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HIGH RISE BUILDING
Guided by:
Prof. Deepali Hejib.
Prof. Mugdha Bhave.
CONTENT
Indian Highrise Structure:
Palais Royale, Mumbai.
Foreign Highrise Structure:
Taipei 101
PALAIS ROYALE, MUMBAI.
• Official Name: Palais Royale.
• Status: Structurally topped out.
• Country: India.
• City: Mumbai.
• Building Function: Residential.
• Structural Material: Concrete.
• Energy Label: LEED Platinum.
• ProposedYear: 2005
• ConstructionYear: 2008
INTRODUCTION
• When construction began in 2008, palais royale was expected to be the
India's first super tall building.
• The luxury building was the first residential tower to be designed around a
LEED pre-certification and from the onset of the project , the development
team sought to achieve a platinum rating.
• In order to increase the comfort level of the occupants, the tower was
designed to have as little movement as possible through the use of very
robust reinforced concrete frame and a low aspects ratio of 1:4.
• Because the tower design did not have podium or any adjoining structures,
parking and amenity levels where included within the tower footprint.
• The design specifies the façade cladding to be entirely made of dupont’s
corian’ the first time it has been used on a residential high rise and was
chosen for the materials residents to the local humid tropical climate.
IMPORTANT PLANNING
FEATURES
• Two basements.
• Landscaped terraces/ balconies at
apartment levels.
• Transfer girder level.
• Large span floors and wide column
free spaces at lower levels.
• Heavy landscaping loads at ground
and amenity level.
• Heavy equipments at terrace levels.
DESIGN CONCEPT
• Foundation – combined footing forming a ring raft.
• Basement –
- watering stitched raft anchored to ground with pree-stressed rock anchores.
- RCC proposed retaining wall.
• Columns – m:80 self compacting concrete.
• Post tensioning beams below girder levels.
• Girders : strut tie/ deep beam model.
• Bramhastan- voided slabs.
• Podium- post- tensioned flat slabs.
• Girder performance enhancement
- horizontal post tensioning-bottom chord.
-profiled post tensioning-web.
-vertical post tensioning- girder levels.
IMPORTANT
ARCHITECTURAL FEATURES
• The bramhastan- column free space
at center of building.
• Entrance canopy- pyramidal shaped.
• The moat- light and ventilation to
basement the atrium-220 meter high.
• Skylight- covers the atrium spanning
35 meters.
• Roof cap- houses solar and wind
energy equipment.
• Amenities- swimming pool, mini golf
course, tennis court, mini cricket
ground, health club, squash court,
basketball etc.
• Corian cladding.
• Taipei 101, formerly known as the Taipei World
Financial Center – is a landmark supertall
skyscraper in Xinyi District, Taipei, Republic of
China.
TAIPIE 101
INTRODUCTION
• The building was officially classified as the world's
tallest in 2004, and remained such until the opening
of Burj Khalifa in Dubai in 2010.
• In 2011, the building was awarded the LEED
platinum certification, the highest award according to
the Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design
(LEED) rating system, and became the tallest and
largest green building in the world.
SUSTAINABILITY
• The US $ 500 million project also has an ambitious sustainability program.
• The project present itself as the first LEED platinum rated sky skipper of
Mumbai as confirmed by te Indian Green Building Council with the help of
technics such as.
The harvesting of rain water.
100% of onsite sewage treatment.
converting wet garbage into organic manure.
recycling of remaining waste.
heating of water through solar panels.
• The building aim to 30-40% on energy and 20-30% on water.
OVERVIEW
• 508 M from ground to the tip of the spire.
• 101 floors above ground and 5 basement floors.
• Plan Area - 50M*50M
• Cost - 700 Million $
• Building Use - Office use and Mall
• Construction began in 1999 and ended this year 2004.
• Tallest LEED certified building in the world (LEED Platinum)
• Designed to be flexible as well as structurally resistant.
• Because of the height of Taipei 101, and the building being
located 660 feet away from a major fault line, Taipei 101
used high-performance steel construction and concrete
columns.
Design Concept
● Pagoda Style
Traditional Architecture
Ties into Cultural Beliefs
● Bamboo - 8 Segments
Everlasting Strength
Youth and Longevity
● Icon of Taiwan and Finances
Part of Xinyi District
Seismically Resistant Area
Structural Features
Podium
● Retail mall that is home to restaurants, clubs, and
hundreds of fashionable stores and attractions.
● The Atrium:
○ the connecting tower
○ twinVierendeel trusses that span the length of the
podium.
○ As a lighter mass, it’s steel structure is not as
heavy as the
tower, the foundation (piles) are fewer in number
and not
as deep.
● 6 Stories
Tower
● 25 story truncated pyramid with an intervening floor
taken up by the truss system, and eight stories of smaller
segments of eight above.
● There are also exterior curtain panels slope 5 & 7
degrees, resembling a shoot of bamboo, and tying back to
the mega-columns
● Facade is able to withstand an impact of up to 7 tones.
● Saw-toothed corners greatly reduced crosswind
oscillation.
● 101 Stories + 5 Story Basement
Mass Tuned Damper
● 18’ Diameter (Largest in World)
● 728 - ton tuned
● Suspended from the 92nd-87th floor
● Reduces overall building sway by 40%
● $4 million
● 41 steel plates in varying diameters each 125 mm thick
welded together
Building Components & System
➢ Central Braced Core
Resists Moments and Gravity Loads
➢ Large Perimeter Mega-Columns
Concrete Filled Steel Boxes - Reinforced by Moment
Frame
➢ Outrigger Trusses
8 Segments of 8 Include a Story for Structure
➢ Diagonals
Through Occupied Space
➢ Connections
5 DifferentTypes
THANKYOU
SUBMITTED BY:
Vishakha Patewar.
Vishakha Bothra.
Rajeshwari Sancheti.
Mansi Sushir.

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High rise building case study

  • 1. HIGH RISE BUILDING Guided by: Prof. Deepali Hejib. Prof. Mugdha Bhave.
  • 2. CONTENT Indian Highrise Structure: Palais Royale, Mumbai. Foreign Highrise Structure: Taipei 101
  • 3. PALAIS ROYALE, MUMBAI. • Official Name: Palais Royale. • Status: Structurally topped out. • Country: India. • City: Mumbai. • Building Function: Residential. • Structural Material: Concrete. • Energy Label: LEED Platinum. • ProposedYear: 2005 • ConstructionYear: 2008
  • 4. INTRODUCTION • When construction began in 2008, palais royale was expected to be the India's first super tall building. • The luxury building was the first residential tower to be designed around a LEED pre-certification and from the onset of the project , the development team sought to achieve a platinum rating. • In order to increase the comfort level of the occupants, the tower was designed to have as little movement as possible through the use of very robust reinforced concrete frame and a low aspects ratio of 1:4. • Because the tower design did not have podium or any adjoining structures, parking and amenity levels where included within the tower footprint. • The design specifies the façade cladding to be entirely made of dupont’s corian’ the first time it has been used on a residential high rise and was chosen for the materials residents to the local humid tropical climate.
  • 5. IMPORTANT PLANNING FEATURES • Two basements. • Landscaped terraces/ balconies at apartment levels. • Transfer girder level. • Large span floors and wide column free spaces at lower levels. • Heavy landscaping loads at ground and amenity level. • Heavy equipments at terrace levels.
  • 6. DESIGN CONCEPT • Foundation – combined footing forming a ring raft. • Basement – - watering stitched raft anchored to ground with pree-stressed rock anchores. - RCC proposed retaining wall. • Columns – m:80 self compacting concrete. • Post tensioning beams below girder levels. • Girders : strut tie/ deep beam model. • Bramhastan- voided slabs. • Podium- post- tensioned flat slabs. • Girder performance enhancement - horizontal post tensioning-bottom chord. -profiled post tensioning-web. -vertical post tensioning- girder levels.
  • 7. IMPORTANT ARCHITECTURAL FEATURES • The bramhastan- column free space at center of building. • Entrance canopy- pyramidal shaped. • The moat- light and ventilation to basement the atrium-220 meter high. • Skylight- covers the atrium spanning 35 meters. • Roof cap- houses solar and wind energy equipment. • Amenities- swimming pool, mini golf course, tennis court, mini cricket ground, health club, squash court, basketball etc. • Corian cladding.
  • 8. • Taipei 101, formerly known as the Taipei World Financial Center – is a landmark supertall skyscraper in Xinyi District, Taipei, Republic of China. TAIPIE 101 INTRODUCTION • The building was officially classified as the world's tallest in 2004, and remained such until the opening of Burj Khalifa in Dubai in 2010. • In 2011, the building was awarded the LEED platinum certification, the highest award according to the Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) rating system, and became the tallest and largest green building in the world.
  • 9. SUSTAINABILITY • The US $ 500 million project also has an ambitious sustainability program. • The project present itself as the first LEED platinum rated sky skipper of Mumbai as confirmed by te Indian Green Building Council with the help of technics such as. The harvesting of rain water. 100% of onsite sewage treatment. converting wet garbage into organic manure. recycling of remaining waste. heating of water through solar panels. • The building aim to 30-40% on energy and 20-30% on water.
  • 10. OVERVIEW • 508 M from ground to the tip of the spire. • 101 floors above ground and 5 basement floors. • Plan Area - 50M*50M • Cost - 700 Million $ • Building Use - Office use and Mall • Construction began in 1999 and ended this year 2004. • Tallest LEED certified building in the world (LEED Platinum) • Designed to be flexible as well as structurally resistant. • Because of the height of Taipei 101, and the building being located 660 feet away from a major fault line, Taipei 101 used high-performance steel construction and concrete columns.
  • 11. Design Concept ● Pagoda Style Traditional Architecture Ties into Cultural Beliefs ● Bamboo - 8 Segments Everlasting Strength Youth and Longevity ● Icon of Taiwan and Finances Part of Xinyi District Seismically Resistant Area
  • 12. Structural Features Podium ● Retail mall that is home to restaurants, clubs, and hundreds of fashionable stores and attractions. ● The Atrium: ○ the connecting tower ○ twinVierendeel trusses that span the length of the podium. ○ As a lighter mass, it’s steel structure is not as heavy as the tower, the foundation (piles) are fewer in number and not as deep. ● 6 Stories
  • 13. Tower ● 25 story truncated pyramid with an intervening floor taken up by the truss system, and eight stories of smaller segments of eight above. ● There are also exterior curtain panels slope 5 & 7 degrees, resembling a shoot of bamboo, and tying back to the mega-columns ● Facade is able to withstand an impact of up to 7 tones. ● Saw-toothed corners greatly reduced crosswind oscillation. ● 101 Stories + 5 Story Basement
  • 14. Mass Tuned Damper ● 18’ Diameter (Largest in World) ● 728 - ton tuned ● Suspended from the 92nd-87th floor ● Reduces overall building sway by 40% ● $4 million ● 41 steel plates in varying diameters each 125 mm thick welded together
  • 15. Building Components & System ➢ Central Braced Core Resists Moments and Gravity Loads ➢ Large Perimeter Mega-Columns Concrete Filled Steel Boxes - Reinforced by Moment Frame ➢ Outrigger Trusses 8 Segments of 8 Include a Story for Structure ➢ Diagonals Through Occupied Space ➢ Connections 5 DifferentTypes
  • 16. THANKYOU SUBMITTED BY: Vishakha Patewar. Vishakha Bothra. Rajeshwari Sancheti. Mansi Sushir.