SlideShare a Scribd company logo
STRATAGES AND METHODS IN ENGLISH
An experienced professional language teacher always adopts the Principled
Eclecticism approach, deciding on the most suitable techniques and applying
the most appropriate methodology for that learner’s specific objectives,
learning style and context.
Each teaching method is based on a particular vision of understanding the
language or the learning process, often using specific techniques and materials
used in a set sequence.
Grammar Translation: Written literary texts. Translate from English into your
native language
Direct Method (also called Natural Method): Everyday spoken language.
Student learns by associating meaning directly in English
Audio-Lingual Method: Sentence and sound patterns. Listening and speaking
drills and pattern practice only in English
Cognitive Code Approach: Grammar rules. English grammar rules deduced and
then understood in context
Humanistic Approaches :
-Community Language Learning- Student interaction. Understanding of English
through active student interaction.
- Comprehension Approach (Natural Approach, the Learnables, and Total
Physical Response)
Listening comprehension: English speaking delayed until students are ready;
meaning clarified through actions and visuals
Communicative Language Teaching: Interaction, authentic communication
and negotiating meaning
Understanding of English through active student interaction; role play, games,
information gaps
Modern Teaching Methods
This means choosing the techniques and activities that are appropriate for each
particular task, context and learner, with a focus on motivation and helping
learners become independent and inspired to learn more.
Direct Method: in this method the teaching is done entirely in the target
language. The learner is not allowed to use his or her mother tongue. Grammar
rules are avoided and there is emphasis on good pronunciation.
Grammar-translation: learning is largely by translation to and from the target
language. Grammar rules are to be memorized and long lists of vocabulary
learned by heart. There is little or no emphasis placed on developing oral
ability.
Audio-lingual: the theory behind this method is that learning a language means
acquiring habits. There is much practice of dialogues of every situations. New
language is first heard and extensively drilled before being seen in its written
form.
The structural approach: this method sees language as a complex of
grammatical rules which are to be learned one at a time in a set order. So for
example the verb "to be" is introduced and practised before the present
continuous tense which uses "to be" as an auxiliary.
Communicative language teaching (CLT): the focus of this method is to enable
the learner to communicate effectively and appropriately in the various
situations she would be likely to find herself in. The content of CLT courses are
functions such as inviting, suggesting, complaining or notions such as the
expression of time, quantity, location.
Community Language Learning
In this method attempts are made to build strong personal links between the
teacher and student so that there are no blocks to learning. There is much talk
in the mother tongue which is translated by the teacher for repetition by the
student.
Task-based language learning
The focus of the teaching is on the completion of a task which in itself is
interesting to the learners. Learners use the language they already have to
complete the task and there is little correction of errors.
(The tasks are subsumed in a major topic that is studied for a number of weeks.
In the topic of ecology, for example, students are engaged in a number of tasks
culminating in a poster presentation to the rest of the class. The tasks include
reading, searching the internet, listening to taped material, selecting important
vocabulary to teach other students etc.)
The Natural Approach
This approach, propounded by Professor S. Krashen, stresses the similarities
between learning the first and second languages. There is no correction of
mistakes. Learning takes place by the students being exposed to language that
is comprehensible or made comprehensible to them.
Textbooks: Legasy,Express Publishing
Stratages and methods in english lesson
Stratages and methods in english lesson
Stratages and methods in english lesson

More Related Content

What's hot

Teaching methods pdf
Teaching methods pdfTeaching methods pdf
Teaching methods pdf
sabrinacotta
 
Direct method
Direct methodDirect method
Direct method
Loc Le
 
Direct teaching presentation rc
Direct teaching presentation rcDirect teaching presentation rc
Direct teaching presentation rc
Ruth Camorlinga
 
The silent way
The silent wayThe silent way
The silent way
Nenden Meidiana
 
Direct method class presentation/by Nazik
Direct method class presentation/by NazikDirect method class presentation/by Nazik
Direct method class presentation/by Nazik
College of Art /university of Duhok
 
Direct Method
Direct MethodDirect Method
Direct Method
Wilson Santos
 
Direct method
Direct methodDirect method
Direct method
Ardianz El'Guaje
 
Tefl's powerpoint
Tefl's powerpointTefl's powerpoint
Tefl's powerpoint
yulianita27
 
Language teaching methodologies
Language teaching methodologiesLanguage teaching methodologies
Language teaching methodologies
milvictory
 
Audio visual method
Audio visual methodAudio visual method
Audio visual method
Rebeca Roman
 
Silent way method
Silent way methodSilent way method
Silent way method
Istianatul Khusniyah
 
Direct method ppt
Direct method ppt Direct method ppt
Direct method ppt
IAIN
 
The lexical approach
The lexical approachThe lexical approach
The lexical approach
JolexM
 
Community language learning
Community language learningCommunity language learning
Community language learning
Sary Nieman
 
The Direct Method in Language Teaching
The Direct Method in Language TeachingThe Direct Method in Language Teaching
The Direct Method in Language Teaching
Soner Kalan
 
Direct Method
Direct MethodDirect Method
Direct Method
danielgrg
 
Approaches to the teaching of English Learning
Approaches to the teaching of English LearningApproaches to the teaching of English Learning
Approaches to the teaching of English Learning
poojagohil30
 
Audio lingualism
Audio lingualismAudio lingualism
Audio lingualism
mariapaularm
 
Direct method of teaching english
Direct method of teaching englishDirect method of teaching english
Direct method of teaching english
Will Lake
 
How to teach vocabulary using the direct method
How to teach vocabulary using the direct methodHow to teach vocabulary using the direct method
How to teach vocabulary using the direct method
M Syahruzzaky Romadloni
 

What's hot (20)

Teaching methods pdf
Teaching methods pdfTeaching methods pdf
Teaching methods pdf
 
Direct method
Direct methodDirect method
Direct method
 
Direct teaching presentation rc
Direct teaching presentation rcDirect teaching presentation rc
Direct teaching presentation rc
 
The silent way
The silent wayThe silent way
The silent way
 
Direct method class presentation/by Nazik
Direct method class presentation/by NazikDirect method class presentation/by Nazik
Direct method class presentation/by Nazik
 
Direct Method
Direct MethodDirect Method
Direct Method
 
Direct method
Direct methodDirect method
Direct method
 
Tefl's powerpoint
Tefl's powerpointTefl's powerpoint
Tefl's powerpoint
 
Language teaching methodologies
Language teaching methodologiesLanguage teaching methodologies
Language teaching methodologies
 
Audio visual method
Audio visual methodAudio visual method
Audio visual method
 
Silent way method
Silent way methodSilent way method
Silent way method
 
Direct method ppt
Direct method ppt Direct method ppt
Direct method ppt
 
The lexical approach
The lexical approachThe lexical approach
The lexical approach
 
Community language learning
Community language learningCommunity language learning
Community language learning
 
The Direct Method in Language Teaching
The Direct Method in Language TeachingThe Direct Method in Language Teaching
The Direct Method in Language Teaching
 
Direct Method
Direct MethodDirect Method
Direct Method
 
Approaches to the teaching of English Learning
Approaches to the teaching of English LearningApproaches to the teaching of English Learning
Approaches to the teaching of English Learning
 
Audio lingualism
Audio lingualismAudio lingualism
Audio lingualism
 
Direct method of teaching english
Direct method of teaching englishDirect method of teaching english
Direct method of teaching english
 
How to teach vocabulary using the direct method
How to teach vocabulary using the direct methodHow to teach vocabulary using the direct method
How to teach vocabulary using the direct method
 

Similar to Stratages and methods in english lesson

Armedia Wiratama (16108810013)
Armedia Wiratama (16108810013)Armedia Wiratama (16108810013)
Armedia Wiratama (16108810013)
ArmediaWiratama
 
Commnicative langage eaching
Commnicative langage eachingCommnicative langage eaching
Commnicative langage eaching
College of Education
 
Teaching approaches
Teaching approachesTeaching approaches
Teaching approaches
ministry of education
 
Direct method and grammar translation method haseema group
Direct method and grammar translation method haseema groupDirect method and grammar translation method haseema group
Direct method and grammar translation method haseema group
Fatima Gul
 
Metodos lengua extranjera
Metodos lengua extranjeraMetodos lengua extranjera
Metodos lengua extranjera
EL_BUSCON
 
Direct Method of English language Teaching
Direct Method of English language TeachingDirect Method of English language Teaching
Direct Method of English language Teaching
Ajab Ali Lashari
 
Summary
SummarySummary
Directmethodandgrammartranslationmethodhaseemagroup 130104094536-phpapp01
Directmethodandgrammartranslationmethodhaseemagroup 130104094536-phpapp01Directmethodandgrammartranslationmethodhaseemagroup 130104094536-phpapp01
Directmethodandgrammartranslationmethodhaseemagroup 130104094536-phpapp01
Hamza Maqsood
 
directmethodofelt-170319091616.pdf
directmethodofelt-170319091616.pdfdirectmethodofelt-170319091616.pdf
directmethodofelt-170319091616.pdf
UmairYousuf10
 
directmethodofelt-170319091616.pdf
directmethodofelt-170319091616.pdfdirectmethodofelt-170319091616.pdf
directmethodofelt-170319091616.pdf
UmairYousuf10
 
Eight approaches to language teaching
Eight approaches to language teachingEight approaches to language teaching
Eight approaches to language teaching
Nasrin Eftekhary
 
1. binti khoirul uluum 16108810034
1. binti khoirul uluum 161088100341. binti khoirul uluum 16108810034
1. binti khoirul uluum 16108810034
Ulumkhoirul
 
Language teaching methodologies
Language teaching methodologiesLanguage teaching methodologies
Language teaching methodologies
milvictory
 
Methods of-language-teaching
Methods of-language-teachingMethods of-language-teaching
Methods of-language-teaching
Lutchie Gallon
 
Approaches
ApproachesApproaches
Approaches
Gladys Rivera
 
teaching methods
teaching methodsteaching methods
teaching methods
Intellectual Look
 
Direct method in teaching grammar
Direct method in teaching grammarDirect method in teaching grammar
Direct method in teaching grammar
Ahmad Saefudin
 
Language teaching methods
Language teaching methodsLanguage teaching methods
Language teaching methods
kapvijayakumar
 
01 Approaches to Language Teaching
01 Approaches to Language Teaching01 Approaches to Language Teaching
01 Approaches to Language Teaching
Mikhail Rogozin
 
Teaching methods and approaches show
Teaching methods and approaches showTeaching methods and approaches show
Teaching methods and approaches show
English Sailor
 

Similar to Stratages and methods in english lesson (20)

Armedia Wiratama (16108810013)
Armedia Wiratama (16108810013)Armedia Wiratama (16108810013)
Armedia Wiratama (16108810013)
 
Commnicative langage eaching
Commnicative langage eachingCommnicative langage eaching
Commnicative langage eaching
 
Teaching approaches
Teaching approachesTeaching approaches
Teaching approaches
 
Direct method and grammar translation method haseema group
Direct method and grammar translation method haseema groupDirect method and grammar translation method haseema group
Direct method and grammar translation method haseema group
 
Metodos lengua extranjera
Metodos lengua extranjeraMetodos lengua extranjera
Metodos lengua extranjera
 
Direct Method of English language Teaching
Direct Method of English language TeachingDirect Method of English language Teaching
Direct Method of English language Teaching
 
Summary
SummarySummary
Summary
 
Directmethodandgrammartranslationmethodhaseemagroup 130104094536-phpapp01
Directmethodandgrammartranslationmethodhaseemagroup 130104094536-phpapp01Directmethodandgrammartranslationmethodhaseemagroup 130104094536-phpapp01
Directmethodandgrammartranslationmethodhaseemagroup 130104094536-phpapp01
 
directmethodofelt-170319091616.pdf
directmethodofelt-170319091616.pdfdirectmethodofelt-170319091616.pdf
directmethodofelt-170319091616.pdf
 
directmethodofelt-170319091616.pdf
directmethodofelt-170319091616.pdfdirectmethodofelt-170319091616.pdf
directmethodofelt-170319091616.pdf
 
Eight approaches to language teaching
Eight approaches to language teachingEight approaches to language teaching
Eight approaches to language teaching
 
1. binti khoirul uluum 16108810034
1. binti khoirul uluum 161088100341. binti khoirul uluum 16108810034
1. binti khoirul uluum 16108810034
 
Language teaching methodologies
Language teaching methodologiesLanguage teaching methodologies
Language teaching methodologies
 
Methods of-language-teaching
Methods of-language-teachingMethods of-language-teaching
Methods of-language-teaching
 
Approaches
ApproachesApproaches
Approaches
 
teaching methods
teaching methodsteaching methods
teaching methods
 
Direct method in teaching grammar
Direct method in teaching grammarDirect method in teaching grammar
Direct method in teaching grammar
 
Language teaching methods
Language teaching methodsLanguage teaching methods
Language teaching methods
 
01 Approaches to Language Teaching
01 Approaches to Language Teaching01 Approaches to Language Teaching
01 Approaches to Language Teaching
 
Teaching methods and approaches show
Teaching methods and approaches showTeaching methods and approaches show
Teaching methods and approaches show
 

More from AGGELIKI KARANASIOU

EDUCATION SYSTEM TURKEY.ppt
EDUCATION SYSTEM TURKEY.pptEDUCATION SYSTEM TURKEY.ppt
EDUCATION SYSTEM TURKEY.ppt
AGGELIKI KARANASIOU
 
TRADITIONAL DANCES IN GREECE.pptx
TRADITIONAL DANCES IN GREECE.pptxTRADITIONAL DANCES IN GREECE.pptx
TRADITIONAL DANCES IN GREECE.pptx
AGGELIKI KARANASIOU
 
Greek Cuisine.pdf
Greek Cuisine.pdfGreek Cuisine.pdf
Greek Cuisine.pdf
AGGELIKI KARANASIOU
 
FOOD IN GREECE.pdf
FOOD IN GREECE.pdfFOOD IN GREECE.pdf
FOOD IN GREECE.pdf
AGGELIKI KARANASIOU
 
10 Ρεύματα Ζωγραφικής.pdf
10 Ρεύματα Ζωγραφικής.pdf10 Ρεύματα Ζωγραφικής.pdf
10 Ρεύματα Ζωγραφικής.pdf
AGGELIKI KARANASIOU
 
ΤΑ ΡΕΥΜΑΤΑ ΤΗΣ ΖΩΓΡΑΦΙΚΗΣ.pdf
ΤΑ ΡΕΥΜΑΤΑ ΤΗΣ ΖΩΓΡΑΦΙΚΗΣ.pdfΤΑ ΡΕΥΜΑΤΑ ΤΗΣ ΖΩΓΡΑΦΙΚΗΣ.pdf
ΤΑ ΡΕΥΜΑΤΑ ΤΗΣ ΖΩΓΡΑΦΙΚΗΣ.pdf
AGGELIKI KARANASIOU
 
Η Ζωγραφική στην Ελλάδα.pdf
Η Ζωγραφική στην Ελλάδα.pdfΗ Ζωγραφική στην Ελλάδα.pdf
Η Ζωγραφική στην Ελλάδα.pdf
AGGELIKI KARANASIOU
 
Η Ζωγραφική στην Ελλάδα.pdf
Η Ζωγραφική στην Ελλάδα.pdfΗ Ζωγραφική στην Ελλάδα.pdf
Η Ζωγραφική στην Ελλάδα.pdf
AGGELIKI KARANASIOU
 
ΤΑ ΡΕΥΜΑΤΑ ΤΗΣ ΖΩΓΡΑΦΙΚΗΣ.pdf
ΤΑ ΡΕΥΜΑΤΑ ΤΗΣ ΖΩΓΡΑΦΙΚΗΣ.pdfΤΑ ΡΕΥΜΑΤΑ ΤΗΣ ΖΩΓΡΑΦΙΚΗΣ.pdf
ΤΑ ΡΕΥΜΑΤΑ ΤΗΣ ΖΩΓΡΑΦΙΚΗΣ.pdf
AGGELIKI KARANASIOU
 
Η Ζωγραφική στην Ελλάδα.pdf
Η Ζωγραφική στην Ελλάδα.pdfΗ Ζωγραφική στην Ελλάδα.pdf
Η Ζωγραφική στην Ελλάδα.pdf
AGGELIKI KARANASIOU
 
Targu mures
Targu muresTargu mures
Targu mures
AGGELIKI KARANASIOU
 
Ltt meeting erasmus programma
Ltt meeting erasmus programmaLtt meeting erasmus programma
Ltt meeting erasmus programma
AGGELIKI KARANASIOU
 
Meeting in lublin newsletter
Meeting in lublin   newsletterMeeting in lublin   newsletter
Meeting in lublin newsletter
AGGELIKI KARANASIOU
 
Meeting in poland agreement
Meeting in poland   agreementMeeting in poland   agreement
Meeting in poland agreement
AGGELIKI KARANASIOU
 
Agreement completed ponand
Agreement completed ponandAgreement completed ponand
Agreement completed ponand
AGGELIKI KARANASIOU
 
Eyh koulinidou art history
Eyh koulinidou art historyEyh koulinidou art history
Eyh koulinidou art history
AGGELIKI KARANASIOU
 

More from AGGELIKI KARANASIOU (20)

EDUCATION SYSTEM TURKEY.ppt
EDUCATION SYSTEM TURKEY.pptEDUCATION SYSTEM TURKEY.ppt
EDUCATION SYSTEM TURKEY.ppt
 
TRADITIONAL DANCES IN GREECE.pptx
TRADITIONAL DANCES IN GREECE.pptxTRADITIONAL DANCES IN GREECE.pptx
TRADITIONAL DANCES IN GREECE.pptx
 
Greek Cuisine.pdf
Greek Cuisine.pdfGreek Cuisine.pdf
Greek Cuisine.pdf
 
FOOD IN GREECE.pdf
FOOD IN GREECE.pdfFOOD IN GREECE.pdf
FOOD IN GREECE.pdf
 
10 Ρεύματα Ζωγραφικής.pdf
10 Ρεύματα Ζωγραφικής.pdf10 Ρεύματα Ζωγραφικής.pdf
10 Ρεύματα Ζωγραφικής.pdf
 
ΤΑ ΡΕΥΜΑΤΑ ΤΗΣ ΖΩΓΡΑΦΙΚΗΣ.pdf
ΤΑ ΡΕΥΜΑΤΑ ΤΗΣ ΖΩΓΡΑΦΙΚΗΣ.pdfΤΑ ΡΕΥΜΑΤΑ ΤΗΣ ΖΩΓΡΑΦΙΚΗΣ.pdf
ΤΑ ΡΕΥΜΑΤΑ ΤΗΣ ΖΩΓΡΑΦΙΚΗΣ.pdf
 
Η Ζωγραφική στην Ελλάδα.pdf
Η Ζωγραφική στην Ελλάδα.pdfΗ Ζωγραφική στην Ελλάδα.pdf
Η Ζωγραφική στην Ελλάδα.pdf
 
Η Ζωγραφική στην Ελλάδα.pdf
Η Ζωγραφική στην Ελλάδα.pdfΗ Ζωγραφική στην Ελλάδα.pdf
Η Ζωγραφική στην Ελλάδα.pdf
 
ΤΑ ΡΕΥΜΑΤΑ ΤΗΣ ΖΩΓΡΑΦΙΚΗΣ.pdf
ΤΑ ΡΕΥΜΑΤΑ ΤΗΣ ΖΩΓΡΑΦΙΚΗΣ.pdfΤΑ ΡΕΥΜΑΤΑ ΤΗΣ ΖΩΓΡΑΦΙΚΗΣ.pdf
ΤΑ ΡΕΥΜΑΤΑ ΤΗΣ ΖΩΓΡΑΦΙΚΗΣ.pdf
 
Η Ζωγραφική στην Ελλάδα.pdf
Η Ζωγραφική στην Ελλάδα.pdfΗ Ζωγραφική στην Ελλάδα.pdf
Η Ζωγραφική στην Ελλάδα.pdf
 
Targu mures
Targu muresTargu mures
Targu mures
 
Ltt meeting erasmus programma
Ltt meeting erasmus programmaLtt meeting erasmus programma
Ltt meeting erasmus programma
 
Meeting in lublin newsletter
Meeting in lublin   newsletterMeeting in lublin   newsletter
Meeting in lublin newsletter
 
Meeting in poland agreement
Meeting in poland   agreementMeeting in poland   agreement
Meeting in poland agreement
 
Agreement completed ponand
Agreement completed ponandAgreement completed ponand
Agreement completed ponand
 
Theodoti
TheodotiTheodoti
Theodoti
 
Tamara de lempicka
Tamara de lempickaTamara de lempicka
Tamara de lempicka
 
Anna chatzicharalampous
Anna chatzicharalampousAnna chatzicharalampous
Anna chatzicharalampous
 
Eyh koulinidou art history
Eyh koulinidou art historyEyh koulinidou art history
Eyh koulinidou art history
 
Alma tomas
Alma tomasAlma tomas
Alma tomas
 

Recently uploaded

Codeavour 5.0 International Impact Report - The Biggest International AI, Cod...
Codeavour 5.0 International Impact Report - The Biggest International AI, Cod...Codeavour 5.0 International Impact Report - The Biggest International AI, Cod...
Codeavour 5.0 International Impact Report - The Biggest International AI, Cod...
Codeavour International
 
A beginner’s guide to project reviews - everything you wanted to know but wer...
A beginner’s guide to project reviews - everything you wanted to know but wer...A beginner’s guide to project reviews - everything you wanted to know but wer...
A beginner’s guide to project reviews - everything you wanted to know but wer...
Association for Project Management
 
Kesadaran_Berbangsa_dan_Bernegara_Nasion.pptx
Kesadaran_Berbangsa_dan_Bernegara_Nasion.pptxKesadaran_Berbangsa_dan_Bernegara_Nasion.pptx
Kesadaran_Berbangsa_dan_Bernegara_Nasion.pptx
artenzmartenkai
 
MVC Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHat
MVC Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHatMVC Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHat
MVC Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHat
Scholarhat
 
11EHS Term 3 Week 1 Unit 1 Review: Feedback and improvementpptx
11EHS Term 3 Week 1 Unit 1 Review: Feedback and improvementpptx11EHS Term 3 Week 1 Unit 1 Review: Feedback and improvementpptx
11EHS Term 3 Week 1 Unit 1 Review: Feedback and improvementpptx
mansk2
 
How to Empty a One2Many Field in Odoo 17
How to Empty a One2Many Field in Odoo 17How to Empty a One2Many Field in Odoo 17
How to Empty a One2Many Field in Odoo 17
Celine George
 
2 Post harvest Physiology of Horticulture produce.pptx
2 Post harvest Physiology of Horticulture  produce.pptx2 Post harvest Physiology of Horticulture  produce.pptx
2 Post harvest Physiology of Horticulture produce.pptx
UmeshTimilsina1
 
Imagination in Computer Science Research
Imagination in Computer Science ResearchImagination in Computer Science Research
Imagination in Computer Science Research
Abhik Roychoudhury
 
How to Manage Early Receipt Printing in Odoo 17 POS
How to Manage Early Receipt Printing in Odoo 17 POSHow to Manage Early Receipt Printing in Odoo 17 POS
How to Manage Early Receipt Printing in Odoo 17 POS
Celine George
 
RDBMS Lecture Notes Unit4 chapter12 VIEW
RDBMS Lecture Notes Unit4 chapter12 VIEWRDBMS Lecture Notes Unit4 chapter12 VIEW
RDBMS Lecture Notes Unit4 chapter12 VIEW
Murugan Solaiyappan
 
Introduction to Banking System in India.ppt
Introduction to Banking System in India.pptIntroduction to Banking System in India.ppt
Introduction to Banking System in India.ppt
Dr. S. Bulomine Regi
 
JavaScript Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHat
JavaScript Interview  Questions PDF By ScholarHatJavaScript Interview  Questions PDF By ScholarHat
JavaScript Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHat
Scholarhat
 
How to Manage Shipping Connectors & Shipping Methods in Odoo 17
How to Manage Shipping Connectors & Shipping Methods in Odoo 17How to Manage Shipping Connectors & Shipping Methods in Odoo 17
How to Manage Shipping Connectors & Shipping Methods in Odoo 17
Celine George
 
Mail Server Configuration Using App passwords in Odoo 17
Mail Server Configuration Using App passwords in Odoo 17Mail Server Configuration Using App passwords in Odoo 17
Mail Server Configuration Using App passwords in Odoo 17
Celine George
 
Our Guide to the July 2024 USPS® Rate Change
Our Guide to the July 2024 USPS® Rate ChangeOur Guide to the July 2024 USPS® Rate Change
Our Guide to the July 2024 USPS® Rate Change
Postal Advocate Inc.
 
New Features in Odoo 17 Sign - Odoo 17 Slides
New Features in Odoo 17 Sign - Odoo 17 SlidesNew Features in Odoo 17 Sign - Odoo 17 Slides
New Features in Odoo 17 Sign - Odoo 17 Slides
Celine George
 
SD_Integrating 21st Century Skills in Classroom-based Assessment.pptx
SD_Integrating 21st Century Skills in Classroom-based Assessment.pptxSD_Integrating 21st Century Skills in Classroom-based Assessment.pptx
SD_Integrating 21st Century Skills in Classroom-based Assessment.pptx
elwoodprias1
 
SEQUNCES Lecture_Notes_Unit4_chapter11_sequence
SEQUNCES  Lecture_Notes_Unit4_chapter11_sequenceSEQUNCES  Lecture_Notes_Unit4_chapter11_sequence
SEQUNCES Lecture_Notes_Unit4_chapter11_sequence
Murugan Solaiyappan
 
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ 4 KỸ NĂNG TIẾNG ANH LỚP 12 - GLOBAL SUCCESS - FORM MỚI 2025 - ...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ 4 KỸ NĂNG TIẾNG ANH LỚP 12 - GLOBAL SUCCESS - FORM MỚI 2025 - ...BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ 4 KỸ NĂNG TIẾNG ANH LỚP 12 - GLOBAL SUCCESS - FORM MỚI 2025 - ...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ 4 KỸ NĂNG TIẾNG ANH LỚP 12 - GLOBAL SUCCESS - FORM MỚI 2025 - ...
Nguyen Thanh Tu Collection
 
Benchmarking Sustainability: Neurosciences and AI Tech Research in Macau - Ke...
Benchmarking Sustainability: Neurosciences and AI Tech Research in Macau - Ke...Benchmarking Sustainability: Neurosciences and AI Tech Research in Macau - Ke...
Benchmarking Sustainability: Neurosciences and AI Tech Research in Macau - Ke...
Alvaro Barbosa
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Codeavour 5.0 International Impact Report - The Biggest International AI, Cod...
Codeavour 5.0 International Impact Report - The Biggest International AI, Cod...Codeavour 5.0 International Impact Report - The Biggest International AI, Cod...
Codeavour 5.0 International Impact Report - The Biggest International AI, Cod...
 
A beginner’s guide to project reviews - everything you wanted to know but wer...
A beginner’s guide to project reviews - everything you wanted to know but wer...A beginner’s guide to project reviews - everything you wanted to know but wer...
A beginner’s guide to project reviews - everything you wanted to know but wer...
 
Kesadaran_Berbangsa_dan_Bernegara_Nasion.pptx
Kesadaran_Berbangsa_dan_Bernegara_Nasion.pptxKesadaran_Berbangsa_dan_Bernegara_Nasion.pptx
Kesadaran_Berbangsa_dan_Bernegara_Nasion.pptx
 
MVC Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHat
MVC Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHatMVC Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHat
MVC Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHat
 
11EHS Term 3 Week 1 Unit 1 Review: Feedback and improvementpptx
11EHS Term 3 Week 1 Unit 1 Review: Feedback and improvementpptx11EHS Term 3 Week 1 Unit 1 Review: Feedback and improvementpptx
11EHS Term 3 Week 1 Unit 1 Review: Feedback and improvementpptx
 
How to Empty a One2Many Field in Odoo 17
How to Empty a One2Many Field in Odoo 17How to Empty a One2Many Field in Odoo 17
How to Empty a One2Many Field in Odoo 17
 
2 Post harvest Physiology of Horticulture produce.pptx
2 Post harvest Physiology of Horticulture  produce.pptx2 Post harvest Physiology of Horticulture  produce.pptx
2 Post harvest Physiology of Horticulture produce.pptx
 
Imagination in Computer Science Research
Imagination in Computer Science ResearchImagination in Computer Science Research
Imagination in Computer Science Research
 
How to Manage Early Receipt Printing in Odoo 17 POS
How to Manage Early Receipt Printing in Odoo 17 POSHow to Manage Early Receipt Printing in Odoo 17 POS
How to Manage Early Receipt Printing in Odoo 17 POS
 
RDBMS Lecture Notes Unit4 chapter12 VIEW
RDBMS Lecture Notes Unit4 chapter12 VIEWRDBMS Lecture Notes Unit4 chapter12 VIEW
RDBMS Lecture Notes Unit4 chapter12 VIEW
 
Introduction to Banking System in India.ppt
Introduction to Banking System in India.pptIntroduction to Banking System in India.ppt
Introduction to Banking System in India.ppt
 
JavaScript Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHat
JavaScript Interview  Questions PDF By ScholarHatJavaScript Interview  Questions PDF By ScholarHat
JavaScript Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHat
 
How to Manage Shipping Connectors & Shipping Methods in Odoo 17
How to Manage Shipping Connectors & Shipping Methods in Odoo 17How to Manage Shipping Connectors & Shipping Methods in Odoo 17
How to Manage Shipping Connectors & Shipping Methods in Odoo 17
 
Mail Server Configuration Using App passwords in Odoo 17
Mail Server Configuration Using App passwords in Odoo 17Mail Server Configuration Using App passwords in Odoo 17
Mail Server Configuration Using App passwords in Odoo 17
 
Our Guide to the July 2024 USPS® Rate Change
Our Guide to the July 2024 USPS® Rate ChangeOur Guide to the July 2024 USPS® Rate Change
Our Guide to the July 2024 USPS® Rate Change
 
New Features in Odoo 17 Sign - Odoo 17 Slides
New Features in Odoo 17 Sign - Odoo 17 SlidesNew Features in Odoo 17 Sign - Odoo 17 Slides
New Features in Odoo 17 Sign - Odoo 17 Slides
 
SD_Integrating 21st Century Skills in Classroom-based Assessment.pptx
SD_Integrating 21st Century Skills in Classroom-based Assessment.pptxSD_Integrating 21st Century Skills in Classroom-based Assessment.pptx
SD_Integrating 21st Century Skills in Classroom-based Assessment.pptx
 
SEQUNCES Lecture_Notes_Unit4_chapter11_sequence
SEQUNCES  Lecture_Notes_Unit4_chapter11_sequenceSEQUNCES  Lecture_Notes_Unit4_chapter11_sequence
SEQUNCES Lecture_Notes_Unit4_chapter11_sequence
 
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ 4 KỸ NĂNG TIẾNG ANH LỚP 12 - GLOBAL SUCCESS - FORM MỚI 2025 - ...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ 4 KỸ NĂNG TIẾNG ANH LỚP 12 - GLOBAL SUCCESS - FORM MỚI 2025 - ...BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ 4 KỸ NĂNG TIẾNG ANH LỚP 12 - GLOBAL SUCCESS - FORM MỚI 2025 - ...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ 4 KỸ NĂNG TIẾNG ANH LỚP 12 - GLOBAL SUCCESS - FORM MỚI 2025 - ...
 
Benchmarking Sustainability: Neurosciences and AI Tech Research in Macau - Ke...
Benchmarking Sustainability: Neurosciences and AI Tech Research in Macau - Ke...Benchmarking Sustainability: Neurosciences and AI Tech Research in Macau - Ke...
Benchmarking Sustainability: Neurosciences and AI Tech Research in Macau - Ke...
 

Stratages and methods in english lesson

  • 1. STRATAGES AND METHODS IN ENGLISH An experienced professional language teacher always adopts the Principled Eclecticism approach, deciding on the most suitable techniques and applying the most appropriate methodology for that learner’s specific objectives, learning style and context. Each teaching method is based on a particular vision of understanding the language or the learning process, often using specific techniques and materials used in a set sequence. Grammar Translation: Written literary texts. Translate from English into your native language Direct Method (also called Natural Method): Everyday spoken language. Student learns by associating meaning directly in English Audio-Lingual Method: Sentence and sound patterns. Listening and speaking drills and pattern practice only in English Cognitive Code Approach: Grammar rules. English grammar rules deduced and then understood in context Humanistic Approaches : -Community Language Learning- Student interaction. Understanding of English through active student interaction. - Comprehension Approach (Natural Approach, the Learnables, and Total Physical Response) Listening comprehension: English speaking delayed until students are ready; meaning clarified through actions and visuals Communicative Language Teaching: Interaction, authentic communication and negotiating meaning Understanding of English through active student interaction; role play, games, information gaps
  • 2. Modern Teaching Methods This means choosing the techniques and activities that are appropriate for each particular task, context and learner, with a focus on motivation and helping learners become independent and inspired to learn more. Direct Method: in this method the teaching is done entirely in the target language. The learner is not allowed to use his or her mother tongue. Grammar rules are avoided and there is emphasis on good pronunciation. Grammar-translation: learning is largely by translation to and from the target language. Grammar rules are to be memorized and long lists of vocabulary learned by heart. There is little or no emphasis placed on developing oral ability. Audio-lingual: the theory behind this method is that learning a language means acquiring habits. There is much practice of dialogues of every situations. New language is first heard and extensively drilled before being seen in its written form. The structural approach: this method sees language as a complex of grammatical rules which are to be learned one at a time in a set order. So for example the verb "to be" is introduced and practised before the present continuous tense which uses "to be" as an auxiliary. Communicative language teaching (CLT): the focus of this method is to enable the learner to communicate effectively and appropriately in the various situations she would be likely to find herself in. The content of CLT courses are functions such as inviting, suggesting, complaining or notions such as the expression of time, quantity, location. Community Language Learning In this method attempts are made to build strong personal links between the teacher and student so that there are no blocks to learning. There is much talk in the mother tongue which is translated by the teacher for repetition by the student. Task-based language learning
  • 3. The focus of the teaching is on the completion of a task which in itself is interesting to the learners. Learners use the language they already have to complete the task and there is little correction of errors. (The tasks are subsumed in a major topic that is studied for a number of weeks. In the topic of ecology, for example, students are engaged in a number of tasks culminating in a poster presentation to the rest of the class. The tasks include reading, searching the internet, listening to taped material, selecting important vocabulary to teach other students etc.) The Natural Approach This approach, propounded by Professor S. Krashen, stresses the similarities between learning the first and second languages. There is no correction of mistakes. Learning takes place by the students being exposed to language that is comprehensible or made comprehensible to them. Textbooks: Legasy,Express Publishing