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HISTORY OF
INDIAN
RAILWAYS
The story of Growth and Modernisation.......
Wagons were relatively common in Europe
from about 1500 through 1800.
Mechanised rail transport systems first appeared in England
in the 1820’s. These systems, which made use of steam
locomotive, were critical to the industrial revolution and to
the development of export economics across the world.
The core of the pressure for building railway in India came
from London. The history of Indian Railway starts from
1822 when the first proposal for the railway in India was
made for Madras, but somehow it could not take place.
1832
The first rail-road idea in India was
conceived in the Madras
Presidency in 1831-32. The
promoters of a corporation led by
Sir Macdonald Stephenson made
the first plans for building railways
in India
1849
Great Indian Peninsular Railway
incorporated by an act of Parliament.
1852
Construction of line out of Bombay begins
1853
The journey of railways in Indian sub-continent
started modestly in 1853 with 34 kms. Iron wheels
rolled on rails on 16th April, 1853, where the first-
ever train, with a capital of Rs 3.8 million, carrying
400 people in 14 carriages, covered the 21-mile
distance in about 75 minutes from Bombay
(Mumbai) to Thane.
1854
First Passenger train in the eastern section
is operated, from Howrah to Hoogly.
1856
First train in the southern region was
operated by Madras Railway Company.
1859
First train in the north was operated from
Allahabad to Kanpur.
1862
Jamalpur locoworks established
1864
First Train into Delhi.
1870
Connectivity between Bombay and Calcutta.
1873
The world’s first commercial meter gauge
service was started between Delhi and
Rewari.
1879
India had a total of 14920 kms of railway
line.
1888
Construction of Bombay’s Victoria
Terminus building is completed, today
named as Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus.
1899
Jamalpur workshop officially begin its
production of steam locomotives.
1901
Sir Thomas Robertson Committee submits
recommendations on administration and
working of Railways.
1903
Interlocking was introduced for 9 stations,
this was safety aspect which was taken up.
1905
Railway Board formalised, the main board
which is controlling the total operations
and policies of the railways.
1906
The general rules were framed and Indian
Standard Time came into force for
timekeeping in British India.
1915
• First ever diesel locomotive in India.
• Some more things in the case of safety
aspect were taken up, they were in the
form of vacuum breaking systems, track
circuiting systems or the telephones which
were provided for the controlling of the
operations of trains on the tracks.
1920
The East India Railway Committee points out
the need for unified management of the
entire Railway system.
1925
First electric railway got operated.
1931
Total trackage in India at about 43,000 miles.
1936
Betterment of passenger facilities. It was in
terms of air conditioned facilities being
provided.
1937
Post of Minister for Transport &
Communications was created.
1940
India had 4th longest Railway network in the
world.
1945
• Indian Railway Standards renamed as
Indian Government Railway Standard.
(Before that most of the standards which
was adopted were from British India and
the British Standards which have been
followed in their country.)
1956
Railway Board Expanded
1957
• There was certain development in the
area of research and other design aspects.
They were in terms of RDSO.
• Indian Railway Institute of Signal
engineering telecommunications
established at Secunderabad.
1959
• Permanent way training school setup.
• Fans and lights finally became standard
fixtures in all passenger coaches, including third
class.
1961
Chittaranjan Locomotive Works (CLW)
started producing electric locomotives.
1974
IRS standards for rails laid down.
1977
Concrete sleepers came into use.
1984
Mumbai Rajdhani becomes the first long
distance train with air brakes.
1986
• Computerised ticketing and reservation
introduced, at New Delhi.
• Telecom division of Indian Railways, IRCOT
was founded.
1987
There was automatic signalling system,
another safety aspect which was taken up
and then the next safety aspect was in
terms of solid state interlocking system
which was made operational.
1988
The first Shatabdi Express was operated
between New Delhi and Jhansi.
1989
• Train services were made universal by
adopting new four digit scheme as it
stands today.
• Railway Act was enacted.
1993
Railway Capital Fund established.
1996
• Six, new railway zones were created.
• The union Cabinet approves the first phase
of the Delhi Metro.
1997
Freight services begin in Konkan Railway.
1998
Indian Railways begins upgrading
communication links along high traffic
routes using optical fibers.
1999
Credit cards were started to be accepted
for booking the tickets and reservations.
2001
The interactive voice response systems,
IVRS, was made available by which we can
meet telephonic inquiries about the trains.
2002
• Jan Shatabdi trains come into service.
• Indian Railway begins online train
reservations and ticketing over the
internet.
2004
First successful run of Delhi metro, the first
underground section of the Delhi metro
was inaugurated, that was between Delhi
University and Kashmiri Gate.
2005
IRCTC introduced e-ticketing systems by
Indian Railways and ticketing by SMS also
begin in the year 2005.
2006
New Delhi – Bhopal Shatabdi cleared for
running at 150 km/hr commercial speed
on the New Delhi – Agra Cantt Stretch.
The regular double stacked container
services started, so as to move more
containers, more freight in the same
direction.
2009
Indian Railways envisioned a plan to
increase the speed of passenger trains to
160–200 km/h (99–124 mph) on dedicated
conventional tracks and improve the
existing conventional lines
on 1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in) Broad gauge to
handle speeds of up to 160 km/h
(99 mph).
2010
Various infrastructure modernization projects
have been undertaken including high-speed
rail, redevelopment of 400 stations, doubling
tracks to reduce congestion, refurbishing of
coaches, Global Positioning System (GPS)-
enabled tracking of trains and modernization
of locomotives
2012
Western Railway switched completely to
A.C. traction with Central Railway following
it in 2016
2014
The Diamond Quadrilateral high-speed rail
network project was launched by
Government of India and is envisioned to
connect the four major metro cities of
India namely: Chennai, Delhi, Kolkata an.d
Mumbai.
2016
• In April 2016, WAP-5 hauled Gatimaan
Express became the India's fastest
commercial train in India, with a maximum
operational speed of 160 km/h (99 mph ),
made its first run from New Delhi to Agra
2018
• A semi-high speed self-propelled train-
set capable of reaching speeds of over
160 km/h (99 mph) was rolled out from ICF
• In 2018–19, Indian Railways operated 13,523
passenger trains on average daily and carried
8.44 billion passengers.
• Indian railways removed all unstaffed level
crossings by 2019 with staffed level crossings
being replaced by bridges
• Other safety projects include the extension of
an automated fire alarm system to all air-
2019
The Vande Bharat Express was launched in
2019.
2023
• In December 2023, two modified WAP-5 locomotives
were used to haul the Amrit Bharat Express in a push-
pull configuration, capable of reaching speeds of up
to 160 km/h (99 mph). The first train was flagged off
on 30 December 2023 and entered commercial
service on 1 January 2024.
• More than 60,813 km (37,787 mi) of all the routes
have been electrified with 25 KV AC electric traction.
Today, the Railways are more energy
efficient as compared to other modes. It is
one of the busiest networks in the world,
transporting more than 11 billion
passengers and 1.416 billion tonnes of
freight annually.

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History of Indian Railways - the story of Growth & Modernization

  • 1. HISTORY OF INDIAN RAILWAYS The story of Growth and Modernisation.......
  • 2. Wagons were relatively common in Europe from about 1500 through 1800.
  • 3. Mechanised rail transport systems first appeared in England in the 1820’s. These systems, which made use of steam locomotive, were critical to the industrial revolution and to the development of export economics across the world.
  • 4. The core of the pressure for building railway in India came from London. The history of Indian Railway starts from 1822 when the first proposal for the railway in India was made for Madras, but somehow it could not take place.
  • 5. 1832 The first rail-road idea in India was conceived in the Madras Presidency in 1831-32. The promoters of a corporation led by Sir Macdonald Stephenson made the first plans for building railways in India
  • 6. 1849 Great Indian Peninsular Railway incorporated by an act of Parliament.
  • 7. 1852 Construction of line out of Bombay begins
  • 8. 1853 The journey of railways in Indian sub-continent started modestly in 1853 with 34 kms. Iron wheels rolled on rails on 16th April, 1853, where the first- ever train, with a capital of Rs 3.8 million, carrying 400 people in 14 carriages, covered the 21-mile distance in about 75 minutes from Bombay (Mumbai) to Thane.
  • 9. 1854 First Passenger train in the eastern section is operated, from Howrah to Hoogly.
  • 10. 1856 First train in the southern region was operated by Madras Railway Company.
  • 11. 1859 First train in the north was operated from Allahabad to Kanpur.
  • 15. 1873 The world’s first commercial meter gauge service was started between Delhi and Rewari.
  • 16. 1879 India had a total of 14920 kms of railway line.
  • 17. 1888 Construction of Bombay’s Victoria Terminus building is completed, today named as Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus.
  • 18. 1899 Jamalpur workshop officially begin its production of steam locomotives.
  • 19. 1901 Sir Thomas Robertson Committee submits recommendations on administration and working of Railways.
  • 20. 1903 Interlocking was introduced for 9 stations, this was safety aspect which was taken up.
  • 21. 1905 Railway Board formalised, the main board which is controlling the total operations and policies of the railways.
  • 22. 1906 The general rules were framed and Indian Standard Time came into force for timekeeping in British India.
  • 23. 1915 • First ever diesel locomotive in India. • Some more things in the case of safety aspect were taken up, they were in the form of vacuum breaking systems, track circuiting systems or the telephones which were provided for the controlling of the operations of trains on the tracks.
  • 24. 1920 The East India Railway Committee points out the need for unified management of the entire Railway system.
  • 26. 1931 Total trackage in India at about 43,000 miles.
  • 27. 1936 Betterment of passenger facilities. It was in terms of air conditioned facilities being provided.
  • 28. 1937 Post of Minister for Transport & Communications was created.
  • 29. 1940 India had 4th longest Railway network in the world.
  • 30. 1945 • Indian Railway Standards renamed as Indian Government Railway Standard. (Before that most of the standards which was adopted were from British India and the British Standards which have been followed in their country.)
  • 32. 1957 • There was certain development in the area of research and other design aspects. They were in terms of RDSO. • Indian Railway Institute of Signal engineering telecommunications established at Secunderabad.
  • 33. 1959 • Permanent way training school setup. • Fans and lights finally became standard fixtures in all passenger coaches, including third class.
  • 34. 1961 Chittaranjan Locomotive Works (CLW) started producing electric locomotives.
  • 35. 1974 IRS standards for rails laid down.
  • 37. 1984 Mumbai Rajdhani becomes the first long distance train with air brakes.
  • 38. 1986 • Computerised ticketing and reservation introduced, at New Delhi. • Telecom division of Indian Railways, IRCOT was founded.
  • 39. 1987 There was automatic signalling system, another safety aspect which was taken up and then the next safety aspect was in terms of solid state interlocking system which was made operational.
  • 40. 1988 The first Shatabdi Express was operated between New Delhi and Jhansi.
  • 41. 1989 • Train services were made universal by adopting new four digit scheme as it stands today. • Railway Act was enacted.
  • 43. 1996 • Six, new railway zones were created. • The union Cabinet approves the first phase of the Delhi Metro.
  • 44. 1997 Freight services begin in Konkan Railway.
  • 45. 1998 Indian Railways begins upgrading communication links along high traffic routes using optical fibers.
  • 46. 1999 Credit cards were started to be accepted for booking the tickets and reservations.
  • 47. 2001 The interactive voice response systems, IVRS, was made available by which we can meet telephonic inquiries about the trains.
  • 48. 2002 • Jan Shatabdi trains come into service. • Indian Railway begins online train reservations and ticketing over the internet.
  • 49. 2004 First successful run of Delhi metro, the first underground section of the Delhi metro was inaugurated, that was between Delhi University and Kashmiri Gate.
  • 50. 2005 IRCTC introduced e-ticketing systems by Indian Railways and ticketing by SMS also begin in the year 2005.
  • 51. 2006 New Delhi – Bhopal Shatabdi cleared for running at 150 km/hr commercial speed on the New Delhi – Agra Cantt Stretch. The regular double stacked container services started, so as to move more containers, more freight in the same direction.
  • 52. 2009 Indian Railways envisioned a plan to increase the speed of passenger trains to 160–200 km/h (99–124 mph) on dedicated conventional tracks and improve the existing conventional lines on 1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in) Broad gauge to handle speeds of up to 160 km/h (99 mph).
  • 53. 2010 Various infrastructure modernization projects have been undertaken including high-speed rail, redevelopment of 400 stations, doubling tracks to reduce congestion, refurbishing of coaches, Global Positioning System (GPS)- enabled tracking of trains and modernization of locomotives
  • 54. 2012 Western Railway switched completely to A.C. traction with Central Railway following it in 2016
  • 55. 2014 The Diamond Quadrilateral high-speed rail network project was launched by Government of India and is envisioned to connect the four major metro cities of India namely: Chennai, Delhi, Kolkata an.d Mumbai.
  • 56. 2016 • In April 2016, WAP-5 hauled Gatimaan Express became the India's fastest commercial train in India, with a maximum operational speed of 160 km/h (99 mph ), made its first run from New Delhi to Agra
  • 57. 2018 • A semi-high speed self-propelled train- set capable of reaching speeds of over 160 km/h (99 mph) was rolled out from ICF • In 2018–19, Indian Railways operated 13,523 passenger trains on average daily and carried 8.44 billion passengers. • Indian railways removed all unstaffed level crossings by 2019 with staffed level crossings being replaced by bridges • Other safety projects include the extension of an automated fire alarm system to all air-
  • 58. 2019 The Vande Bharat Express was launched in 2019.
  • 59. 2023 • In December 2023, two modified WAP-5 locomotives were used to haul the Amrit Bharat Express in a push- pull configuration, capable of reaching speeds of up to 160 km/h (99 mph). The first train was flagged off on 30 December 2023 and entered commercial service on 1 January 2024. • More than 60,813 km (37,787 mi) of all the routes have been electrified with 25 KV AC electric traction.
  • 60. Today, the Railways are more energy efficient as compared to other modes. It is one of the busiest networks in the world, transporting more than 11 billion passengers and 1.416 billion tonnes of freight annually.