cooperated there are ENEA, GSE, RSE, large companies, universities, associations, agencies and trade fairs organizers. 3
  • 20. WhC: different approaches from different countries ! UK (CERT and CESP) 2002-2005 (EEC-1) Italy France Denmark Flanders region (Belgium) 2005-2008 (EEC-2) 2006-2009 (first period) 2006-2009 (first period) WhC and 20-20-20 Obligation period 2008-2012 (CERT) 2005-2012 2011-2013 (second period) 2010-2012 (second period) 2003 – 2009-2012 (CESP) WhC in Italy 2.95 PJ annual (first year Approx. 580 GWh (2009 target) 293 MtCO2 lifetime savings in savings) until 2009 3.5% of the amount of electricity 345 TWh lifetime discounted WhC in industry Target size (ongoing phase) 2012 (CERT) Cumulative savings of at least (over the period January 2011- As of 2010: 6.1 PJ/y (first year supplied the year before to 19.25 MtCO2 lifetime savings 22.4 Mtoe in 2012 savings weighted with household and non-residential Dec. 2013) in 2012 (CESP) prioritisation factors reflecting clients (2.5% in case of less than action lifespan) 2,500 clients). Comments Residential and non energy Energy end-use sectors covered Residential All All excl. ETS All except transport intensive industry and service 40% priority group and 15% super priority group. 25% insulation measures (CERT) 25 TWh cumac max achievable The actions must always consist Restrictions in achieving the Until 2008 50% on own energy Low income areas; max 4% by by information, formation and None specific of financial contribution and an target source loft insulations; max 4% by innovation programmes awareness-raising element cavity wall insulations; max 1% by energy advice Standard values (19 measures) Standard values (about 240 Standard values for approx. 200 Measurement and verification Engineering approach (5 measures) Standard values measures Case-by-case approval by VEA options measures) Case-by-case approval for other Specific engineering calculation Metered baseline method measures Dominant measurement and Deemed savings only Deemed savings Deemed savings Specific engineering calculations NA verification choice Ex-ante (adjusted first year Accreditation of savings Ex-ante Ex-ante (majority) Ex-ante Ex-ante approval savings only) Size of certificate NA 1 toe 1 kWh cumac NA NA The entire phase of the scheme 3 compliance periods NA (only adjusted first year Validity of certificate NA (compliance in 2012) NA (2005-2012) (compliance in 2009 and 2013) savings count) www.fire-italia.org 20 toe/year, 40 toe/year and 60 toe/year for savings evaluated 1 GWh cumac Certification threshold size NA respectively by deemed, (projects can be pooled to reach NA NA engineering and metered baseline the threshold) methods Spot market Trading* mechanisms Trading among suppliers OTC only No trading No trading OTC (dominant) Banking of excess savings Banking till 2012 Banking till 2012 between phases Banking three compliance As of 2010 borrowing if under Banking, borrowing Borrowing for 1 year if under Banking of excess savings (EEC-1 to EEC-2, EEC-2 to periods compliance below 35% (45% in compliance below 40% CERT) 2010) Figure 1. Summary of WhC schemes in Europe. Source: European Commission Directorate General JRC
  • 21. Italian white certificates scheme (obliged parties) Obliged parties: DSOs with more than WhC flows WhC and 20-20-20 ENEA 50.000 clients. cash flows WhC in Italy relations between WhC project parties evaluation WhC in industry 1st step obtaining WhC Comments asks for WhC project implementation AEEG DSO agreement Authorises WhC emission End-user GME Tranfers WhC Energy savings 2nd step: target compliance www.fire-italia.org WhC obliteration AEEG DSO Source: FIRE. 5
  • 22. Italian white certificates scheme (voluntary parties) Voluntary parties: companies connected WhC flows WhC and 20-20-20 ENEA with obliged DSOs, small distributors, SSE and ESCOs, large consumers with cash flows WhC in Italy appointed energy manager relations between WhC project parties evaluation WhC in industry 1st step obtaining WhC Comments asks for WhC project implementation AEEG Voluntary player agreement Authorises WhC emission End-user GME Tranfers WhC Energy savings 2nd step: target complaiance Direct contracting (OTC) www.fire-italia.org WhC obliteration AEEG Distributor WhC trading Voluntary company GME market Source: FIRE. 6
  • 23. WhC for dummies WhC and 20-20-20 Obliged parties (SO) DSOs with more than 50.000 clients WhC in Italy DSOs with less than 50.000 clients WhC in industry Voluntary parties (SV) Companies linked to or controlled from SO Energy service providers SSE Comments Companies with appointed energy manager WhC energy equivalent 1 WhC (also called TEE) = 1 additional toe WhC economic equivalent Depends on the market (95-115 €/toe recently) Allowed actions Energy efficiency improvements and savings 5 years Duration of WhC issuing 8 years for building envelope related actions 10 years for high efficiency cogeneration www.fire-italia.org Modalità standardizzata - deemed savings Saving evaluation Modalità analitica - engineering estimates Modalità a consuntivo - monitoring plans 7
  • 24. WhC for dummies Type I - electricity savings WhC and 20-20-20 Type II - gas savings Types of certificates Type III - other fuels savings (no transport) WhC in Italy Type IV - other fuels savings transport D.S. Type V - other fuels savings transport E.E. M.P. WhC in industry Duration and validity of WhC Both till 2012, to be extended Comments It depends on a standard fuel mix price trend. Till DSO tariff reimbursment now the range has been: 86.98-100 €/toe. Targets Primary energy efficiency improvements It is the the ratio between the useful life of the measure and the standard WhC project life (5 or Coefficient tau 8 years). It ranges between 1,00 and 4,58. It depends on the technology group as collected in the ministerial decrees tables. www.fire-italia.org WhC are released quarterly for deemed savings. WhC release timetable After the measure are collected for the other projects (the timetable can be freely chosen, provided it is at least annually. 8
  • 25. Tau coefficient WhC and 20-20-20 Integrated savings VS yearly savings 300 WhC in Italy WhC in industry 250 Comments 200 toe 150 100 50 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 year www.fire-italia.org Yearly saving Integral discounted saving WhC lifespan Technology lifespan
  • 26. Saving evaluation methods WhC and 20-20-20 Deemed savings WhC in Italy Saving evaluation method Engineering estimates WhC in industry Comments Monitoring plan • Deemed savings: the saving is evaluated with respect to the number of installed reference units (e.g. square meter, kW, number of installed units). No measures are required. Only standardized solutions can be included in a deemed saving file. • Engineering estimates: the saving is evaluated with respect to some measured quantities through a dedicated algorithm defined in the considered file. Required meters are also indicated in the considered file. www.fire-italia.org • Monitoring plan: the method is similar to the previous one, but the algorithm, the baseline, the additional saving coefficient, and the needed meters should be preliminarily proposed by the applicant and approved from ENEA.
  • 27. D.S. files for industry, tau coefficients and M.P. results Industrial deemed savings files WhC and 20-20-20 File Unit per toe Saving (10 -3 Units needed to Technology Unit toe/unit/year) reach 20 toe Tau number min max min max max min WhC in Italy 9 VSD electric engines for industrial pumping systems 1 turn industry 1 kW 12 42 24 83 314 91 2,65 2 turns industry 1 kW 6 20 49 166 153 45 2,65 3 turns industry 1 kW 3 11 95 319 80 24 2,65 WhC in industry seasonal industry 1 kW 11 38 27 90 284 84 2,65 11 high efficiency electric engines 1 turn industry 1 kW 37 294 3 27 2.220 283 2,65 2 turns industry 1 kW 19 149 7 53 1.126 142 2,65 Comments 3 turns industry 1 kW 10 77 13 102 581 74 2,65 seasonal industry 1 kW 35 270 4 29 2.040 262 2,65 Figure 1. Industrial deemed savings files summary. ! www.fire-italia.org Monitoring plan: more interesting (potential savings and tau value), but more difficult to obtain (more complex and longer procedure) than deemed savings and engineering estimates. 11
  • 28. methodologies exists (mostly deemed savings)! #  share of savings delivered via industrial projects, for whichtargets Issued certificates VS complet monitoring plans have to be implemented, is constantly increasing ( WhC and 20-20-20 Source: AEEG. 4% to 23%)! WhC in Italy ! Industry 100% 90% WhC in industry 80% Comments Public lighting 70% 60% CHP, district heating and power generation 50% 40% Heating, hot water production and 30% savers 20% Residential lighting, appliances, cooling 10% 0% ! ! !! up to 2005 up to 2006 up to 2007 up to 2008 up to 2009 up to 2010 www.fire-italia.org Monitoring plans and industrial projects are steadily growing, both for a better understanding of the rules and the interesting economic performance due to the potential savings and the tau coefficient. 12
  • 29. Comments WhC in Italy WhC in industry www.fire-italia.org WhC and 20-20-20 WhC'sprice(Euro) 07 /03 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 /20 16 06 /05 /20 25 06 /07 /20 24 06 /10 /20 16 06 /01 /20 27 07 /03 /20 05 07 /06 /20 28 07 /08 /20 06 07 May31stsession /11 /20 29 07 /01 /20 08 08 /04 WhC oversupply /20 17 08 /06 /20 09 08 /09 /20 18 08 /11 /20 17 08 /02 /20 DSO'sreimbursement 28 09 /04 /20 01 09 /07 /20 22 09 /09 Marketsessiondata /20 01 09 /12 WhCpricetrend /20 TypeIII 02 09 /03 /20 11 10 /05 /20 20 10 /07 /20 19 10 /10 TypeII /20 11 10 /01 /20 22 11 /03 /20 31 11 /05 /20 30 11 TypeI /08 /20 15 11 /11 /20 WhC shortage 07 11 /02 /20 17 12 /04 /20 31 12 /05 Source: FIRE. /20 Source:FIREevaluaIonbasedonAEEGandGMEdata 07 12 /08 /20 12 13 Price trends
  • 30. Issued certificates VS targets ItalianWhCtargetsandresults (dataupdatedtoMay312012) WhC and 20-20-20 %8.000%% 80%% WhC in Italy %6.000%% 60%% WhC in industry Comments %4.000%% 40%% ktoe % %2.000%% 20%% %!%%%% 0%% 2005% 2006% 2007% 2008% 2009% 2010% 2011% 2012% !2.000%% !20%% Source:%FIRE%based%on%AEEG%and%GME%data% !4.000%% !40%% Primary%energy%saving%targets%(ktoe)% Issued%WhC%from%June%1st%to%May%31st%(ktoe)% Eccess%%or%missing%WhC%(ktoe)% (issuedWhC!targetWhC)/targetWhC%(%)% www.fire-italia.org In the first phase there has been an excess of WhC on the market. Then it came a change that has taken the market on the opposite situation. The main drivers of this change are: CFL and similar files no more available, the completion of their 5 years cycle for some projects, the insufficient growth of monitoring plans. The 2011 results has shown an improvement, in part due to the tau coefficient (i.e. WhC on the markets and targets are no more directly linked). 14
  • 31. Typical cement production cycle Source: Reference Document on Best Available Techniques in the Cement, Lime and Magnesium Oxide 20-20-20 Manufacturing Industries, EC, 2010. WhC in Italy WhC in industry Comments www.fire-italia.org Figure 1. Cement manufacturing process (dry process) [22] ! 15
  • 32. The cement industry in Italy 20-20-20 Italy is among the largest cement producers in Europe. WhC in Italy With a total production of 36.3 million tons of cement it was in 2009 the main producer, despite the significant decline in recent years (-15.6% in WhC in industry 2008). Comments The production facilities are located throughout the country and currently total 88 manufacturing units, of which 58 are full-cycle and 30 are grinding factories. There are 80 active rotary kilns, all based on the dry or semi-dry technology that enables the achievement of greater energy efficiency. The cement industry is clearly one of the most interesting for the WhC scheme in terms of potential certificates and it serves well as an example of WhC implementation in the industrial sector. www.fire-italia.org The data and the assumptions on this presentation are taken from the guideline for the cement industry created by ENEA and FIRE that will be published on the website www.efficienzaenergetica.enea.it.
  • 33. Potential savings Despite remarkable advances in technology, in terms of energy 20-20-20 efficiency, there are still margins for improvement. WhC in Italy The BAT considered in the cement industry BRef indicate a value of WhC in industry 3,000 MJ/t of clinker for thermal energy and 90 kWh/t of cement for electricity. Comments The savings that would result from the transformation of the entire cement factories park is about 300 MJ/t of clinker. Given the annual national production of 36.3 million tons of cement, a clinker/cement ratio of 0.75, and assuming an approximate percentage of plants renovation of 50%, the global saving will be around 100 ktoe/year. For the consumption of electrical energy, considered over the entire production line, the possible reduction from the baseline is about 25 kWh/t of cement. Considering again a penetration rate of 50% the global saving will be around 85 ktoe/year. www.fire-italia.org
  • 34. Typical algorithms for the cement industry In order to prepare a monitoring plan the following points 20-20-20 must be addressed: - process description; WhC in Italy - description of the EE solution; WhC in industry - identification of the baseline, and thus of additional savings; Comments - definition of the algorithm to calculate the energy savings; - description of the MV system. Usually the third and fourth points are the most difficult to address, for different reasons. www.fire-italia.org 18
  • 35. Typical baseline values 20-20-20 WhC in Italy WhC in industry Comments For new plants (or a complete renovation of an existing plant) the reference is the market average, i.e. the typical solution proposed in that period of time for the same intervention. As mentioned above, currently it is the dry process www.fire-italia.org with multiple stage preheater and precalciner. For the renovation of an existing plants, provided an hardware intervention is implemented and not only an improvement of the plant management or of the regulation of the energy devices, the baseline reference is the higher between the specific consumption of the ex-ante plant and the specific consumption of the current practice in the same industrial sector. 19
  • 36. Savings collected in the cement industry within the WhC scheme 20-20-20 WhC in Italy WhC in industry Comments The good number of applications demonstrates that even if monitoring plans are complex, they can successfully be used, especially when the available www.fire-italia.org savings are good enough to justify the effort. In Italy, there is a minimum threshold to present a single EE measure of 60 toe, that at present WhC prices corresponds to 6,000 €/year for five years. The table shows typical savings between 15 and 3,500 toe. 20
  • 37. Conclusions The algorithm is not an issue technically, but it is important that it is 20-20-20 chosen taking into account the necessity to normalise the savings with WhC in Italy the industrial production – the clinker in this case – and to ensure that the effect of the EE intervention is correctly isolated from other energy WhC in industry consumption. Comments Most problems that arise in this connection are due to an insufficient number of meters or to their incorrect positioning. But there are may also be errors in the definition of the savings formula. Since in the cement industry fuel and clinker consumption present high values – on the order of hundreds of thousands of tons per year – an accurate measurement may be difficult. To address this issue, one possibility is to refer to the measurement uncertainties listed in Annex VII of the Decision 2007/589/EC related to the emission trading scheme (directive 2003/87/EC). www.fire-italia.org The use of alternative fuels is still limited, so its effects on the final result is still not very significant, but considering the Italian interest in refuse derived fuel (RDF) from industrial and municipal waste, the implications of its use should be analysed, both with respect to WhC and ETS. and should lead to a different baseline for RDF fired plants.
  • 38. Conclusions With large EE interventions, like the ones considered in the cement 20-20-20 industry, monitoring plans are working well. Industrial companies have WhC in Italy come to understand the opportunity that WhC represent and are trying to join in. WhC in industry More importantly, EE is finally going to be promoted by the mechanism. Comments Monitoring plans have in fact already overtaken deemed savings and engineering estimates in Italy in the last months in terms of issued certificates. Due to the complexity of the plans the proponents are improving their knowledge of the industrial sectors in which they operate, with positive effects on their potential to promote and replicate similar actions. Some of the proponents have indeed become full ESCOs this way, fulfilling one of the original aims of the WhC scheme in Italy. A final important aspect: the real trigger to success of the scheme and of www.fire-italia.org the involvement of industry is information and training. It is fundamental to devote sufficient economic and personnel resources to these activities. The advantages for the system in general are enormous compared with the cost of implementing these actions.
  • 39. Operative references 1. Recognition SSE e EM www.autorita.energia.it/it/ee/ee_home2.htm https://www.autorita.energia.it/raccolte-dati/ 2. RVC and PPPM presentation effenerg-ia http://www.mercatoelettrico.org/It/Mercati/TEE/ 3. WhC GME’s register RegistroTEE.aspx http://www.mercatoelettrico.org/It/Mercati/ 4.a GME’s market AccessoTEE.aspx 4.b GME’s OTC platform They are carried out within the GME’s register www.mercatoelettrico.org/It/Esiti/MGP/ www.fire-italia.org 5. Market statistics EsitiMGP.aspx 6. WhC statistical reports www.autorita.energia.it/it/pubblicazioni_ee.htm 23
  • 40. For
  • 43.   about
  • 44.  our
  • 46.   visit
  • 47.  our
  • 48.  web
  • 50.   www.fire-italia.org Contact: disanto@fire-italia.org