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New challenges for  digital   scholarship  and  digital  curation  in the era of  ubiquitous computing Prof Derek W. Keats Deputy Vice Chancellor (Knowledge & Information Management) The University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg http://kim.wits.ac.za/dvcblog [email_address]
Disclaimer I am a  techno  geek Yes, we have  no answers!
Alarming perspective We need to reduce barriers to innovation, not increase them
digital   scholarship digital  curation ubiquitous computing New challenges
digital   scholarship digital  curation ubiquitous computing New challenges Academic work
General  Communication The process of research Quasi-academic & grey literature Formal research output Derived research output digital   scholarship digital  curation
Data General  Communication The process of research Quasi-academic & grey literature Formal research output Derived research output digital   scholarship digital  curation
Digital scholarship Digital   curation Digital scholarship
 
of  selection preservation maintenance collection archiving digital assets
of  selection maintenance collection archiving digital assets preservation
Blogs Activity streams email Papers Audio &  Video Multimedia & games Lab notes Simple web Software Virtual worlds Smart objects Linked data
Today Acting as the ravages of time
Cory Doctorow   bits are never going to get harder    to copy Preserve as much as we can of today's objects Be highly selective
Key challenge   More and more people producing more and more   content on more and more devices The role of  community Increasing array of breakable linkages The specter of smart content
Yesterday Today Tomorrow
Today Tomorrow
New challenges for  digital  scholarship and digital  curation  in the era of   ubiquitous computing
In the  ancient  world of the 20 th Century Computers were big! People   went to computers People used computers for really dumb tasks such as... Browsing the  web Word processing Reading email
 
 
a " web of data " that enables  machines  to understand the meaning of information on the World Wide Web
Rate of production much greater than capacity to store conserve curate Digital assets
What are digital assets? How does  the computer 'see' them?
Digital Asset Management Records management Document management Contract management Film production Historical papers Image collections Audio/video recordings Research / other data Research papers Theses / dissertations Convergence
storage processing Cloud computing Virtualization Utility computing Software   &  hardware  as services
Cloud computing Public  cloud Private cloud
Wits perspective Institutional repository Cloud initiative Digital  Asset  Management  System  (DAMS) Historical Papers Electronic Thesis & Dissertation Free & Open Educational Resources
Wits perspective Institutional repository Cloud initiative Digital  Asset  Management  System  (DAMS) Historical Papers Electronic Thesis & Dissertation Free & Open Educational Resources
A set of architectures Institutional process  architecture Information  architecture Application  architecture Technical  architecture People Costs & benefits Success  Criteria Challenge  Vision
Process architecture Workflow Rights Search Retrieval Publication Version Deletion Digitization Digital asset management Digital form Born analogue Source artefact Digital conversion Docs Audio Video etc Born digital Ingest
Capture Create Classify Share Archive Destroy Protect Retain Find & use Preserve Route Social and semantic elements Build for data
Technical (hardware) architecture The Wits private cloud Storage cloud Second tier storage:  spinning  disk Compute cloud X86 First tier storage: flash Third tier storage:  tape Virtual machine-1 Virtual machine-2 Virtual machine-n Applications
Enterprise document  management An approach using private cloud Workflow (WEWE layer) Folder server WEWE Web layer Private cloud infrastructure or Higher Education Grid Site Ingest Born digital Shared folder Network WEWE Network Site Site Site Shared folder WWW WEWE
An agile  approach People & projects Create infrastructure Design comprehensive architecture Project 1 Micro- services Workflow Project 2 Project N Behaviours Workflow Micro- services Workflow Recognition of need and opportunity (business case) Talent Knowledge Capability
One digital asset management project for Wits Agile approach that builds on our talent within the University Content through process (part of normal workflow)
Digital scholarship Isn't it just scholarship?
The Social Network The social academic
 
 
Not particularly linked to scholarship
Social networking and semantic web e.g. for researchers Crowdsourced curation of research papers
 
The more of your own work you put in the more valuable  the system becomes  to others Which means The more valuable  it is to you
Group
Articles in the group MyOpenArchive
People in the group MyOpenArchive
The web interface Integration
Computer and Information Literacy 3898 groups
Closed group: ask to join 99+ users 18 papers
 
 
Most read articles Most read authors
Activity streams
Your own activity streams
 
Open APIs
Social  curation    of digital   objects    to support research    is still in  its infancy Research   libraries    should   plan  for   supporting    the social    aspects of    digital    scholarship Expect  it to  expand Think open, think linked....
 
http://www.flickr.com/photos/pulpolux/780345833/   Under BY-NC license Data archiving  and  curation
Linked data Using the Web to  connect related  data Extends http  and URIs Data can be read automatically by computers Data fm different  sources can be  connected &  queried
Linked open data Semantic web: a " web of data " that enables  machines  to understand the of information on the World Wide Web New insights for researchers by analysing  linked open  data All researchers an be Hans Roslings
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Lod-datasets_2010-09-22_colored.png Linked Open Data datasets as of 2010-09-22 LOD2 project
SELECT description FROM http://WIKISPECIES_DATA    WHERE species='Gadus morhua' JOIN species FROM http://DISTRIBITION_DATA JOIN species FROM http://CATCH_DATA INFER population_size    FROM http://HISTORICAL_DESCRIPTION_DATA  FOR 1600 TO 2011 PLOT RELATIONSHIP catch_data X fishing_rate ANIMATE bubble_size = fleet_size OVERLAY description
The big challenge: secret science The output of scientific research that is only published in ways that are only accessible to some people, or that is locked up in the newly  altered form of patents that are designed to withhold disclosure and  lengthen monopoly privileges.
The big challenge: secret science A widespread belief in  benefits of secrecy, and  entrenched processes to  foster it, the potential of  digital scholarship and  digital curation will not be  realised. Free & Open  Educational Resources Open Access Licenses Free & Open Source Software
Scarcity Abundance The big challenge:  scarcity mentality Proprietary access Open access The scarcity is entirely artificially maintained
Community not technology will solve this challenge: technology  must make communities  more  efficient
Attribution file:  http://www.dkeats.com/usrfiles/users/   1563080430/attribution/attrib.txt

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New challenges for digital scholarship and curation in the era of ubiquitous computing

  • 1. New challenges for digital scholarship and digital curation in the era of ubiquitous computing Prof Derek W. Keats Deputy Vice Chancellor (Knowledge & Information Management) The University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg http://kim.wits.ac.za/dvcblog [email_address]
  • 2. Disclaimer I am a techno geek Yes, we have no answers!
  • 3. Alarming perspective We need to reduce barriers to innovation, not increase them
  • 4. digital scholarship digital curation ubiquitous computing New challenges
  • 5. digital scholarship digital curation ubiquitous computing New challenges Academic work
  • 6. General Communication The process of research Quasi-academic & grey literature Formal research output Derived research output digital scholarship digital curation
  • 7. Data General Communication The process of research Quasi-academic & grey literature Formal research output Derived research output digital scholarship digital curation
  • 8. Digital scholarship Digital curation Digital scholarship
  • 9.  
  • 10. of selection preservation maintenance collection archiving digital assets
  • 11. of selection maintenance collection archiving digital assets preservation
  • 12. Blogs Activity streams email Papers Audio & Video Multimedia & games Lab notes Simple web Software Virtual worlds Smart objects Linked data
  • 13. Today Acting as the ravages of time
  • 14. Cory Doctorow bits are never going to get harder to copy Preserve as much as we can of today's objects Be highly selective
  • 15. Key challenge More and more people producing more and more content on more and more devices The role of community Increasing array of breakable linkages The specter of smart content
  • 18. New challenges for digital scholarship and digital curation in the era of ubiquitous computing
  • 19. In the ancient world of the 20 th Century Computers were big! People went to computers People used computers for really dumb tasks such as... Browsing the web Word processing Reading email
  • 20.  
  • 21.  
  • 22. a " web of data " that enables machines to understand the meaning of information on the World Wide Web
  • 23. Rate of production much greater than capacity to store conserve curate Digital assets
  • 24. What are digital assets? How does the computer 'see' them?
  • 25. Digital Asset Management Records management Document management Contract management Film production Historical papers Image collections Audio/video recordings Research / other data Research papers Theses / dissertations Convergence
  • 26. storage processing Cloud computing Virtualization Utility computing Software & hardware as services
  • 27. Cloud computing Public cloud Private cloud
  • 28. Wits perspective Institutional repository Cloud initiative Digital Asset Management System (DAMS) Historical Papers Electronic Thesis & Dissertation Free & Open Educational Resources
  • 29. Wits perspective Institutional repository Cloud initiative Digital Asset Management System (DAMS) Historical Papers Electronic Thesis & Dissertation Free & Open Educational Resources
  • 30. A set of architectures Institutional process architecture Information architecture Application architecture Technical architecture People Costs & benefits Success Criteria Challenge Vision
  • 31. Process architecture Workflow Rights Search Retrieval Publication Version Deletion Digitization Digital asset management Digital form Born analogue Source artefact Digital conversion Docs Audio Video etc Born digital Ingest
  • 32. Capture Create Classify Share Archive Destroy Protect Retain Find & use Preserve Route Social and semantic elements Build for data
  • 33. Technical (hardware) architecture The Wits private cloud Storage cloud Second tier storage: spinning disk Compute cloud X86 First tier storage: flash Third tier storage: tape Virtual machine-1 Virtual machine-2 Virtual machine-n Applications
  • 34. Enterprise document management An approach using private cloud Workflow (WEWE layer) Folder server WEWE Web layer Private cloud infrastructure or Higher Education Grid Site Ingest Born digital Shared folder Network WEWE Network Site Site Site Shared folder WWW WEWE
  • 35. An agile approach People & projects Create infrastructure Design comprehensive architecture Project 1 Micro- services Workflow Project 2 Project N Behaviours Workflow Micro- services Workflow Recognition of need and opportunity (business case) Talent Knowledge Capability
  • 36. One digital asset management project for Wits Agile approach that builds on our talent within the University Content through process (part of normal workflow)
  • 37. Digital scholarship Isn't it just scholarship?
  • 38. The Social Network The social academic
  • 39.  
  • 40.  
  • 41. Not particularly linked to scholarship
  • 42. Social networking and semantic web e.g. for researchers Crowdsourced curation of research papers
  • 43.  
  • 44. The more of your own work you put in the more valuable the system becomes to others Which means The more valuable it is to you
  • 45. Group
  • 46. Articles in the group MyOpenArchive
  • 47. People in the group MyOpenArchive
  • 48. The web interface Integration
  • 49. Computer and Information Literacy 3898 groups
  • 50. Closed group: ask to join 99+ users 18 papers
  • 51.  
  • 52.  
  • 53. Most read articles Most read authors
  • 55. Your own activity streams
  • 56.  
  • 58. Social curation of digital objects to support research is still in its infancy Research libraries should plan for supporting the social aspects of digital scholarship Expect it to expand Think open, think linked....
  • 59.  
  • 60. http://www.flickr.com/photos/pulpolux/780345833/ Under BY-NC license Data archiving and curation
  • 61. Linked data Using the Web to connect related data Extends http and URIs Data can be read automatically by computers Data fm different sources can be connected & queried
  • 62. Linked open data Semantic web: a " web of data " that enables machines to understand the of information on the World Wide Web New insights for researchers by analysing linked open data All researchers an be Hans Roslings
  • 64. SELECT description FROM http://WIKISPECIES_DATA WHERE species='Gadus morhua' JOIN species FROM http://DISTRIBITION_DATA JOIN species FROM http://CATCH_DATA INFER population_size FROM http://HISTORICAL_DESCRIPTION_DATA FOR 1600 TO 2011 PLOT RELATIONSHIP catch_data X fishing_rate ANIMATE bubble_size = fleet_size OVERLAY description
  • 65. The big challenge: secret science The output of scientific research that is only published in ways that are only accessible to some people, or that is locked up in the newly altered form of patents that are designed to withhold disclosure and lengthen monopoly privileges.
  • 66. The big challenge: secret science A widespread belief in benefits of secrecy, and entrenched processes to foster it, the potential of digital scholarship and digital curation will not be realised. Free & Open Educational Resources Open Access Licenses Free & Open Source Software
  • 67. Scarcity Abundance The big challenge: scarcity mentality Proprietary access Open access The scarcity is entirely artificially maintained
  • 68. Community not technology will solve this challenge: technology must make communities more efficient
  • 69. Attribution file: http://www.dkeats.com/usrfiles/users/ 1563080430/attribution/attrib.txt