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Creative Commons Licences
Learning to (Re)Use Open Educational Resources
@josiefraser
2 March 2016
Understanding copyright
• Copyright is a type of intellectual property which
grants the owner of the copyright exclusive rights to
control how their work is used, reproduced and
credited.
• Works acquire copyright automatically, without the
need to register the work. Copyright is granted to new
works when they are recorded in a material form, such
as being written down or saved on a computer.
• Copyright lasts for the lifetime of the creator, plus
usually an additional few decades following their
death, depending on the type of work.
Public Domain
• A work is in the public
domain if the
intellectual property
rights have expired, or if
they have been waived
by the rights holder.
Open licensing & Creative Commons
• There are a range of licences which can be used by
educators to provide additional permissions to use and
reuse work
• Creative Commons (CC) are well established,
standardised, internationally recognised - & there are
lots of resources available to support educators
• CC licences work alongside existing copyright laws
-their free licences can be used by copyright holders to
allow others to share, reuse and remix their works,
legally & without having to ask permission first.
What is an open licence?
• Open content, including open educational
resources (OER), can be described as legally
free.
• This legal freedom is expressed through a
licence — called an open licence — through
which the copyright holder grants permission
to use, access and re-distribute work with few
restrictions.
Creative Commons
• Creative Commons
licensing allows you to
find content that you
can use legally to
support teaching and
learning. When sharing
content, Creative
Commons clarifies the
terms on which you are
happy for your work to
be shared.
Attribution (BY)
• All Creative Commons
licences require that
you credit the copyright
holder when reusing
their work in any way.
Share-Alike (SA)
• You let others copy,
distribute, display,
perform and modify
your work, as long as
they distribute the work
and any modified work
on the same terms.
NoDerivatives (ND)
• You let others copy,
distribute, display and
perform only original
copies of your work. If
they want to modify
your work, they must
get your permission
first.
NonCommercial (NC)
• You let others copy,
distribute, display,
perform and (unless
you have chosen
NoDerivatives) modify
and use your work for
any purpose other than
commercially.
Permissions can be combined to give
six different types of CC licences
Free Cultural Works
• CC marks the most
permissive of its licenses
as “Approved for Free
Cultural Works.” When
you apply these licenses
to material you create, it
meets
the Freedom Defined definition
of a “Free Cultural
Work.” Free cultural
works are the ones that
can be most readily used,
shared, and remixed by
others.
Approved!
Not approved!
https://creativecommons.org/freeworks/
Questions
• Does it matter which licence we use?
• Which licence would you recommend
others use, or use to share your own
work? Why?
Thank you!
Creative Commons Licences:
Learning to (Re)Use Open Educational Resources
(2016) by Josie Fraser is licensed under CC BY 4.0
Credits
This work is based on OER Guidance for Schools (2014), by
Björn Haßler, Helen Neo and Josie Fraser. Published by
Leicester City Council, available under Creative Commons
Attribution 4.0.
For further OER resources and guidance, see:
http://schools.leicester.gov.uk/ls/open-education
For more information about Creative Commons Licences,
see:
John H. Weitzmann (2015) OER up! Open Licensing
Webinar licenced under CC-BY-SA 4.0

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ExplOERer: Creative Commons Licences

  • 1. Creative Commons Licences Learning to (Re)Use Open Educational Resources @josiefraser 2 March 2016
  • 2. Understanding copyright • Copyright is a type of intellectual property which grants the owner of the copyright exclusive rights to control how their work is used, reproduced and credited. • Works acquire copyright automatically, without the need to register the work. Copyright is granted to new works when they are recorded in a material form, such as being written down or saved on a computer. • Copyright lasts for the lifetime of the creator, plus usually an additional few decades following their death, depending on the type of work.
  • 3. Public Domain • A work is in the public domain if the intellectual property rights have expired, or if they have been waived by the rights holder.
  • 4. Open licensing & Creative Commons • There are a range of licences which can be used by educators to provide additional permissions to use and reuse work • Creative Commons (CC) are well established, standardised, internationally recognised - & there are lots of resources available to support educators • CC licences work alongside existing copyright laws -their free licences can be used by copyright holders to allow others to share, reuse and remix their works, legally & without having to ask permission first.
  • 5. What is an open licence? • Open content, including open educational resources (OER), can be described as legally free. • This legal freedom is expressed through a licence — called an open licence — through which the copyright holder grants permission to use, access and re-distribute work with few restrictions.
  • 6. Creative Commons • Creative Commons licensing allows you to find content that you can use legally to support teaching and learning. When sharing content, Creative Commons clarifies the terms on which you are happy for your work to be shared.
  • 7. Attribution (BY) • All Creative Commons licences require that you credit the copyright holder when reusing their work in any way.
  • 8. Share-Alike (SA) • You let others copy, distribute, display, perform and modify your work, as long as they distribute the work and any modified work on the same terms.
  • 9. NoDerivatives (ND) • You let others copy, distribute, display and perform only original copies of your work. If they want to modify your work, they must get your permission first.
  • 10. NonCommercial (NC) • You let others copy, distribute, display, perform and (unless you have chosen NoDerivatives) modify and use your work for any purpose other than commercially.
  • 11. Permissions can be combined to give six different types of CC licences
  • 12.
  • 13. Free Cultural Works • CC marks the most permissive of its licenses as “Approved for Free Cultural Works.” When you apply these licenses to material you create, it meets the Freedom Defined definition of a “Free Cultural Work.” Free cultural works are the ones that can be most readily used, shared, and remixed by others. Approved! Not approved! https://creativecommons.org/freeworks/
  • 14.
  • 15. Questions • Does it matter which licence we use? • Which licence would you recommend others use, or use to share your own work? Why?
  • 16. Thank you! Creative Commons Licences: Learning to (Re)Use Open Educational Resources (2016) by Josie Fraser is licensed under CC BY 4.0
  • 17. Credits This work is based on OER Guidance for Schools (2014), by Björn Haßler, Helen Neo and Josie Fraser. Published by Leicester City Council, available under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0. For further OER resources and guidance, see: http://schools.leicester.gov.uk/ls/open-education For more information about Creative Commons Licences, see: John H. Weitzmann (2015) OER up! Open Licensing Webinar licenced under CC-BY-SA 4.0

Editor's Notes

  1. Public Domain - not a licence, a waiver of rights. Works in the public domain can be used free of any restrictions. Often copyright holders are happy to share their work in principle, but would like to apply some conditions, rather waiving as many rights as possible.
  2. Creative Commons licences offer a range of choices between full copyright (i.e. reserving all rights) and waiving as many rights as possible (allowing the work to be treated like a work in the “public domain”).
  3. For example, a set of lesson plans made available under a Creative Commons open licence on a website means that anybody is free to view, print and share the work. The majority of Creative Commons licences also provide permission to adapt and change the work, and share your adapted content online or in print.
  4. 2002 – initial 12, (2004 – 6, 2007 – 6, 2013 9 ported country versions) – Version 4.0 (the final version)
  5. Share alike – if you build, you need to use the same licence. Prevents works being taken out of the public commons. You have the IP rights involved, but agree to give permission.
  6. No derivatives – not changeable. Prohibits transformative use.
  7. Non commercial – what does this mean? ‘Not primarily directed at financial gain’ – too vague? Too narrow? Grey area – is this commercial or not. 2008 CC study on rights holders and user groups to see what they think it means. Users generally more careful about assumptions – so not a lot of dispute.
  8. Compatibility. https://wiki.creativecommons.org/wiki/Wiki/cc_license_compatibility 2 ways of using – stand alone (curated) or remixed.
  9. Creative Commons Licence Chooser https://creativecommons.org/choose/