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Ministry of Higher Education &
scientific Research
Salahadin University- Erbil
College of Language-
Department of English.
‫الرحيم‬ ‫الرحمن‬ ‫هللا‬ ‫بسم‬
The Analysis of Syllable
2016-2017
AWAN K.MUHAMMED
MA STUDENT
Outline
Syllable
The structure of syllable
The significance of Syllable
Syllabic constants
Syllabification
Syllable
The syllable is the basic unit of speech that is
studied on both the phonetic and
phonological levels of analysis. The syllable
plays an important role in spoken English.
A syllable is a rhythmic unit. It's a unit of
sound that gets one "beat" in a word.
Here are some examples with single syllable(Monosyllable) :
Pen, man, pig, cup, hat
A word can have more than one syllable (Disyllable):
Garden: gar-den
Hotel: ho-tel
Consist: con-sist
Focus: fo-cus
Object: ob-ject
 Examples of words with three syllables (Trisyllable) :
 September: sep-tem-ber
Department: de-part-ment
Telephone: te-le-phone
Camera: ca-mer-a
Saturday: sa-tur-day
 Examples of words with four syllables (Polysyllable):
Kindergarten: kin-der-gar-ten
Information: in-for-ma-tion
January: ja-nu-ar-y
The structure of English Syllable :
In dealing with English syllable structure; we have to identify not
merely the structure of specific syllables, but rather the general
syllable structures which are possible in English. Every syllable has
a vowel at the core of the syllable known as nucleus. The
of a vowel is obligatory. The sounds either preceding the vowel
following it are optional elements. Therefore, the basic
configuration of English syllable is (C) V (C). The part of the
syllable preceding the nucleus is called the onset. The element
that comes after the nucleus is called the coda of the syllable.
The significance of syllable:
Firstly ,It greatly influences the rhythm of the
language, its poetic meter and stress patterns.
Secondly, it is useful as the largest unit we need
to consider in explaining how phonemes are
permitted to combine together in a language.
Syllabic Consonants :
The great majority of syllables in all languages
have a vowel at their centre. We must also
consider the syllables in which no vowel is found.
In this case, a consonant either l, r or a nasal,
stands as the peak of the syllable instead of a
vowel, and we count these as weak syllables
cattle kæt.l.
Syllabification
Syllabification is a phonological process and
it is usually applied on words of more than
one syllable, i.e. disyllabic words, that is,
words of more than three syllables. Thus, in
the case of monosyllabic words a syllable is
always a word (Lass, 1984: 262, 264).
The problem with syllabification is how to parse the consonantal
elements which occur between two syllables. Should they be
assigned to the coda of the preceding syllable or to the onset of
the following syllable? For example, if we have the word
'constraint' /kənstreint/, where shall we divide the two syllables?
Here are the possible configurations:
Kə.nstreint
Kən.streint
Kəns.treint
Kənst.reint
Kənstr.eint
Thank you

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The Analysis of Syllable

  • 1. Ministry of Higher Education & scientific Research Salahadin University- Erbil College of Language- Department of English. ‫الرحيم‬ ‫الرحمن‬ ‫هللا‬ ‫بسم‬ The Analysis of Syllable 2016-2017 AWAN K.MUHAMMED MA STUDENT
  • 2. Outline Syllable The structure of syllable The significance of Syllable Syllabic constants Syllabification
  • 3. Syllable The syllable is the basic unit of speech that is studied on both the phonetic and phonological levels of analysis. The syllable plays an important role in spoken English. A syllable is a rhythmic unit. It's a unit of sound that gets one "beat" in a word.
  • 4. Here are some examples with single syllable(Monosyllable) : Pen, man, pig, cup, hat A word can have more than one syllable (Disyllable): Garden: gar-den Hotel: ho-tel Consist: con-sist Focus: fo-cus Object: ob-ject
  • 5.  Examples of words with three syllables (Trisyllable) :  September: sep-tem-ber Department: de-part-ment Telephone: te-le-phone Camera: ca-mer-a Saturday: sa-tur-day  Examples of words with four syllables (Polysyllable): Kindergarten: kin-der-gar-ten Information: in-for-ma-tion January: ja-nu-ar-y
  • 6. The structure of English Syllable : In dealing with English syllable structure; we have to identify not merely the structure of specific syllables, but rather the general syllable structures which are possible in English. Every syllable has a vowel at the core of the syllable known as nucleus. The of a vowel is obligatory. The sounds either preceding the vowel following it are optional elements. Therefore, the basic configuration of English syllable is (C) V (C). The part of the syllable preceding the nucleus is called the onset. The element that comes after the nucleus is called the coda of the syllable.
  • 7.
  • 8. The significance of syllable: Firstly ,It greatly influences the rhythm of the language, its poetic meter and stress patterns. Secondly, it is useful as the largest unit we need to consider in explaining how phonemes are permitted to combine together in a language.
  • 9. Syllabic Consonants : The great majority of syllables in all languages have a vowel at their centre. We must also consider the syllables in which no vowel is found. In this case, a consonant either l, r or a nasal, stands as the peak of the syllable instead of a vowel, and we count these as weak syllables cattle kæt.l.
  • 10. Syllabification Syllabification is a phonological process and it is usually applied on words of more than one syllable, i.e. disyllabic words, that is, words of more than three syllables. Thus, in the case of monosyllabic words a syllable is always a word (Lass, 1984: 262, 264).
  • 11. The problem with syllabification is how to parse the consonantal elements which occur between two syllables. Should they be assigned to the coda of the preceding syllable or to the onset of the following syllable? For example, if we have the word 'constraint' /kənstreint/, where shall we divide the two syllables? Here are the possible configurations: Kə.nstreint Kən.streint Kəns.treint Kənst.reint Kənstr.eint