SlideShare a Scribd company logo
Types of Technology &
    Its Life cycle
                By
      Dr. Vijay Kr Khurana
What are various types of
         technologies?
•   Generic, Basic & Key Technologies
•   Embodied & Disembodied Technologies
•   System & Infra Technologies
•   Hybrid & Emerging Technologies
•   Disruptive & Sustaining Technologies
What are various types of
      technologies?
Disruptive & Sustaining Technologies
• Disruptive Technology – A disruptive technology or
  disruptive innovation is an innovation that helps
  create a new market and value network, and
  eventually goes on to disrupt an existing market and
  value network (over a few years or decades),
  displacing an earlier technology.
• A sustaining innovation does not create new markets
  or value networks but rather only evolves existing
  ones with better value, allowing the firms within to
  compete against each other's sustaining
  improvements.
What are various types of
      technologies?
• Disruptive Technology –


• Disruptive technologies rarely wipe older
  technologies off the face of the earth, or out of
  the business world altogether. But they do often
  wipe out particular firms
• Often established firms will flee upmarket trying to
  make up the revenues and margins lost to the
  disruption rising from below. They often eventually
  fail.
What are various types of technologies?
Example - Disruptive Technology
 Digital   Chemical Early digital cameras suffered
 Technolog photograp from low picture quality and
 y         hy        resolution and long shutter lag.
                     Quality , shutter lag and
                     resolution are no longer any
                     issue. The convenience of small
                     memory cards and portable
                     hard drives that hold hundreds
                     or thousands of pictures, as
                     well as the lack of the need to
                     develop these pictures, has led
                     to replacement of chemical
                     photographic camera by digital
What are various types of technologies?
Example … contd…
Digital   Chemical It led to the sharp decline in
Technolog photograp consumer demand for common
y         hy        35 mm print film which had a
                    deleterious effect on free-
                    riders such as slide and
                    infrared film stocks, which are
                      now more expensive to produce
What are various types of
      technologies?
• Disruptive Technology –
What is technology portfolio?
• Products or manufacturing processes are generally
  not based on single technology.
• A number of technologies are embodied /
  encapsulated in most of products and manufacturing
  processes.
• Thus an organization is generally required to manage
  a portfolio of technologies.
• The technologies in the technology portfolio are
  inter-related and influence each other.
• Portfolio may keep on changing.
What is technology portfolio?
• Both nation & firm are required to maintain an
  appropriate technology portfolio.
• Technology portfolio decides the competitiveness
  and long term economic future of both nation and
  the firm.
Technology portfolio of a
            firm
a. Technology Portfolio for Manufacture of
  Passenger Car


         •Steel making       •Electronic
         •Metal cutting      engineering
         •Metal body         •Combustion
         forming             engineering
         •Welding            •Rubber & plastic
         •Electrical         technology
         engineering         •Glass technology
         •Mechanical         •Paint technology
         engineering         •& So-on
Technology portfolio of a
           Nation
b. A nation is also required to manage a portfolio of
   technologies. National technology policy aim at
   managing national technology portfolio / technology
   base with following objectives:
• The national technology portfolio should lead to
   sustainable technological progress / advancement
• The national technology portfolio should provide to
   long-term technological competitiveness, more
   efficiency, more productivity, more value generation
   and should lead to improvement in living standards
   of masses.
Technology portfolio of a
           Nation
b. … contd ….
• Focus is to seek development, acquisition,
   absorption and diffusion of appropriate technologies
• The cost of technological change / improvement to
   the nation should be manageable and optimal.
• Dependence on inappropriate and older technologies
   should be reduced.
• There should be increased role and contribution of
   renewable energy technologies.
Technology portfolio of a
           Nation
b. … contd ….
• National technology portfolio should help in better
   disaster management.
• National technology portfolio should facilitate
   better law & order, internal security.
• It should help in conservation of resources,
   facilitate recycling, and help in strengthening of
   resources.
Technology portfolio of a
           Nation
b. … contd ….
• It should help in better environment management;
   and protection and growth of flora and fuana.
• National technology portfolio should help in creating
   right and supportive economic environment and
   infrastructure.
What is Technology Life
           Cycle?
• The biological concept of a life Cycle (i.e. Birth,
  Growth, Maturity & Death) can also be applied to a
  technology and the product, service or process
  associated with it.
What is Technology Life
           Cycle?
• The technology life-cycle (TLC) describes the
  commercial gain of a product through the expense
  of research and development phase, and the
  financial return during its "vital life" .
• The TLC associated with a product or technological
  service is different from product life-cycle (PLC)
  dealt with in product life-cycle management. PLC is
  concerned with the life of a product in the market-
  place in respect of timing of introduction, marketing
  measures and business costs.
What is Technology Life
           Cycle?
• The technology life cycle is concerned with the time
  and cost of developing the technology, the timeline
  of recovering cost and modes of making the
  technology yield a profit proportionate to the costs
  and risks involved.
• The TLC may, further, be protected during its cycle
  with patents and trademark seeking to lengthen the
  cycle and to maximize the profit from it.
• The development of a competitive product or
  process can have a major effect on the lifespan of
  the technology, making it shorter.
What is Technology Life
           Cycle?
• Some technologies, such as steel, paper or cement
  manufacturing, have a long lifespan (with minor
  variations in technology incorporated with time)
  whilst in other cases, such as electronic or
  pharmaceutical products, the lifespan may be quite
  short.
• The technology life cycle can be broken down into
  following distinct stages / phases:
What is Technology Life Cycle?
Stage /   Technological   Features
Phase
•         Stage / Phase
No
   I      Technology      Basic Technology
          Development
  II      Technology      Technology + Applications
          Application
  III     Application     Technology + Applications + Product
          Launch          Launch
  IV      Application     Technology + Applications + Rise in
          Growth          product sales
   V      Technological   Technology + Applications + Fall in
          Maturity        product sales
   VI     Degraded        Minimal Product sales + Loss of
          Technology      application + Alternative Technology
Example - Technology Life Cycle in
                    cars
• On March 8, 1866 Daimler designed world’s first
  four-wheeled automobile.
• Later, Henry Ford made his first car in 1896 called
  Quandricycle and later on introduced model T,
  which became a success after installing assembly
  lines in 1913.
• Many technological changes have taken place at very
  fast pace in cars during last 140-150 years .
Example - Technology Life Cycle in
                 cars
Fuels used        Types of Engine    Body
   •Steam         •From 2 stroke     •Sharp Edges to
   •Coal gas      engine to 4        round & smooth
                  stroke             surfaces with
   •Gunpowder
                                     aerodynamics
   •Mixture of
   Hydrogen &     •Manual steering
   Oxygen         to Power steering •From metallic
   •Kerosene                        interiors to
                  •Continuous       plastic based
   •Petrol /
                                    interiors
   Diesel         Improvement in
                  features based
   •Electricity
        Future aimonCar which can run on road and fly
   •Solar          : electronics
Types of Technology &
    Its Life cycle
                By
      Dr. Vijay Kr Khurana

More Related Content

What's hot

Technology management
Technology managementTechnology management
Technology management
VijayKrKhurana
 
Overview of Technology Management
Overview of Technology ManagementOverview of Technology Management
Overview of Technology Management
Salman Memon
 
Introduction to Technological Forecasting
Introduction to Technological ForecastingIntroduction to Technological Forecasting
Introduction to Technological Forecasting
Harinadh Karimikonda
 
Wk 4 technology life cycle
Wk 4   technology life cycleWk 4   technology life cycle
Wk 4 technology life cycle
Saddan Juhari
 
Introduction to Management of Technology
Introduction to Management of TechnologyIntroduction to Management of Technology
Introduction to Management of Technology
Tarek Salah
 
Technology management
Technology managementTechnology management
Technology management
RajThakuri
 
Key concepts of Technology Management
Key concepts of Technology ManagementKey concepts of Technology Management
Technology acquisition & absorption
Technology acquisition & absorptionTechnology acquisition & absorption
Technology acquisition & absorption
desire120
 
LECTURE 4: Business Strategy and Technology Strategy
LECTURE 4: Business Strategy and Technology StrategyLECTURE 4: Business Strategy and Technology Strategy
LECTURE 4: Business Strategy and Technology Strategy
BC Chew
 
Technology Management Chapter 1 Notes
Technology Management Chapter 1 NotesTechnology Management Chapter 1 Notes
Technology Management Chapter 1 Notes
Rashna_Chaudhry
 
Technology Management and its basics
Technology Management and its basicsTechnology Management and its basics
Technology Management and its basics
Abdul Rehman Khan
 
Technology and Innovation Management
Technology and Innovation ManagementTechnology and Innovation Management
Technology and Innovation Management
Jamil AlKhatib
 
Methods or Techniques of Technology Forecasting
Methods or Techniques of Technology ForecastingMethods or Techniques of Technology Forecasting
Methods or Techniques of Technology Forecasting
Harinadh Karimikonda
 
Technology intelliegence & forecasting
Technology intelliegence & forecastingTechnology intelliegence & forecasting
Technology intelliegence & forecasting
VijayKrKhurana
 
APPROACHES TO TECHNOLOGY STRATEGY
APPROACHES TO TECHNOLOGY STRATEGYAPPROACHES TO TECHNOLOGY STRATEGY
APPROACHES TO TECHNOLOGY STRATEGY
Omid Aminzadeh Gohari
 
Technology and Managing People Keeping the “Human” in Human Resources
Technology and Managing People Keeping the “Human”  in Human Resources Technology and Managing People Keeping the “Human”  in Human Resources
Technology and Managing People Keeping the “Human” in Human Resources
Jo Balucanag - Bitonio
 
Technology forecasting
Technology forecastingTechnology forecasting
Technology forecasting
RajThakuri
 
Technology management
Technology managementTechnology management
Technology management
Nikita Arora
 
10-Management of Technology
10-Management of Technology10-Management of Technology
10-Management of Technology
Wahyu Wijanarko
 
Lecture 5 - Technology diffusion and technology transfer
Lecture 5 - Technology diffusion and technology transferLecture 5 - Technology diffusion and technology transfer
Lecture 5 - Technology diffusion and technology transfer
UNU.MERIT
 

What's hot (20)

Technology management
Technology managementTechnology management
Technology management
 
Overview of Technology Management
Overview of Technology ManagementOverview of Technology Management
Overview of Technology Management
 
Introduction to Technological Forecasting
Introduction to Technological ForecastingIntroduction to Technological Forecasting
Introduction to Technological Forecasting
 
Wk 4 technology life cycle
Wk 4   technology life cycleWk 4   technology life cycle
Wk 4 technology life cycle
 
Introduction to Management of Technology
Introduction to Management of TechnologyIntroduction to Management of Technology
Introduction to Management of Technology
 
Technology management
Technology managementTechnology management
Technology management
 
Key concepts of Technology Management
Key concepts of Technology ManagementKey concepts of Technology Management
Key concepts of Technology Management
 
Technology acquisition & absorption
Technology acquisition & absorptionTechnology acquisition & absorption
Technology acquisition & absorption
 
LECTURE 4: Business Strategy and Technology Strategy
LECTURE 4: Business Strategy and Technology StrategyLECTURE 4: Business Strategy and Technology Strategy
LECTURE 4: Business Strategy and Technology Strategy
 
Technology Management Chapter 1 Notes
Technology Management Chapter 1 NotesTechnology Management Chapter 1 Notes
Technology Management Chapter 1 Notes
 
Technology Management and its basics
Technology Management and its basicsTechnology Management and its basics
Technology Management and its basics
 
Technology and Innovation Management
Technology and Innovation ManagementTechnology and Innovation Management
Technology and Innovation Management
 
Methods or Techniques of Technology Forecasting
Methods or Techniques of Technology ForecastingMethods or Techniques of Technology Forecasting
Methods or Techniques of Technology Forecasting
 
Technology intelliegence & forecasting
Technology intelliegence & forecastingTechnology intelliegence & forecasting
Technology intelliegence & forecasting
 
APPROACHES TO TECHNOLOGY STRATEGY
APPROACHES TO TECHNOLOGY STRATEGYAPPROACHES TO TECHNOLOGY STRATEGY
APPROACHES TO TECHNOLOGY STRATEGY
 
Technology and Managing People Keeping the “Human” in Human Resources
Technology and Managing People Keeping the “Human”  in Human Resources Technology and Managing People Keeping the “Human”  in Human Resources
Technology and Managing People Keeping the “Human” in Human Resources
 
Technology forecasting
Technology forecastingTechnology forecasting
Technology forecasting
 
Technology management
Technology managementTechnology management
Technology management
 
10-Management of Technology
10-Management of Technology10-Management of Technology
10-Management of Technology
 
Lecture 5 - Technology diffusion and technology transfer
Lecture 5 - Technology diffusion and technology transferLecture 5 - Technology diffusion and technology transfer
Lecture 5 - Technology diffusion and technology transfer
 

Viewers also liked

Innovation and the S-Curve
Innovation and the S-CurveInnovation and the S-Curve
Innovation and the S-Curve
wright4
 
Technology S-curves
Technology S-curvesTechnology S-curves
Technology S-curves
Chris Sandström
 
Licensing
LicensingLicensing
Licensing
Abdul Mazeed
 
Jit
JitJit
Tqm tools and techniques
Tqm tools and techniquesTqm tools and techniques
Tqm tools and techniques
Abdul Mazeed
 
Ld pp open_door
Ld pp open_doorLd pp open_door
Ld pp open_door
dbaylis97
 
Tqm
TqmTqm
technology diffusion
technology diffusiontechnology diffusion
technology diffusion
sai precious
 
Four Steps of Controlling Process
Four Steps of Controlling ProcessFour Steps of Controlling Process
Four Steps of Controlling Process
Philip Telen
 
Jit
JitJit
3..maintenance management
3..maintenance management3..maintenance management
3..maintenance management
DEVIKA ANTHARJANAM
 
Procurement And Materials Management
Procurement And Materials ManagementProcurement And Materials Management
Procurement And Materials Management
pakreiki
 
The role of procurement
The role of procurementThe role of procurement
The role of procurement
barvie
 
Steps in project control process
Steps in project control processSteps in project control process
Steps in project control process
Uday Doyal
 
Maintenance management
Maintenance managementMaintenance management
Maintenance management
awantika diwan
 
Materials Management
Materials ManagementMaterials Management
Materials Management
vishakeb
 
Tqm Final Ppt
Tqm Final PptTqm Final Ppt
Tqm Final Ppt
snehtizoro
 
Maintenence management
Maintenence managementMaintenence management
Maintenence management
Assistant Mechanical Engineer
 
PPT ON Just in time technique (JIT)
PPT ON Just in time technique (JIT)PPT ON Just in time technique (JIT)
Maintenance Management
Maintenance ManagementMaintenance Management
Maintenance Management
Bisina Keshara
 

Viewers also liked (20)

Innovation and the S-Curve
Innovation and the S-CurveInnovation and the S-Curve
Innovation and the S-Curve
 
Technology S-curves
Technology S-curvesTechnology S-curves
Technology S-curves
 
Licensing
LicensingLicensing
Licensing
 
Jit
JitJit
Jit
 
Tqm tools and techniques
Tqm tools and techniquesTqm tools and techniques
Tqm tools and techniques
 
Ld pp open_door
Ld pp open_doorLd pp open_door
Ld pp open_door
 
Tqm
TqmTqm
Tqm
 
technology diffusion
technology diffusiontechnology diffusion
technology diffusion
 
Four Steps of Controlling Process
Four Steps of Controlling ProcessFour Steps of Controlling Process
Four Steps of Controlling Process
 
Jit
JitJit
Jit
 
3..maintenance management
3..maintenance management3..maintenance management
3..maintenance management
 
Procurement And Materials Management
Procurement And Materials ManagementProcurement And Materials Management
Procurement And Materials Management
 
The role of procurement
The role of procurementThe role of procurement
The role of procurement
 
Steps in project control process
Steps in project control processSteps in project control process
Steps in project control process
 
Maintenance management
Maintenance managementMaintenance management
Maintenance management
 
Materials Management
Materials ManagementMaterials Management
Materials Management
 
Tqm Final Ppt
Tqm Final PptTqm Final Ppt
Tqm Final Ppt
 
Maintenence management
Maintenence managementMaintenence management
Maintenence management
 
PPT ON Just in time technique (JIT)
PPT ON Just in time technique (JIT)PPT ON Just in time technique (JIT)
PPT ON Just in time technique (JIT)
 
Maintenance Management
Maintenance ManagementMaintenance Management
Maintenance Management
 

Similar to Technology life cycle

235945191-Technology-Management.pptx
235945191-Technology-Management.pptx235945191-Technology-Management.pptx
235945191-Technology-Management.pptx
Harshal Vaidya
 
Technology management concept
Technology management conceptTechnology management concept
Technology management concept
SachinKumar1799
 
Technological environment
Technological environmentTechnological environment
Technological environment
anmolverma24
 
Technological environment
Technological environmentTechnological environment
Technological environment
anmolverma24
 
Pattern of Innovation
Pattern of InnovationPattern of Innovation
Pattern of Innovation
Hardik Patoriya
 
Technological evironment
Technological evironmentTechnological evironment
Technological evironment
tigerjayadev
 
Be Sridevi 2
Be Sridevi 2Be Sridevi 2
Be Sridevi 2
sridevi0410
 
UNIT V-Innovation.pptx
UNIT V-Innovation.pptxUNIT V-Innovation.pptx
UNIT V-Innovation.pptx
AssistantProfessormb
 
LECTURE 5: Technology Life Cycle
LECTURE 5: Technology Life CycleLECTURE 5: Technology Life Cycle
LECTURE 5: Technology Life Cycle
BC Chew
 
TECHNOLOGICAL ENVIROMENT.pptx
TECHNOLOGICAL ENVIROMENT.pptxTECHNOLOGICAL ENVIROMENT.pptx
TECHNOLOGICAL ENVIROMENT.pptx
ArchanaYadav726286
 
LECTURE 6: Technological Innovation
LECTURE 6: Technological InnovationLECTURE 6: Technological Innovation
LECTURE 6: Technological Innovation
BC Chew
 
Natural &; technological environment PART1
Natural &; technological environment PART1Natural &; technological environment PART1
Natural &; technological environment PART1
DrAnurag Saxena
 
Technology Environment
Technology EnvironmentTechnology Environment
Technology Environment
Sahil Madhuwalia
 
ch 3.ppt
ch 3.pptch 3.ppt
Ch11
Ch11Ch11
en90-crawford-TECHNOLOGY-TRANSFER.ppt
en90-crawford-TECHNOLOGY-TRANSFER.ppten90-crawford-TECHNOLOGY-TRANSFER.ppt
en90-crawford-TECHNOLOGY-TRANSFER.ppt
YashikaAggarwal25
 
technology transfer
technology transfertechnology transfer
technology transfer
priyanka yadav
 
Allan matthews bp icam
Allan matthews   bp icamAllan matthews   bp icam
Allan matthews bp icam
The Advanced Materials Show
 
Types and patterns of innovation
Types and patterns of innovationTypes and patterns of innovation
Types and patterns of innovation
azmatmengal
 
Purchase of plant & equipment
Purchase of plant & equipmentPurchase of plant & equipment
Purchase of plant & equipment
Sandarekha Ramanayake
 

Similar to Technology life cycle (20)

235945191-Technology-Management.pptx
235945191-Technology-Management.pptx235945191-Technology-Management.pptx
235945191-Technology-Management.pptx
 
Technology management concept
Technology management conceptTechnology management concept
Technology management concept
 
Technological environment
Technological environmentTechnological environment
Technological environment
 
Technological environment
Technological environmentTechnological environment
Technological environment
 
Pattern of Innovation
Pattern of InnovationPattern of Innovation
Pattern of Innovation
 
Technological evironment
Technological evironmentTechnological evironment
Technological evironment
 
Be Sridevi 2
Be Sridevi 2Be Sridevi 2
Be Sridevi 2
 
UNIT V-Innovation.pptx
UNIT V-Innovation.pptxUNIT V-Innovation.pptx
UNIT V-Innovation.pptx
 
LECTURE 5: Technology Life Cycle
LECTURE 5: Technology Life CycleLECTURE 5: Technology Life Cycle
LECTURE 5: Technology Life Cycle
 
TECHNOLOGICAL ENVIROMENT.pptx
TECHNOLOGICAL ENVIROMENT.pptxTECHNOLOGICAL ENVIROMENT.pptx
TECHNOLOGICAL ENVIROMENT.pptx
 
LECTURE 6: Technological Innovation
LECTURE 6: Technological InnovationLECTURE 6: Technological Innovation
LECTURE 6: Technological Innovation
 
Natural &; technological environment PART1
Natural &; technological environment PART1Natural &; technological environment PART1
Natural &; technological environment PART1
 
Technology Environment
Technology EnvironmentTechnology Environment
Technology Environment
 
ch 3.ppt
ch 3.pptch 3.ppt
ch 3.ppt
 
Ch11
Ch11Ch11
Ch11
 
en90-crawford-TECHNOLOGY-TRANSFER.ppt
en90-crawford-TECHNOLOGY-TRANSFER.ppten90-crawford-TECHNOLOGY-TRANSFER.ppt
en90-crawford-TECHNOLOGY-TRANSFER.ppt
 
technology transfer
technology transfertechnology transfer
technology transfer
 
Allan matthews bp icam
Allan matthews   bp icamAllan matthews   bp icam
Allan matthews bp icam
 
Types and patterns of innovation
Types and patterns of innovationTypes and patterns of innovation
Types and patterns of innovation
 
Purchase of plant & equipment
Purchase of plant & equipmentPurchase of plant & equipment
Purchase of plant & equipment
 

More from VijayKrKhurana

Ranking & accreditation slide share
Ranking & accreditation slide shareRanking & accreditation slide share
Ranking & accreditation slide share
VijayKrKhurana
 
Importanceoftechnology
ImportanceoftechnologyImportanceoftechnology
Importanceoftechnology
VijayKrKhurana
 
Types of changes & transformation
Types of changes & transformationTypes of changes & transformation
Types of changes & transformation
VijayKrKhurana
 
Change management
Change managementChange management
Change management
VijayKrKhurana
 
Change process
Change processChange process
Change process
VijayKrKhurana
 
Creative problem solving
Creative problem solvingCreative problem solving
Creative problem solving
VijayKrKhurana
 
Creative process
Creative processCreative process
Creative process
VijayKrKhurana
 
Creativity stimulation & management
Creativity stimulation & managementCreativity stimulation & management
Creativity stimulation & management
VijayKrKhurana
 
Product innovation & process innovation
Product innovation & process innovationProduct innovation & process innovation
Product innovation & process innovation
VijayKrKhurana
 
Innovation management
Innovation managementInnovation management
Innovation management
VijayKrKhurana
 
Innovation process & models
Innovation process & modelsInnovation process & models
Innovation process & models
VijayKrKhurana
 
Technology transfer & acquisition
Technology transfer & acquisitionTechnology transfer & acquisition
Technology transfer & acquisition
VijayKrKhurana
 
Importance of technology
Importance of technologyImportance of technology
Importance of technology
VijayKrKhurana
 

More from VijayKrKhurana (13)

Ranking & accreditation slide share
Ranking & accreditation slide shareRanking & accreditation slide share
Ranking & accreditation slide share
 
Importanceoftechnology
ImportanceoftechnologyImportanceoftechnology
Importanceoftechnology
 
Types of changes & transformation
Types of changes & transformationTypes of changes & transformation
Types of changes & transformation
 
Change management
Change managementChange management
Change management
 
Change process
Change processChange process
Change process
 
Creative problem solving
Creative problem solvingCreative problem solving
Creative problem solving
 
Creative process
Creative processCreative process
Creative process
 
Creativity stimulation & management
Creativity stimulation & managementCreativity stimulation & management
Creativity stimulation & management
 
Product innovation & process innovation
Product innovation & process innovationProduct innovation & process innovation
Product innovation & process innovation
 
Innovation management
Innovation managementInnovation management
Innovation management
 
Innovation process & models
Innovation process & modelsInnovation process & models
Innovation process & models
 
Technology transfer & acquisition
Technology transfer & acquisitionTechnology transfer & acquisition
Technology transfer & acquisition
 
Importance of technology
Importance of technologyImportance of technology
Importance of technology
 

Recently uploaded

Industrial Tech SW: Category Renewal and Creation
Industrial Tech SW:  Category Renewal and CreationIndustrial Tech SW:  Category Renewal and Creation
Industrial Tech SW: Category Renewal and Creation
Christian Dahlen
 
list of states and organizations .pdf
list of  states  and  organizations .pdflist of  states  and  organizations .pdf
list of states and organizations .pdf
Rbc Rbcua
 
The Genesis of BriansClub.cm Famous Dark WEb Platform
The Genesis of BriansClub.cm Famous Dark WEb PlatformThe Genesis of BriansClub.cm Famous Dark WEb Platform
The Genesis of BriansClub.cm Famous Dark WEb Platform
SabaaSudozai
 
❼❷⓿❺❻❷❽❷❼❽ Dpboss Matka Result Satta Matka Guessing Satta Fix jodi Kalyan Fin...
❼❷⓿❺❻❷❽❷❼❽ Dpboss Matka Result Satta Matka Guessing Satta Fix jodi Kalyan Fin...❼❷⓿❺❻❷❽❷❼❽ Dpboss Matka Result Satta Matka Guessing Satta Fix jodi Kalyan Fin...
❼❷⓿❺❻❷❽❷❼❽ Dpboss Matka Result Satta Matka Guessing Satta Fix jodi Kalyan Fin...
❼❷⓿❺❻❷❽❷❼❽ Dpboss Kalyan Satta Matka Guessing Matka Result Main Bazar chart
 
The APCO Geopolitical Radar - Q3 2024 The Global Operating Environment for Bu...
The APCO Geopolitical Radar - Q3 2024 The Global Operating Environment for Bu...The APCO Geopolitical Radar - Q3 2024 The Global Operating Environment for Bu...
The APCO Geopolitical Radar - Q3 2024 The Global Operating Environment for Bu...
APCO
 
Ellen Burstyn: From Detroit Dreamer to Hollywood Legend | CIO Women Magazine
Ellen Burstyn: From Detroit Dreamer to Hollywood Legend | CIO Women MagazineEllen Burstyn: From Detroit Dreamer to Hollywood Legend | CIO Women Magazine
Ellen Burstyn: From Detroit Dreamer to Hollywood Legend | CIO Women Magazine
CIOWomenMagazine
 
NIMA2024 | De toegevoegde waarde van DEI en ESG in campagnes | Nathalie Lam |...
NIMA2024 | De toegevoegde waarde van DEI en ESG in campagnes | Nathalie Lam |...NIMA2024 | De toegevoegde waarde van DEI en ESG in campagnes | Nathalie Lam |...
NIMA2024 | De toegevoegde waarde van DEI en ESG in campagnes | Nathalie Lam |...
BBPMedia1
 
Satta Matka Dpboss Kalyan Matka Results Kalyan Chart
Satta Matka Dpboss Kalyan Matka Results Kalyan ChartSatta Matka Dpboss Kalyan Matka Results Kalyan Chart
Satta Matka Dpboss Kalyan Matka Results Kalyan Chart
Satta Matka Dpboss Kalyan Matka Results
 
Business storytelling: key ingredients to a story
Business storytelling: key ingredients to a storyBusiness storytelling: key ingredients to a story
Business storytelling: key ingredients to a story
Alexandra Fulford
 
Best Competitive Marble Pricing in Dubai - ☎ 9928909666
Best Competitive Marble Pricing in Dubai - ☎ 9928909666Best Competitive Marble Pricing in Dubai - ☎ 9928909666
Best Competitive Marble Pricing in Dubai - ☎ 9928909666
Stone Art Hub
 
2024-6-01-IMPACTSilver-Corp-Presentation.pdf
2024-6-01-IMPACTSilver-Corp-Presentation.pdf2024-6-01-IMPACTSilver-Corp-Presentation.pdf
2024-6-01-IMPACTSilver-Corp-Presentation.pdf
hartfordclub1
 
The latest Heat Pump Manual from Newentide
The latest Heat Pump Manual from NewentideThe latest Heat Pump Manual from Newentide
The latest Heat Pump Manual from Newentide
JoeYangGreatMachiner
 
Zodiac Signs and Food Preferences_ What Your Sign Says About Your Taste
Zodiac Signs and Food Preferences_ What Your Sign Says About Your TasteZodiac Signs and Food Preferences_ What Your Sign Says About Your Taste
Zodiac Signs and Food Preferences_ What Your Sign Says About Your Taste
my Pandit
 
AI Transformation Playbook: Thinking AI-First for Your Business
AI Transformation Playbook: Thinking AI-First for Your BusinessAI Transformation Playbook: Thinking AI-First for Your Business
AI Transformation Playbook: Thinking AI-First for Your Business
Arijit Dutta
 
The Most Inspiring Entrepreneurs to Follow in 2024.pdf
The Most Inspiring Entrepreneurs to Follow in 2024.pdfThe Most Inspiring Entrepreneurs to Follow in 2024.pdf
The Most Inspiring Entrepreneurs to Follow in 2024.pdf
thesiliconleaders
 
TIMES BPO: Business Plan For Startup Industry
TIMES BPO: Business Plan For Startup IndustryTIMES BPO: Business Plan For Startup Industry
TIMES BPO: Business Plan For Startup Industry
timesbpobusiness
 
Kirill Klip GEM Royalty TNR Gold Copper Presentation
Kirill Klip GEM Royalty TNR Gold Copper PresentationKirill Klip GEM Royalty TNR Gold Copper Presentation
Kirill Klip GEM Royalty TNR Gold Copper Presentation
Kirill Klip
 
DearbornMusic-KatherineJasperFullSailUni
DearbornMusic-KatherineJasperFullSailUniDearbornMusic-KatherineJasperFullSailUni
DearbornMusic-KatherineJasperFullSailUni
katiejasper96
 
GKohler - Retail Scavenger Hunt Presentation
GKohler - Retail Scavenger Hunt PresentationGKohler - Retail Scavenger Hunt Presentation
GKohler - Retail Scavenger Hunt Presentation
GraceKohler1
 
Unlocking WhatsApp Marketing with HubSpot: Integrating Messaging into Your Ma...
Unlocking WhatsApp Marketing with HubSpot: Integrating Messaging into Your Ma...Unlocking WhatsApp Marketing with HubSpot: Integrating Messaging into Your Ma...
Unlocking WhatsApp Marketing with HubSpot: Integrating Messaging into Your Ma...
Niswey
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Industrial Tech SW: Category Renewal and Creation
Industrial Tech SW:  Category Renewal and CreationIndustrial Tech SW:  Category Renewal and Creation
Industrial Tech SW: Category Renewal and Creation
 
list of states and organizations .pdf
list of  states  and  organizations .pdflist of  states  and  organizations .pdf
list of states and organizations .pdf
 
The Genesis of BriansClub.cm Famous Dark WEb Platform
The Genesis of BriansClub.cm Famous Dark WEb PlatformThe Genesis of BriansClub.cm Famous Dark WEb Platform
The Genesis of BriansClub.cm Famous Dark WEb Platform
 
❼❷⓿❺❻❷❽❷❼❽ Dpboss Matka Result Satta Matka Guessing Satta Fix jodi Kalyan Fin...
❼❷⓿❺❻❷❽❷❼❽ Dpboss Matka Result Satta Matka Guessing Satta Fix jodi Kalyan Fin...❼❷⓿❺❻❷❽❷❼❽ Dpboss Matka Result Satta Matka Guessing Satta Fix jodi Kalyan Fin...
❼❷⓿❺❻❷❽❷❼❽ Dpboss Matka Result Satta Matka Guessing Satta Fix jodi Kalyan Fin...
 
The APCO Geopolitical Radar - Q3 2024 The Global Operating Environment for Bu...
The APCO Geopolitical Radar - Q3 2024 The Global Operating Environment for Bu...The APCO Geopolitical Radar - Q3 2024 The Global Operating Environment for Bu...
The APCO Geopolitical Radar - Q3 2024 The Global Operating Environment for Bu...
 
Ellen Burstyn: From Detroit Dreamer to Hollywood Legend | CIO Women Magazine
Ellen Burstyn: From Detroit Dreamer to Hollywood Legend | CIO Women MagazineEllen Burstyn: From Detroit Dreamer to Hollywood Legend | CIO Women Magazine
Ellen Burstyn: From Detroit Dreamer to Hollywood Legend | CIO Women Magazine
 
NIMA2024 | De toegevoegde waarde van DEI en ESG in campagnes | Nathalie Lam |...
NIMA2024 | De toegevoegde waarde van DEI en ESG in campagnes | Nathalie Lam |...NIMA2024 | De toegevoegde waarde van DEI en ESG in campagnes | Nathalie Lam |...
NIMA2024 | De toegevoegde waarde van DEI en ESG in campagnes | Nathalie Lam |...
 
Satta Matka Dpboss Kalyan Matka Results Kalyan Chart
Satta Matka Dpboss Kalyan Matka Results Kalyan ChartSatta Matka Dpboss Kalyan Matka Results Kalyan Chart
Satta Matka Dpboss Kalyan Matka Results Kalyan Chart
 
Business storytelling: key ingredients to a story
Business storytelling: key ingredients to a storyBusiness storytelling: key ingredients to a story
Business storytelling: key ingredients to a story
 
Best Competitive Marble Pricing in Dubai - ☎ 9928909666
Best Competitive Marble Pricing in Dubai - ☎ 9928909666Best Competitive Marble Pricing in Dubai - ☎ 9928909666
Best Competitive Marble Pricing in Dubai - ☎ 9928909666
 
2024-6-01-IMPACTSilver-Corp-Presentation.pdf
2024-6-01-IMPACTSilver-Corp-Presentation.pdf2024-6-01-IMPACTSilver-Corp-Presentation.pdf
2024-6-01-IMPACTSilver-Corp-Presentation.pdf
 
The latest Heat Pump Manual from Newentide
The latest Heat Pump Manual from NewentideThe latest Heat Pump Manual from Newentide
The latest Heat Pump Manual from Newentide
 
Zodiac Signs and Food Preferences_ What Your Sign Says About Your Taste
Zodiac Signs and Food Preferences_ What Your Sign Says About Your TasteZodiac Signs and Food Preferences_ What Your Sign Says About Your Taste
Zodiac Signs and Food Preferences_ What Your Sign Says About Your Taste
 
AI Transformation Playbook: Thinking AI-First for Your Business
AI Transformation Playbook: Thinking AI-First for Your BusinessAI Transformation Playbook: Thinking AI-First for Your Business
AI Transformation Playbook: Thinking AI-First for Your Business
 
The Most Inspiring Entrepreneurs to Follow in 2024.pdf
The Most Inspiring Entrepreneurs to Follow in 2024.pdfThe Most Inspiring Entrepreneurs to Follow in 2024.pdf
The Most Inspiring Entrepreneurs to Follow in 2024.pdf
 
TIMES BPO: Business Plan For Startup Industry
TIMES BPO: Business Plan For Startup IndustryTIMES BPO: Business Plan For Startup Industry
TIMES BPO: Business Plan For Startup Industry
 
Kirill Klip GEM Royalty TNR Gold Copper Presentation
Kirill Klip GEM Royalty TNR Gold Copper PresentationKirill Klip GEM Royalty TNR Gold Copper Presentation
Kirill Klip GEM Royalty TNR Gold Copper Presentation
 
DearbornMusic-KatherineJasperFullSailUni
DearbornMusic-KatherineJasperFullSailUniDearbornMusic-KatherineJasperFullSailUni
DearbornMusic-KatherineJasperFullSailUni
 
GKohler - Retail Scavenger Hunt Presentation
GKohler - Retail Scavenger Hunt PresentationGKohler - Retail Scavenger Hunt Presentation
GKohler - Retail Scavenger Hunt Presentation
 
Unlocking WhatsApp Marketing with HubSpot: Integrating Messaging into Your Ma...
Unlocking WhatsApp Marketing with HubSpot: Integrating Messaging into Your Ma...Unlocking WhatsApp Marketing with HubSpot: Integrating Messaging into Your Ma...
Unlocking WhatsApp Marketing with HubSpot: Integrating Messaging into Your Ma...
 

Technology life cycle

  • 1. Types of Technology & Its Life cycle By Dr. Vijay Kr Khurana
  • 2. What are various types of technologies? • Generic, Basic & Key Technologies • Embodied & Disembodied Technologies • System & Infra Technologies • Hybrid & Emerging Technologies • Disruptive & Sustaining Technologies
  • 3. What are various types of technologies? Disruptive & Sustaining Technologies • Disruptive Technology – A disruptive technology or disruptive innovation is an innovation that helps create a new market and value network, and eventually goes on to disrupt an existing market and value network (over a few years or decades), displacing an earlier technology. • A sustaining innovation does not create new markets or value networks but rather only evolves existing ones with better value, allowing the firms within to compete against each other's sustaining improvements.
  • 4. What are various types of technologies? • Disruptive Technology – • Disruptive technologies rarely wipe older technologies off the face of the earth, or out of the business world altogether. But they do often wipe out particular firms • Often established firms will flee upmarket trying to make up the revenues and margins lost to the disruption rising from below. They often eventually fail.
  • 5. What are various types of technologies? Example - Disruptive Technology Digital Chemical Early digital cameras suffered Technolog photograp from low picture quality and y hy resolution and long shutter lag. Quality , shutter lag and resolution are no longer any issue. The convenience of small memory cards and portable hard drives that hold hundreds or thousands of pictures, as well as the lack of the need to develop these pictures, has led to replacement of chemical photographic camera by digital
  • 6. What are various types of technologies? Example … contd… Digital Chemical It led to the sharp decline in Technolog photograp consumer demand for common y hy 35 mm print film which had a deleterious effect on free- riders such as slide and infrared film stocks, which are now more expensive to produce
  • 7. What are various types of technologies? • Disruptive Technology –
  • 8. What is technology portfolio? • Products or manufacturing processes are generally not based on single technology. • A number of technologies are embodied / encapsulated in most of products and manufacturing processes. • Thus an organization is generally required to manage a portfolio of technologies. • The technologies in the technology portfolio are inter-related and influence each other. • Portfolio may keep on changing.
  • 9. What is technology portfolio? • Both nation & firm are required to maintain an appropriate technology portfolio. • Technology portfolio decides the competitiveness and long term economic future of both nation and the firm.
  • 10. Technology portfolio of a firm a. Technology Portfolio for Manufacture of Passenger Car •Steel making •Electronic •Metal cutting engineering •Metal body •Combustion forming engineering •Welding •Rubber & plastic •Electrical technology engineering •Glass technology •Mechanical •Paint technology engineering •& So-on
  • 11. Technology portfolio of a Nation b. A nation is also required to manage a portfolio of technologies. National technology policy aim at managing national technology portfolio / technology base with following objectives: • The national technology portfolio should lead to sustainable technological progress / advancement • The national technology portfolio should provide to long-term technological competitiveness, more efficiency, more productivity, more value generation and should lead to improvement in living standards of masses.
  • 12. Technology portfolio of a Nation b. … contd …. • Focus is to seek development, acquisition, absorption and diffusion of appropriate technologies • The cost of technological change / improvement to the nation should be manageable and optimal. • Dependence on inappropriate and older technologies should be reduced. • There should be increased role and contribution of renewable energy technologies.
  • 13. Technology portfolio of a Nation b. … contd …. • National technology portfolio should help in better disaster management. • National technology portfolio should facilitate better law & order, internal security. • It should help in conservation of resources, facilitate recycling, and help in strengthening of resources.
  • 14. Technology portfolio of a Nation b. … contd …. • It should help in better environment management; and protection and growth of flora and fuana. • National technology portfolio should help in creating right and supportive economic environment and infrastructure.
  • 15. What is Technology Life Cycle? • The biological concept of a life Cycle (i.e. Birth, Growth, Maturity & Death) can also be applied to a technology and the product, service or process associated with it.
  • 16. What is Technology Life Cycle? • The technology life-cycle (TLC) describes the commercial gain of a product through the expense of research and development phase, and the financial return during its "vital life" . • The TLC associated with a product or technological service is different from product life-cycle (PLC) dealt with in product life-cycle management. PLC is concerned with the life of a product in the market- place in respect of timing of introduction, marketing measures and business costs.
  • 17. What is Technology Life Cycle? • The technology life cycle is concerned with the time and cost of developing the technology, the timeline of recovering cost and modes of making the technology yield a profit proportionate to the costs and risks involved. • The TLC may, further, be protected during its cycle with patents and trademark seeking to lengthen the cycle and to maximize the profit from it. • The development of a competitive product or process can have a major effect on the lifespan of the technology, making it shorter.
  • 18. What is Technology Life Cycle? • Some technologies, such as steel, paper or cement manufacturing, have a long lifespan (with minor variations in technology incorporated with time) whilst in other cases, such as electronic or pharmaceutical products, the lifespan may be quite short. • The technology life cycle can be broken down into following distinct stages / phases:
  • 19. What is Technology Life Cycle? Stage / Technological Features Phase • Stage / Phase No I Technology Basic Technology Development II Technology Technology + Applications Application III Application Technology + Applications + Product Launch Launch IV Application Technology + Applications + Rise in Growth product sales V Technological Technology + Applications + Fall in Maturity product sales VI Degraded Minimal Product sales + Loss of Technology application + Alternative Technology
  • 20. Example - Technology Life Cycle in cars • On March 8, 1866 Daimler designed world’s first four-wheeled automobile. • Later, Henry Ford made his first car in 1896 called Quandricycle and later on introduced model T, which became a success after installing assembly lines in 1913. • Many technological changes have taken place at very fast pace in cars during last 140-150 years .
  • 21. Example - Technology Life Cycle in cars Fuels used Types of Engine Body •Steam •From 2 stroke •Sharp Edges to •Coal gas engine to 4 round & smooth stroke surfaces with •Gunpowder aerodynamics •Mixture of Hydrogen & •Manual steering Oxygen to Power steering •From metallic •Kerosene interiors to •Continuous plastic based •Petrol / interiors Diesel Improvement in features based •Electricity Future aimonCar which can run on road and fly •Solar : electronics
  • 22. Types of Technology & Its Life cycle By Dr. Vijay Kr Khurana