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Creating a FOSS ecosystem
      to facilitate government
    FOSS policy implementation
           Dr Derek W. Keats
            dKeats Innovations
             [trading under of Kenga (Pty) Ltd]

             http://www.dkeats.com
              derek@dkeats.com
                +27 82 787 0169




                              
     
Ecological
    Complex system
    with emergent
    properties

    Direction
    Synergy

                   
Kelp forest   Structure
                       Canopy




                                   Layers
                      Epiphytes

                       Water
                       column

                      Understory

                      Encrusting
                   
Five layers of a FOSS strategy
                               The organisation puts resources, either
                Create a       money, a software developer, or
                               documentation resources into an existing
Process




                 project       project.
                               The organisation puts resources, either
                 Join a        money, a software developer, or
                               documentation resources into an existing
                 project       project.
                               The organisation sponsors an external
               Sponsor a       agency to create a tool on its behalf, and
                project        may assist that agency to locate other
                               sponsors who could join the project.
                               The organisation makes minor
              Adapt existing   adaptations of existing tools to serve its
                               own peculiar business needs.
  Product




                               The organisation uses existing FOSS

           
              Use existing     tools, such as GNU/Linux, and does not
                               contribute to their development.
                                    
Five layers of a FOSS strategy
          Create a       These are
Process




           project       the layers ...
                 Join a            They are not mutually
                 project           exclusive, and for a
                                   strategy of the scope of
               Sponsor a           the SA Government
                project            FOSS strategy, all of
                                   them should be present.
              Adapt existing
                                   … of your FOSS
  Product




              Use existing         ecosystem
                                
Ecological processes




                
Ecological processes

                       Predation




                
Ecological processes

                        Predation

                       Symbiosis

                       Competition

                        Herbivory

                        Primary
                       production
                
Align for success



                                Commitment

          Vision                    People                      Process          Technology

    Clear                     Skills                        Creation            Application
    Known                     Knowledge                     Deployment          Supporting
    Aligned to                Competencies                  Operation              applications
     other visions            Connectedness                 Support             Operating system
    Aligned to                Emotional intelligence        Enhancement         Hardware
     other strategies         Problem solving ability       Innovation          Network
    Other strategies          Attitudes                     Change management   Internet
     aligned to               Beliefs                       Communication       User devices
     vision                   Passion                                           User operating
                              Fears                                                system
                              Hidden agendas                                    User applications
                              Politics
                        Underpinned by: appropriate and sustainable finance
     Start here                                             Do these together
                                                         
Align for success



                                Commitment

          Vision                    People                      Process          Technology

    Clear                     Skills                        Creation            Application
    Known                     Knowledge                     Deployment          Supporting
    Aligned to                Competencies                  Operation              applications
     other visions            Connectedness                 Support             Operating system
    Aligned to                Emotional intelligence        Enhancement         Hardware
     other strategies         Problem solving ability       Innovation          Network
    Other strategies          Attitudes                     Change management   Internet
     aligned to               Beliefs                       Communication       User devices
     vision                   Passion                                           User operating
                              Fears                                                system
                              Hidden agendas                                    User applications
                              Politics
                        Underpinned by: appropriate and sustainable finance
     Start here                                             Do these together
                                                         
Align for success



                                Commitment

          Vision                    People                      Process          Technology

    Clear                     Skills                        Creation            Application
    Known                     Knowledge                     Deployment          Supporting
    Aligned to                Competencies                  Operation              applications
     other visions            Connectedness                 Support             Operating system
    Aligned to                Emotional intelligence        Enhancement         Hardware
     other strategies         Problem solving ability       Innovation          Network
    Other strategies          Attitudes                     Change management   Internet
     aligned to               Beliefs                       Communication       User devices
     vision                   Passion                                           User operating
                              Fears                                                system
                              Hidden agendas                                    User applications
                              Politics
                        Underpinned by: appropriate and sustainable finance
     Start here                                             Do these together
                                                         
     
Organisation
                                               Perpetual                       Process &
                                               skills                          technology
                                               shortage                        innovation
    Locus of control

                       vendors lead




                                               Dependency /                    Technology
                                               Outsourced                      skills
                                                                               transfer
                       Sales /




                                            Technology centred            People centred
                                                              Locus of focus
                                                                 
Organisation
                                               Perpetual                        Process &
                                               skills                           technology
                                               shortage                         innovation
    Locus of control




                                                                         r
                                                                     a jo n
                                                                   M sio
                                                                       n
                                                                    te
                       vendors lead




                                               Dependency /                     Technology
                                               Outsourced                       skills
                                                                                transfer
                       Sales /




                                            Technology centred                People centred
                                                              Locus of focus
                                                                 
Processes relevant
     to a successful
      FOSS strategy



              
Development

    Training and
    JIT learning                   Implementation


                     Support

                                       Build a
    Procurement                      mindset of
                                     innovation
                   Foster growth
                     of FOSS
                    businesses
    Foster FOSS
     Research &                        . . . etc
    Development

                                
Ecosystem & their biological
communities have organisation




               
Silos



                  Vertical
                organisation




             
Silos




             
Silos
            SITA
            XXXX

                       What are
                       the horizontal
                       organisers?




                    
Push and pull
                       Is it
                   identified &
                   adequately
                     powered
         Driving
          force




              
Push and pull
                       Is it
                   identified &
                   adequately
                     powered
         Driving
          force



         Counter
          forces
                    Are they
                    identified
                    and dealt
                      with?
System change




               
Desired state
    Value to organization (or segments thereof)




                                                  Initial state



             0




                                                             Degree of penetration within the organization
                                                                          (Time as a  proxy)
Desired state
    Value to organization (or segments thereof)
                                                                                                                                 n)
                                                                                                                             ppe
                                                                                                                        d ha
                                                                                                                    l
                                                                                                               h ou
                                                                                                         v   es
                                                                                                    belie
                                                                                             of ten
                                                                                          le
                                                                                        op
                                                                                   t pe
                                                                                 ha
                                                                               (w
                                                                          th
                                                                     e pa
                                                                ïv
                                                             Na

                                                  Initial state



             0




                                                             Degree of penetration within the organization
                                                                          (Time as a  proxy)
Desired state
    Value to organization (or segments thereof)
                                                                                                                                      n)
                                                                                                                                  ppe
                                                                                                                             d ha
                                                                                                                        l
                                                                                                                     ou




                                                                                                                                           y)
                                                                                                                   h
                                                                                                                 es




                                                                                                                                         el
                                                                                                         v




                                                                                                                                     lik
                                                                                                    belie




                                                                                                                                    s
                                                                                                ten




                                                                                                                                      i
                                                                                                                                   at
                                                                                             of




                                                                                                                                 th
                                                                                          le
                                                                                        op




                                                                                                                              st
                                                                                     pe




                                                                                                                            be
                                                                                   t
                                                                                 ha
                                                                               (w




                                                                                                                          e
                                                                                                                      (th
                                                                          th                                            h
                                                                     e pa                                             at
                                                                ïv                                                   p
                                                             Na                                              v   e
                                                                                                        c ur
                                                                                                    n
                                                  Initial state                                  Pai



             0




                                                             Degree of penetration within the organization
                                                                          (Time as a  proxy)
Desired state
    Value to organization (or segments thereof)
                                                                                                                                      n)
                                                                                                                                  ppe
                                                                                                                             d ha
                                                                                                                        l
                                                                                                                     ou




                                                                                                                                           y)
                                                                                                                   h
                                                                                                                 es




                                                                                                                                         el
                                                                                                         v




                                                                                                                                     lik
                                                                                                    belie




                                                                                                                                    s
                                                                                                ten




                                                                                                                                      i
                                                                                                                                   at
                                                                                             of




                                                                                                                                 th
                                                                                          le
                                                                                        op




                                                                                                                              st
                                                                                     pe




                                                                                                                            be
                                                                                   t
                                                                                 ha
                                                                               (w




                                                                                                                          e
                                                                                                                      (th
                                                                          th                                            h
                                                                     e pa                                             at
                                                                ïv                                                   p
                                                             Na                                              v   e
                                                                                                        c ur
                                                                                                    n
                                                  Initial state                                  Pai



             0




                                                             Degree of penetration within the organization
                                                                          (Time as a  proxy)
Desired state
    Value to organization (or segments thereof)
                                                  L = Maximum loss of value
                                                  D = Duration of value below starting point
                                                  (actual will of of course be an integral)                                           n)
                                                                                                                                  ppe
                                                                                                                             d ha
                                                                                                                        l
                                                                                                                     ou




                                                                                                                                           y)
                                                                                                                   h
                                                                                                                 es




                                                                                                                                         el
                                                                                                         v




                                                                                                                                     lik
                                                                                                    belie




                                                                                                                                    s
                                                                                                ten




                                                                                                                                      i
                                                                                                                                   at
                                                                                             of




                                                                                                                                 th
                                                                                          le
                                                                                        op




                                                                                                                              st
                                                                                     pe




                                                                                                                            be
                                                                                   t
                                                                                 ha
                                                                               (w




                                                                                                                          e
                                                                                                                      (th
                                                                          th                                            h
                                                                     e pa                                             at
                                                                ïv                                                   p
                                                             Na                                              v   e
                                                                                                        c ur
                                                                                                    n
                                                  Initial state                                  Pai

                                                                                                    Zone of
                                                                                                    latent
             0                                                                                      benefit
                                                                                           L

                                                                         D

                                                             Degree of penetration within the organization
                                                                          (Time as a  proxy)
Area of zone of latent benefit

                                                     Wea
                                                        k stra
                                                              tegic
                                                                    align
                                                                         ment
                                                  Str
                                                     on
                                                       gs
                                                         tra
                                                               teg
                                                                  ic a
                                                                      lign
                                                                          me
                                                                            nt
                                                                                      Value of
                                                                                 pre-alignment


                                     Minimum possible area




                                                        Degree of competency

                                                                       
Strong strategic       Strong strategic
    Strategic alignment      alignment              alignment

                          Competencies not       Competencies
                               built             built and strong




                           Weak strategic        Weak strategic
                            alignment             alignment

                          Competencies not       Competencies
                               built             built and strong



                                      Competencies
                                              
Desired state
    Value to organization (or segments thereof)
                                                                                                                                         n   )
                                                                                                                                    p pe
                                                                 Lost                                                             ha
                                                                                                                               ld
                                                                                                                             ou
                                                                 opportunity
                                                                                                                       e   sh
                                                                                                              e liev
                                                                                                       e    nb
                                                                                                    oft




                                                                                                                                     y)
                                                                                                                                  el
                                                                                                 le
                                                                                              op




                                                                                                                               lik
                                                                                        t   pe                                               Potential




                                                                                                                              s
                                                                                      ha




                                                                                                                             ti
                                                                                    w                                                            gain




                                                                                                                           ha
                                                                              t   h(




                                                                                                                          t
                                                                            pa




                                                                                                                       st
                                                                     ïv   e




                                                                                                                     be
                                                                   Na




                                                                                                                   e
                                                                                                                (th
                                                                                                                 h
                                                                                                            p at       Actual
                                                                                                        e              gain
                                                                                                      rv
                                                        Fear-led path                              cu
                                                                                               n
                                                                                            Pai

             0
                                                           Actions of
                                                           scoundrels
                                                  Pressure
                                                  of ignorance


                                                           Degree of penetration within the organization (or time)
                                                                                                    
Desired state
    Value to organization (or segments thereof)

                                                                 Lost
                                                                 opportunity


                                                                                           th
                                                                                      e pa                                Potential




                                                                                                                 h
                                                                                 ïv




                                                                                                               t
                                                                               Na




                                                                                                            pa
                                                                                                                              gain




                                                                                                             e
                                                                                                          rv
                                                                                                       cu
                                                                   The tragedy of the


                                                                                                       in
                                                                                                    Pa
                                                                                 Actual
                                                                   lost opportunity:
                                                        Fear-led path
                                                                                 gain

                                                                   hardly anyone notices!
             0
                                                           Actions of
                                                           scoundrels
                                                  Pressure
                                                  of ignorance


                                                           Degree of penetration within the organization (or time)
                                                                                                 
Value to organization (or segments thereof)         Former
                                                        desired
                                                        state




                                                                                      Continued ongoing
                                                            State at project
                                                                                      investment
                                                            completion

                                                  Initial
                                                  state

                                                                                                      Next
                                                                                                      opportunity
             0




                                                                               Time
                                                                                   
Strength of ecosystem
    ●   The President as an active champion
    ●   Confidence
    ●   Training and support
    ●   Development and project management capacity
    ●   Management commitment (not just lip service)
    ●   Knowledgeable user community
    ●   Procurement policies
    ●   Business partners
                                
Five layers of a FOSS strategy
Strength of ecosystem




                        Use   Adapt   Sponsor   Join   Create
                                           
Strength of ecosystem
    ●   The President as an active champion
    ●   Confidence
    ●   Training and support
    ●   Development and project management capacity
    ●   Management commitment (not just lip service)
    ●   Knowledgeable user community
    ●   Procurement policies
    ●   Business partners
                                
Strength of ecosystem
    ●   The President as an active champion
    ●   Confidence
    ●   Training and support
                  “Free” as in “freedom”
    ●   Development and project management capacity
    ●   Management commitment (not just lip service)
    ●   Knowledgeable user community
    ●   Procurement policies
    ●   Business partners
                                   
Silos



     Authority across silos




                     
What progress have you seen with the
    implementation of FOSS Policy 2007?

     1. Use FOSS.

     2. Migrate to FOSS

     3. Develop in FOSS

     4. Use FOSS Licensing

     5. Promote FOSS




                              
What, in your opinion, can the South African
    government do to accelerate implementation of
    the Policy?




                                              Ecosystem
                            
What procurement strategies, in your opinion,
     can government implement to enable the
            use of FOSS in government?


                            How about: How can
                          procurement strategies
                            help create a FOSS
                           ecosystem leading to
                           innovation, enhanced
                             economic growth,
                          stronger democracy &
                            better government?
                           
Enterprise architecture
        question

        What kind of architecture
        do we need that applies
        FOSS practices &
        principles whenever
        possible?

        What processes can
        lead to the creation of
        this architecture?
     
Thank you
                                 This presentation was made
                                 entirely using Free Software




    Derek Keats, PhD
    derek@dkeats.com
    http://www.dkeats.com
    http://facebook.com/dkeats     

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Creating a Free and Open Source Software ecosystem to facilitate government FOSS policy implementation

  • 1. Creating a FOSS ecosystem to facilitate government FOSS policy implementation Dr Derek W. Keats dKeats Innovations [trading under of Kenga (Pty) Ltd] http://www.dkeats.com derek@dkeats.com +27 82 787 0169    
  • 2.    
  • 3. Ecological Complex system with emergent properties Direction Synergy    
  • 4. Kelp forest Structure Canopy Layers Epiphytes Water column Understory Encrusting    
  • 5. Five layers of a FOSS strategy The organisation puts resources, either Create a money, a software developer, or documentation resources into an existing Process project project. The organisation puts resources, either Join a money, a software developer, or documentation resources into an existing project project. The organisation sponsors an external Sponsor a agency to create a tool on its behalf, and project may assist that agency to locate other sponsors who could join the project. The organisation makes minor Adapt existing adaptations of existing tools to serve its own peculiar business needs. Product The organisation uses existing FOSS   Use existing tools, such as GNU/Linux, and does not contribute to their development.  
  • 6. Five layers of a FOSS strategy Create a These are Process project the layers ... Join a They are not mutually project exclusive, and for a strategy of the scope of Sponsor a the SA Government project FOSS strategy, all of them should be present. Adapt existing … of your FOSS Product Use existing ecosystem    
  • 8. Ecological processes Predation    
  • 9. Ecological processes Predation Symbiosis Competition Herbivory Primary production    
  • 10. Align for success Commitment Vision People Process Technology Clear Skills Creation Application Known Knowledge Deployment Supporting Aligned to Competencies Operation applications other visions Connectedness Support Operating system Aligned to Emotional intelligence Enhancement Hardware other strategies Problem solving ability Innovation Network Other strategies Attitudes Change management Internet aligned to Beliefs Communication User devices vision Passion User operating Fears system Hidden agendas User applications Politics Underpinned by: appropriate and sustainable finance Start here Do these together    
  • 11. Align for success Commitment Vision People Process Technology Clear Skills Creation Application Known Knowledge Deployment Supporting Aligned to Competencies Operation applications other visions Connectedness Support Operating system Aligned to Emotional intelligence Enhancement Hardware other strategies Problem solving ability Innovation Network Other strategies Attitudes Change management Internet aligned to Beliefs Communication User devices vision Passion User operating Fears system Hidden agendas User applications Politics Underpinned by: appropriate and sustainable finance Start here Do these together    
  • 12. Align for success Commitment Vision People Process Technology Clear Skills Creation Application Known Knowledge Deployment Supporting Aligned to Competencies Operation applications other visions Connectedness Support Operating system Aligned to Emotional intelligence Enhancement Hardware other strategies Problem solving ability Innovation Network Other strategies Attitudes Change management Internet aligned to Beliefs Communication User devices vision Passion User operating Fears system Hidden agendas User applications Politics Underpinned by: appropriate and sustainable finance Start here Do these together    
  • 13.    
  • 14. Organisation Perpetual Process & skills technology shortage innovation Locus of control vendors lead Dependency / Technology Outsourced skills transfer Sales / Technology centred People centred   Locus of focus  
  • 15. Organisation Perpetual Process & skills technology shortage innovation Locus of control r a jo n M sio n te vendors lead Dependency / Technology Outsourced skills transfer Sales / Technology centred People centred   Locus of focus  
  • 16. Processes relevant to a successful FOSS strategy    
  • 17. Development Training and JIT learning Implementation Support Build a Procurement mindset of innovation Foster growth of FOSS businesses Foster FOSS Research & . . . etc Development    
  • 18. Ecosystem & their biological communities have organisation    
  • 19. Silos Vertical organisation    
  • 20. Silos    
  • 21. Silos SITA XXXX What are the horizontal organisers?    
  • 22. Push and pull Is it identified & adequately powered Driving force    
  • 23. Push and pull Is it identified & adequately powered Driving force Counter forces Are they identified and dealt     with?
  • 25. Desired state Value to organization (or segments thereof) Initial state 0 Degree of penetration within the organization   (Time as a  proxy)
  • 26. Desired state Value to organization (or segments thereof) n) ppe d ha l h ou v es belie of ten le op t pe ha (w th e pa ïv Na Initial state 0 Degree of penetration within the organization   (Time as a  proxy)
  • 27. Desired state Value to organization (or segments thereof) n) ppe d ha l ou y) h es el v lik belie s ten i at of th le op st pe be t ha (w e (th th h e pa at ïv p Na v e c ur n Initial state Pai 0 Degree of penetration within the organization   (Time as a  proxy)
  • 28. Desired state Value to organization (or segments thereof) n) ppe d ha l ou y) h es el v lik belie s ten i at of th le op st pe be t ha (w e (th th h e pa at ïv p Na v e c ur n Initial state Pai 0 Degree of penetration within the organization   (Time as a  proxy)
  • 29. Desired state Value to organization (or segments thereof) L = Maximum loss of value D = Duration of value below starting point (actual will of of course be an integral) n) ppe d ha l ou y) h es el v lik belie s ten i at of th le op st pe be t ha (w e (th th h e pa at ïv p Na v e c ur n Initial state Pai Zone of latent 0 benefit L D Degree of penetration within the organization   (Time as a  proxy)
  • 30. Area of zone of latent benefit Wea k stra tegic align ment Str on gs tra teg ic a lign me nt Value of pre-alignment Minimum possible area Degree of competency    
  • 31. Strong strategic Strong strategic Strategic alignment alignment alignment Competencies not Competencies built built and strong Weak strategic Weak strategic alignment alignment Competencies not Competencies built built and strong Competencies    
  • 32. Desired state Value to organization (or segments thereof) n ) p pe Lost ha ld ou opportunity e sh e liev e nb oft y) el le op lik t pe Potential s ha ti w gain ha t h( t pa st ïv e be Na e (th h p at Actual e gain rv Fear-led path cu n Pai 0 Actions of scoundrels Pressure of ignorance Degree of penetration within the organization (or time)    
  • 33. Desired state Value to organization (or segments thereof) Lost opportunity th e pa Potential h ïv t Na pa gain e rv cu The tragedy of the in Pa Actual lost opportunity: Fear-led path gain hardly anyone notices! 0 Actions of scoundrels Pressure of ignorance Degree of penetration within the organization (or time)    
  • 34. Value to organization (or segments thereof) Former desired state Continued ongoing State at project investment completion Initial state Next opportunity 0 Time    
  • 35. Strength of ecosystem ● The President as an active champion ● Confidence ● Training and support ● Development and project management capacity ● Management commitment (not just lip service) ● Knowledgeable user community ● Procurement policies ● Business partners    
  • 36. Five layers of a FOSS strategy Strength of ecosystem Use Adapt Sponsor Join Create    
  • 37. Strength of ecosystem ● The President as an active champion ● Confidence ● Training and support ● Development and project management capacity ● Management commitment (not just lip service) ● Knowledgeable user community ● Procurement policies ● Business partners    
  • 38. Strength of ecosystem ● The President as an active champion ● Confidence ● Training and support “Free” as in “freedom” ● Development and project management capacity ● Management commitment (not just lip service) ● Knowledgeable user community ● Procurement policies ● Business partners    
  • 39. Silos Authority across silos    
  • 40. What progress have you seen with the implementation of FOSS Policy 2007? 1. Use FOSS. 2. Migrate to FOSS 3. Develop in FOSS 4. Use FOSS Licensing 5. Promote FOSS    
  • 41. What, in your opinion, can the South African government do to accelerate implementation of the Policy? Ecosystem    
  • 42. What procurement strategies, in your opinion, can government implement to enable the use of FOSS in government? How about: How can procurement strategies help create a FOSS ecosystem leading to innovation, enhanced economic growth, stronger democracy & better government?    
  • 43. Enterprise architecture question What kind of architecture do we need that applies FOSS practices & principles whenever possible? What processes can lead to the creation of this architecture?    
  • 44. Thank you This presentation was made entirely using Free Software Derek Keats, PhD derek@dkeats.com http://www.dkeats.com   http://facebook.com/dkeats