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HERBAL SHAMPOO:-
Formulation & Evaluation
By:- SAILI.P.RAJPUT
CONTENT
1. ABOUT COSMETIC SCIENCE
2. HISTORY OF COSMETICS AND SHAMPOO
3. DRUG AND COSMETICS ACT
4. WHAT IS HERBAL SHAMPOO ?
5. DESIRED PROPERTIES OF SHAMPOO
6. TYPES OF SHAMPOO
7. ADVANTAGE AND DISADVANTAGE OF SHAMPOO
8. CLEANSING ACTION OF SHAMPOO
9. GENERAL PROCESS OF COSMETICS MANUFACTURING
10. VARIOUS EXCIPIENTS USED IN FORMULATION OF SHAMPOO
11. FORMULATION OF HERBAL SHAMPOO
12. ROLES OF VARIOUS HERBS USED
13. RESULTS OF VARIOUS EVALUATION PARAMETERS
14. CONCLUSION
15. REFERENCES
ALL ABOUT COSMETIC SCIENCE
 Cosmetics is a topic of great importance . Cosmetic play roles in maintain the
beauty of any human being .
 The cosmetics are more important due to the evolution seen in the humans
now-a-days . This evolution affects the health of humans . The Evolution arise
due to Excess use of Mobile and like gadgets which means the surrounding
harmful radiation likes UV IR and RADIOWAVES .
 The very common effect seen now-a-days is HAIR GRAYING in the young
teenagers . But if we Observe that in ancient times the Hair Graying was not
seen in young teenagers .
 So just to deal such various side effects there is the use of cosmetic products
.
 cosmetic products has a very large categories like Shampoo , lipsticks ,
creams , lotions , soaps, perfumes , and many more .
HISTORY OF COSMETIC AND SHAMPOO
 The Word Cosmetic is a Greek Word ‘’Kosmetica’’ which means ‘’to adorn’ . In early days the
effective shampoos were prepared by the use of Gooseberry i.e Amla and the Sapindus which is
called as Soapnut .
 It contains the fruit pulp which contain the seconadary metabolite Saponin which act as a Natural
surfactant . The Soapberries make the hairs soft , shiny and silky. During the early days in Europe
the hair stylist were using soap and boiling it with water and also added herbs and various
fragrance . In India , the CHIK india launched the ‘’CHIK INDIA’’ in 1983 . It was the first sachet
shampoo introduced in india . The shampoo manufacturers in india was evolved since 1960’s
.This became the part of lifestyle in new and developing india .
 Till 2005 there were only the highly named and famous industries like Hindustan unilever and
Procter and Gamble .
 The shampoo industries are divided in basic 2 sectors or platform like,
1. Synthetic shampoo industries
2. Herbal shampoo industries
A. SYNTHETIC SHAMPOO MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES :-
1. Hindustan Unilever:- Manufacture shampoo with
brand name Clinic plus , sunsilk , dove , TRESemme
2.Procter and Gamble:- Brand names are Head &
shoulder , Pantene
3.Cavin Care
4.Garnier
B.HERBAL SHAMPOO MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES :-
1.Himalaya India
2.Patanjali
3.Others
DRUD AND COSMETICS ACT 1940
 THE D & C ACT 1940 IS AN ACT WHICH REGULATES THE
IMPORT , MANUFACTURING AND SALE OF VARIOUS
DRUGS AND COSMETICS .
 THIS ACT WAS PASSED ON 10TH APRIL 1940.
 D&C CONATINS 168 RULES AND 25 SHEDULES FROM
A-Y . SHEDULE S CONTAINS THE STANDARDS FOR
COSMETICS
 IN INDIA THE COSMETICS ARE REGULATED BY
CENTRAL DRUGS STANDARD CONTROL
ORGANIZATION(CDSCO).
WHAT IS HERBAL SHAMPOO ?
 The shampoo is the cosmetic product which is meant for Cleaning
the dirt and oil from the hairs and scalp.
 Herbal shampoo is a shampoo which includes all the natural
products like various herbs and medicinal plants .
 Herbal Shampoo Include plants like Aloe vera , Neem , Hibiscus ,
Reetha, Shikakai , Amla , and many more .
DESIRED PROPERTIES OF SHAMPOO
 EASE APPLICATION
 REMOVAL OF DEBRIS
 SHOULD IMPART PLESEANT ODOUR TO HAIRS
 SHOULD HAVE GOOD STABILITY
 LOW IRRITANCY
 SHOULD PRODUCE ENOUGH FOAM .
 SHOULD PROVIDE NOURISHMENT TO HAIRS
 SHOULD MAKE HAIRS SILKY , GLOSSY
TYPES OF
SHAMPOO
 A] BASED ON THE APPEREANCE :-
1. POWDERED SHAMPOO
2.LIQUID SHAMPOO
3.GEL SHAMPOOS
4.CREAMY SHAMPOO
 B] BASED ON USE OR THEIR FUNCTION:-
1.CONDITIONING SHAMPOO
2.ANTIDANDRUFF SHAMPOO
3.THERAPEUTIC SHAMPOO
4.BABY SHAMPOO
5.CLARIFYING SHAMPOO
 C] BASED ON THERE ORIGIN :-
1. HERBAL
2. SYNTHETIC
ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF SHAMPOO
ADVANTAGES OF SHAMPOO DISADVANTAGES OF SHAMPOO
PROMOTE HAIR GROWTH EXCESS USE OF SHAMPOO LEADS
TO HAIR DAMAGE
REMOVE DANDRUFF SOME SPECIFIC SHAMPOOS ARE
COSTLY
CLEANSE THE DIRT FROM HAIR AND
SCALP
HARD SHAMPOO CAN BLOCK
THE PORES OF SCALP
MAKES HAIR SOFT,SILKY AND GLOSSY
CLEANSING ACTION OF SHAMPOO
GENERAL PROCESS OF MANUFACTURING
COSMETICS :-
MIXING EMULSIFICATION COMPACTION MOULDING PACKAGING
VARIOUS EXCIPIENTS USED IN THE SHAMPOO
FORMULATION
 SURFACTANTS
 OPACIFIERS
 CONDITIONING AGENTS
 ANTIDANDRUFF AGENTS
 FRAGRANCE
 VISCOSITY ENHANCERS
 PRESERVATIVES
 PH REGULATORS
 ACTIVE HERBAL DRUGS
 HUMECTANT
FORMULATION OF HERBAL SHAMPOO
CONTENT :-
SR.
no.
Name of Ingredients Quantity Required Quantity
Required
1. Reetha Extract As Foaming Agent 10 gm
2. Amla Extract To Provide Nourishment
to hair
10 gm
3. Shikakai Extract As Anti-Dandruff Agent 10 gm
4. Hibiscus Exatract As Hair Growth
Promoter
10 gm
5. Gelatin Solution As Base 2%
6. Methyl Paraben As Preservative 1 ml
7. Citric Acid To Adjust Ph Level As required
8. Rose Oil To impart Fragrance Few drops
PROCEDURE FOR SHAMPOO FORMULATION:-
1.Initially prepare the reetha extract by adding 30ml of 70% of ethyl alcohol and
Keep aside for the Cold Maceration.
2.Then prepare the Extract of Hibiscus , Amla And Shikakai by adding each
powder in separate Beaker and then add 50ml of sterile water in each and boil
that extract .
3.Then add 1gm of gelatin powder to 50ml of Boiling Water For preparing the
Gelatin Solution.
4.Then Take Mortar Pestle and then add all 4 extracts of herbs in that and
triturate them.
5.Then Strain that mixture using sieve and then take that residue in Measuring
Cylinder and Make Up the Volume Using Gelatin Solution
6.Then add Few Drops of Rose Oil Using Dropper to impart the Pleasant Fragrance
to the Shampoo.
7.Then Check the PH Level of formulation and then adjust the ph. adding Citric
acid.
8.Then Perform the Various Evaluation Tests of prepared Formulation.
ROLES OF HERBS USED IN HERBAL SHAMPOO
1.AMLA:-Amla is also stated as the Indian gooseberry . Amla contains Vitamin-C which
increases the amount of antioxidants in our body . It is added to the herbal hair dyes like henna
to enhance the colour of dye . It helps to boost the volume of the hairs and also reduce the Hair
Lice . Amla is also rich in tannins , iron , calcium , phosphorus.
2 .HIBISCUS:- Hibiscus is a Flowering plants belonging to the Malvaceae family .It helps
to prevent Hair loss by using flower and leaf extract when used in shampoo formulation .It has
gained a special activity to stimulate hair growth even from the dormant hair follicles in bald
patches . Hibiscus flower has a ability to reduce the Premature graying of hairs . It also treats
the dandruff and Conditions the hairs. Hibiscus Oil is beneficial for promoting the Nourishment
of hairs .
CONTINUE..
3.REETHA :-Reetha commonly is called as Indian Soapberry , washnut , and soapnut
.Reetha belongs to the Family Sapindacea. Reetha prevents the hair Dandruff . Reetha is
antibacterial and antifungal in nature , So its helps to treat the scalp infections and head
lice. Reetha when combined with egg they helps to control the hair fall .
4. SHIKAKAI:- It provides shine to the hairs and also prevents the graying of hairs . It is
an herb especially used for controlling hair fall and dandruff . It has cleansing and
antifungal properties . It boost the hair growth . It prevents split ends .
RESULTS OF VARIOUS EVALUATION PARAMETERS
PERFORMED
 1. FOAMING INDEX DETERMINATION :-THIS TEST IS PERFORMED TO CHECK
THE FOAMING ABILITY OF THE FORMULATED SHAMPOOO . WHEN THE
FOAM IS MORE THEN ITS INDICATES THAT PREPARED SHAMPOO HAS
ENOUGH FOAMING ABILITY . HERE 5 TEST TUBES ARE TAKEN AND IN
THAT THE STOCK SOLUTION IS TAKEN IN INCREASING ORDER AND THEN
VOLUME OF EACH TEST TUBE IS MAKE UPTO 10ml .THEN THAT TUBE ARE
SHAKEN AND THEN THE FOAM IS CALCULATED .
CONTINUE…
2.DIRT DISPERSION TEST:- THIS TEST IS PERFORMED TO CHECK THE DIRT
CLEANING CAPACITY OF PREPARED SHAMPOO . HERE THE TEST TUBE
CONTAING HERBAL SHAMPOO IS TAKEN AND THEN WATER IS ADDED AND
THEN INK IS ADDED AND SHAKEN TOGETHER . THEN IF THE FOAM FORMED
IS LIGHT IN COLOUR THEN SHAMPOO HAS GOOD DIRT CLEANING ACTION .
CONTINUE..
3. SOLID CONTENT DETERMINATION:- IN THIS TEST EVAPORATING DISH IS
TAKEN AND WEIGHED AND INITIAL WEIGHT IS RECORDED. THEN 4gm OF
SHAMPOO IS ADDED TO IT AND THEN PLATE IS KEPT IN HOT AIR OVEN . THEN
AFTER DRYING AGAIN WEIGH THE DISH AND RECORD THE FINAL WEIGHT OF
THE DISH . WE WILL GET THE SOLID CONTENT OF HERBAL SHMPOO .
RESULTS OF FORMULATED HERBAL SHAMPOO:-
COLOUR OF
FORMULATION
BROWNISH
ODOUR OF FORMULATION ROSE LIKE PLEASANT
APPEREANCE TURBID
FOAMING INDEX 500
DIRT DISPERENCY LIGHT
%SOLID CONTENT 8.75%
CONCLUSION
 There is the great development in COSMETICS SCIENCE . All over world wide
the consumers are using the herbal cosmetics instead of chemical containing
synthetic shampoos .
 The development of naturally emerging HERBAL cosmetics will be the wide and
major area of growth in the cosmetics industries in the upcoming years.
 The use of bioactive ingredients in cosmetics which influence the biological
functions of hairs and skin and provides nutrients necessary for the healthy skin or
hair.
 In future there is the tremendous scope to launch and develop various and numerous
herbal cosmetics using appropriate bioactive ingredients with other suitable additives
, excipients , and the preservatives .
REFERENCES
 http://en.m.Wikipedia.org/wiki/Drugs_and_Cosmetics_Act,_1940
 www.wikipedia.com
 www.researchgate.com
 Shampoo based on synthetic ingridents v/s Shampoo based on Herbal ingredients : A
REVIEW
FORMULATION AND EVALUATION OF HERBAL SHAMPOO BY SAILI RAJPUT

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FORMULATION AND EVALUATION OF HERBAL SHAMPOO BY SAILI RAJPUT

  • 1. HERBAL SHAMPOO:- Formulation & Evaluation By:- SAILI.P.RAJPUT
  • 2. CONTENT 1. ABOUT COSMETIC SCIENCE 2. HISTORY OF COSMETICS AND SHAMPOO 3. DRUG AND COSMETICS ACT 4. WHAT IS HERBAL SHAMPOO ? 5. DESIRED PROPERTIES OF SHAMPOO 6. TYPES OF SHAMPOO 7. ADVANTAGE AND DISADVANTAGE OF SHAMPOO 8. CLEANSING ACTION OF SHAMPOO 9. GENERAL PROCESS OF COSMETICS MANUFACTURING 10. VARIOUS EXCIPIENTS USED IN FORMULATION OF SHAMPOO 11. FORMULATION OF HERBAL SHAMPOO 12. ROLES OF VARIOUS HERBS USED 13. RESULTS OF VARIOUS EVALUATION PARAMETERS 14. CONCLUSION 15. REFERENCES
  • 3. ALL ABOUT COSMETIC SCIENCE  Cosmetics is a topic of great importance . Cosmetic play roles in maintain the beauty of any human being .  The cosmetics are more important due to the evolution seen in the humans now-a-days . This evolution affects the health of humans . The Evolution arise due to Excess use of Mobile and like gadgets which means the surrounding harmful radiation likes UV IR and RADIOWAVES .  The very common effect seen now-a-days is HAIR GRAYING in the young teenagers . But if we Observe that in ancient times the Hair Graying was not seen in young teenagers .  So just to deal such various side effects there is the use of cosmetic products .  cosmetic products has a very large categories like Shampoo , lipsticks , creams , lotions , soaps, perfumes , and many more .
  • 4. HISTORY OF COSMETIC AND SHAMPOO  The Word Cosmetic is a Greek Word ‘’Kosmetica’’ which means ‘’to adorn’ . In early days the effective shampoos were prepared by the use of Gooseberry i.e Amla and the Sapindus which is called as Soapnut .  It contains the fruit pulp which contain the seconadary metabolite Saponin which act as a Natural surfactant . The Soapberries make the hairs soft , shiny and silky. During the early days in Europe the hair stylist were using soap and boiling it with water and also added herbs and various fragrance . In India , the CHIK india launched the ‘’CHIK INDIA’’ in 1983 . It was the first sachet shampoo introduced in india . The shampoo manufacturers in india was evolved since 1960’s .This became the part of lifestyle in new and developing india .  Till 2005 there were only the highly named and famous industries like Hindustan unilever and Procter and Gamble .  The shampoo industries are divided in basic 2 sectors or platform like, 1. Synthetic shampoo industries 2. Herbal shampoo industries
  • 5. A. SYNTHETIC SHAMPOO MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES :- 1. Hindustan Unilever:- Manufacture shampoo with brand name Clinic plus , sunsilk , dove , TRESemme 2.Procter and Gamble:- Brand names are Head & shoulder , Pantene 3.Cavin Care 4.Garnier B.HERBAL SHAMPOO MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES :- 1.Himalaya India 2.Patanjali 3.Others
  • 6. DRUD AND COSMETICS ACT 1940  THE D & C ACT 1940 IS AN ACT WHICH REGULATES THE IMPORT , MANUFACTURING AND SALE OF VARIOUS DRUGS AND COSMETICS .  THIS ACT WAS PASSED ON 10TH APRIL 1940.  D&C CONATINS 168 RULES AND 25 SHEDULES FROM A-Y . SHEDULE S CONTAINS THE STANDARDS FOR COSMETICS  IN INDIA THE COSMETICS ARE REGULATED BY CENTRAL DRUGS STANDARD CONTROL ORGANIZATION(CDSCO).
  • 7. WHAT IS HERBAL SHAMPOO ?  The shampoo is the cosmetic product which is meant for Cleaning the dirt and oil from the hairs and scalp.  Herbal shampoo is a shampoo which includes all the natural products like various herbs and medicinal plants .  Herbal Shampoo Include plants like Aloe vera , Neem , Hibiscus , Reetha, Shikakai , Amla , and many more .
  • 8. DESIRED PROPERTIES OF SHAMPOO  EASE APPLICATION  REMOVAL OF DEBRIS  SHOULD IMPART PLESEANT ODOUR TO HAIRS  SHOULD HAVE GOOD STABILITY  LOW IRRITANCY  SHOULD PRODUCE ENOUGH FOAM .  SHOULD PROVIDE NOURISHMENT TO HAIRS  SHOULD MAKE HAIRS SILKY , GLOSSY
  • 9. TYPES OF SHAMPOO  A] BASED ON THE APPEREANCE :- 1. POWDERED SHAMPOO 2.LIQUID SHAMPOO 3.GEL SHAMPOOS 4.CREAMY SHAMPOO  B] BASED ON USE OR THEIR FUNCTION:- 1.CONDITIONING SHAMPOO 2.ANTIDANDRUFF SHAMPOO 3.THERAPEUTIC SHAMPOO 4.BABY SHAMPOO 5.CLARIFYING SHAMPOO  C] BASED ON THERE ORIGIN :- 1. HERBAL 2. SYNTHETIC
  • 10. ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF SHAMPOO ADVANTAGES OF SHAMPOO DISADVANTAGES OF SHAMPOO PROMOTE HAIR GROWTH EXCESS USE OF SHAMPOO LEADS TO HAIR DAMAGE REMOVE DANDRUFF SOME SPECIFIC SHAMPOOS ARE COSTLY CLEANSE THE DIRT FROM HAIR AND SCALP HARD SHAMPOO CAN BLOCK THE PORES OF SCALP MAKES HAIR SOFT,SILKY AND GLOSSY
  • 12. GENERAL PROCESS OF MANUFACTURING COSMETICS :- MIXING EMULSIFICATION COMPACTION MOULDING PACKAGING
  • 13. VARIOUS EXCIPIENTS USED IN THE SHAMPOO FORMULATION  SURFACTANTS  OPACIFIERS  CONDITIONING AGENTS  ANTIDANDRUFF AGENTS  FRAGRANCE  VISCOSITY ENHANCERS  PRESERVATIVES  PH REGULATORS  ACTIVE HERBAL DRUGS  HUMECTANT
  • 14. FORMULATION OF HERBAL SHAMPOO CONTENT :- SR. no. Name of Ingredients Quantity Required Quantity Required 1. Reetha Extract As Foaming Agent 10 gm 2. Amla Extract To Provide Nourishment to hair 10 gm 3. Shikakai Extract As Anti-Dandruff Agent 10 gm 4. Hibiscus Exatract As Hair Growth Promoter 10 gm 5. Gelatin Solution As Base 2% 6. Methyl Paraben As Preservative 1 ml 7. Citric Acid To Adjust Ph Level As required 8. Rose Oil To impart Fragrance Few drops
  • 15. PROCEDURE FOR SHAMPOO FORMULATION:- 1.Initially prepare the reetha extract by adding 30ml of 70% of ethyl alcohol and Keep aside for the Cold Maceration. 2.Then prepare the Extract of Hibiscus , Amla And Shikakai by adding each powder in separate Beaker and then add 50ml of sterile water in each and boil that extract . 3.Then add 1gm of gelatin powder to 50ml of Boiling Water For preparing the Gelatin Solution. 4.Then Take Mortar Pestle and then add all 4 extracts of herbs in that and triturate them. 5.Then Strain that mixture using sieve and then take that residue in Measuring Cylinder and Make Up the Volume Using Gelatin Solution 6.Then add Few Drops of Rose Oil Using Dropper to impart the Pleasant Fragrance to the Shampoo. 7.Then Check the PH Level of formulation and then adjust the ph. adding Citric acid. 8.Then Perform the Various Evaluation Tests of prepared Formulation.
  • 16. ROLES OF HERBS USED IN HERBAL SHAMPOO 1.AMLA:-Amla is also stated as the Indian gooseberry . Amla contains Vitamin-C which increases the amount of antioxidants in our body . It is added to the herbal hair dyes like henna to enhance the colour of dye . It helps to boost the volume of the hairs and also reduce the Hair Lice . Amla is also rich in tannins , iron , calcium , phosphorus. 2 .HIBISCUS:- Hibiscus is a Flowering plants belonging to the Malvaceae family .It helps to prevent Hair loss by using flower and leaf extract when used in shampoo formulation .It has gained a special activity to stimulate hair growth even from the dormant hair follicles in bald patches . Hibiscus flower has a ability to reduce the Premature graying of hairs . It also treats the dandruff and Conditions the hairs. Hibiscus Oil is beneficial for promoting the Nourishment of hairs .
  • 17. CONTINUE.. 3.REETHA :-Reetha commonly is called as Indian Soapberry , washnut , and soapnut .Reetha belongs to the Family Sapindacea. Reetha prevents the hair Dandruff . Reetha is antibacterial and antifungal in nature , So its helps to treat the scalp infections and head lice. Reetha when combined with egg they helps to control the hair fall . 4. SHIKAKAI:- It provides shine to the hairs and also prevents the graying of hairs . It is an herb especially used for controlling hair fall and dandruff . It has cleansing and antifungal properties . It boost the hair growth . It prevents split ends .
  • 18. RESULTS OF VARIOUS EVALUATION PARAMETERS PERFORMED  1. FOAMING INDEX DETERMINATION :-THIS TEST IS PERFORMED TO CHECK THE FOAMING ABILITY OF THE FORMULATED SHAMPOOO . WHEN THE FOAM IS MORE THEN ITS INDICATES THAT PREPARED SHAMPOO HAS ENOUGH FOAMING ABILITY . HERE 5 TEST TUBES ARE TAKEN AND IN THAT THE STOCK SOLUTION IS TAKEN IN INCREASING ORDER AND THEN VOLUME OF EACH TEST TUBE IS MAKE UPTO 10ml .THEN THAT TUBE ARE SHAKEN AND THEN THE FOAM IS CALCULATED .
  • 19. CONTINUE… 2.DIRT DISPERSION TEST:- THIS TEST IS PERFORMED TO CHECK THE DIRT CLEANING CAPACITY OF PREPARED SHAMPOO . HERE THE TEST TUBE CONTAING HERBAL SHAMPOO IS TAKEN AND THEN WATER IS ADDED AND THEN INK IS ADDED AND SHAKEN TOGETHER . THEN IF THE FOAM FORMED IS LIGHT IN COLOUR THEN SHAMPOO HAS GOOD DIRT CLEANING ACTION .
  • 20. CONTINUE.. 3. SOLID CONTENT DETERMINATION:- IN THIS TEST EVAPORATING DISH IS TAKEN AND WEIGHED AND INITIAL WEIGHT IS RECORDED. THEN 4gm OF SHAMPOO IS ADDED TO IT AND THEN PLATE IS KEPT IN HOT AIR OVEN . THEN AFTER DRYING AGAIN WEIGH THE DISH AND RECORD THE FINAL WEIGHT OF THE DISH . WE WILL GET THE SOLID CONTENT OF HERBAL SHMPOO .
  • 21. RESULTS OF FORMULATED HERBAL SHAMPOO:- COLOUR OF FORMULATION BROWNISH ODOUR OF FORMULATION ROSE LIKE PLEASANT APPEREANCE TURBID FOAMING INDEX 500 DIRT DISPERENCY LIGHT %SOLID CONTENT 8.75%
  • 22. CONCLUSION  There is the great development in COSMETICS SCIENCE . All over world wide the consumers are using the herbal cosmetics instead of chemical containing synthetic shampoos .  The development of naturally emerging HERBAL cosmetics will be the wide and major area of growth in the cosmetics industries in the upcoming years.  The use of bioactive ingredients in cosmetics which influence the biological functions of hairs and skin and provides nutrients necessary for the healthy skin or hair.  In future there is the tremendous scope to launch and develop various and numerous herbal cosmetics using appropriate bioactive ingredients with other suitable additives , excipients , and the preservatives .
  • 23. REFERENCES  http://en.m.Wikipedia.org/wiki/Drugs_and_Cosmetics_Act,_1940  www.wikipedia.com  www.researchgate.com  Shampoo based on synthetic ingridents v/s Shampoo based on Herbal ingredients : A REVIEW