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By the end of this presentation you will be able to identify different types of Beams, supports and loads which are seen commonly in this world Note: There is also background voice for this presentation which give brief explanation about every slide, for activating audio I think you need to download this presentation

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Types of loads, beams, support and support reaction calculation

give information on:-
types of loads
types of beams
types of support
support reaction calculation

Types of loads,supports , beams and spans ppt

The document discusses various types of loads, supports, beams, and spans that are commonly analyzed in structural engineering. It defines point loads, uniformly distributed loads, uniformly varying loads, and rolling loads. It also describes simple supports, roller supports, hinged supports, and fixed supports. The main types of beams covered are simply supported beams, cantilever beams, fixed beams, overhanging beams, continuous beams, and beams with one end hinged and the other end roller supported. Finally, it distinguishes between clear span, effective span, and total span.

Types of beam & types of supports

This document discusses different types of beams and supports used in engineering mechanics. It describes four types of supports - fixed, simple, roller, and hinged - based on how they restrict the movement of beams. It also outlines six types of beams defined by their support conditions: fixed, cantilever, simply supported, overhanging, continuous, and combinations of these. Finally, it categorizes loads as point, uniformly distributed, or uniformly varying based on how forces are applied along the beam.

Columns

This document discusses different types of columns used in construction. It defines a column as a structural member subjected to compressive axial loads. Columns are classified as long, short, or intermediate based on their length-to-minimum radius of gyration ratio. Long columns have a ratio greater than 50, short columns less than 15-50, and intermediate between 30-100. The document provides examples of column types and discusses effective length, radius of gyration, buckling load, and Euler's formula for calculating crippling load.

Types of support

The document discusses different types of supports and loads that can act on beams. It describes:
1) Types of supports including simple, roller, hinged, and combinations that determine reaction forces and the beam's equilibrium.
2) Types of loads such as concentrated point loads, uniformly distributed loads, and varying loads which can be represented as a single load at the center.
3) Examples of calculating support reactions and internal forces in beams under different loading conditions.

Beam and its types

This document describes different types of beams based on their end support, cross-section shape, equilibrium condition, and geometry. Beams can be simply supported, continuous, overhanging, cantilever, fixed, or trussed based on their end support. Their cross-section can be I-beams, T-beams, or C-beams. Based on equilibrium, beams are either statically determinate or indeterminate. A beam's geometry can be straight, curved, or tapered.

presentation based on Truss and Frame

This document provides an overview of trusses and frames for a course on prestressed concrete design. It defines trusses as structures composed of members connected to resist changes in shape. Trusses are made of triangular units and transfer loads through tension and compression forces in their members. The document discusses different types of trusses, including plane and space trusses, and terminology for roof and bridge trusses. It also covers methods for analyzing trusses and frames, including the joint and section methods using free body diagrams. Frames are similar structures that contain members subject to multiple forces.

column and strut

This document summarizes key concepts about columns and struts. It defines struts as structural members under axial compression, while columns are vertical struts. Columns can be short or long depending on their length-to-minimum radius of gyration ratio. Euler's formula and Rankine's formula provide methods to calculate the buckling/crippling load of columns based on factors like the modulus of elasticity, moment of inertia, and effective length. The document also discusses radius of gyration, slenderness ratio, crushing load, and how eccentric loading affects column stresses.

Types of loads, beams, support and support reaction calculation

give information on:-
types of loads
types of beams
types of support
support reaction calculation

Types of loads,supports , beams and spans ppt

The document discusses various types of loads, supports, beams, and spans that are commonly analyzed in structural engineering. It defines point loads, uniformly distributed loads, uniformly varying loads, and rolling loads. It also describes simple supports, roller supports, hinged supports, and fixed supports. The main types of beams covered are simply supported beams, cantilever beams, fixed beams, overhanging beams, continuous beams, and beams with one end hinged and the other end roller supported. Finally, it distinguishes between clear span, effective span, and total span.

Types of beam & types of supports

This document discusses different types of beams and supports used in engineering mechanics. It describes four types of supports - fixed, simple, roller, and hinged - based on how they restrict the movement of beams. It also outlines six types of beams defined by their support conditions: fixed, cantilever, simply supported, overhanging, continuous, and combinations of these. Finally, it categorizes loads as point, uniformly distributed, or uniformly varying based on how forces are applied along the beam.

Columns

This document discusses different types of columns used in construction. It defines a column as a structural member subjected to compressive axial loads. Columns are classified as long, short, or intermediate based on their length-to-minimum radius of gyration ratio. Long columns have a ratio greater than 50, short columns less than 15-50, and intermediate between 30-100. The document provides examples of column types and discusses effective length, radius of gyration, buckling load, and Euler's formula for calculating crippling load.

Types of support

The document discusses different types of supports and loads that can act on beams. It describes:
1) Types of supports including simple, roller, hinged, and combinations that determine reaction forces and the beam's equilibrium.
2) Types of loads such as concentrated point loads, uniformly distributed loads, and varying loads which can be represented as a single load at the center.
3) Examples of calculating support reactions and internal forces in beams under different loading conditions.

Beam and its types

This document describes different types of beams based on their end support, cross-section shape, equilibrium condition, and geometry. Beams can be simply supported, continuous, overhanging, cantilever, fixed, or trussed based on their end support. Their cross-section can be I-beams, T-beams, or C-beams. Based on equilibrium, beams are either statically determinate or indeterminate. A beam's geometry can be straight, curved, or tapered.

presentation based on Truss and Frame

This document provides an overview of trusses and frames for a course on prestressed concrete design. It defines trusses as structures composed of members connected to resist changes in shape. Trusses are made of triangular units and transfer loads through tension and compression forces in their members. The document discusses different types of trusses, including plane and space trusses, and terminology for roof and bridge trusses. It also covers methods for analyzing trusses and frames, including the joint and section methods using free body diagrams. Frames are similar structures that contain members subject to multiple forces.

column and strut

This document summarizes key concepts about columns and struts. It defines struts as structural members under axial compression, while columns are vertical struts. Columns can be short or long depending on their length-to-minimum radius of gyration ratio. Euler's formula and Rankine's formula provide methods to calculate the buckling/crippling load of columns based on factors like the modulus of elasticity, moment of inertia, and effective length. The document also discusses radius of gyration, slenderness ratio, crushing load, and how eccentric loading affects column stresses.

Centroid & Centre of Gravity

The document discusses the differences between centroid and center of gravity. The centroid is defined as a point about which the entire line, area or volume is assumed to be concentrated, and is related to the distribution of length, area and volume. The center of gravity is defined as the point about which the entire weight of an object is assumed to be concentrated, also known as the center of mass, and is related to the distribution of mass. Examples are provided to illustrate the concepts of centroid and center of gravity.

Support reactions

Introduction
Types of Beam
Types of Loads acting on beam
Types of Supports
Instrument used for finding “Support Reactions”
How to find “Support Reactions”

Bending stresses in beams

This document discusses bending stresses in beams. It defines simple or pure bending as when a beam experiences zero shear force and constant bending moment over a length. For simple bending, the stress distribution can be calculated using beam theory. The key points are:
- Bending stresses are introduced due to bending moments and are highest at the extreme fibers furthest from the neutral axis.
- The neutral axis experiences no bending stress and its location is defined by the centroidal axis of the beam cross-section.
- Bending stress is directly proportional to the distance from the neutral axis. The stress distribution follows σ = My/I, where M is the bending moment, y is the distance from neutral axis, and I is

Truss

Truss is a framework, typically consisting of rafters, posts, and struts, supporting a roof, bridge, or other structure.
a truss is a structure that "consists of two-force members only, where the members are organized so that the assemblage as a whole behaves as a single object"

Chapter 3

The document discusses frames and trusses, which are structures consisting of bars, rods, angles, and channels pinned or fastened together to support loads and transmit them to supports. Trusses contain only two-force members that experience either tension or compression, while frames can contain multi-force members and experience transverse forces as well. Common truss configurations include pinned, gusset plate, and bolted or welded joints. Trusses are analyzed using methods of joints or sections to determine member forces.

Structural analysis 2

The document discusses indeterminate structures, the stiffness method, and its application to structural analysis. It defines indeterminate structures as those that cannot be analyzed using static equilibrium equations alone, as they consist of more members and restraints. The stiffness method is useful for automatically solving problems related to beams, frames, and trusses. It defines stiffness as the end moment required to produce a unit rotation at one end of a member with the other end fixed. Key steps in a stiffness analysis include determining the degree of kinematic indeterminacy, applying restraints, calculating member forces, and solving the equilibrium equations in matrix form to obtain displacements.

column and it's types

1. The document discusses reinforcement in concrete columns. It lists group members for a project and provides information on different types of columns, their load transfer mechanisms, and failure modes.
2. Key points covered include defining short, long, and intermediate columns based on their slenderness ratio. It also discusses calculating the effective length and radius of gyration of a column.
3. The document provides guidelines for steel reinforcement in columns, including minimum bar diameter and concrete cover, as well as the design procedure and considerations for selecting the reinforcement ratio.

Balanced section,under reinforced,over reinforced section

Here we discussed about the balanced section,Under reinforced and Over reinforced sections and what are the failure and their moment of resistance.. and also comparison between among three sections

Classification of Loads on Structures

The document discusses the different types of loads that act on structures. It classifies loads as vertical loads (dead load, live load, impact load), horizontal loads (wind load, earthquake load), and longitudinal loads (tractive and braking forces). The main vertical loads are dead load from structural members and materials, live load from occupancy, and impact load from vibrations. The primary horizontal loads are wind load from air movement and earthquake load from seismic activity. Longitudinal loads apply specifically to bridges and gantries. The document provides further details on the characteristics and calculation of common load types like dead load, live load, snow load, impact load, wind load, and earthquake load.

Footing design(09.02.03.096)

The document discusses various types of footings used in building foundations. It defines a footing as the lower part of a foundation constructed below ground level on solid ground. The main purposes of footings are to transfer structural loads to the soil over a large area to prevent soil and building movement, and to resist settlement and lateral loads. Common footing types include isolated, strap, strip/continuous, and combined footings. Key data needed for footing design includes soil bearing capacity, structural loads, and column dimensions. The document outlines general design procedures and considerations for spread, combined, strap, and brick footings.

Column design.ppt

Civil Engineering, Column Design
Structure Engineering, Combined loading, axial loading, bending,
short column, column design criteria, short column design, RCC Column design

Design of compression members

Compression members are structural members subjected to axial compression or compressive forces. Their design is governed by strength and buckling capacity. Columns can fail due to local buckling, squashing, overall flexural buckling, or torsional buckling. Built-up columns use components like lacings, battens, and cover plates to help distribute stress more evenly and increase buckling resistance compared to a single member. Buckling occurs when a straight compression member becomes unstable and bends under a critical load.

Design of columns biaxial bending as per IS 456-2000

This document discusses the design of compression members subjected to axial load and biaxial bending. It introduces the concept of biaxial eccentricities and explains that columns should be designed considering possible eccentricities in two axes. The document outlines the method suggested by IS 456-2000, which is based on Breslar's load contour approach. It relates the parameter αn to the ratio of Pu/Puz. Finally, it provides a step-by-step process for designing the column section, which involves determining uniaxial moment capacities, computing permissible moment values from charts, and revising the section if needed. It also briefly mentions the simplified method according to BS8110.

Foundation

This document defines and describes different types of shallow foundations, including spread footings, combined footings, strap footings, grillage foundations, and raft foundations. Spread footings distribute a structure's load over a large area and can be single, stepped, or sloped. Combined footings are used when columns are close together to avoid interference. Strap footings connect independent column footings with a beam. Grillage foundations use layers of steel beams in concrete to distribute loads in poor soil. Raft foundations use a thick concrete slab covering the entire building area for structures on very poor soils.

Beam ,Loads,Supports , trusses

The document discusses different types of structural elements used in building construction including beams, loads, supports, columns, and trusses. It describes several types of beams such as simply supported beams, continuous beams, overhanging beams, cantilever beams, and fixed beams. It also discusses different types of loads, supports, and how columns and trusses function structurally.

Design of Concrete Structure 1

The document discusses properties and testing of concrete. It provides information on the constituents of concrete including cement, coarse aggregate, fine aggregate, and water. It also discusses properties of concrete and reinforcements, including their relatively high compressive strength and lower tensile strength. Various tests performed on concrete are mentioned, including tests on workability, compressive strength, flexural strength, and fresh/hardened concrete. Design philosophies for reinforced concrete include the working stress method, ultimate strength method, and limit state method.

CE- 416 Truss & Frame

Name: Md. Neshar Ahmed Limon
4th year, 2nd semester
ID: 10.01.03.151
Sec: C
Ahsanullah University of Science & Technology

Structural analysis 2

This document discusses various concepts related to structural analysis of arches:
1. An arch is a curved girder supported at its ends, allowing only vertical and horizontal displacements for arch action.
2. The general cable theorem relates the horizontal tension and vertical distance from any cable point to the cable chord moment.
3. Arches are classified based on support conditions (3, 2, or 1 hinged) or shape (curved, parabolic, elliptical, polygonal).
4. Horizontal thrust in arches reduces the bending moment and is calculated differently for various arch types (e.g. parabolic) and loading (e.g. UDL).

BOLTED CONNECTION

This presentation summarizes different types of bolted connections. It discusses bearing bolts, which can be unfinished or finished. Unfinished bolts have rough shanks while finished bolts have circular shanks from turning. It also defines terminology used in bolted connections like pitch, gauge distance, and edge distance. Finally, it discusses grade classifications for bolts based on their strength and specifies requirements for bolted connections according to Indian codes and standards, distinguishing between lap joints and butt joints.

Columns

Columns are structural members that experience compression loads. They can buckle if loaded beyond their buckling (or critical) load. Short columns fail through crushing, while long columns fail through lateral buckling. The Euler formula calculates the buckling load of a long column based on its properties and end conditions. The Rankine-Gordon formula provides a more accurate calculation of buckling load that applies to all column types by accounting for both buckling and crushing. Proper design of columns involves ensuring they are loaded below their safe loads, which incorporate factors of safety applied to the theoretical buckling loads.

Village as a focal point of planning and development

Village can serve as a focal point for planning and development when it has certain key characteristics and facilities. A village becomes a focal point as it develops surrounding facilities that help it grow. Basic village facilities include a post office, administration buildings, shops, religious buildings, schools, and agriculture. For a village to be suitable for development, it needs a measurable population and to be surrounded by other development. Planning and development of villages should consider input from local communities and monitor progress against objectives.

7. building components

The document discusses the key components of a building structure. It describes the substructure or foundation, which is located below ground level and transmits loads to the soil. The superstructure is the part above ground level that serves the intended use of the building. A building also contains masonry units like walls and columns, floor structures, roof structures, doors and windows, vertical transportation structures, and finishes. Foundations transmit loads to the soil in a way that limits settlements and prevents soil failure.

Centroid & Centre of Gravity

The document discusses the differences between centroid and center of gravity. The centroid is defined as a point about which the entire line, area or volume is assumed to be concentrated, and is related to the distribution of length, area and volume. The center of gravity is defined as the point about which the entire weight of an object is assumed to be concentrated, also known as the center of mass, and is related to the distribution of mass. Examples are provided to illustrate the concepts of centroid and center of gravity.

Support reactions

Introduction
Types of Beam
Types of Loads acting on beam
Types of Supports
Instrument used for finding “Support Reactions”
How to find “Support Reactions”

Bending stresses in beams

This document discusses bending stresses in beams. It defines simple or pure bending as when a beam experiences zero shear force and constant bending moment over a length. For simple bending, the stress distribution can be calculated using beam theory. The key points are:
- Bending stresses are introduced due to bending moments and are highest at the extreme fibers furthest from the neutral axis.
- The neutral axis experiences no bending stress and its location is defined by the centroidal axis of the beam cross-section.
- Bending stress is directly proportional to the distance from the neutral axis. The stress distribution follows σ = My/I, where M is the bending moment, y is the distance from neutral axis, and I is

Truss

Truss is a framework, typically consisting of rafters, posts, and struts, supporting a roof, bridge, or other structure.
a truss is a structure that "consists of two-force members only, where the members are organized so that the assemblage as a whole behaves as a single object"

Chapter 3

The document discusses frames and trusses, which are structures consisting of bars, rods, angles, and channels pinned or fastened together to support loads and transmit them to supports. Trusses contain only two-force members that experience either tension or compression, while frames can contain multi-force members and experience transverse forces as well. Common truss configurations include pinned, gusset plate, and bolted or welded joints. Trusses are analyzed using methods of joints or sections to determine member forces.

Structural analysis 2

The document discusses indeterminate structures, the stiffness method, and its application to structural analysis. It defines indeterminate structures as those that cannot be analyzed using static equilibrium equations alone, as they consist of more members and restraints. The stiffness method is useful for automatically solving problems related to beams, frames, and trusses. It defines stiffness as the end moment required to produce a unit rotation at one end of a member with the other end fixed. Key steps in a stiffness analysis include determining the degree of kinematic indeterminacy, applying restraints, calculating member forces, and solving the equilibrium equations in matrix form to obtain displacements.

column and it's types

1. The document discusses reinforcement in concrete columns. It lists group members for a project and provides information on different types of columns, their load transfer mechanisms, and failure modes.
2. Key points covered include defining short, long, and intermediate columns based on their slenderness ratio. It also discusses calculating the effective length and radius of gyration of a column.
3. The document provides guidelines for steel reinforcement in columns, including minimum bar diameter and concrete cover, as well as the design procedure and considerations for selecting the reinforcement ratio.

Balanced section,under reinforced,over reinforced section

Here we discussed about the balanced section,Under reinforced and Over reinforced sections and what are the failure and their moment of resistance.. and also comparison between among three sections

Classification of Loads on Structures

The document discusses the different types of loads that act on structures. It classifies loads as vertical loads (dead load, live load, impact load), horizontal loads (wind load, earthquake load), and longitudinal loads (tractive and braking forces). The main vertical loads are dead load from structural members and materials, live load from occupancy, and impact load from vibrations. The primary horizontal loads are wind load from air movement and earthquake load from seismic activity. Longitudinal loads apply specifically to bridges and gantries. The document provides further details on the characteristics and calculation of common load types like dead load, live load, snow load, impact load, wind load, and earthquake load.

Footing design(09.02.03.096)

The document discusses various types of footings used in building foundations. It defines a footing as the lower part of a foundation constructed below ground level on solid ground. The main purposes of footings are to transfer structural loads to the soil over a large area to prevent soil and building movement, and to resist settlement and lateral loads. Common footing types include isolated, strap, strip/continuous, and combined footings. Key data needed for footing design includes soil bearing capacity, structural loads, and column dimensions. The document outlines general design procedures and considerations for spread, combined, strap, and brick footings.

Column design.ppt

Civil Engineering, Column Design
Structure Engineering, Combined loading, axial loading, bending,
short column, column design criteria, short column design, RCC Column design

Design of compression members

Compression members are structural members subjected to axial compression or compressive forces. Their design is governed by strength and buckling capacity. Columns can fail due to local buckling, squashing, overall flexural buckling, or torsional buckling. Built-up columns use components like lacings, battens, and cover plates to help distribute stress more evenly and increase buckling resistance compared to a single member. Buckling occurs when a straight compression member becomes unstable and bends under a critical load.

Design of columns biaxial bending as per IS 456-2000

This document discusses the design of compression members subjected to axial load and biaxial bending. It introduces the concept of biaxial eccentricities and explains that columns should be designed considering possible eccentricities in two axes. The document outlines the method suggested by IS 456-2000, which is based on Breslar's load contour approach. It relates the parameter αn to the ratio of Pu/Puz. Finally, it provides a step-by-step process for designing the column section, which involves determining uniaxial moment capacities, computing permissible moment values from charts, and revising the section if needed. It also briefly mentions the simplified method according to BS8110.

Foundation

This document defines and describes different types of shallow foundations, including spread footings, combined footings, strap footings, grillage foundations, and raft foundations. Spread footings distribute a structure's load over a large area and can be single, stepped, or sloped. Combined footings are used when columns are close together to avoid interference. Strap footings connect independent column footings with a beam. Grillage foundations use layers of steel beams in concrete to distribute loads in poor soil. Raft foundations use a thick concrete slab covering the entire building area for structures on very poor soils.

Beam ,Loads,Supports , trusses

The document discusses different types of structural elements used in building construction including beams, loads, supports, columns, and trusses. It describes several types of beams such as simply supported beams, continuous beams, overhanging beams, cantilever beams, and fixed beams. It also discusses different types of loads, supports, and how columns and trusses function structurally.

Design of Concrete Structure 1

The document discusses properties and testing of concrete. It provides information on the constituents of concrete including cement, coarse aggregate, fine aggregate, and water. It also discusses properties of concrete and reinforcements, including their relatively high compressive strength and lower tensile strength. Various tests performed on concrete are mentioned, including tests on workability, compressive strength, flexural strength, and fresh/hardened concrete. Design philosophies for reinforced concrete include the working stress method, ultimate strength method, and limit state method.

CE- 416 Truss & Frame

Name: Md. Neshar Ahmed Limon
4th year, 2nd semester
ID: 10.01.03.151
Sec: C
Ahsanullah University of Science & Technology

Structural analysis 2

This document discusses various concepts related to structural analysis of arches:
1. An arch is a curved girder supported at its ends, allowing only vertical and horizontal displacements for arch action.
2. The general cable theorem relates the horizontal tension and vertical distance from any cable point to the cable chord moment.
3. Arches are classified based on support conditions (3, 2, or 1 hinged) or shape (curved, parabolic, elliptical, polygonal).
4. Horizontal thrust in arches reduces the bending moment and is calculated differently for various arch types (e.g. parabolic) and loading (e.g. UDL).

BOLTED CONNECTION

This presentation summarizes different types of bolted connections. It discusses bearing bolts, which can be unfinished or finished. Unfinished bolts have rough shanks while finished bolts have circular shanks from turning. It also defines terminology used in bolted connections like pitch, gauge distance, and edge distance. Finally, it discusses grade classifications for bolts based on their strength and specifies requirements for bolted connections according to Indian codes and standards, distinguishing between lap joints and butt joints.

Columns

Columns are structural members that experience compression loads. They can buckle if loaded beyond their buckling (or critical) load. Short columns fail through crushing, while long columns fail through lateral buckling. The Euler formula calculates the buckling load of a long column based on its properties and end conditions. The Rankine-Gordon formula provides a more accurate calculation of buckling load that applies to all column types by accounting for both buckling and crushing. Proper design of columns involves ensuring they are loaded below their safe loads, which incorporate factors of safety applied to the theoretical buckling loads.

Centroid & Centre of Gravity

Centroid & Centre of Gravity

Support reactions

Support reactions

Bending stresses in beams

Bending stresses in beams

Truss

Truss

Chapter 3

Chapter 3

Structural analysis 2

Structural analysis 2

column and it's types

column and it's types

Balanced section,under reinforced,over reinforced section

Balanced section,under reinforced,over reinforced section

Classification of Loads on Structures

Classification of Loads on Structures

Footing design(09.02.03.096)

Footing design(09.02.03.096)

Column design.ppt

Column design.ppt

Design of compression members

Design of compression members

Design of columns biaxial bending as per IS 456-2000

Design of columns biaxial bending as per IS 456-2000

Foundation

Foundation

Beam ,Loads,Supports , trusses

Beam ,Loads,Supports , trusses

Design of Concrete Structure 1

Design of Concrete Structure 1

CE- 416 Truss & Frame

CE- 416 Truss & Frame

Structural analysis 2

Structural analysis 2

BOLTED CONNECTION

BOLTED CONNECTION

Columns

Columns

Village as a focal point of planning and development

Village can serve as a focal point for planning and development when it has certain key characteristics and facilities. A village becomes a focal point as it develops surrounding facilities that help it grow. Basic village facilities include a post office, administration buildings, shops, religious buildings, schools, and agriculture. For a village to be suitable for development, it needs a measurable population and to be surrounded by other development. Planning and development of villages should consider input from local communities and monitor progress against objectives.

7. building components

The document discusses the key components of a building structure. It describes the substructure or foundation, which is located below ground level and transmits loads to the soil. The superstructure is the part above ground level that serves the intended use of the building. A building also contains masonry units like walls and columns, floor structures, roof structures, doors and windows, vertical transportation structures, and finishes. Foundations transmit loads to the soil in a way that limits settlements and prevents soil failure.

Turning torso

The Turning Torso in Malmo, Sweden is a residential tower that twists 90 degrees from bottom to top. It has a central concrete core and cantilevered floor slabs that are supported by an exterior steel spine. The steel spine transfers wind and seismic loads to the core. The tower was constructed using an automatic climbing formwork that moved up with each completed floor. The complex twisting geometry required a double curved glass and aluminum facade with windows that lean up to 7 degrees to accommodate the building's twist.

structural components

Gradients are slopes used in construction to allow for drainage and come in two main types: ruling gradients. Ruling gradients are the maximum allowable slopes under normal conditions, with gradients of 1 in 30 (3.33%) for plain areas and steeper gradients of 1 in 20 (5%) permitted for hilly terrain.

Building structure and their components

The document discusses building structures and their components. It defines a building and categorizes buildings based on occupancy such as residential, educational, etc. It describes three main types of structures - load bearing, framed, and composite. Load bearing structures transfer weight through walls to foundations, while framed structures use a network of columns and beams supported by slabs. Composite structures combine load bearing and framed elements. The document outlines key building components such as foundations, floors, walls, roofs, and their functions in constructing structures.

Design of beams

This document discusses the design of beams. It defines different types of beams like floor beams, girders, lintels, purlins, and rafters. It describes how beams are classified based on their support conditions as simply supported, cantilever, fixed, or continuous beams. Commonly used beam sections include universal beams, compound beams, and composite beams. The document also covers plastic analysis of beams, classification of beam sections, and failure modes of beams.

Presentation on Slab, Beam & Column

This is a Power Point Presentation discussing briefly about the Slab, Beam & Column of a building construction. It was presented on 6th March, 2014 as part of the Presentations of the subject: DETAILS OF CONSTRUCTION, at Ahsanullah University of Science & Technology (AUST)

Construction process''column,beam,slab''

The document describes the construction process for columns, slabs, and beams in reinforced concrete structures. It discusses the materials used and the typical steps involved, which include:
1) Layout and formwork installation
2) Placement of reinforcing steel based on structural designs
3) Pouring and finishing of concrete
4) Curing of concrete to gain full strength over 28 days
The columns transfer loads vertically through reinforced concrete that is mixed on site or delivered by ready-mix trucks. Slabs and beams are constructed through similar processes of steel reinforcement, formwork, concrete placement and curing.

Civil Engineering (Beams,Columns)

The superstructure of a building consists of elements above the foundation like beams, columns, lintels, roofing and flooring. Beams are horizontal members that carry loads and transfer them to columns or walls. Reinforced concrete beams are designed to resist both bending moments and shear forces from loads. There are different types of beams like simply supported, fixed, cantilever, continuous and overhanging beams which are designed based on how they are supported. Columns are vertical load bearing members that transfer loads from beams and slabs to the foundation. Common column types include long, short and intermediate columns. Lintels are short horizontal members that span small openings like doors and windows and transfer loads to masonry, steel or reinforced concrete

Village as a focal point of planning and development

Village as a focal point of planning and development

7. building components

7. building components

Turning torso

Turning torso

structural components

structural components

Building structure and their components

Building structure and their components

Design of beams

Design of beams

Presentation on Slab, Beam & Column

Presentation on Slab, Beam & Column

Construction process''column,beam,slab''

Construction process''column,beam,slab''

Civil Engineering (Beams,Columns)

Civil Engineering (Beams,Columns)

Types of beams

This presentation helps in understanding the basic concepts of types of beams and their various applications.

Support reaction

This document discusses mechanics of solids and support reactions. It covers different types of beams like simply supported, cantilever, continuous beams. It also discusses types of loads like point load, uniformly distributed load, uniformly varying load. Support types covered are simple support, hinged support, roller support and fixed support. The document contains examples to calculate reactions at supports for beams under different loading conditions.

Support reaction

This document discusses mechanics of solids and support reactions. It contains information on different types of beams such as simply supported beams, overhanging beams, cantilever beams, fixed beams, continuous beams, and propped cantilever beams. It also discusses different types of loads like point loads, uniformly distributed loads, and uniformly varying loads. The types of supports covered are simple support, hinged support, roller support, and fixed support. The document provides examples of calculating reactions at supports for beams under different loading conditions.

Beam and column and its types in detail

The document discusses different types of beams and columns. It describes beams based on their end support (simply supported, continuous, overhanging, cantilevered, fixed), cross-section shape (I-beam, T-beam, C-beam), and equilibrium condition (statically determinate, statically indeterminate). It also describes columns based on their shape (rectangular, L-shaped), type of reinforcement, loading conditions, and slenderness ratio. Columns can also serve decorative purposes by carrying sculpture or commemorating events.

CVE 211- Shear force and bending moments in beams intro..pdf

Shearforce and bending moment . Theory of structures . CVE 211

TYPES OF SUPPORTS,BEAM AND LOADING.docx

This document is a certificate from Y.B. Patil Polytechnic certifying that six students - Hrishikesh Tarange, Atharva Patil, Yogesh Yelavi, Prathamesh Rokde, Avinash Sakhere, and Davendra Suthar - satisfactorily completed a project on the topic of "Types of supports, beam and loading". The project was submitted to fulfill the requirements for a diploma in civil engineering. It includes the students' names, signatures of the guide and HOD, and the principal's name.

Types of loads

The document discusses various types of loads, supports, beams, and spans that are commonly analyzed in structural engineering. It defines point loads, uniformly distributed loads, uniformly varying loads, and rolling loads. It also describes simple supports, roller supports, hinged supports, and fixed supports. The types of beams covered are simply supported beams, cantilever beams, fixed beams, overhanging beams, continuous beams, and beams with one end hinged and the other end roller supported. Finally, it distinguishes between clear span, effective span, and total span.

Chapter 2 beam

This chapter discusses beams and support reactions. It defines statically determinate beams and describes the following topics: types of beam supports including simple, pin/hinged, roller, and fixed supports; types of beams such as simply supported, cantilever, overhang, and continuous beams; types of loading including concentrated/point loads and distributed loads such as uniform, uniformly varying, and non-uniform loads; and the procedure to find support reactions of statically determinate beams using equilibrium conditions. It also discusses compound beams and the concept of virtual work.

beamanditstypes-191029093517 (1).pdf

This document describes different types of beams based on their end support, cross-section shape, equilibrium condition, and geometry. Beams can be simply supported, continuous, overhanging, cantilever, fixed, or trussed based on their end support. Their cross-section can be I-beams, T-beams, or C-beams. Based on equilibrium, beams are either statically determinate or indeterminate. A beam's geometry can be straight, curved, or tapered.

Form active structure system (1)

This document provides information on form active structural systems, with a focus on arch structures. It defines form active structures as systems of flexible, non-rigid matter where force redirection is achieved through particular form design and stabilization. Examples given include arch, tent, cable, and shell structures. Arch structures are then discussed in more detail, including terminology, types of arches, load mechanisms, classification, design considerations, and advantages. The key points are that arches function in pure compression to span distances by transmitting outward thrust to supports, and their curved form eliminates tensile stresses.

Em ppt

I think It is simple but useful please comment if you like it and find it useful I am studying Civil Engineering @ Quest Nawabshah

What Is A Beam? And What Are The Different Types Of Beam? (https://civiltech-...

The article or blog is related to the beam and different types of beam depending on different conditions. Based on Support Conditions, Based on Construction Materials, Based on Cross-Section Shapes, Based on Geometry, Based on Equilibrium Conditions, Based on Method Of Construction

SFD-BMD.ppt 2 for lecture mechanical engg

lecture mechanical engg

column and strut difference between them

. Differentiate Between Column & strut
2. Buckling Load
3. Limitations of Euler’s Formula
CONTENTS
Strut
Column
Differentiate Between Column & Strut
Failure Of Column Or Strut
Long Column
Short Column
Buckling Load
Column End Condition And Effective Length
What Is Euler’s Formula
Some Assumptions Of The Euler’s Formula
Euler’s Formula
Limitation Of Euler’s Formula

Module-4 Notes.pdf

1. Shear force and bending moment diagrams are analytical tools used to determine the shear force and bending moment values at different points along a beam under loading. These diagrams help with structural design and analysis.
2. The document discusses different types of beams, loads, and support conditions. It provides examples of calculating and drawing shear force and bending moment diagrams for beams with various loading scenarios, including cantilever beams with point loads, simply supported beams with point loads, and overhanging beams with uniform loads.
3. Key steps in drawing the diagrams are outlined, such as using consistent scaling, labeling principal values, and showing sign conventions clearly. The variation in shear force and bending moment is also summarized for different load types

Design and analysis of cantilever beam

we select cantilever beam having I,C,T section and we select material cast iron, stainless steel, steel and analyze base upon modal and static analysis.we see here deformation,stress ,strain and based upon it we conclude.

Freebodydigram

Here are the free body diagrams for the given systems:
1. Axle of bicycle wheel:
F_app
R_1
R_2
2. Propped cantilever:
W_1
W_2
R
3. Neoprene pad bearing functions like a roller support.
4. Circled part of building:
W
R_1
R_2
R_3
5. Dam:
W_water
R

Beam

This document defines beams and support reactions. It discusses statically determinate beams and explains that support reactions can be determined using equilibrium conditions alone for these beams. The document outlines different types of beam supports including simple, pinned, roller, and fixed supports. It also defines types of beams such as simply supported, cantilever, overhang, and continuous beams. Finally, it discusses determining support reactions for statically determinate beams using equilibrium conditions and introduces the concept of virtual work.

Cantilever Beam

This study investigates the vibration characteristics of a cantilever beam made of linear elastic material with homogeneous and isotropic material properties. Static and modal analyses are performed to determine the stress, strain, deformation, natural frequencies, and mode shapes of the cantilever beam while it is being designed. The cantilever beam is modeled and analyzed in ANSYS to compare the stress and natural frequency for different materials with the same cross-sectional properties. The results show the deflection, stresses, and natural frequencies of the cantilever beam made of different materials.

Beam

Manish Raj gave a seminar on beams for his civil engineering class. He began by defining a beam as a structural element that resists lateral loads, causing bending. Beams are characterized by their support, cross-section profile, length, and material. Manish then classified beams based on their geometry, equilibrium conditions, and support type. Key support types discussed included simply supported beams, cantilever beams, overhanging beams, continuous beams, and fixed beams.

Types of beams

Types of beams

Support reaction

Support reaction

Support reaction

Support reaction

Beam and column and its types in detail

Beam and column and its types in detail

CVE 211- Shear force and bending moments in beams intro..pdf

CVE 211- Shear force and bending moments in beams intro..pdf

TYPES OF SUPPORTS,BEAM AND LOADING.docx

TYPES OF SUPPORTS,BEAM AND LOADING.docx

Types of loads

Types of loads

Chapter 2 beam

Chapter 2 beam

beamanditstypes-191029093517 (1).pdf

beamanditstypes-191029093517 (1).pdf

Form active structure system (1)

Form active structure system (1)

Em ppt

Em ppt

What Is A Beam? And What Are The Different Types Of Beam? (https://civiltech-...

What Is A Beam? And What Are The Different Types Of Beam? (https://civiltech-...

SFD-BMD.ppt 2 for lecture mechanical engg

SFD-BMD.ppt 2 for lecture mechanical engg

column and strut difference between them

column and strut difference between them

Module-4 Notes.pdf

Module-4 Notes.pdf

Design and analysis of cantilever beam

Design and analysis of cantilever beam

Freebodydigram

Freebodydigram

Beam

Beam

Cantilever Beam

Cantilever Beam

Beam

Beam

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- 1. DETAILS OF FACULTY: NAME: KARRI SATISH POOJITH REDDY DESIGNATION: LECTURER DEPARTMENT: MECHANICAL ENGINEERING INSTITUTION: ADITYA COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING & TECHNOLOGY SUBJECT NAME: ENGINEERING MECHANICS TOPIC: BEAMS, SUPPORTS AND LOADS.
- 2. Beams, SUPPORTs AND LOADS by: Mr. K.SATISH POOJITH REDDY DEPARTMENT OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING ADITYA COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING & TECHNOLOGY
- 3. CONCEPT: I. INTRODUCTION II. TYPES OF SUPPORTS a. Fixed Support b. Simple Support c. Roller Support d. Hinged Support III. TYPES OF BEAMS a. Fixed Beam b. Cantilever Beams c. Beam with one end hinged and the other end roller d. Simply Supported Beams e. Over Hanging Beams f. Continuous Beam IV. TYPES OF LOADS a. Point Load (or) Concentrated Load b. Uniformly Distributed Load c. Uniformly Varying Load V. REFERENCE
- 4. INTRODUCTION WHY ARE WE GOING TO DISSCUSS ABOUT THIS CONCEPT? As a mechanical and civil engineer, we always work with machines under Structural loads or we will be going to design constructions with different types of supports and beams. This is a basic concept for an engineer to be aware of to do all such things. By the end of this concept we are expecting a student will be capable to identify all the supports, beams and loads
- 5. INTRODUCTION WHAT IS MEANT BY A BEAM IN ENGINEERING? A beam is a structural element which is capable of withstanding transverse loads. Simply a beam transfers its applied loads to the supports WHAT IS MEANT BY A SUPPORT? A support is an element which bears the weight of a beam and keeps it upright. Simply we can say that it is a thing which keeps beam in Equilibrium. WHAT IS MEANT BY A LOAD? A load in this concept refers to the forces acting on Structures. This is the reason these can be also called as structural loads.
- 6. TYPES OF SUPPORTS Basing on the concept how they are supporting the beam they are classified into 4 types 1. Fixed Support 2. Simple Support 3. Roller Support 4. Hinged Support
- 7. FIXED SUPPORT This support keeps the end of the beam fixed, i.e. The beam end resists to take any kind of translation or bending moment. In the below figures we are going to see how this support will be.
- 8. SIMPLE SUPPORT In this type of support, the beam is allowed to rest freely on a support as we can see in the below fig and there by we can observe that the beam is free to move in any direction and also to rotate about the support
- 9. ROLLER SUPPORT A Roller support gives capability of movement to the respected beam connected to it may be along normal to the guides or it can also rotate about the support as we can see in below figures
- 10. HINGED SUPPORT A Hinged support restricts the movement of the beam in any directions but it will allow the beam to rotate about the support just like a door which is an best example of hinged support
- 11. TYPES OF BEAMS Basing on the concept how they are supported they are classified into 6 types 1. Fixed Beam 2. Cantilever Beams 3. Beam with one end hinged and other end roller 4. Simply Supported Beams 5. Over Hanging Beams 6. Continuous Beams
- 12. FIXED BEAM A Beam which is having fixed supports on both of its ends, it is named as fixed beams and we can see some animated and real examples of these kind of beams and how they are restricting the movement of the beam
- 13. CANTILEVER BEAM A Beam which having a fixed support on one end and other end is set free, it is known as cantilever beam as we can see some best examples of cantilever beam below
- 14. BEAM WITH ONE END HINGED AND OTHER END ROLLER This beam has one of its end hinged and the other side of the beam is supported with rollers. These kind of beams are capable to withstand loads in any direction. Below we can see a conventional figure and a bridge having this kind of support
- 15. SIMPLY SUPPORTED BEAM A Beam with simple supports exactly at two ends of the beam then it is called as simply supported beam. In the real world people wont tend to design anything with simple supports, but one of the ancient monument was built up by this concept
- 16. OVER HANGING BEAMS These beams will also have supports but one end or both ends of the beam will be having some extension after the supports as we can see in below figure. Note: The supports can be roller ,simple or any other.
- 17. CONTINUOUS BEAMS It is a beam which carries more than two supports and some of the examples of continuous beams are bridges which are shown below
- 18. TYPES OF LOADS Basing on the action of the forces the loads are classified into 3 types 1. Point Load (or) Concentrated Load 2. Uniformly Distributed Load 3. Uniformly Varying Load
- 19. POINT LOAD (or) CONCENTRATED LOAD When a load acts concentrated at a definite point then it is named as a concentrated load or point load. We can see some best examples of point load in the below figures
- 20. UNIFORMLY DISTRIBUTED LOAD A distributed load is a load which is spread on some length of a beam, i.e. The reason it is measured in intensity with units Newton/meter. If the intensity is constant along the length then it is named as uniformly distributed load
- 21. UNIFORMLY VARYING LOAD Whenever the load distributed along the length of the beam varies in intensity uniformly, according to some law. Then it is named as uniformly varying load and we can see some conventional figures below which are representing uniformly varying loads
- 22. REFERENCE I. S. Ramamrutham, R. Narayanan., “Strength of Materials”. 18th Edition, Dhanpat Rai Publishing Company. II. S. S. Bhavikatti., “Strength of Materials”. 3rd Edition, Vikas Publications. III. www.wikipedia.org IV. www.google.com
- 23. THANK YOU