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INTERNET AND PUBLIC
SPHERE




                         Submitted by:
                    Herocles Kharmujai
        II nd M.A. Mass Communication
 The    public sphere is the arena
  where            citizens        come
  together,       exchange      opinions
  regarding                       public
  affairs, discuss, deliberate, and
  eventually form public opinion.
 This arena can be a specific place
  where       citizens     gather    (for
  example, a town hall meeting), but
  it can also be a communication
  infrastructure through which citizens
  send and receive information and
  opinions.
   “Network for communicating
    information and points of view . . . the
    streams of communication are, in the
    process, filtered and synthesized in
    such a way that they coalesce into
    bundles of topically specified public
    opinions.” : -German sociologist
    Jürgen Habermas
Actors in the Public Sphere
The Individual
 The individual who is concerned on a
 certain social or political happening
The public
 The traditional understanding of the
 public refers to an imaginary group of
 people that are connected through their
 mutual interest in one or several issues
 of public concern.
Civil society
 Civil society is constituted by
 organizations and activities that have
 no primary political or commercial
 character, and are not motivated by
 profit or power.
The media
 The media, provider of a medium to
 discuss issues.
INTERNET AND PUBLIC
SPHERE is a medium that has allowed
  The Internet
  equal opportunity for all participants to share
  information. In this sense it has functioned as a
  mass medium without the limitations imposed
  by other forms of mass media
  (eg. – development of web 2.0)
 Television and newspapers, in
  particular, require large and expensive
  infrastructures, and are therefore restricted in
  who can afford to own and operate
  them, Space and time.
 In this sense, comparing the net and other
  former media the internet is much a flexible
  medium of fostering public discourse on a wide
  variety of issues related to the common good.
Internet the Medium

 For a fully functioning public sphere, it
  is necessary to have discussion where
  there is two way flow of
  communication.
 Internet was originally established as
  cooperative, non-
  hierarchical, communications
  system, it was designed to facilitate
  the sharing of information both
  between individuals and among
  groups of individuals.
   This capability, plus the fact that the
    underlying digital technology
    supports the whole gamut of multi-
    media communications, has made
    the Internet the first general
    purpose, interactive medium
    available to the average person (at
    least in the industrialized nations). As
    such, it seems natural that it have a
    propensity to foster activity in the
    public sphere.
 http://www.thepetitionsite.com/1/SUP
  PORT-ANNA-HAZARE/
 http://www.tweetidol.in/politicianstwee
  ts.html
 http://fightcorruption.wikidot.com/
Access
 With the popularity of the Internet
  and the Web growing daily, more
  and more people are turning to
  online media for
  news, information, and
  entertainment.
 Unlike traditional media, most
  online media sources offer their
  content via the Internet free of
  charge, which makes obtaining
  news online less costly than
  obtaining it from offline sources
Interaction
   When people get their news from
    online sources, they often can also
    ask questions, offer comments, state
    their opinions, engage in political
    debates, or communicate with other
    readers, which are all features that
    make online media appealing to
    readers.
1. Public spheres are spaces of
discourse, often mediated.
2. Public spheres often allow for
new, previously
excluded, discussants.
3. Issues discussed are often political
in nature.
4. Ideas are judged by their merit, not
by the standing of the speaker.
   Given that there are multiple public
    spheres, there are potentially multiple
    choices available for study on the
    Internet. Online social networking meets
    those four criteria, as will be shown. But
    that the four criteria do not make
    allowances for a radically different form
    of public merely because the public is
    online. An online public sphere is still a
    form of public sphere, online or not, and
    so must meet basic public sphere
    criteria.
Reference
 Wikipedia
 http://siteresources.worldbank.org/EX
  TGOVACC/Resources/PubSphereweb
  .pdf
 http://ncsi-
  net.ncsi.iisc.ernet.in/gsdl/collect/drtbra
  ra/index/assoc/HASH01db.dir/doc.pdf
 http://scholar.sun.ac.za/bitstream/hand
  le/10019.1/4209/Smuts,%20L.M.pdf?s
  equence=1
 www.web.net/~robrien/papers/civsoc.h
Than
k   you

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Public sphere and internet

  • 1. INTERNET AND PUBLIC SPHERE Submitted by: Herocles Kharmujai II nd M.A. Mass Communication
  • 2.  The public sphere is the arena where citizens come together, exchange opinions regarding public affairs, discuss, deliberate, and eventually form public opinion.  This arena can be a specific place where citizens gather (for example, a town hall meeting), but it can also be a communication infrastructure through which citizens send and receive information and opinions.
  • 3. “Network for communicating information and points of view . . . the streams of communication are, in the process, filtered and synthesized in such a way that they coalesce into bundles of topically specified public opinions.” : -German sociologist Jürgen Habermas
  • 4. Actors in the Public Sphere The Individual The individual who is concerned on a certain social or political happening The public The traditional understanding of the public refers to an imaginary group of people that are connected through their mutual interest in one or several issues of public concern.
  • 5. Civil society Civil society is constituted by organizations and activities that have no primary political or commercial character, and are not motivated by profit or power. The media The media, provider of a medium to discuss issues.
  • 6. INTERNET AND PUBLIC SPHERE is a medium that has allowed  The Internet equal opportunity for all participants to share information. In this sense it has functioned as a mass medium without the limitations imposed by other forms of mass media (eg. – development of web 2.0)  Television and newspapers, in particular, require large and expensive infrastructures, and are therefore restricted in who can afford to own and operate them, Space and time.  In this sense, comparing the net and other former media the internet is much a flexible medium of fostering public discourse on a wide variety of issues related to the common good.
  • 7. Internet the Medium  For a fully functioning public sphere, it is necessary to have discussion where there is two way flow of communication.  Internet was originally established as cooperative, non- hierarchical, communications system, it was designed to facilitate the sharing of information both between individuals and among groups of individuals.
  • 8. This capability, plus the fact that the underlying digital technology supports the whole gamut of multi- media communications, has made the Internet the first general purpose, interactive medium available to the average person (at least in the industrialized nations). As such, it seems natural that it have a propensity to foster activity in the public sphere.
  • 9.  http://www.thepetitionsite.com/1/SUP PORT-ANNA-HAZARE/  http://www.tweetidol.in/politicianstwee ts.html  http://fightcorruption.wikidot.com/
  • 10. Access  With the popularity of the Internet and the Web growing daily, more and more people are turning to online media for news, information, and entertainment.  Unlike traditional media, most online media sources offer their content via the Internet free of charge, which makes obtaining news online less costly than obtaining it from offline sources
  • 11. Interaction  When people get their news from online sources, they often can also ask questions, offer comments, state their opinions, engage in political debates, or communicate with other readers, which are all features that make online media appealing to readers.
  • 12. 1. Public spheres are spaces of discourse, often mediated. 2. Public spheres often allow for new, previously excluded, discussants. 3. Issues discussed are often political in nature. 4. Ideas are judged by their merit, not by the standing of the speaker.
  • 13. Given that there are multiple public spheres, there are potentially multiple choices available for study on the Internet. Online social networking meets those four criteria, as will be shown. But that the four criteria do not make allowances for a radically different form of public merely because the public is online. An online public sphere is still a form of public sphere, online or not, and so must meet basic public sphere criteria.
  • 14. Reference  Wikipedia  http://siteresources.worldbank.org/EX TGOVACC/Resources/PubSphereweb .pdf  http://ncsi- net.ncsi.iisc.ernet.in/gsdl/collect/drtbra ra/index/assoc/HASH01db.dir/doc.pdf  http://scholar.sun.ac.za/bitstream/hand le/10019.1/4209/Smuts,%20L.M.pdf?s equence=1  www.web.net/~robrien/papers/civsoc.h
  • 15. Than k you