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Sigmund Freud   “A man should not strive to eliminate his complexes but to get into accord with them: they are legitimately what directs his conduct in the world.”
Biography Born on May 6, 1856, in Freiberg, Moravia, which is now Pribor, in Czech Republic  He had two half-brothers, Emmanuel and Philipp  His mother was the same age as his half brothers. (this would later fuel some of his ideas) Freud's father was a Jewish wool merchant His family moved to Leipzig, Germany in1859, and then settled in Vienna in 1860 where Freud remained until 1938. He died in London on September 23, 1939.
Backdrop to his Thought   Freud himself was very much Freudian  his father had two sons by a previous marriage, Emmanuel and Philip, and the young Freud. His masterpiece  The Interpretation of Dreams  originated from his emotional crisis which he suffered on the death of his father, and the series of dreams to which this gave rise. After his fathers death he had mixed feelings of love and admirations while having very different thoughts of Shame and hate Freud did cocaine and lots of it.
Three components of personality Individuals feelings thoughts and behaviors are the result of the interaction of the id, the ego, and the superego. The Id operates largely according to the pleasure principal where by its tow main goals are the seeking of pleasure and the avoidance of pain. The Ego is a where of reality and operates the reality principal, it recognizes what is real and the behaviors have consciences and it controls higher mental process of reasoning and problem solving The Superego contains our are values and social morals.  They come from the rules of right and wrong from our childhood that our parents taught us.
Defense mechanisms When anxiety occurs the mind responds by an increase of problem solving thinking, seeking rational ways of escaping the situation Denial, displacement, intellectualization, projection rationalization, reaction formation, regression and repression, and sublimation. Anxiety and tension  Reality, neurotic, and moral anxiety
SEX Freud had a fixation on sex. He developed a theory of how our sexuality stats at a very young age and develops through various fixations as one gets older. Many of his theories was based on pleasure principle, which was developed because of sex.
Social rules ( http://www.changingminds.org/) Physical sexual changes reawaken repressed needs.  Direct sexual feelings towards others lead to sexual gratification. Genital puberty onward   Sexual urges sublimated into sports and hobbies. Same-sex friends also help avoid sexual feelings. Latency 6-puberty Oedipus (boys), Electra (girls) Genitals Phallic 4-5 Toilet training Anus: defecating or retaining faeces Anal 2-4 Weaning away from mother's breast Mouth: sucking, biting, swallowing Oral 0-2 Conflict Pleasure source Name Age
Freud's other Big Ideas Ambivalence- love and admiration mixed with very contrasting feelings of shame and hate  Oedipus complex- wishing ones real father was dead, because he is a rival for ones mother's affections.  Three levels of awareness; conscious mind, pre conscious mind and subconscious mind.
Are His Ideas Relevant? Although many of Freud's ideas are abstracted and seem very strange, most of his ideas and theories are still used to determine the human psyche The bases of modern psychology is based on his theories which make his ideas still very relevant today.

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Sigmund Freud

  • 1. Sigmund Freud “A man should not strive to eliminate his complexes but to get into accord with them: they are legitimately what directs his conduct in the world.”
  • 2. Biography Born on May 6, 1856, in Freiberg, Moravia, which is now Pribor, in Czech Republic He had two half-brothers, Emmanuel and Philipp His mother was the same age as his half brothers. (this would later fuel some of his ideas) Freud's father was a Jewish wool merchant His family moved to Leipzig, Germany in1859, and then settled in Vienna in 1860 where Freud remained until 1938. He died in London on September 23, 1939.
  • 3. Backdrop to his Thought Freud himself was very much Freudian his father had two sons by a previous marriage, Emmanuel and Philip, and the young Freud. His masterpiece The Interpretation of Dreams originated from his emotional crisis which he suffered on the death of his father, and the series of dreams to which this gave rise. After his fathers death he had mixed feelings of love and admirations while having very different thoughts of Shame and hate Freud did cocaine and lots of it.
  • 4. Three components of personality Individuals feelings thoughts and behaviors are the result of the interaction of the id, the ego, and the superego. The Id operates largely according to the pleasure principal where by its tow main goals are the seeking of pleasure and the avoidance of pain. The Ego is a where of reality and operates the reality principal, it recognizes what is real and the behaviors have consciences and it controls higher mental process of reasoning and problem solving The Superego contains our are values and social morals. They come from the rules of right and wrong from our childhood that our parents taught us.
  • 5. Defense mechanisms When anxiety occurs the mind responds by an increase of problem solving thinking, seeking rational ways of escaping the situation Denial, displacement, intellectualization, projection rationalization, reaction formation, regression and repression, and sublimation. Anxiety and tension Reality, neurotic, and moral anxiety
  • 6. SEX Freud had a fixation on sex. He developed a theory of how our sexuality stats at a very young age and develops through various fixations as one gets older. Many of his theories was based on pleasure principle, which was developed because of sex.
  • 7. Social rules ( http://www.changingminds.org/) Physical sexual changes reawaken repressed needs. Direct sexual feelings towards others lead to sexual gratification. Genital puberty onward   Sexual urges sublimated into sports and hobbies. Same-sex friends also help avoid sexual feelings. Latency 6-puberty Oedipus (boys), Electra (girls) Genitals Phallic 4-5 Toilet training Anus: defecating or retaining faeces Anal 2-4 Weaning away from mother's breast Mouth: sucking, biting, swallowing Oral 0-2 Conflict Pleasure source Name Age
  • 8. Freud's other Big Ideas Ambivalence- love and admiration mixed with very contrasting feelings of shame and hate Oedipus complex- wishing ones real father was dead, because he is a rival for ones mother's affections. Three levels of awareness; conscious mind, pre conscious mind and subconscious mind.
  • 9. Are His Ideas Relevant? Although many of Freud's ideas are abstracted and seem very strange, most of his ideas and theories are still used to determine the human psyche The bases of modern psychology is based on his theories which make his ideas still very relevant today.