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Shrestha
1st M.Pharm
Department of Pharmaceutics
Al-Ameen College of Pharmacy
1
HERBAL COSMETICS FOR
HAIR , SKIN AND ORAL
CARE
2
Content’s1. Introduction
2. Definition of cosmetics
3. Type
4. Herbal cosmetics for skin
5. Herbal cosmetics for type of skin
6. Type of Herbal creams
7. Type of Herbal lotions
8. Type of herbal hair care products
9. Quality of an ideal hair product
10.Herbal hair preparations
11.reference
3
INTRODUCTION
*Herbal products are safe because they are natural and can be harmful if
consumed improperly or in excessive amounts
*Cosmeceuticals are cosmetic products with biologically active
ingredients purporting to have medical or drug‐like benefits. These are
the ingredient with medicinal properties that manifests beneficial topical
actions and provides protection against degenerative skin conditions.
*Cosmeceuticals improve appearance by delivering nutrients necessary
for healthy skin.
4
Definition of Cosmetics
*According to D & C Act in 1940
*Any article intended to be rubbed, poured, sprinkled or sprayed on or
introduced to or applied to any part of human body for cleansing,
beautifying, promoting, attractiveness or altering the appearance and
includes any article intended for use as component of cosmetics.
*Included in this definition are products such as skin moisturizers,
perfumes, lipsticks, fingernail polishes, eye and facial makeup
preparations, shampoos, permanent waves, hair colours, toothpastes,
and deodorants, as well as any material intended for use as a
component of a cosmetic product.
5
Advantage of Herbal
Cosmetics
*They do not provoke allergic reaction & do not have negative
side effects.
*They are easily incorporated with skin and hair.
*With small quantity they are very effective as compared to
synthetic cosmetics.
*Easily available & found in large variety & quantity.
6
Disadvantage of Herbal Cosmetics
*Herbal drugs have slower effects as compare to Allopathic dosage
form. Also it requires long term therapy.
*They are difficult to hide taste and odour.
*Manufacturing process are time consuming and complicated.
*No pharmacopoeia defines any specific procedure or ingredients to
be used in any of herbal cosmetics.
7
TYPES ACCORDING TO SITE OF
APPLICATION
*Skin
*Hair
*Dentifrice
*Nail
*Eyes
8
Herbal Cosmetics for Skin
*The herbal approach of proper skin care is principally based on three
essential steps.
Cleanse
Nourish
Moisture
*Whatever may be the type of skin; these three steps are external care
of the skin to protect from the constant effect of environment, stress
and skins natural process of cell degradation decay.
9
*Therefore in order to help the skin look young and radiant.
*Exfoliation to remove dead skin cells.
*Epidermal stimulation for new cell growth.
*Antioxidant properties for cellular rejuvenation and repair.
*Improve capillary blood flow.
*Penetrating moisture and nutrients to replenish all layers of skin.
10
HERBAL COSMETICS FOR VARIOUS TYPES OF SKIN
*FOR DRY SKIN
Example of Herbs:
• Rubia Cardifolia (Manjista), Triphla, Tulsi,
• Glycerihza glabra in sesame oil.
Fruit face mask:
• Banana or avocado pulp.
11
*FOR SENSITIVE SKIN
Example of Herbs:
o Curcuma longa, triphala, azadircta indica
omustaka, nimba in coconut oil.
Fruit face mask:
oBanana or pineapple pulp.
12
*FOR OILY SKIN
Example of Herbs:
Tulsi, nimba, terminalia arjuna, Triphla, curcuma longa, mustaka in
mustard oil , milk, cream and butter milk are used as gentel natured
cleanser.
Fruit face mask:
Strawberry or papaya pulp.
13
Types of Herbal Creams
COLD CREAMS:
*It is an emulsion in which the fat predominates, but the cooling effect
produced when it is applied to the skin is due to skin evaporation of
the water contained.
*Formula:
Almond oil 550 parts
White wax 145 parts
Borax 10 parts
Water 290 parts
Rose water 5 parts
14
*VANISHING CREAMS:
*Vanishing creams are also called foundation creams because they
disappears when rubbed into skins.
*Formula:
Stearic acid 130 parts
Borax crystals 28 parts
Sodium carbonate 12 parts
Water 740 parts
Rose oil 9 parts
15
CLEANSING CREAMS:
*A satisfactory cleansing cream is water in oil emulsion that melts at
temperature of body and spreads readily over the skin.
*Formula: Chamomile cleansing creams
Chamomile flower 50 parts
Distilled water 500 parts
Lemon juice 5 parts
Sodium benzoate 2 parts
16
TYPES OF HERBAL LOTIONS
*FACE LOTION:
*These also called the bleaching lotions actually mask, rather than
lighten, the colour of skin. Like the whitening creams.
*Formula:
Alum 10 parts
Zinc sulfate 1 parts
Glycerin 1 parts
Tincture of benzoin 1 parts
Essence of rose 30 drops
17
18
*SHAVING LOTIONS:
*After shaving lotions are usually similar in composition to astringent
lotions, with higher percentage also act as mild antiseptic to aid
against infection of any abrasion.
19
TYPES OF HERBAL HAIR CARE PRODUCTS
*HAIR OIL:
*The hail oils are used for dressings and nourishing the hairs and grace to appearance
of hairs. This preparations is generally used to increase the growth of hair and
remains healthy.
*Hair oil should have following properties:
They should give luster to the hair.
Retain them soft and flowing.
Invigorate their growth.
Keep the brain cool.
Should not be sticky.
20
*HAIR LOTION:
Hair lotion has a stimulating effect upon the hair follicles.
They are generally perfumed with oil of rosemary and others
ascenes as it posses a good stimulating property.
*HAIR COLORANTS:
These are preparations which are used for the colouring of
the hairs. They enhances the attractiveness of gray hair.
They are applied externally on the hair with help of brush.
21
*SHAMPOO:
*Shampoo is preparation of surfactant in suitable form liquid, solid or
powder- which when used under the condition specified will remove
surface grease, dirt, and skin debris from the hair shaft and scalp
without affecting adversely the hair, scalp or health of the user.
22
* QUALLITIES OF AN IDEAL HAIR PRODUCT
*Protect the hair cuticle.
*Cleans without stripping natural oils.
*Replace lost protein, moisture, and nutrients.
*Condition without weighing down the hair.
*Even without porosity and prevent moisture loss.
*Smooth abraded cuticle scales.
*Prevent intense drying from environment.
23
Herbal Hair Preparations
Name Important herbal cosmetics Uses/ Claim
Herbal hair
rinse
Mint, bramhi & other herbal
extracts
Promote hair growth used in
combination with
henna/ Amla shampoo.
Herbal hair
conditioner
Amla, sandal wood bramhi.
And other precious herbs
Prevent hair loss & act as scalp
deep cleanser.
Herbal hair
Oil
Arnica, Henna, Shikakai and
other herbal extracts
Specially created to
prevent hair loss &
promote luxurious hair
growth. Hair Amla Shampoo
Extracts of
Hair Amla
Shampoo
Extracts of Amla dates arnica
and rate herbal extracts
For normal to dry hairs.
Cleansing the scalp while
retaining & Stimulating hair
growth.
24
Herbal ingredient used in
oral care…
*Herbal remedies have a long history of use for gum and tooth
problems. In many traditional cultures, there are no plastic-
bristle brushes, rather, the use of herbal "chewing sticks" are
common.
*Chewing sticks are usually taken from plants, shrubs or trees with
high anti-microbial activity. The ends of selected sticks are
shredded and they are used to massage the gums and "floss" the
teeth.
*In Traditional Medicine, the following herbs have a long history of
use for prevention and in assisting the body to heal itself in gum
and tooth disorders.
25
Anti-bacterial, anti-inflammatory resins
*Myrrh-a resin from North Africa to Arabia, warming, astringent.
*Propolis-a bee product--stimulates production of new tissue, anti-
viral, useful for mouth sores and ulcers.
*Pine resin (pitch)--use as "chewing gum" when firm.
Other Anti-microbial herbs
*Usnea--a common lichen, stronger than penicillin against strep. and
staph.
*Bloodroot--an eastern woodlands plant--strongly inhibits plaque and
decay-causing bacteria.
*Plantain--a common world-wide "weed," use it fresh for abscesses,
inflammation .
26
Astringents (anti-microbial, tightens
tissues)
*new research shows that tannin-rich plants can be anti-viral.
*Krameria--contains 40% tannin, combine the powder with myrrh
as a dentifrice for bleeding or spongy gum.
*Oak galls (oak apples)--contain up to 50% tannins, use powder as
a dentifrice.
*Tormentil & sage = use as a gargle for chronic gum inflammation.
Immune straighteners
*Echinacea--gargle or rinse with the diluted tincture, activates
local immunity, induces healing.
*Baptisia--antiseptic, anti-bacterial
27
Essential oils
Essential oils (EOs) are distilled liquids extracted from flowers, leaves,
bark, stems, roots, shrubs and trees.
The effectiveness of EOs lies in their exceptional ability to penetrate
human tissue and provide therapeutic benefits.
 EOs contain varying numbers of tiny aromatic molecules that rapidly
absorb into skin and travel through the body via blood capillaries and
the circulatory system.
When used in herbal dental care, EOs are absorbed deep into gum
tissue where their potent antibacterial properties provide valuable
benefits in the treatment of gum disease.
28
The essential oils:
1) Red Thyme-
*The oil from this herb has been used extensively in medicine as a powerful
antiseptic and disinfectant.
*Additionally, its antibacterial, antifungal, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial
and stimulating properties help treat oral inflammation and infection,
making it a powerful additive to herbal dental products.
2) Cinnamon Bark-
*The high aldehyde content of this oil makes it a strong antimicrobial and
antiseptic.
*High in tannins, cinnamon bark is an astringent, which in turn provides
valuable benefits.
*Astringents contract, firm and strengthen oral tissue, reduce surface
inflammation and irritation, and create a protective barrier from infection.
*Cinnamon oil is widely recognized as a painkiller and has long been used to
soothe toothaches.
29
3) Eucalyptus-
*Indigenous to Australia, eucalyptus has one of the most widely
recognizable aromas.
*It is commonly used as the active ingredient in vapor rubs because
it aids respiratory function.
*In addition, eucalyptus boasts antibacterial, antifungal, antiseptic
and stimulant properties, which boost circulation and speed up the
healing process.
4) Peppermint-
*The oil from this plant provides antibacterial, anti-inflammatory,
antifungal, antimicrobial, antiseptic, sedative and stimulant
properties.
*While peppermint flavoring is one of the most common additives
used in commercial toothpaste and mouthwash, the majority of
these products do not contain the essential oil itself.
30
5) Lavender-
Widely used for its skin healing properties, the oil from this highly
aromatic flower offers antibacterial, anti-inflammatory,
antimicrobial, antiseptic and stimulant properties in natural dental
remedies, making it a strong ally for good oral health.
Its pleasant aroma is also a powerful sedative which helps to calm
the nervous system and decrease stress.
31
*To prevent and control of teeth disorders, which include Herbal
Tooth paste ,herbal tooth powder, dentifrices and mouthwash.
Dentifrices
*The basic requirements of a dentifrice are-
1. To remove food debris, plaque and stain.
2. It should leave the mouth with a fresh, clean sensation.
3. It should be harmless, pleasant and convenient to use.
Tooth paste
To remove adherent soiling matter from a hard surface with minimal
damage
Mouth wash
Mouthwash or mouth rinse is a product used to enhance oral hygiene
32
33
DIVYA DANT KANTI TOOTH PASTE
1. Vajradanti Extract
2. Pilu Extract
3. Babool Extract
4. Akarkara Extract (Anacyclus Pyrethrum )
5. Majuphal Extract (Quercus infectoria)
6. Kapur Extract (Cinnamomum camphora)
7. Vidang Extract
8. Nimba or Neem Extract
9. Lavang Extract
34
Key ingredients:
1. Pilu (Salvadora persica)
2. Bibhitaka (Terminalia bellerica)
3. Nagavalli (Piper betle)
4. Gandhapura taila (Gaultheria fragrantissima)
5. Peppermint satva (Mentha spp)
6. Yavani satva (Trachyspermum ammi)
35
Reference
 HERBAL COSMETICS by KATARE VAIBHAV G.
 HERBAL COSMETICS by TONY JOSE & TONY
JOSE
 Wikipedia
36

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Herbal cosmetics for hair and skin care

  • 1. Shrestha 1st M.Pharm Department of Pharmaceutics Al-Ameen College of Pharmacy 1 HERBAL COSMETICS FOR HAIR , SKIN AND ORAL CARE
  • 2. 2 Content’s1. Introduction 2. Definition of cosmetics 3. Type 4. Herbal cosmetics for skin 5. Herbal cosmetics for type of skin 6. Type of Herbal creams 7. Type of Herbal lotions 8. Type of herbal hair care products 9. Quality of an ideal hair product 10.Herbal hair preparations 11.reference
  • 3. 3 INTRODUCTION *Herbal products are safe because they are natural and can be harmful if consumed improperly or in excessive amounts *Cosmeceuticals are cosmetic products with biologically active ingredients purporting to have medical or drug‐like benefits. These are the ingredient with medicinal properties that manifests beneficial topical actions and provides protection against degenerative skin conditions. *Cosmeceuticals improve appearance by delivering nutrients necessary for healthy skin.
  • 4. 4 Definition of Cosmetics *According to D & C Act in 1940 *Any article intended to be rubbed, poured, sprinkled or sprayed on or introduced to or applied to any part of human body for cleansing, beautifying, promoting, attractiveness or altering the appearance and includes any article intended for use as component of cosmetics. *Included in this definition are products such as skin moisturizers, perfumes, lipsticks, fingernail polishes, eye and facial makeup preparations, shampoos, permanent waves, hair colours, toothpastes, and deodorants, as well as any material intended for use as a component of a cosmetic product.
  • 5. 5 Advantage of Herbal Cosmetics *They do not provoke allergic reaction & do not have negative side effects. *They are easily incorporated with skin and hair. *With small quantity they are very effective as compared to synthetic cosmetics. *Easily available & found in large variety & quantity.
  • 6. 6 Disadvantage of Herbal Cosmetics *Herbal drugs have slower effects as compare to Allopathic dosage form. Also it requires long term therapy. *They are difficult to hide taste and odour. *Manufacturing process are time consuming and complicated. *No pharmacopoeia defines any specific procedure or ingredients to be used in any of herbal cosmetics.
  • 7. 7 TYPES ACCORDING TO SITE OF APPLICATION *Skin *Hair *Dentifrice *Nail *Eyes
  • 8. 8 Herbal Cosmetics for Skin *The herbal approach of proper skin care is principally based on three essential steps. Cleanse Nourish Moisture *Whatever may be the type of skin; these three steps are external care of the skin to protect from the constant effect of environment, stress and skins natural process of cell degradation decay.
  • 9. 9 *Therefore in order to help the skin look young and radiant. *Exfoliation to remove dead skin cells. *Epidermal stimulation for new cell growth. *Antioxidant properties for cellular rejuvenation and repair. *Improve capillary blood flow. *Penetrating moisture and nutrients to replenish all layers of skin.
  • 10. 10 HERBAL COSMETICS FOR VARIOUS TYPES OF SKIN *FOR DRY SKIN Example of Herbs: • Rubia Cardifolia (Manjista), Triphla, Tulsi, • Glycerihza glabra in sesame oil. Fruit face mask: • Banana or avocado pulp.
  • 11. 11 *FOR SENSITIVE SKIN Example of Herbs: o Curcuma longa, triphala, azadircta indica omustaka, nimba in coconut oil. Fruit face mask: oBanana or pineapple pulp.
  • 12. 12 *FOR OILY SKIN Example of Herbs: Tulsi, nimba, terminalia arjuna, Triphla, curcuma longa, mustaka in mustard oil , milk, cream and butter milk are used as gentel natured cleanser. Fruit face mask: Strawberry or papaya pulp.
  • 13. 13 Types of Herbal Creams COLD CREAMS: *It is an emulsion in which the fat predominates, but the cooling effect produced when it is applied to the skin is due to skin evaporation of the water contained. *Formula: Almond oil 550 parts White wax 145 parts Borax 10 parts Water 290 parts Rose water 5 parts
  • 14. 14 *VANISHING CREAMS: *Vanishing creams are also called foundation creams because they disappears when rubbed into skins. *Formula: Stearic acid 130 parts Borax crystals 28 parts Sodium carbonate 12 parts Water 740 parts Rose oil 9 parts
  • 15. 15 CLEANSING CREAMS: *A satisfactory cleansing cream is water in oil emulsion that melts at temperature of body and spreads readily over the skin. *Formula: Chamomile cleansing creams Chamomile flower 50 parts Distilled water 500 parts Lemon juice 5 parts Sodium benzoate 2 parts
  • 16. 16 TYPES OF HERBAL LOTIONS *FACE LOTION: *These also called the bleaching lotions actually mask, rather than lighten, the colour of skin. Like the whitening creams. *Formula: Alum 10 parts Zinc sulfate 1 parts Glycerin 1 parts Tincture of benzoin 1 parts Essence of rose 30 drops
  • 17. 17
  • 18. 18 *SHAVING LOTIONS: *After shaving lotions are usually similar in composition to astringent lotions, with higher percentage also act as mild antiseptic to aid against infection of any abrasion.
  • 19. 19 TYPES OF HERBAL HAIR CARE PRODUCTS *HAIR OIL: *The hail oils are used for dressings and nourishing the hairs and grace to appearance of hairs. This preparations is generally used to increase the growth of hair and remains healthy. *Hair oil should have following properties: They should give luster to the hair. Retain them soft and flowing. Invigorate their growth. Keep the brain cool. Should not be sticky.
  • 20. 20 *HAIR LOTION: Hair lotion has a stimulating effect upon the hair follicles. They are generally perfumed with oil of rosemary and others ascenes as it posses a good stimulating property. *HAIR COLORANTS: These are preparations which are used for the colouring of the hairs. They enhances the attractiveness of gray hair. They are applied externally on the hair with help of brush.
  • 21. 21 *SHAMPOO: *Shampoo is preparation of surfactant in suitable form liquid, solid or powder- which when used under the condition specified will remove surface grease, dirt, and skin debris from the hair shaft and scalp without affecting adversely the hair, scalp or health of the user.
  • 22. 22 * QUALLITIES OF AN IDEAL HAIR PRODUCT *Protect the hair cuticle. *Cleans without stripping natural oils. *Replace lost protein, moisture, and nutrients. *Condition without weighing down the hair. *Even without porosity and prevent moisture loss. *Smooth abraded cuticle scales. *Prevent intense drying from environment.
  • 23. 23 Herbal Hair Preparations Name Important herbal cosmetics Uses/ Claim Herbal hair rinse Mint, bramhi & other herbal extracts Promote hair growth used in combination with henna/ Amla shampoo. Herbal hair conditioner Amla, sandal wood bramhi. And other precious herbs Prevent hair loss & act as scalp deep cleanser. Herbal hair Oil Arnica, Henna, Shikakai and other herbal extracts Specially created to prevent hair loss & promote luxurious hair growth. Hair Amla Shampoo Extracts of Hair Amla Shampoo Extracts of Amla dates arnica and rate herbal extracts For normal to dry hairs. Cleansing the scalp while retaining & Stimulating hair growth.
  • 24. 24 Herbal ingredient used in oral care… *Herbal remedies have a long history of use for gum and tooth problems. In many traditional cultures, there are no plastic- bristle brushes, rather, the use of herbal "chewing sticks" are common. *Chewing sticks are usually taken from plants, shrubs or trees with high anti-microbial activity. The ends of selected sticks are shredded and they are used to massage the gums and "floss" the teeth. *In Traditional Medicine, the following herbs have a long history of use for prevention and in assisting the body to heal itself in gum and tooth disorders.
  • 25. 25 Anti-bacterial, anti-inflammatory resins *Myrrh-a resin from North Africa to Arabia, warming, astringent. *Propolis-a bee product--stimulates production of new tissue, anti- viral, useful for mouth sores and ulcers. *Pine resin (pitch)--use as "chewing gum" when firm. Other Anti-microbial herbs *Usnea--a common lichen, stronger than penicillin against strep. and staph. *Bloodroot--an eastern woodlands plant--strongly inhibits plaque and decay-causing bacteria. *Plantain--a common world-wide "weed," use it fresh for abscesses, inflammation .
  • 26. 26 Astringents (anti-microbial, tightens tissues) *new research shows that tannin-rich plants can be anti-viral. *Krameria--contains 40% tannin, combine the powder with myrrh as a dentifrice for bleeding or spongy gum. *Oak galls (oak apples)--contain up to 50% tannins, use powder as a dentifrice. *Tormentil & sage = use as a gargle for chronic gum inflammation. Immune straighteners *Echinacea--gargle or rinse with the diluted tincture, activates local immunity, induces healing. *Baptisia--antiseptic, anti-bacterial
  • 27. 27 Essential oils Essential oils (EOs) are distilled liquids extracted from flowers, leaves, bark, stems, roots, shrubs and trees. The effectiveness of EOs lies in their exceptional ability to penetrate human tissue and provide therapeutic benefits.  EOs contain varying numbers of tiny aromatic molecules that rapidly absorb into skin and travel through the body via blood capillaries and the circulatory system. When used in herbal dental care, EOs are absorbed deep into gum tissue where their potent antibacterial properties provide valuable benefits in the treatment of gum disease.
  • 28. 28 The essential oils: 1) Red Thyme- *The oil from this herb has been used extensively in medicine as a powerful antiseptic and disinfectant. *Additionally, its antibacterial, antifungal, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial and stimulating properties help treat oral inflammation and infection, making it a powerful additive to herbal dental products. 2) Cinnamon Bark- *The high aldehyde content of this oil makes it a strong antimicrobial and antiseptic. *High in tannins, cinnamon bark is an astringent, which in turn provides valuable benefits. *Astringents contract, firm and strengthen oral tissue, reduce surface inflammation and irritation, and create a protective barrier from infection. *Cinnamon oil is widely recognized as a painkiller and has long been used to soothe toothaches.
  • 29. 29 3) Eucalyptus- *Indigenous to Australia, eucalyptus has one of the most widely recognizable aromas. *It is commonly used as the active ingredient in vapor rubs because it aids respiratory function. *In addition, eucalyptus boasts antibacterial, antifungal, antiseptic and stimulant properties, which boost circulation and speed up the healing process. 4) Peppermint- *The oil from this plant provides antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, antifungal, antimicrobial, antiseptic, sedative and stimulant properties. *While peppermint flavoring is one of the most common additives used in commercial toothpaste and mouthwash, the majority of these products do not contain the essential oil itself.
  • 30. 30 5) Lavender- Widely used for its skin healing properties, the oil from this highly aromatic flower offers antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, antiseptic and stimulant properties in natural dental remedies, making it a strong ally for good oral health. Its pleasant aroma is also a powerful sedative which helps to calm the nervous system and decrease stress.
  • 31. 31 *To prevent and control of teeth disorders, which include Herbal Tooth paste ,herbal tooth powder, dentifrices and mouthwash. Dentifrices *The basic requirements of a dentifrice are- 1. To remove food debris, plaque and stain. 2. It should leave the mouth with a fresh, clean sensation. 3. It should be harmless, pleasant and convenient to use. Tooth paste To remove adherent soiling matter from a hard surface with minimal damage Mouth wash Mouthwash or mouth rinse is a product used to enhance oral hygiene
  • 32. 32
  • 33. 33 DIVYA DANT KANTI TOOTH PASTE 1. Vajradanti Extract 2. Pilu Extract 3. Babool Extract 4. Akarkara Extract (Anacyclus Pyrethrum ) 5. Majuphal Extract (Quercus infectoria) 6. Kapur Extract (Cinnamomum camphora) 7. Vidang Extract 8. Nimba or Neem Extract 9. Lavang Extract
  • 34. 34 Key ingredients: 1. Pilu (Salvadora persica) 2. Bibhitaka (Terminalia bellerica) 3. Nagavalli (Piper betle) 4. Gandhapura taila (Gaultheria fragrantissima) 5. Peppermint satva (Mentha spp) 6. Yavani satva (Trachyspermum ammi)
  • 35. 35 Reference  HERBAL COSMETICS by KATARE VAIBHAV G.  HERBAL COSMETICS by TONY JOSE & TONY JOSE  Wikipedia
  • 36. 36