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### Series Circuit

• 3. Group Members Name ID Md. Ariful Islam 162-15-7885 Pritam chandra shil 162-15-7882 Mahe karim 162-15-7770 Md. Aklasur rahaman Robin 162-15-7708 Anirudda Islam 162-15-7696 Rakibul hasan anik 162-15-7735
• 4. Electric Circuits  Closed Circuit Electric current flows through it.  Open Circuit There is a break. electric current doesn’t flow through it.
• 6. What is series circuit? A Series circuit has only one path to group .so electrons must go through each component to get back to ground . All loads are placed in series. Therefore: I. An open in the circuit will disable the entire circuit. II. The current flow is the same throughout circuit. III. The resistance of each load can be different.
• 7. SERIES CIRCUIT IS THE ELECTRICAL CIRCUIT THAT ARRANGED IN EQUAL OR SEQUENCE Series circuit R1 R2 V
• 8. Series Circuit The total resistance of the circuit , also called effective resistance is equal to the sum of the Individual resistance 𝑅 = 𝑅1+ 𝑅2 + 𝑅3 + ⋯ … . . 𝑅 𝑛
• 9. Resistors in series 𝑹 𝟏 𝑹 𝟐 𝑹 𝟑  The total resistance (effective resistance or resultant resistance) is equal to the sum of the individual resistance. 𝑹 𝒕𝒐𝒕𝒂𝒍 = 𝑹 𝟏 + 𝑹 𝟐 + 𝑹 𝟑
• 10. Current in series circuits  A series circuit has only one path in which change can flow . The current is same everywhere( I = 𝐼1 + 𝐼2 + 𝐼3) RRR Battery Switch I1 I2 I3 I I
• 11. The arrangement of bulbs Bulbs arranged in series Dimmer
• 12. RL series circuit o The Total voltage in a series RL circuit is given by this equation. o 𝑉𝑇 = 𝑉𝐿 2 + 𝑉𝑅 2 o 𝑉𝑇= total voltage o 𝑉𝑅 = voltage across resistor R o 𝑉𝐿=voltage across inductor L L R
• 13. Worked Example  A voltage of 4V is supplied to two resistors of(6Ω and 2Ω) connected in series.  Calculate i. The combined resistance ii. The current flowing. iii. The p.d across the 6Ω resistor.  Solution  (a)Combined resistor 6+2 = 8Ω  (b)Since V=RI  4 = 8*1 , I = 0.5A  (C) 𝑉6Ω = 6 * 0.5 = 3V
• 14. Series circuit Recap  Electricity must flow trought all resistors in order to complete the circuit.  If a resistor is broken then the circuit cannot be completed and all aspects will be work.
• 15. Series circuit recap  𝑽 𝒕= 𝑹 𝒕+ 𝑰 𝒕  𝑽 𝒕 = 𝑽1 +V2 + V3  𝑹 𝒕= R1 + R2 + R3  𝑰 𝒕 = 𝑰 𝟏 = 𝑰 𝟐 = 𝑰 𝟑
• 16. Advantages of Series circuits  Every unit that is connected in a parallel circuit gets equal amount of voltage.  It becomes easy to connect or disconnect a new element without affecting the working of other elements.  If any fault happened to the circuit, then also the current is able to pass through the circuit through different paths.
• 17. Disadvantages of series circuit are  If one lamp removed (dropped) then other light go out.  Flame lights with each other is not as obvious.  The farther from the power source increasingly dim lights.
• 18. What is voltage divider rule  A voltage divider is a simple circuit which turns a large voltage into a smaller one. Using just two series resistors and an input voltage, we can create an output voltage that is a fraction of the input.
• 19. Voltage divider rule • 𝑽 𝟏 = 𝑹 𝟏 𝑹 𝟏+𝑹 𝟐+𝑹 𝟑 𝑽 𝒔 • 𝑽 𝟐 = 𝑹 𝟐 𝑹 𝟏+𝑹 𝟐+𝑹 𝟑 𝑽 𝒔 • 𝑽 𝟑 = 𝑹 𝟑 𝑹 𝟏+𝑹 𝟐+𝑹 𝟑 𝑽 𝒔
• 20. Kirchhoff's Voltage Law (KVL)  Let's take another look at our example series circuit, this time numbering the points in the circuit for voltage reference:
• 21. The algebraic sum of all voltages in a loop must equal zero.
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