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Process Control Daemon For Embedded Linux Platforms Hai Shalom July 2010 (v.11)
Licensing ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Licensing ,[object Object],[object Object]
Agenda ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
What is PCD? ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Why do we need PCD? What is missing in our system?
In a system without PCD: ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
In a system without PCD: ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
In a system without PCD: ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
How can PCD contribute? What are the advantages of products with PCD?
Enhanced system startup ,[object Object],[object Object],Process 1 Process 2 Process 3 Rule 1 Rule 2 Rule 3
Enhanced system startup ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Enhanced system startup ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Rule Completed Resource Created Start Immediately PCD Logic External Events Start Rule Rule
Enhanced system startup ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Rule Completed Resource Created Exit Status PCD Logic External Events Rule Events Start Next Rule Rule
Dependency graph generation ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Dependency graph generation ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Reduced boot up time ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Enhanced stability and robustness ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Crash Restart Reboot Recover Rule
Enhanced stability and robustness ,[object Object],[object Object]
Enhanced field debugging capabilities ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Rule Crash Detailed  Exception Information
Enhanced field debugging capabilities ,[object Object],Rule Crash Log in  NVRAM
PCD Exception handler in action (ARM) pcd: Starting process /usr/sbin/segv (Rule TEST_SIGSEGV). pcd: Rule TEST_SIGSEGV: Success (Process /usr/sbin/segv (204)). ************************************************************************** **************************** Exception Caught **************************** ************************************************************************** Signal information: Time: Thu Jan  1 00:00:12 1970 Process name: /usr/sbin/segv PID: 204 Fault Address: 0x00008590 Signal: Segmentation fault Signal Code: Invalid permissions for mapped object Last error: Success (0) Last error (by signal): 0 ARM registers: trap_no=0x0000000e error_code=0x0000081f oldmask=0x00000000 r0=0x00008590 r1=0x0ecf4ba4 r2=0x00000000 r3=0x00000052 r4=0x00010690 r5=0x00000000 r6=0x0000846c
PCD Exception handler in action (ARM) r7=0x00008418 r8=0x00000000 r9=0x00000000 r10=0x00000000 fp=0x00000000 ip=0x00000000 sp=0x0ecf4cf0 lr=0x0000856c pc=0x00008548 cpsr=0x40000010 fault_address=0x00008590 Maps file: 00008000-00009000 r-xp 00000000 1f:07 59  /usr/sbin/segv 00010000-00011000 rw-p 00000000 1f:07 59  /usr/sbin/segv 04000000-04005000 r-xp 00000000 1f:06 231  /lib/ld-uClibc-0.9.29.so 04005000-04007000 rw-p 04005000 00:00 0 0400c000-0400d000 r--p 00004000 1f:06 231  /lib/ld-uClibc-0.9.29.so 0400d000-0400e000 rw-p 00005000 1f:06 231  /lib/ld-uClibc-0.9.29.so 0400e000-04023000 r-xp 00000000 1f:06 175  /lib/libticc.so 04023000-0402a000 ---p 04023000 00:00 0 0402a000-0402c000 rw-p 00014000 1f:06 175  /lib/libticc.so 0402c000-04067000 r-xp 00000000 1f:06 200  /lib/libuClibc-0.9.29.so 04067000-0406e000 ---p 04067000 00:00 0 0406e000-0406f000 r--p 0003a000 1f:06 200  /lib/libuClibc-0.9.29.so 0406f000-04070000 rw-p 0003b000 1f:06 200  /lib/libuClibc-0.9.29.so 0ece0000-0ecf5000 rwxp 0ece0000 00:00 0  [stack] **************************************************************************
Standard API for PCD services ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
PCD High level technical info PCD high level modules, script syntax checking, header generation, graph generation.
PCD Software modules ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
PCD functional blocks * Refer to PCD Design document for more details. PARSER MAIN RULES DB Textual configuration file with rules Activate Rules Parse Rules File Add Rule Rule Info Activate / Stop TIMER FAILURE ACTION PROCESS COND CHECK Activate failure action Activate Rule Tick Check Condition OK / NOK Enqueue Process Enqueue Rule Iterate OK/Fail OK/Fail Process Spawn / Signal / Monitor Stopped / Signaled / Exited PCD API IPC Check Messages Enqueue / Dequeue Rule Application EXCEPT Crashed Activate failure action
PCD Configuration file ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
PCD Configuration file Rule Rule Rule Process Process Process Associated Associated Associated Rules Database Depends Depends Process Control Module Started, Stopped, Monitored Started, Stopped, Monitored Started, Stopped, Monitored PCD Script Rule Rule Rule … Rule Parser Module Read Add Rule
PCD Rule block - Example ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Configuration file syntax checking ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
PCD header generation ,[object Object],[object Object]
PCD header generation example /**************************************************************************/ /*  FILE:  system_pcd.h /*  PURPOSE: PCD definitions file (auto generated). /**************************************************************************/ #ifndef _SYSTEM_PCD_H_ #define _SYSTEM_PCD_H_ #include "pcdapi.h" /*! ef PCD_GROUP_NAME_SYSTEM *  rief Define group ID string for SYSTEM */ #define PCD_GROUP_NAME_SYSTEM  "SYSTEM" #define PCD_RULE_SYSTEM_APPRUN  "APPRUN" #define PCD_RULE_SYSTEM_GBETH  “GBETH" #define PCD_RULE_SYSTEM_INITONCE  "INITONCE" #define PCD_RULE_SYSTEM_LED  "LED" #define PCD_RULE_SYSTEM_LASTRULE  "LASTRULE" /*! ef SYSTEM_DECLARE_PCD_RULEID() *  rief Define a ruleId easily when calling PCD API */ #define DECLARE_PCD_SYSTEM_RULEID( ruleId, RULE_NAME ) PCD_DECLARE_RULEID( ruleId, PCD_GROUP_NAME_SYSTEM, RULE_NAME ) #endif
Dependency graph generation ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
PCD Exception handler ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
PCD Exception handler Crash Rule PCD Logic PCD API Signal Prepare and send exception info Detailed  Exception Information Log in  NVRAM
PCD memory requirements RAM/Flash footprint
Memory requirements ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
PCD Resources ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Thank you! Written by Hai Shalom:  mailto:hai@rt-embedded.com

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PCD - Process control daemon - Presentation

  • 1. Process Control Daemon For Embedded Linux Platforms Hai Shalom July 2010 (v.11)
  • 2.
  • 3.
  • 4.
  • 5.
  • 6. Why do we need PCD? What is missing in our system?
  • 7.
  • 8.
  • 9.
  • 10. How can PCD contribute? What are the advantages of products with PCD?
  • 11.
  • 12.
  • 13.
  • 14.
  • 15.
  • 16.
  • 17.
  • 18.
  • 19.
  • 20.
  • 21.
  • 22. PCD Exception handler in action (ARM) pcd: Starting process /usr/sbin/segv (Rule TEST_SIGSEGV). pcd: Rule TEST_SIGSEGV: Success (Process /usr/sbin/segv (204)). ************************************************************************** **************************** Exception Caught **************************** ************************************************************************** Signal information: Time: Thu Jan 1 00:00:12 1970 Process name: /usr/sbin/segv PID: 204 Fault Address: 0x00008590 Signal: Segmentation fault Signal Code: Invalid permissions for mapped object Last error: Success (0) Last error (by signal): 0 ARM registers: trap_no=0x0000000e error_code=0x0000081f oldmask=0x00000000 r0=0x00008590 r1=0x0ecf4ba4 r2=0x00000000 r3=0x00000052 r4=0x00010690 r5=0x00000000 r6=0x0000846c
  • 23. PCD Exception handler in action (ARM) r7=0x00008418 r8=0x00000000 r9=0x00000000 r10=0x00000000 fp=0x00000000 ip=0x00000000 sp=0x0ecf4cf0 lr=0x0000856c pc=0x00008548 cpsr=0x40000010 fault_address=0x00008590 Maps file: 00008000-00009000 r-xp 00000000 1f:07 59 /usr/sbin/segv 00010000-00011000 rw-p 00000000 1f:07 59 /usr/sbin/segv 04000000-04005000 r-xp 00000000 1f:06 231 /lib/ld-uClibc-0.9.29.so 04005000-04007000 rw-p 04005000 00:00 0 0400c000-0400d000 r--p 00004000 1f:06 231 /lib/ld-uClibc-0.9.29.so 0400d000-0400e000 rw-p 00005000 1f:06 231 /lib/ld-uClibc-0.9.29.so 0400e000-04023000 r-xp 00000000 1f:06 175 /lib/libticc.so 04023000-0402a000 ---p 04023000 00:00 0 0402a000-0402c000 rw-p 00014000 1f:06 175 /lib/libticc.so 0402c000-04067000 r-xp 00000000 1f:06 200 /lib/libuClibc-0.9.29.so 04067000-0406e000 ---p 04067000 00:00 0 0406e000-0406f000 r--p 0003a000 1f:06 200 /lib/libuClibc-0.9.29.so 0406f000-04070000 rw-p 0003b000 1f:06 200 /lib/libuClibc-0.9.29.so 0ece0000-0ecf5000 rwxp 0ece0000 00:00 0 [stack] **************************************************************************
  • 24.
  • 25. PCD High level technical info PCD high level modules, script syntax checking, header generation, graph generation.
  • 26.
  • 27. PCD functional blocks * Refer to PCD Design document for more details. PARSER MAIN RULES DB Textual configuration file with rules Activate Rules Parse Rules File Add Rule Rule Info Activate / Stop TIMER FAILURE ACTION PROCESS COND CHECK Activate failure action Activate Rule Tick Check Condition OK / NOK Enqueue Process Enqueue Rule Iterate OK/Fail OK/Fail Process Spawn / Signal / Monitor Stopped / Signaled / Exited PCD API IPC Check Messages Enqueue / Dequeue Rule Application EXCEPT Crashed Activate failure action
  • 28.
  • 29. PCD Configuration file Rule Rule Rule Process Process Process Associated Associated Associated Rules Database Depends Depends Process Control Module Started, Stopped, Monitored Started, Stopped, Monitored Started, Stopped, Monitored PCD Script Rule Rule Rule … Rule Parser Module Read Add Rule
  • 30.
  • 31.
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  • 33. PCD header generation example /**************************************************************************/ /* FILE: system_pcd.h /* PURPOSE: PCD definitions file (auto generated). /**************************************************************************/ #ifndef _SYSTEM_PCD_H_ #define _SYSTEM_PCD_H_ #include "pcdapi.h" /*! ef PCD_GROUP_NAME_SYSTEM * rief Define group ID string for SYSTEM */ #define PCD_GROUP_NAME_SYSTEM "SYSTEM" #define PCD_RULE_SYSTEM_APPRUN "APPRUN" #define PCD_RULE_SYSTEM_GBETH “GBETH" #define PCD_RULE_SYSTEM_INITONCE "INITONCE" #define PCD_RULE_SYSTEM_LED "LED" #define PCD_RULE_SYSTEM_LASTRULE "LASTRULE" /*! ef SYSTEM_DECLARE_PCD_RULEID() * rief Define a ruleId easily when calling PCD API */ #define DECLARE_PCD_SYSTEM_RULEID( ruleId, RULE_NAME ) PCD_DECLARE_RULEID( ruleId, PCD_GROUP_NAME_SYSTEM, RULE_NAME ) #endif
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  • 36. PCD Exception handler Crash Rule PCD Logic PCD API Signal Prepare and send exception info Detailed Exception Information Log in NVRAM
  • 37. PCD memory requirements RAM/Flash footprint
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  • 40. Thank you! Written by Hai Shalom: mailto:hai@rt-embedded.com