Virtual Research Networks : Towards Research 2.0


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Presentation at EMTACL10,
Guus van den Brekel

Central medical library, UMCG

Virtual Research Networks: towards Research 2.0
In the next few years, the further development of social, educational and research networks – with its extensive collaborative possibilities – will be dictating how users will search for, manage and exchange information. The network – evolved by technology – is changing the user's behaviour and that will affect the future of information services. Many envision a possible leading role for libraries in collaboration and community building services.

Users are not only heavily using new tools, but are also creating and shaping their own preferred tools.
Today's students are incorporating Web 2.0 skills in daily life, in their social and learning environments.
Tomorrow's research staff will expect to be able to use their preferred tools and resources within their work environment.
Today's ánd tomorrow's libraries should support students and staff in the learning and research process by integrating library services and resources into their environments.

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  • I am working at the University Medical Center Groningen in the Central Medical Library there. We have about 10.000 people working there in the complete hospital of which around are 1000 researchers. I will be addressing 2 problems that we as librarians bump into everyday in our contacts with users in general towards their perception of library services. I want to have a look at the web, the internet as it has been developing and changing the world. It is the cause of these problems –in my opinion- but I am also convinced the solution is there too. It has got to do with collaborative tools on offer and being used and how their use by scientists implicate strategic changes for Research Libraries are needed.
  • When I was at a meeting of our Epidemiology Department in a room full with researchers, student and medical staff. I was there to talk about new services and resources. First problem is a common know problem, Library disconnect , unaware, wrong perception of library services and content, invisibility of the library. I had a hard time explaining why they should not only use Google Scholar, and also why some content on the web, seemingly freely available on the web was not all fulltext available for them. They told me they have various ways and systems to get what they want, .. But without going to the library. Hard to find, hard to use, too much, convusing, while it all seems to be out there on the web, for free and easy to use… Which brings me to the second related problem. Not only are they disconnecting from the library, but also are they getting the information elsewhere or arranging &making it themselves. They bypass the library completely there. We want to do something about that.
  • At bottom, traditional library services and role At top: Into The Workflow
  • Web 2.0 is a well-know topic in this community I believe, but it’s growing power can not be described enough. Everything 2.0, also Research! User participation, user generated content, interactivity, live communication, speed, sharing, creating etc
  • The cause or at least an important cause is the Web. I want to show what scientist are doing and looking for on the Internet and why
  • Simple cycle of workflow. Some aspects libraries and web 2.0 have entered to play a role, but the actual research process bottom three are almost untouched
  • And web 2.0 is facilitating all those things with … tools for collaboration, communication and sharing
  • The use of web 2.0 apps and tools on research workflow are from the beginning focussing more externally, to show the “ public”. Making science more visible and understandable. Or Science 2.0, or even Open Science, Opens up possibilities that are not always easy to create within work environment network. Reports on the subject in my Delicious. Available workflow tools are often limited, resticted, and do not offer functionality that many web 2.0 tools do Resources : more ways, flexibility, open compared to local networked tools offered Faster; new technologies, standards, developed on the web applied to scientific data & workflow, offer not only researchers themselves to do more, but also open up possibilites to let others share, check, control, analyse, open feedback
  • All kind of initiatives, between scientists, groups, They start initiatives on their own, or in collaboration with others to adress their needs. It depends very much on how the library is embedded in the organisation to become aware and even involved in this. Often the researchers are frustrated by limitations of the preferred tools to be used inside their organization.
  • Use of generally available social software and apps is well known. I will not go into these tools in detail, but do want to lift two out shortly. How many of you got a TWITTER account? TWITTER: Real-time expert information also in science, changing the face of science, taking away boundaries to and for scientist I myself am still amazed by the development and use of Virtual worlds.
  • Free software to manage labs, experiments,share and publish! Without having to be worried by restrictions called oud by your It or organization. They can’t stop them… Well you could get into trouble if you don’t keep them posted, but… Show the site, and labs out there. Software to manage their lab activities, report, analyse and publish, making it available for many to share, explore and discover
  • Proteopedia Proteopedia Mission Statement To collect, organize and disseminate structural and functional knowledge about protein, RNA, DNA, and other macromolecules, and their assemblies and interactions with small molecules, in a manner that is relevant and broadly accessible to students and scientists. Goals for Proteopedia To serve as a forum for the scientific community to share, retrieve and discuss information related to proteins, macromolecules, and small molecules and chemicals of interest. To continue to develop the concept of tying text to three-dimensional, interactive images. To maintain low barriers for contribution.
  • Look at Science Commons, NeuroCommons, interesting focus, related to library goals. Text mining, analyses, semantic web techniques, all intersting and relevant from the library point of view. We should not only benefit from their work, but engage and collaborate even more. Data integration Text mining: Linking literature to the semantic web Analytic tools: Beyond search
  • SciVee is changing the pace at which science is conducted and communicated. As the first Web 2.0 site that enables researchers to combine video with documentation and data in a media rich format, we enable scientists to make their research more visible, shareable, and accessible throughout the research cycle . Using our patent pending “virtual studio” technology, scientists can easily enhance their journal articles with “pubcasts” by linking and synchronizing video explanations to their published text. Similarly, video summaries can be associated and synchronized with scientific posters to create “postercasts” highlighting the key finding of the research. We also provide easy upload and hosting of videos on topics in all areas of scientific research. Innovations are happening on the web, and we should be there, learn and engage. We do NOT always have to use the the new tools right away, we should always look for APPLIED use for our users. That might result into adapting the technology locally, or embed it in some way, to make it more effective.
  • This semantic wiki at aims at making the world of science more visible and accessible. Everybody can add his favorite events (e.g. conferences and workshops), co-workers, tools / datasets, community fora or journals. Pooled together these pieces of information constitute a vast knowledge base about who and what moves science forward .
  • Numerous examples of scientist looking for collaboration, sharing, communication and dealing with information, and little to no involvement of libraries
  • Nature Precedings is a free online service from NPG that enables researchers in the life sciences to openly share preliminary findings, solicit community feedback, and claim priority over discoveries by posting preprint manuscripts, white papers, technical reports, posters, and presentations.
  • Desktop & Web: works like social music tools, discovery by simularities
  • Most amazing. Within a few clicks, I can see scientist, locations, relations, publications ….. And connect if you want. Without use of any library… Scientist and researchers love this stuff. It offers them a partial solution for their workflow problems, managing, and their need to communicate, share and disseminate ideas and uptputs, which brings me back to the problem of them bypassing the library..
  • It are these things that actually invite researchers. Jisc Libraries of the Future Debate 2009, he also said the researchers are bypassing the library… he mentioned a scientist that was actually mainly using the offered space and tools by the publisher, and the web. And wasn’t been in the library for quite a time. Physicall or digitally The effect is not as strong in all areas of science. Roughly you could say that probably it is related to the percentage of electronically available content in the field. In science and medical science in particular the perception of the library.
  • They might benefit all levels and areas within universities
  • Do we see libraries join up with researchers and tackle the opportunities offered? Or are we going to wait? Not really different from approach other users, but this groups has specific needs!
  • Research from last year concluded with these key points. I think they still stand We have to get out of the library more, find out what they really want and need. We can start small but we need to do it together with other organisational parties I the scholarly communication process, all levels More Services for Researchers Reach out and engage with departments and researchers Start small with something that really helps them on daily basis Set up collabarative projects We can not do this alone
  • By adapting in this way we can attack the two problems I started with, the Library Disconnect ‘and them bypassing the Library. We will get more visible on the web ‘and within the organisation we will get a face again that they can turn to when dealing with there needs for information in all aspects Creation: workflow tools, building the base, the right way Data management; metadata, right standards Communication; collaborative web spaces Embedded libraries Collaborative libraries These are ways, i believe we can fight the to problems i mentioned at the start.! Not only creating and developing tools, but also building a good relation with the research community!
  • Commercial parties are aiming at the scientific communities, focussing on workflow and social networks.
  • Virtual Research Networks : Towards Research 2.0

    1. 1. Virtual Research Networks Towards Research 2.0?
    2. 2. <ul><li>User </li></ul><ul><li>Workflow </li></ul><ul><li>Network </li></ul>o u t l i n e VREs? Virtual? Research 2.0 Science Networks Libraries?
    3. 3. <ul><li>e x p l o r e </li></ul><ul><li>Research Networks </li></ul><ul><li>Engage, Facilitate & Stimulate </li></ul>
    4. 4. Me, My Work and the UMCG
    5. 5.
    6. 6. <ul><li>Library Disconnects </li></ul><ul><li>& </li></ul><ul><li>Bypassing the Library </li></ul>
    7. 7. Photo: Geir Mogen The User Environment
    8. 8. Source: Lorcan Dempsey, Liber 2005
    9. 9. “ Into the User Environment” <ul><li>Browser Toolbars </li></ul><ul><li>Tailor-made search & news widgets </li></ul><ul><li>Using personal startpages </li></ul><ul><li>Take-Away Library Toolbox : Netvibes Universe </li></ul>
    10. 10. The workflow Photo: Geir Mogen
    11. 11. library Consumer environments Management environment Licensed Bought Faculty& students Digitized Aggregations Resource sharing Integrated local consumer environment? Library web presence Resource sharing, … Source: Lorcan Dempsey, CIC 2007 … Institutional Workflow Portals, CMS, IR, … Personal Workflow RSS, toolbars, .. Network level workflow Google, … Integrated local consumer environment? Library web presence Resource sharing, …
    12. 14. Fill in Your Key Stakeholders …
    13. 15. Diversity Format Platform Time Personalize
    14. 16. Research
    15. 18. The Global Environment Changed … <ul><li>The web has become a global laboratory for communication and sharing </li></ul>
    16. 19.
    17. 20. What are Researchers looking for on the Web? <ul><li>Tools for improving their workflow, to gain efficiency </li></ul><ul><li>Communication, sharing, collaboration, dissemination research ideas and output </li></ul><ul><li>to possibly get bigger recognition and reward of their research output </li></ul>
    18. 21. Tools for collaboration out there <ul><li>Planning & Admin </li></ul><ul><li>Workflow </li></ul><ul><li>Data management </li></ul><ul><li>Communication </li></ul><ul><li>Sharing </li></ul><ul><li>Analysis, statistical </li></ul><ul><li>Publishing, (peer) reviewing </li></ul><ul><li>Preservation, archiving </li></ul><ul><li>Unlimited … </li></ul>
    19. 22.
    20. 23. Research 2.0 : some aspects <ul><li>Communities & collaboration powered by web 2.0 </li></ul><ul><li>Resources: creating, storing, organising, sharing, exchange, distribution, browsing, searching, re-use, enrich, re-create </li></ul><ul><li>Faster, more efficient, greater competetiveness, repeatable, more productive … </li></ul><ul><li>Enables open feedback and reviews of work </li></ul><ul><li>A machine-understandable format allows others to take the data and analyze it independently </li></ul>
    21. 24. Scientists are certainly looking for it… http:// / photos / inan /2398401833/ sizes /o/
    22. 25. General Social Software <ul><li>Blogs, Wiki’s, Social Networks i.g.Facebook </li></ul><ul><li>Web-based office tools, Google Docs </li></ul><ul><li>Sharing data, references, pictures, videos </li></ul><ul><li>Communication, in all sorts </li></ul><ul><li>Twitter? PloS </li></ul><ul><li>Virtual worlds, Second Life </li></ul>
    23. 26. Virtual Worlds <ul><li>Strong in visualization, education, teaching, simulation, roleplay ánd worldwide collaborative projects </li></ul>
    24. 27. Preprocessed spherical projections from inside a crystal including the Hershfield surface.
    25. 28. http:// http:// / watch ?v= O1YuRSyzBAE
    26. 29. So they are out there, but doing WHAT exactly?
    27. 30. Corporate Web Presence Scan
    28. 31. <ul><li>OpenWetWare </li></ul>By Scientists, for Scientists http:// / wiki /Labs
    29. 32. http:// Proteopedia
    30. 33. http:// / NeuroCommons
    31. 34. http:// SciVee
    32. 35. http:// OpenResearch
    33. 36. But we also see others offering services… <ul><li>All kinds of parties explore, using web 2.0 and other new technologies </li></ul><ul><li>to connect and integrate into the workflow of scientist and researchers. </li></ul>
    34. 37. Commercially, focus on Scientists
    35. 38. <ul><li>NaturePrecedings </li></ul>http:// /
    36. 39. MyNetResearch
    37. 40. Mendeley
    38. 43. <ul><li>Biomedexperts </li></ul>http://
    39. 44. <ul><li>“ Community is the new content” </li></ul>
    40. 45. twitterfeed&utm_medium =
    41. 46. 'What is happening in the world is bypassing university libraries’ Professor Peter Murray-Rust
    42. 47. Reasons NOT to ignore Social Networks and the tools offered <ul><li>Efficiency possibilities </li></ul><ul><li>Build professional communities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Research </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Management </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Build learning communities </li></ul><ul><li>Build sharing communities </li></ul><ul><li>Build community support through outreach </li></ul>Online Social Networks in Healthcare & Libraries PF Anderson, Emerging Technologies Librarian, Health Sciences Libraries,
    43. 48. More Reasons …. <ul><li>Connection, communication, collaboration, consultation </li></ul><ul><li>Discuss & share information (articles, photos, videos, cases, data, methodologies) </li></ul><ul><li>Q&A, rapid response (sometimes), serendipitous discovery </li></ul><ul><li>Global, international connections & opportunities </li></ul><ul><li>Find employment & research opportunities </li></ul><ul><li>Emerging trends, topics, medications, treatments, insights in your field </li></ul>Online Social Networks in Healthcare & Libraries PF Anderson, Emerging Technologies Librarian, Health Sciences Libraries,
    44. 49. Do we see the libraries look for it as well? <ul><li>The question is not whether the shift is going to happen, but how fast? </li></ul><ul><li>It will change the behaviour of researcher, new ways of thinking and operating; we should adapt </li></ul>
    45. 50. There are the Virtual Research Environments (VREs) <ul><li>JISC VRE </li></ul><ul><li>MS Sharepoint </li></ul><ul><li>MyExperiment </li></ul><ul><li>D4Science </li></ul><ul><li>DARIAH </li></ul>
    46. 51. http:// / whatwedo /programmes/ vre.aspx
    47. 52. <ul><li>VLEs for Students & Teachers </li></ul><ul><li>VREs for Researchers </li></ul>
    48. 53. <ul><li>Simple VRE Definition </li></ul><ul><li>A VRE helps researchers from all disciplines to work collaboratively by managing the increasingly complex range of tasks involved in carrying out research. </li></ul>
    49. 54. <ul><li>Complex VRE Definition </li></ul><ul><li>The concept of a VRE is evolving. … as shorthand for the tools and technologies needed by researchers to do their research, interact with other researchers (who may come from different disciplines,  institutions or even countries) and to make use of resources and technical infrastructures available both locally and (inter)nationally </li></ul>
    50. 55. <ul><li>frameworks </li></ul><ul><li>to define and help to develop  VRE frameworks and associated standards, and to encourage the development and population of  these frameworks with applications, services and resources to create VREs appropriate to particular  needs </li></ul>
    51. 57. Key recommendations
    52. 58. “ Scratch Where It Itches”
    53. 59. <ul><li>Bottom-up & </li></ul><ul><li>focus on researchers needs and specific research communities </li></ul>
    54. 60. <ul><li>Community building projects rather than technology project </li></ul><ul><li>Creating a VRE is a SOCIAL as much as a technical achievement </li></ul>
    55. 61. <ul><li>Broad Research community effort </li></ul><ul><li>Including managers, librarians, champions, promoters </li></ul>
    56. 62. <ul><li>Sustainability </li></ul><ul><li>Key role for libraries </li></ul><ul><li>Preference for a Web 2.0 style of development and implementation (lightwight, customisable solutions) </li></ul><ul><li>Needs to be driven by researchers, rather than being imposed by institution </li></ul>
    57. 63. Benefits <ul><li>faster research results </li></ul><ul><li>novel research directions </li></ul>
    58. 64. Key findings <ul><li>Providing general VRE Frameworks </li></ul><ul><li>One-size-fits-all will not work </li></ul><ul><li>Awareness raising is desirable </li></ul><ul><li>UK seen as international leader in VRE development </li></ul><ul><li>External (web) applications still important </li></ul><ul><li>Integration semantic web technology useful </li></ul><ul><li>On - location support </li></ul>
    59. 65. FOR LIBRARIES <ul><li>VREs are seen are good way to feature library resources </li></ul><ul><li>Be involved in the creating of digital research output from the start </li></ul>
    60. 66. <ul><li>while the teaching community regards the library as a partner, the research community tends to “do things by itself” </li></ul><ul><li>Brown and Swan, 2007 </li></ul>
    61. 67. Case Studies <ul><li>DFG VRE Programme </li></ul><ul><li>ReInfra (Norway, Grid) </li></ul><ul><li>Science Gateways (Grid, supercomputing) </li></ul><ul><li>SURFshare (NL) </li></ul><ul><li>TGA Adonis (France) </li></ul>
    62. 69. http:// /
    63. 70. Summary (more key points for Libraries) <ul><li>Communication between researchers and librarians </li></ul><ul><li>Play a role in the exchange and sharing of research-based information in social network technologies </li></ul><ul><li>Re-define the library, services, it’s systems, to reach: Visibility, Findability, Searchability and Accessibility </li></ul><ul><li>Branding and marketing the library: embed & integrate </li></ul><ul><li>Libraries should collaborate, communicate, cooperate, facilitate, support learning & research </li></ul>
    64. 71. Strategical Implications <ul><li>Developing the supporting infrastructure for </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Creation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Data management </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Communication </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Re-focus policy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Staff development & expertise </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Soft-, hardware choice </li></ul></ul><ul><li>By collaboration and partnership with other organizational parties, but also externally </li></ul><ul><li>Collaborative libraries </li></ul>
    65. 72. <ul><li> </li></ul>
    66. 74. <ul><li>E ngage, Facilitate & Stimulate </li></ul>“ Build Networks Together” “ Libraries alone can not change the workflow, just add to it”
    67. 75. Breaking News: Create Expert Community <ul><li>North Carolina universities opt for Collexis and Scopus to create expert community - 13 Apr 2010 </li></ul>http:// = 10011&pickUpBatch =1411#10011
    68. 76. -There is a “battle” going on for the Scientists - <ul><li>“ They” got their work and data, now “they” want the people as well .. </li></ul><ul><li>We should be there first!“ </li></ul>
    69. 77. Thank you for your attention! <ul><li>Guus van den Brekel </li></ul><ul><li>Email: [email_address] / </li></ul><ul><li>Twitter: digicmb </li></ul><ul><li>Blog: </li></ul><ul><li>Netvibes: </li></ul><ul><li>Slideshare: </li></ul><ul><li>Facebook: http:// / </li></ul><ul><li>Linkedin: =&key=18148582 </li></ul><ul><li>Second Life: Namro Orman </li></ul><ul><li>(see for bookmarks: </li></ul>