SlideShare a Scribd company logo
DESIGN IN THE “REAL WORLD” 
SITUATING ACADEMIC CONCEPTIONS OF ID PRACTICE 
COLIN M. GRAY 
IOWA STATE UNIVERSITY 
ELIZABETH BOLING 
INDIANA UNIVERSITY 
Photo 
courtesy 
of 
Marcus 
Spiske 
https://www.flickr.com/photos/125167502@N02/
SO WHAT IF WE HAD A THEORY 
FOR EVERY SITUATION? 
WE WOULD HAVE 
MILLIONS OF THEORIES
RESEARCHER DESIGNER 
THEORY ENACTED IN 
PRACTICE 
DESIGNER-PROOF
RESEARCHER DESIGNER 
OPPORTUNISTICALLY 
THEORY PRACTICE 
DRAW FROM 
UTILITY OF THEORY 
FOR PRACTICE
WE NEED TO DIVORCE 
THEORY 
FROM 
METHOD
THEORY V. METHOD 
4C/ID MODEL 
(VAN MERRIËNBOER & KIRSCHNER 
PERFORMANCE 
FUNCTIONAL 
DECOMPOSITION 
PRODUCT/SYSTEM
RESEARCHER DESIGNER 
METHOD ALLOWS 
THE DESIGNER 
THEORY PRACTICE 
TO USE 
METHODS ARE TOOLS
WHAT IS “DESIGN THEORY”
WHAT IS “DESIGN THEORY” 
• Theory and method are separate (Friedman, 2003) 
• Theory and tacit knowledge about use are 
separate issues (Dunne, 1997; Polanyi, 1966) 
• Theory can tell us how phenomena occur, but it 
cannot tell us when we should do one thing over 
another, such as how to prioritize or deal with 
constraints in a particular design context (Lawson & 
Dorst, 2009; Nelson & Stolterman, 2012)
HOW DOES IDT DESCRIBE 
DESIGN THEORY? 
• Describe 
• Explain 
• Generative (and often prescriptive) 
• Describes “methods and how to use them” 
(Reigeluth & Carr-Chellman, p. 7, emphasis in original)
HOW DOES IDT DESCRIBE 
DESIGN THEORY? 
“[instructional design 
theory is] a set of design 
theories that pertain to 
various aspects of 
instruction” 
(Reigeluth & Carr-Chellman, p. 8) 
DESIGN THEORY 
Instructional 
Design Theory
(Gray, Stolterman, & Siegel, 2014) 
ALL IS NOT AS IT SEEMS
“We refer here to the unarticulated and 
unexamined means by which eclectic practices 
unfold in design work; or stated differently, we 
are concerned that merely claiming one’s 
practices to be eclectic, and assuming that this 
admission satisfactorily clarifies one’s modus 
operandi in the design process, obscures 
fundamental issues regarding the nature of one’s 
design decisions in a given situation and masks— 
often unintentionally—the values, assumptions, 
and judgments that guide such choices… 
(Yanchar & Gabbitas, 2011, p. 385)
…Put more bluntly, we are concerned that, in the 
name of eclecticism, little or no careful attention 
need be paid to the underlying means by which 
diverse techniques are selected and employed, 
and, by extension, little or no attention need be 
paid to the means by which design is 
actually produced.” 
(Yanchar & Gabbitas, 2011, p. 385)
EXAMPLES OF DESIGN THEORY 
DARKE PRIMARY GENERATOR 
(Darke, 1979) 
DORST & CROSS CO-EVOLUTION 
OF PROBLEM AND SOLUTION 
(Dorst & Cross, 2001)
Design activity is fueled by theoretical 
and philosophical understanding, 
enacted in ways that are unique to the 
individual designer, 
representing a generative/ 
non-deterministic use of 
theory and method.
METHODS AREN'T MERELY 
ENACTED IN PRACTICE 
(Fortney & Yamagata-Lynch, 2013; 
Schwier, Campbell, & Kenny, 2009) 
WE DON'T STUDY 
DESIGN PRACTICE (IN GENERAL) 
(Rowland, 1992; Stolterman, 2008)
DESIGN METHODS
WHAT'S NEXT? 
• Partnering with practitioners and generating/ 
legitimating design and practical knowledge 
• Deconstruction of orthodoxy within IDT 
scholarship 
• Knowledge-building within theory and method 
epistemologies
THANK YOU 
COLINGRAY.ME
• This prescriptionist stance favors the research 
community in a hegemonic way, causing 
practitioners to feel cynicism or guilt toward the 
research literature (Boling et al. 2011)
THE NATURE OF THE TOOL IS 
INAPPROPRIATE TO THE TASK 
AND 
WE HAVE NOT EXAMINED 
THE TASK
• krippendorf - designer-proof system? pointing at 
the issue of not just designer or teacher proofing 
things

More Related Content

What's hot

Systemic Design Contexts ISSS 2014
Systemic Design Contexts ISSS 2014Systemic Design Contexts ISSS 2014
Systemic Design Contexts ISSS 2014
Peter Jones
 
Systemic Design Principles & Methods (Royal College of Art)
Systemic Design Principles & Methods (Royal College of Art)Systemic Design Principles & Methods (Royal College of Art)
Systemic Design Principles & Methods (Royal College of Art)
Peter Jones
 
Introduction to Engineering Design
Introduction to Engineering DesignIntroduction to Engineering Design
Introduction to Engineering Design
Naseel Ibnu Azeez
 
Structured Dialogic Design
Structured  Dialogic  DesignStructured  Dialogic  Design
Structured Dialogic Design
SoCoDesign
 
Architectural Design Concepts Approaches - كونسيبت التصميم المعمارى و الفكرة ...
Architectural Design Concepts Approaches - كونسيبت التصميم المعمارى و الفكرة ...Architectural Design Concepts Approaches - كونسيبت التصميم المعمارى و الفكرة ...
Architectural Design Concepts Approaches - كونسيبت التصميم المعمارى و الفكرة ...
Galala University
 
SDD Symposium - Bringing Design to Dialogic Design
SDD Symposium - Bringing Design to Dialogic Design SDD Symposium - Bringing Design to Dialogic Design
SDD Symposium - Bringing Design to Dialogic Design
Peter Jones
 
ISSS Visual Languages in Systemic Design
ISSS Visual Languages in Systemic DesignISSS Visual Languages in Systemic Design
ISSS Visual Languages in Systemic Design
Peter Jones
 
What is Systemic Design
What is Systemic DesignWhat is Systemic Design
What is Systemic Design
Alex Ryan
 
The Core of Design Thinking
The Core of Design ThinkingThe Core of Design Thinking
The Core of Design Thinking
Ravenskirk Llp
 
Designing Interactions: Lecture #01
Designing Interactions: Lecture #01Designing Interactions: Lecture #01
Designing Interactions: Lecture #01
Itamar Medeiros
 
Connections investigating relationship (2)
Connections  investigating relationship (2)Connections  investigating relationship (2)
Connections investigating relationship (2)
muthuramalingam p.s
 
AERA2014: Instructional Design In Action: Observing the Judgments of ID Pract...
AERA2014: Instructional Design In Action: Observing the Judgments of ID Pract...AERA2014: Instructional Design In Action: Observing the Judgments of ID Pract...
AERA2014: Instructional Design In Action: Observing the Judgments of ID Pract...
colin gray
 
Design science research
Design science researchDesign science research
Design science research
Aleksandra Lazareva
 
Structuring Phase
Structuring PhaseStructuring Phase
Structuring Phase
David Gelb
 
Usability Evaluation Considered Harmful (Some of the Time)
Usability Evaluation Considered Harmful (Some of the Time)Usability Evaluation Considered Harmful (Some of the Time)
Usability Evaluation Considered Harmful (Some of the Time)
Saul Greenberg
 
Business Research Methods session 2
Business Research Methods session 2Business Research Methods session 2
Business Research Methods session 2
Ian Cammack
 

What's hot (16)

Systemic Design Contexts ISSS 2014
Systemic Design Contexts ISSS 2014Systemic Design Contexts ISSS 2014
Systemic Design Contexts ISSS 2014
 
Systemic Design Principles & Methods (Royal College of Art)
Systemic Design Principles & Methods (Royal College of Art)Systemic Design Principles & Methods (Royal College of Art)
Systemic Design Principles & Methods (Royal College of Art)
 
Introduction to Engineering Design
Introduction to Engineering DesignIntroduction to Engineering Design
Introduction to Engineering Design
 
Structured Dialogic Design
Structured  Dialogic  DesignStructured  Dialogic  Design
Structured Dialogic Design
 
Architectural Design Concepts Approaches - كونسيبت التصميم المعمارى و الفكرة ...
Architectural Design Concepts Approaches - كونسيبت التصميم المعمارى و الفكرة ...Architectural Design Concepts Approaches - كونسيبت التصميم المعمارى و الفكرة ...
Architectural Design Concepts Approaches - كونسيبت التصميم المعمارى و الفكرة ...
 
SDD Symposium - Bringing Design to Dialogic Design
SDD Symposium - Bringing Design to Dialogic Design SDD Symposium - Bringing Design to Dialogic Design
SDD Symposium - Bringing Design to Dialogic Design
 
ISSS Visual Languages in Systemic Design
ISSS Visual Languages in Systemic DesignISSS Visual Languages in Systemic Design
ISSS Visual Languages in Systemic Design
 
What is Systemic Design
What is Systemic DesignWhat is Systemic Design
What is Systemic Design
 
The Core of Design Thinking
The Core of Design ThinkingThe Core of Design Thinking
The Core of Design Thinking
 
Designing Interactions: Lecture #01
Designing Interactions: Lecture #01Designing Interactions: Lecture #01
Designing Interactions: Lecture #01
 
Connections investigating relationship (2)
Connections  investigating relationship (2)Connections  investigating relationship (2)
Connections investigating relationship (2)
 
AERA2014: Instructional Design In Action: Observing the Judgments of ID Pract...
AERA2014: Instructional Design In Action: Observing the Judgments of ID Pract...AERA2014: Instructional Design In Action: Observing the Judgments of ID Pract...
AERA2014: Instructional Design In Action: Observing the Judgments of ID Pract...
 
Design science research
Design science researchDesign science research
Design science research
 
Structuring Phase
Structuring PhaseStructuring Phase
Structuring Phase
 
Usability Evaluation Considered Harmful (Some of the Time)
Usability Evaluation Considered Harmful (Some of the Time)Usability Evaluation Considered Harmful (Some of the Time)
Usability Evaluation Considered Harmful (Some of the Time)
 
Business Research Methods session 2
Business Research Methods session 2Business Research Methods session 2
Business Research Methods session 2
 

Viewers also liked

Creativity "Misrules": First Year Engineering Students’ Production and Percep...
Creativity "Misrules": First Year Engineering Students’ Production and Percep...Creativity "Misrules": First Year Engineering Students’ Production and Percep...
Creativity "Misrules": First Year Engineering Students’ Production and Percep...
colin gray
 
What is the Nature and Intended Use of Design Methods?
What is the Nature and Intended Use of Design Methods?What is the Nature and Intended Use of Design Methods?
What is the Nature and Intended Use of Design Methods?
colin gray
 
Meaning Reconstruction as an Approach to Analyze Critical Dimensions of HCI R...
Meaning Reconstruction as an Approach to Analyze Critical Dimensions of HCI R...Meaning Reconstruction as an Approach to Analyze Critical Dimensions of HCI R...
Meaning Reconstruction as an Approach to Analyze Critical Dimensions of HCI R...
colin gray
 
Inverting Critique: Emergent Technologically-Mediated Critique Practices of D...
Inverting Critique: Emergent Technologically-Mediated Critique Practices of D...Inverting Critique: Emergent Technologically-Mediated Critique Practices of D...
Inverting Critique: Emergent Technologically-Mediated Critique Practices of D...
colin gray
 
“Why are they not responding to critique?”: A student-centered construction o...
“Why are they not responding to critique?”: A student-centered construction o...“Why are they not responding to critique?”: A student-centered construction o...
“Why are they not responding to critique?”: A student-centered construction o...
colin gray
 
EDET 722 Instruction
EDET 722 InstructionEDET 722 Instruction
EDET 722 Instruction
colin gray
 
Reprioritizing the Relationship Between HCI Research and Practice: Bubble-Up ...
Reprioritizing the Relationship Between HCI Research and Practice: Bubble-Up ...Reprioritizing the Relationship Between HCI Research and Practice: Bubble-Up ...
Reprioritizing the Relationship Between HCI Research and Practice: Bubble-Up ...
colin gray
 
Embedding Social Media
Embedding Social MediaEmbedding Social Media
Embedding Social Media
colin gray
 
Expectations of Reciprocity? An Analysis of Critique in Facebook Posts by Stu...
Expectations of Reciprocity? An Analysis of Critique in Facebook Posts by Stu...Expectations of Reciprocity? An Analysis of Critique in Facebook Posts by Stu...
Expectations of Reciprocity? An Analysis of Critique in Facebook Posts by Stu...
colin gray
 
Supporting Idea Generation Through Functional Decomposition: An Alternative F...
Supporting Idea Generation Through Functional Decomposition: An Alternative F...Supporting Idea Generation Through Functional Decomposition: An Alternative F...
Supporting Idea Generation Through Functional Decomposition: An Alternative F...
colin gray
 
The Hidden Curriculum of the Design Studio: Student Engagement in Informal Cr...
The Hidden Curriculum of the Design Studio: Student Engagement in Informal Cr...The Hidden Curriculum of the Design Studio: Student Engagement in Informal Cr...
The Hidden Curriculum of the Design Studio: Student Engagement in Informal Cr...
colin gray
 
Emergent Critique in Informal Design Talk: Reflections of Surface, Pedagogic...
Emergent Critique in Informal Design Talk:  Reflections of Surface, Pedagogic...Emergent Critique in Informal Design Talk:  Reflections of Surface, Pedagogic...
Emergent Critique in Informal Design Talk: Reflections of Surface, Pedagogic...
colin gray
 
Building Design Knowledge: Creating and Disseminating Design Precedent
 Building Design Knowledge: Creating and Disseminating Design Precedent Building Design Knowledge: Creating and Disseminating Design Precedent
Building Design Knowledge: Creating and Disseminating Design Precedent
colin gray
 
“It’s More of a Mindset Than a Method”: UX Practitioners’ Conception of Desig...
“It’s More of a Mindset Than a Method”: UX Practitioners’ Conception of Desig...“It’s More of a Mindset Than a Method”: UX Practitioners’ Conception of Desig...
“It’s More of a Mindset Than a Method”: UX Practitioners’ Conception of Desig...
colin gray
 
Exploring the Lived Experience of Learners: Broadening our Understanding of A...
Exploring the Lived Experience of Learners: Broadening our Understanding of A...Exploring the Lived Experience of Learners: Broadening our Understanding of A...
Exploring the Lived Experience of Learners: Broadening our Understanding of A...
colin gray
 
Research Study Critique #2
Research Study Critique #2Research Study Critique #2
Research Study Critique #2
colin gray
 
Stop Telling Designers What To Do: Reframing Instructional Design Education T...
Stop Telling Designers What To Do: Reframing Instructional Design Education T...Stop Telling Designers What To Do: Reframing Instructional Design Education T...
Stop Telling Designers What To Do: Reframing Instructional Design Education T...
colin gray
 
Designers’ Articulation and Activation of Instrumental Design Judgments in Cr...
Designers’ Articulation and Activation of Instrumental Design Judgments in Cr...Designers’ Articulation and Activation of Instrumental Design Judgments in Cr...
Designers’ Articulation and Activation of Instrumental Design Judgments in Cr...
colin gray
 
Idea Generation Through Empathy: Reimagining the "Cognitive Walkthrough"
Idea Generation Through Empathy: Reimagining the "Cognitive Walkthrough"Idea Generation Through Empathy: Reimagining the "Cognitive Walkthrough"
Idea Generation Through Empathy: Reimagining the "Cognitive Walkthrough"
colin gray
 
Storyboard
StoryboardStoryboard
Storyboard
colin gray
 

Viewers also liked (20)

Creativity "Misrules": First Year Engineering Students’ Production and Percep...
Creativity "Misrules": First Year Engineering Students’ Production and Percep...Creativity "Misrules": First Year Engineering Students’ Production and Percep...
Creativity "Misrules": First Year Engineering Students’ Production and Percep...
 
What is the Nature and Intended Use of Design Methods?
What is the Nature and Intended Use of Design Methods?What is the Nature and Intended Use of Design Methods?
What is the Nature and Intended Use of Design Methods?
 
Meaning Reconstruction as an Approach to Analyze Critical Dimensions of HCI R...
Meaning Reconstruction as an Approach to Analyze Critical Dimensions of HCI R...Meaning Reconstruction as an Approach to Analyze Critical Dimensions of HCI R...
Meaning Reconstruction as an Approach to Analyze Critical Dimensions of HCI R...
 
Inverting Critique: Emergent Technologically-Mediated Critique Practices of D...
Inverting Critique: Emergent Technologically-Mediated Critique Practices of D...Inverting Critique: Emergent Technologically-Mediated Critique Practices of D...
Inverting Critique: Emergent Technologically-Mediated Critique Practices of D...
 
“Why are they not responding to critique?”: A student-centered construction o...
“Why are they not responding to critique?”: A student-centered construction o...“Why are they not responding to critique?”: A student-centered construction o...
“Why are they not responding to critique?”: A student-centered construction o...
 
EDET 722 Instruction
EDET 722 InstructionEDET 722 Instruction
EDET 722 Instruction
 
Reprioritizing the Relationship Between HCI Research and Practice: Bubble-Up ...
Reprioritizing the Relationship Between HCI Research and Practice: Bubble-Up ...Reprioritizing the Relationship Between HCI Research and Practice: Bubble-Up ...
Reprioritizing the Relationship Between HCI Research and Practice: Bubble-Up ...
 
Embedding Social Media
Embedding Social MediaEmbedding Social Media
Embedding Social Media
 
Expectations of Reciprocity? An Analysis of Critique in Facebook Posts by Stu...
Expectations of Reciprocity? An Analysis of Critique in Facebook Posts by Stu...Expectations of Reciprocity? An Analysis of Critique in Facebook Posts by Stu...
Expectations of Reciprocity? An Analysis of Critique in Facebook Posts by Stu...
 
Supporting Idea Generation Through Functional Decomposition: An Alternative F...
Supporting Idea Generation Through Functional Decomposition: An Alternative F...Supporting Idea Generation Through Functional Decomposition: An Alternative F...
Supporting Idea Generation Through Functional Decomposition: An Alternative F...
 
The Hidden Curriculum of the Design Studio: Student Engagement in Informal Cr...
The Hidden Curriculum of the Design Studio: Student Engagement in Informal Cr...The Hidden Curriculum of the Design Studio: Student Engagement in Informal Cr...
The Hidden Curriculum of the Design Studio: Student Engagement in Informal Cr...
 
Emergent Critique in Informal Design Talk: Reflections of Surface, Pedagogic...
Emergent Critique in Informal Design Talk:  Reflections of Surface, Pedagogic...Emergent Critique in Informal Design Talk:  Reflections of Surface, Pedagogic...
Emergent Critique in Informal Design Talk: Reflections of Surface, Pedagogic...
 
Building Design Knowledge: Creating and Disseminating Design Precedent
 Building Design Knowledge: Creating and Disseminating Design Precedent Building Design Knowledge: Creating and Disseminating Design Precedent
Building Design Knowledge: Creating and Disseminating Design Precedent
 
“It’s More of a Mindset Than a Method”: UX Practitioners’ Conception of Desig...
“It’s More of a Mindset Than a Method”: UX Practitioners’ Conception of Desig...“It’s More of a Mindset Than a Method”: UX Practitioners’ Conception of Desig...
“It’s More of a Mindset Than a Method”: UX Practitioners’ Conception of Desig...
 
Exploring the Lived Experience of Learners: Broadening our Understanding of A...
Exploring the Lived Experience of Learners: Broadening our Understanding of A...Exploring the Lived Experience of Learners: Broadening our Understanding of A...
Exploring the Lived Experience of Learners: Broadening our Understanding of A...
 
Research Study Critique #2
Research Study Critique #2Research Study Critique #2
Research Study Critique #2
 
Stop Telling Designers What To Do: Reframing Instructional Design Education T...
Stop Telling Designers What To Do: Reframing Instructional Design Education T...Stop Telling Designers What To Do: Reframing Instructional Design Education T...
Stop Telling Designers What To Do: Reframing Instructional Design Education T...
 
Designers’ Articulation and Activation of Instrumental Design Judgments in Cr...
Designers’ Articulation and Activation of Instrumental Design Judgments in Cr...Designers’ Articulation and Activation of Instrumental Design Judgments in Cr...
Designers’ Articulation and Activation of Instrumental Design Judgments in Cr...
 
Idea Generation Through Empathy: Reimagining the "Cognitive Walkthrough"
Idea Generation Through Empathy: Reimagining the "Cognitive Walkthrough"Idea Generation Through Empathy: Reimagining the "Cognitive Walkthrough"
Idea Generation Through Empathy: Reimagining the "Cognitive Walkthrough"
 
Storyboard
StoryboardStoryboard
Storyboard
 

Similar to Design in the “Real World”: Situating Academic Conceptions of ID Practice

The Nature of Design Practice and Implications for Interaction Design Researc...
The Nature of Design Practice and Implications for Interaction Design Researc...The Nature of Design Practice and Implications for Interaction Design Researc...
The Nature of Design Practice and Implications for Interaction Design Researc...
Fran Maciel
 
ServDes16 - Thematic Research in the Frame Creation Process
ServDes16 - Thematic Research in the Frame Creation ProcessServDes16 - Thematic Research in the Frame Creation Process
ServDes16 - Thematic Research in the Frame Creation Process
Jos van Leeuwen
 
Thematic Research in the Frame Creation Process - Leeuwen, Rijken, Bloothoofd...
Thematic Research in the Frame Creation Process - Leeuwen, Rijken, Bloothoofd...Thematic Research in the Frame Creation Process - Leeuwen, Rijken, Bloothoofd...
Thematic Research in the Frame Creation Process - Leeuwen, Rijken, Bloothoofd...
ServDes
 
What Happens when Creativity is Exhausted? Design Tools as an Aid for Ideation
What Happens when Creativity is Exhausted? Design Tools as an Aid for IdeationWhat Happens when Creativity is Exhausted? Design Tools as an Aid for Ideation
What Happens when Creativity is Exhausted? Design Tools as an Aid for Ideation
colin gray
 
Davey van der woert - Design Thinking
Davey van der woert - Design ThinkingDavey van der woert - Design Thinking
Davey van der woert - Design Thinking
Davey van der Woert
 
Generating and justifying design theory
Generating and justifying design theoryGenerating and justifying design theory
Generating and justifying design theory
Nauman Shahid
 
Design-based Research
Design-based ResearchDesign-based Research
Design-based Research
Yu-Chang Hsu
 
Sosa: Managing for creativity JAIST 2018
Sosa: Managing for creativity JAIST 2018Sosa: Managing for creativity JAIST 2018
Sosa: Managing for creativity JAIST 2018
R. Sosa
 
Design research
Design researchDesign research
Design research
Christian Voigt
 
DBR (Design-Based Research) in mobile learning-Mlearn2013 Doha A_Palalas C_G...
DBR (Design-Based Research) in mobile learning-Mlearn2013 Doha  A_Palalas C_G...DBR (Design-Based Research) in mobile learning-Mlearn2013 Doha  A_Palalas C_G...
DBR (Design-Based Research) in mobile learning-Mlearn2013 Doha A_Palalas C_G...
Agnieszka (Aga) Palalas, Ed.D.
 
A model for using activity theory in education design: a gamification example
A model for using activity theory in education design: a gamification exampleA model for using activity theory in education design: a gamification example
A model for using activity theory in education design: a gamification example
Kerstin Oberprieler
 
Bannan aect2012
Bannan aect2012Bannan aect2012
Bannan aect2012
Brenda Bannan, Ph.D.
 
Evaluating the Impact of Design Thinking in Action
Evaluating the Impact of Design Thinking in ActionEvaluating the Impact of Design Thinking in Action
Evaluating the Impact of Design Thinking in Action
David Allan Chin
 
“World creation” How might we educate the citizens of the future to be thoug...
“World creation”  How might we educate the citizens of the future to be thoug...“World creation”  How might we educate the citizens of the future to be thoug...
“World creation” How might we educate the citizens of the future to be thoug...
Stine Ejsing-Duun
 
Information Systems Action design research method
Information Systems Action design research methodInformation Systems Action design research method
Information Systems Action design research method
Raimo Halinen
 
Conceptual Frameworks for Doctoral Research into Open Education
Conceptual Frameworks for Doctoral Research into Open EducationConceptual Frameworks for Doctoral Research into Open Education
Conceptual Frameworks for Doctoral Research into Open Education
Robert Farrow
 
Building and Evaluating Theories 
 in Software Engineering
Building and Evaluating Theories 
 in Software EngineeringBuilding and Evaluating Theories 
 in Software Engineering
Building and Evaluating Theories 
 in Software Engineering
Daniel Mendez
 
Design-Based Research: A method for achieving impact in the real world
Design-Based Research: A method for achieving impact in the real worldDesign-Based Research: A method for achieving impact in the real world
Design-Based Research: A method for achieving impact in the real world
Genevieve Lacerte Beninger, MBA
 
Introduction+to+research
Introduction+to+researchIntroduction+to+research
Introduction+to+research
Maya Ninova, Ph.D
 
Classroom-Based-Action-Research.pptx
Classroom-Based-Action-Research.pptxClassroom-Based-Action-Research.pptx
Classroom-Based-Action-Research.pptx
MyleneDelaPena2
 

Similar to Design in the “Real World”: Situating Academic Conceptions of ID Practice (20)

The Nature of Design Practice and Implications for Interaction Design Researc...
The Nature of Design Practice and Implications for Interaction Design Researc...The Nature of Design Practice and Implications for Interaction Design Researc...
The Nature of Design Practice and Implications for Interaction Design Researc...
 
ServDes16 - Thematic Research in the Frame Creation Process
ServDes16 - Thematic Research in the Frame Creation ProcessServDes16 - Thematic Research in the Frame Creation Process
ServDes16 - Thematic Research in the Frame Creation Process
 
Thematic Research in the Frame Creation Process - Leeuwen, Rijken, Bloothoofd...
Thematic Research in the Frame Creation Process - Leeuwen, Rijken, Bloothoofd...Thematic Research in the Frame Creation Process - Leeuwen, Rijken, Bloothoofd...
Thematic Research in the Frame Creation Process - Leeuwen, Rijken, Bloothoofd...
 
What Happens when Creativity is Exhausted? Design Tools as an Aid for Ideation
What Happens when Creativity is Exhausted? Design Tools as an Aid for IdeationWhat Happens when Creativity is Exhausted? Design Tools as an Aid for Ideation
What Happens when Creativity is Exhausted? Design Tools as an Aid for Ideation
 
Davey van der woert - Design Thinking
Davey van der woert - Design ThinkingDavey van der woert - Design Thinking
Davey van der woert - Design Thinking
 
Generating and justifying design theory
Generating and justifying design theoryGenerating and justifying design theory
Generating and justifying design theory
 
Design-based Research
Design-based ResearchDesign-based Research
Design-based Research
 
Sosa: Managing for creativity JAIST 2018
Sosa: Managing for creativity JAIST 2018Sosa: Managing for creativity JAIST 2018
Sosa: Managing for creativity JAIST 2018
 
Design research
Design researchDesign research
Design research
 
DBR (Design-Based Research) in mobile learning-Mlearn2013 Doha A_Palalas C_G...
DBR (Design-Based Research) in mobile learning-Mlearn2013 Doha  A_Palalas C_G...DBR (Design-Based Research) in mobile learning-Mlearn2013 Doha  A_Palalas C_G...
DBR (Design-Based Research) in mobile learning-Mlearn2013 Doha A_Palalas C_G...
 
A model for using activity theory in education design: a gamification example
A model for using activity theory in education design: a gamification exampleA model for using activity theory in education design: a gamification example
A model for using activity theory in education design: a gamification example
 
Bannan aect2012
Bannan aect2012Bannan aect2012
Bannan aect2012
 
Evaluating the Impact of Design Thinking in Action
Evaluating the Impact of Design Thinking in ActionEvaluating the Impact of Design Thinking in Action
Evaluating the Impact of Design Thinking in Action
 
“World creation” How might we educate the citizens of the future to be thoug...
“World creation”  How might we educate the citizens of the future to be thoug...“World creation”  How might we educate the citizens of the future to be thoug...
“World creation” How might we educate the citizens of the future to be thoug...
 
Information Systems Action design research method
Information Systems Action design research methodInformation Systems Action design research method
Information Systems Action design research method
 
Conceptual Frameworks for Doctoral Research into Open Education
Conceptual Frameworks for Doctoral Research into Open EducationConceptual Frameworks for Doctoral Research into Open Education
Conceptual Frameworks for Doctoral Research into Open Education
 
Building and Evaluating Theories 
 in Software Engineering
Building and Evaluating Theories 
 in Software EngineeringBuilding and Evaluating Theories 
 in Software Engineering
Building and Evaluating Theories 
 in Software Engineering
 
Design-Based Research: A method for achieving impact in the real world
Design-Based Research: A method for achieving impact in the real worldDesign-Based Research: A method for achieving impact in the real world
Design-Based Research: A method for achieving impact in the real world
 
Introduction+to+research
Introduction+to+researchIntroduction+to+research
Introduction+to+research
 
Classroom-Based-Action-Research.pptx
Classroom-Based-Action-Research.pptxClassroom-Based-Action-Research.pptx
Classroom-Based-Action-Research.pptx
 

More from colin gray

Critical pedagogy and the pluriversal design studio
Critical pedagogy and the pluriversal design studioCritical pedagogy and the pluriversal design studio
Critical pedagogy and the pluriversal design studio
colin gray
 
Critique Assemblages in Response to Emergency Hybrid Studio Pedagogy
Critique Assemblages in Response to Emergency Hybrid Studio PedagogyCritique Assemblages in Response to Emergency Hybrid Studio Pedagogy
Critique Assemblages in Response to Emergency Hybrid Studio Pedagogy
colin gray
 
Cross-Cultural UX Pedagogy: A China–US Partnership
Cross-Cultural UX Pedagogy: A China–US PartnershipCross-Cultural UX Pedagogy: A China–US Partnership
Cross-Cultural UX Pedagogy: A China–US Partnership
colin gray
 
Autono-preneurial Agents in the Community: Developing a Socially Aware API fo...
Autono-preneurial Agents in the Community: Developing a Socially Aware API fo...Autono-preneurial Agents in the Community: Developing a Socially Aware API fo...
Autono-preneurial Agents in the Community: Developing a Socially Aware API fo...
colin gray
 
A Practice-Led Account of the Conceptual Evolution of UX Knowledge
A Practice-Led Account of the Conceptual Evolution of UX KnowledgeA Practice-Led Account of the Conceptual Evolution of UX Knowledge
A Practice-Led Account of the Conceptual Evolution of UX Knowledge
colin gray
 
Analyzing Value Discovery in Design Decisions Through Ethicography
Analyzing Value Discovery in Design Decisions Through EthicographyAnalyzing Value Discovery in Design Decisions Through Ethicography
Analyzing Value Discovery in Design Decisions Through Ethicography
colin gray
 
Ethical Mediation in UX Practice
Ethical Mediation in UX PracticeEthical Mediation in UX Practice
Ethical Mediation in UX Practice
colin gray
 
“What do you recommend a complete beginner like me to practice?”: Professiona...
“What do you recommend a complete beginner like me to practice?”: Professiona...“What do you recommend a complete beginner like me to practice?”: Professiona...
“What do you recommend a complete beginner like me to practice?”: Professiona...
colin gray
 
Supporting Distributed Critique through Interpretation and Sense-Making in an...
Supporting Distributed Critique through Interpretation and Sense-Making in an...Supporting Distributed Critique through Interpretation and Sense-Making in an...
Supporting Distributed Critique through Interpretation and Sense-Making in an...
colin gray
 
Distinctions between the Communication of Experiential and Academic Design Kn...
Distinctions between the Communication of Experiential and Academic Design Kn...Distinctions between the Communication of Experiential and Academic Design Kn...
Distinctions between the Communication of Experiential and Academic Design Kn...
colin gray
 
Generating Mobile Application Onboarding Insights Through Minimalist Instruction
Generating Mobile Application Onboarding Insights Through Minimalist InstructionGenerating Mobile Application Onboarding Insights Through Minimalist Instruction
Generating Mobile Application Onboarding Insights Through Minimalist Instruction
colin gray
 
The Dark (Patterns) Side of UX Design
The Dark (Patterns) Side of UX DesignThe Dark (Patterns) Side of UX Design
The Dark (Patterns) Side of UX Design
colin gray
 
Forming A Design Identity in Computing Education Through Reflection and Peer ...
Forming A Design Identity in Computing Education Through Reflection and Peer ...Forming A Design Identity in Computing Education Through Reflection and Peer ...
Forming A Design Identity in Computing Education Through Reflection and Peer ...
colin gray
 
Breaking the Model, Breaking the “Rules:” Instructional Design in a Transdisc...
Breaking the Model, Breaking the “Rules:” Instructional Design in a Transdisc...Breaking the Model, Breaking the “Rules:” Instructional Design in a Transdisc...
Breaking the Model, Breaking the “Rules:” Instructional Design in a Transdisc...
colin gray
 
Developing a Socially-Aware Engineering Identity Through Transdisciplinary Le...
Developing a Socially-Aware Engineering Identity Through Transdisciplinary Le...Developing a Socially-Aware Engineering Identity Through Transdisciplinary Le...
Developing a Socially-Aware Engineering Identity Through Transdisciplinary Le...
colin gray
 
Developing an Ethically-Aware Design Character through Problem Framing
Developing an Ethically-Aware Design Character through Problem FramingDeveloping an Ethically-Aware Design Character through Problem Framing
Developing an Ethically-Aware Design Character through Problem Framing
colin gray
 
Studio Teaching in the Low-Precedent Context of Instructional Design
Studio Teaching in the Low-Precedent Context of Instructional DesignStudio Teaching in the Low-Precedent Context of Instructional Design
Studio Teaching in the Low-Precedent Context of Instructional Design
colin gray
 
What Problem Are We Solving? Encouraging Idea Generation and Effective Team C...
What Problem Are We Solving? Encouraging Idea Generation and Effective Team C...What Problem Are We Solving? Encouraging Idea Generation and Effective Team C...
What Problem Are We Solving? Encouraging Idea Generation and Effective Team C...
colin gray
 
What is the Content of “Design Thinking”? Design Heuristics as Conceptual Rep...
What is the Content of “Design Thinking”? Design Heuristics as Conceptual Rep...What is the Content of “Design Thinking”? Design Heuristics as Conceptual Rep...
What is the Content of “Design Thinking”? Design Heuristics as Conceptual Rep...
colin gray
 
Flow of Competence in UX Design Practice
Flow of Competence in UX Design PracticeFlow of Competence in UX Design Practice
Flow of Competence in UX Design Practice
colin gray
 

More from colin gray (20)

Critical pedagogy and the pluriversal design studio
Critical pedagogy and the pluriversal design studioCritical pedagogy and the pluriversal design studio
Critical pedagogy and the pluriversal design studio
 
Critique Assemblages in Response to Emergency Hybrid Studio Pedagogy
Critique Assemblages in Response to Emergency Hybrid Studio PedagogyCritique Assemblages in Response to Emergency Hybrid Studio Pedagogy
Critique Assemblages in Response to Emergency Hybrid Studio Pedagogy
 
Cross-Cultural UX Pedagogy: A China–US Partnership
Cross-Cultural UX Pedagogy: A China–US PartnershipCross-Cultural UX Pedagogy: A China–US Partnership
Cross-Cultural UX Pedagogy: A China–US Partnership
 
Autono-preneurial Agents in the Community: Developing a Socially Aware API fo...
Autono-preneurial Agents in the Community: Developing a Socially Aware API fo...Autono-preneurial Agents in the Community: Developing a Socially Aware API fo...
Autono-preneurial Agents in the Community: Developing a Socially Aware API fo...
 
A Practice-Led Account of the Conceptual Evolution of UX Knowledge
A Practice-Led Account of the Conceptual Evolution of UX KnowledgeA Practice-Led Account of the Conceptual Evolution of UX Knowledge
A Practice-Led Account of the Conceptual Evolution of UX Knowledge
 
Analyzing Value Discovery in Design Decisions Through Ethicography
Analyzing Value Discovery in Design Decisions Through EthicographyAnalyzing Value Discovery in Design Decisions Through Ethicography
Analyzing Value Discovery in Design Decisions Through Ethicography
 
Ethical Mediation in UX Practice
Ethical Mediation in UX PracticeEthical Mediation in UX Practice
Ethical Mediation in UX Practice
 
“What do you recommend a complete beginner like me to practice?”: Professiona...
“What do you recommend a complete beginner like me to practice?”: Professiona...“What do you recommend a complete beginner like me to practice?”: Professiona...
“What do you recommend a complete beginner like me to practice?”: Professiona...
 
Supporting Distributed Critique through Interpretation and Sense-Making in an...
Supporting Distributed Critique through Interpretation and Sense-Making in an...Supporting Distributed Critique through Interpretation and Sense-Making in an...
Supporting Distributed Critique through Interpretation and Sense-Making in an...
 
Distinctions between the Communication of Experiential and Academic Design Kn...
Distinctions between the Communication of Experiential and Academic Design Kn...Distinctions between the Communication of Experiential and Academic Design Kn...
Distinctions between the Communication of Experiential and Academic Design Kn...
 
Generating Mobile Application Onboarding Insights Through Minimalist Instruction
Generating Mobile Application Onboarding Insights Through Minimalist InstructionGenerating Mobile Application Onboarding Insights Through Minimalist Instruction
Generating Mobile Application Onboarding Insights Through Minimalist Instruction
 
The Dark (Patterns) Side of UX Design
The Dark (Patterns) Side of UX DesignThe Dark (Patterns) Side of UX Design
The Dark (Patterns) Side of UX Design
 
Forming A Design Identity in Computing Education Through Reflection and Peer ...
Forming A Design Identity in Computing Education Through Reflection and Peer ...Forming A Design Identity in Computing Education Through Reflection and Peer ...
Forming A Design Identity in Computing Education Through Reflection and Peer ...
 
Breaking the Model, Breaking the “Rules:” Instructional Design in a Transdisc...
Breaking the Model, Breaking the “Rules:” Instructional Design in a Transdisc...Breaking the Model, Breaking the “Rules:” Instructional Design in a Transdisc...
Breaking the Model, Breaking the “Rules:” Instructional Design in a Transdisc...
 
Developing a Socially-Aware Engineering Identity Through Transdisciplinary Le...
Developing a Socially-Aware Engineering Identity Through Transdisciplinary Le...Developing a Socially-Aware Engineering Identity Through Transdisciplinary Le...
Developing a Socially-Aware Engineering Identity Through Transdisciplinary Le...
 
Developing an Ethically-Aware Design Character through Problem Framing
Developing an Ethically-Aware Design Character through Problem FramingDeveloping an Ethically-Aware Design Character through Problem Framing
Developing an Ethically-Aware Design Character through Problem Framing
 
Studio Teaching in the Low-Precedent Context of Instructional Design
Studio Teaching in the Low-Precedent Context of Instructional DesignStudio Teaching in the Low-Precedent Context of Instructional Design
Studio Teaching in the Low-Precedent Context of Instructional Design
 
What Problem Are We Solving? Encouraging Idea Generation and Effective Team C...
What Problem Are We Solving? Encouraging Idea Generation and Effective Team C...What Problem Are We Solving? Encouraging Idea Generation and Effective Team C...
What Problem Are We Solving? Encouraging Idea Generation and Effective Team C...
 
What is the Content of “Design Thinking”? Design Heuristics as Conceptual Rep...
What is the Content of “Design Thinking”? Design Heuristics as Conceptual Rep...What is the Content of “Design Thinking”? Design Heuristics as Conceptual Rep...
What is the Content of “Design Thinking”? Design Heuristics as Conceptual Rep...
 
Flow of Competence in UX Design Practice
Flow of Competence in UX Design PracticeFlow of Competence in UX Design Practice
Flow of Competence in UX Design Practice
 

Recently uploaded

Mule event processing models | MuleSoft Mysore Meetup #47
Mule event processing models | MuleSoft Mysore Meetup #47Mule event processing models | MuleSoft Mysore Meetup #47
Mule event processing models | MuleSoft Mysore Meetup #47
MysoreMuleSoftMeetup
 
Philippine Edukasyong Pantahanan at Pangkabuhayan (EPP) Curriculum
Philippine Edukasyong Pantahanan at Pangkabuhayan (EPP) CurriculumPhilippine Edukasyong Pantahanan at Pangkabuhayan (EPP) Curriculum
Philippine Edukasyong Pantahanan at Pangkabuhayan (EPP) Curriculum
MJDuyan
 
Standardized tool for Intelligence test.
Standardized tool for Intelligence test.Standardized tool for Intelligence test.
Standardized tool for Intelligence test.
deepaannamalai16
 
C1 Rubenstein AP HuG xxxxxxxxxxxxxx.pptx
C1 Rubenstein AP HuG xxxxxxxxxxxxxx.pptxC1 Rubenstein AP HuG xxxxxxxxxxxxxx.pptx
C1 Rubenstein AP HuG xxxxxxxxxxxxxx.pptx
mulvey2
 
Temple of Asclepius in Thrace. Excavation results
Temple of Asclepius in Thrace. Excavation resultsTemple of Asclepius in Thrace. Excavation results
Temple of Asclepius in Thrace. Excavation results
Krassimira Luka
 
مصحف القراءات العشر أعد أحرف الخلاف سمير بسيوني.pdf
مصحف القراءات العشر   أعد أحرف الخلاف سمير بسيوني.pdfمصحف القراءات العشر   أعد أحرف الخلاف سمير بسيوني.pdf
مصحف القراءات العشر أعد أحرف الخلاف سمير بسيوني.pdf
سمير بسيوني
 
Chapter wise All Notes of First year Basic Civil Engineering.pptx
Chapter wise All Notes of First year Basic Civil Engineering.pptxChapter wise All Notes of First year Basic Civil Engineering.pptx
Chapter wise All Notes of First year Basic Civil Engineering.pptx
Denish Jangid
 
How to deliver Powerpoint Presentations.pptx
How to deliver Powerpoint  Presentations.pptxHow to deliver Powerpoint  Presentations.pptx
How to deliver Powerpoint Presentations.pptx
HajraNaeem15
 
Lifelines of National Economy chapter for Class 10 STUDY MATERIAL PDF
Lifelines of National Economy chapter for Class 10 STUDY MATERIAL PDFLifelines of National Economy chapter for Class 10 STUDY MATERIAL PDF
Lifelines of National Economy chapter for Class 10 STUDY MATERIAL PDF
Vivekanand Anglo Vedic Academy
 
BIOLOGY NATIONAL EXAMINATION COUNCIL (NECO) 2024 PRACTICAL MANUAL.pptx
BIOLOGY NATIONAL EXAMINATION COUNCIL (NECO) 2024 PRACTICAL MANUAL.pptxBIOLOGY NATIONAL EXAMINATION COUNCIL (NECO) 2024 PRACTICAL MANUAL.pptx
BIOLOGY NATIONAL EXAMINATION COUNCIL (NECO) 2024 PRACTICAL MANUAL.pptx
RidwanHassanYusuf
 
Level 3 NCEA - NZ: A Nation In the Making 1872 - 1900 SML.ppt
Level 3 NCEA - NZ: A  Nation In the Making 1872 - 1900 SML.pptLevel 3 NCEA - NZ: A  Nation In the Making 1872 - 1900 SML.ppt
Level 3 NCEA - NZ: A Nation In the Making 1872 - 1900 SML.ppt
Henry Hollis
 
Bonku-Babus-Friend by Sathyajith Ray (9)
Bonku-Babus-Friend by Sathyajith Ray  (9)Bonku-Babus-Friend by Sathyajith Ray  (9)
Bonku-Babus-Friend by Sathyajith Ray (9)
nitinpv4ai
 
B. Ed Syllabus for babasaheb ambedkar education university.pdf
B. Ed Syllabus for babasaheb ambedkar education university.pdfB. Ed Syllabus for babasaheb ambedkar education university.pdf
B. Ed Syllabus for babasaheb ambedkar education university.pdf
BoudhayanBhattachari
 
REASIGNACION 2024 UGEL CHUPACA 2024 UGEL CHUPACA.pdf
REASIGNACION 2024 UGEL CHUPACA 2024 UGEL CHUPACA.pdfREASIGNACION 2024 UGEL CHUPACA 2024 UGEL CHUPACA.pdf
REASIGNACION 2024 UGEL CHUPACA 2024 UGEL CHUPACA.pdf
giancarloi8888
 
Pengantar Penggunaan Flutter - Dart programming language1.pptx
Pengantar Penggunaan Flutter - Dart programming language1.pptxPengantar Penggunaan Flutter - Dart programming language1.pptx
Pengantar Penggunaan Flutter - Dart programming language1.pptx
Fajar Baskoro
 
LAND USE LAND COVER AND NDVI OF MIRZAPUR DISTRICT, UP
LAND USE LAND COVER AND NDVI OF MIRZAPUR DISTRICT, UPLAND USE LAND COVER AND NDVI OF MIRZAPUR DISTRICT, UP
LAND USE LAND COVER AND NDVI OF MIRZAPUR DISTRICT, UP
RAHUL
 
RHEOLOGY Physical pharmaceutics-II notes for B.pharm 4th sem students
RHEOLOGY Physical pharmaceutics-II notes for B.pharm 4th sem studentsRHEOLOGY Physical pharmaceutics-II notes for B.pharm 4th sem students
RHEOLOGY Physical pharmaceutics-II notes for B.pharm 4th sem students
Himanshu Rai
 
How to Make a Field Mandatory in Odoo 17
How to Make a Field Mandatory in Odoo 17How to Make a Field Mandatory in Odoo 17
How to Make a Field Mandatory in Odoo 17
Celine George
 
Walmart Business+ and Spark Good for Nonprofits.pdf
Walmart Business+ and Spark Good for Nonprofits.pdfWalmart Business+ and Spark Good for Nonprofits.pdf
Walmart Business+ and Spark Good for Nonprofits.pdf
TechSoup
 
writing about opinions about Australia the movie
writing about opinions about Australia the moviewriting about opinions about Australia the movie
writing about opinions about Australia the movie
Nicholas Montgomery
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Mule event processing models | MuleSoft Mysore Meetup #47
Mule event processing models | MuleSoft Mysore Meetup #47Mule event processing models | MuleSoft Mysore Meetup #47
Mule event processing models | MuleSoft Mysore Meetup #47
 
Philippine Edukasyong Pantahanan at Pangkabuhayan (EPP) Curriculum
Philippine Edukasyong Pantahanan at Pangkabuhayan (EPP) CurriculumPhilippine Edukasyong Pantahanan at Pangkabuhayan (EPP) Curriculum
Philippine Edukasyong Pantahanan at Pangkabuhayan (EPP) Curriculum
 
Standardized tool for Intelligence test.
Standardized tool for Intelligence test.Standardized tool for Intelligence test.
Standardized tool for Intelligence test.
 
C1 Rubenstein AP HuG xxxxxxxxxxxxxx.pptx
C1 Rubenstein AP HuG xxxxxxxxxxxxxx.pptxC1 Rubenstein AP HuG xxxxxxxxxxxxxx.pptx
C1 Rubenstein AP HuG xxxxxxxxxxxxxx.pptx
 
Temple of Asclepius in Thrace. Excavation results
Temple of Asclepius in Thrace. Excavation resultsTemple of Asclepius in Thrace. Excavation results
Temple of Asclepius in Thrace. Excavation results
 
مصحف القراءات العشر أعد أحرف الخلاف سمير بسيوني.pdf
مصحف القراءات العشر   أعد أحرف الخلاف سمير بسيوني.pdfمصحف القراءات العشر   أعد أحرف الخلاف سمير بسيوني.pdf
مصحف القراءات العشر أعد أحرف الخلاف سمير بسيوني.pdf
 
Chapter wise All Notes of First year Basic Civil Engineering.pptx
Chapter wise All Notes of First year Basic Civil Engineering.pptxChapter wise All Notes of First year Basic Civil Engineering.pptx
Chapter wise All Notes of First year Basic Civil Engineering.pptx
 
How to deliver Powerpoint Presentations.pptx
How to deliver Powerpoint  Presentations.pptxHow to deliver Powerpoint  Presentations.pptx
How to deliver Powerpoint Presentations.pptx
 
Lifelines of National Economy chapter for Class 10 STUDY MATERIAL PDF
Lifelines of National Economy chapter for Class 10 STUDY MATERIAL PDFLifelines of National Economy chapter for Class 10 STUDY MATERIAL PDF
Lifelines of National Economy chapter for Class 10 STUDY MATERIAL PDF
 
BIOLOGY NATIONAL EXAMINATION COUNCIL (NECO) 2024 PRACTICAL MANUAL.pptx
BIOLOGY NATIONAL EXAMINATION COUNCIL (NECO) 2024 PRACTICAL MANUAL.pptxBIOLOGY NATIONAL EXAMINATION COUNCIL (NECO) 2024 PRACTICAL MANUAL.pptx
BIOLOGY NATIONAL EXAMINATION COUNCIL (NECO) 2024 PRACTICAL MANUAL.pptx
 
Level 3 NCEA - NZ: A Nation In the Making 1872 - 1900 SML.ppt
Level 3 NCEA - NZ: A  Nation In the Making 1872 - 1900 SML.pptLevel 3 NCEA - NZ: A  Nation In the Making 1872 - 1900 SML.ppt
Level 3 NCEA - NZ: A Nation In the Making 1872 - 1900 SML.ppt
 
Bonku-Babus-Friend by Sathyajith Ray (9)
Bonku-Babus-Friend by Sathyajith Ray  (9)Bonku-Babus-Friend by Sathyajith Ray  (9)
Bonku-Babus-Friend by Sathyajith Ray (9)
 
B. Ed Syllabus for babasaheb ambedkar education university.pdf
B. Ed Syllabus for babasaheb ambedkar education university.pdfB. Ed Syllabus for babasaheb ambedkar education university.pdf
B. Ed Syllabus for babasaheb ambedkar education university.pdf
 
REASIGNACION 2024 UGEL CHUPACA 2024 UGEL CHUPACA.pdf
REASIGNACION 2024 UGEL CHUPACA 2024 UGEL CHUPACA.pdfREASIGNACION 2024 UGEL CHUPACA 2024 UGEL CHUPACA.pdf
REASIGNACION 2024 UGEL CHUPACA 2024 UGEL CHUPACA.pdf
 
Pengantar Penggunaan Flutter - Dart programming language1.pptx
Pengantar Penggunaan Flutter - Dart programming language1.pptxPengantar Penggunaan Flutter - Dart programming language1.pptx
Pengantar Penggunaan Flutter - Dart programming language1.pptx
 
LAND USE LAND COVER AND NDVI OF MIRZAPUR DISTRICT, UP
LAND USE LAND COVER AND NDVI OF MIRZAPUR DISTRICT, UPLAND USE LAND COVER AND NDVI OF MIRZAPUR DISTRICT, UP
LAND USE LAND COVER AND NDVI OF MIRZAPUR DISTRICT, UP
 
RHEOLOGY Physical pharmaceutics-II notes for B.pharm 4th sem students
RHEOLOGY Physical pharmaceutics-II notes for B.pharm 4th sem studentsRHEOLOGY Physical pharmaceutics-II notes for B.pharm 4th sem students
RHEOLOGY Physical pharmaceutics-II notes for B.pharm 4th sem students
 
How to Make a Field Mandatory in Odoo 17
How to Make a Field Mandatory in Odoo 17How to Make a Field Mandatory in Odoo 17
How to Make a Field Mandatory in Odoo 17
 
Walmart Business+ and Spark Good for Nonprofits.pdf
Walmart Business+ and Spark Good for Nonprofits.pdfWalmart Business+ and Spark Good for Nonprofits.pdf
Walmart Business+ and Spark Good for Nonprofits.pdf
 
writing about opinions about Australia the movie
writing about opinions about Australia the moviewriting about opinions about Australia the movie
writing about opinions about Australia the movie
 

Design in the “Real World”: Situating Academic Conceptions of ID Practice

  • 1. DESIGN IN THE “REAL WORLD” SITUATING ACADEMIC CONCEPTIONS OF ID PRACTICE COLIN M. GRAY IOWA STATE UNIVERSITY ELIZABETH BOLING INDIANA UNIVERSITY Photo courtesy of Marcus Spiske https://www.flickr.com/photos/125167502@N02/
  • 2.
  • 3. SO WHAT IF WE HAD A THEORY FOR EVERY SITUATION? WE WOULD HAVE MILLIONS OF THEORIES
  • 4. RESEARCHER DESIGNER THEORY ENACTED IN PRACTICE DESIGNER-PROOF
  • 5. RESEARCHER DESIGNER OPPORTUNISTICALLY THEORY PRACTICE DRAW FROM UTILITY OF THEORY FOR PRACTICE
  • 6. WE NEED TO DIVORCE THEORY FROM METHOD
  • 7. THEORY V. METHOD 4C/ID MODEL (VAN MERRIËNBOER & KIRSCHNER PERFORMANCE FUNCTIONAL DECOMPOSITION PRODUCT/SYSTEM
  • 8. RESEARCHER DESIGNER METHOD ALLOWS THE DESIGNER THEORY PRACTICE TO USE METHODS ARE TOOLS
  • 9. WHAT IS “DESIGN THEORY”
  • 10. WHAT IS “DESIGN THEORY” • Theory and method are separate (Friedman, 2003) • Theory and tacit knowledge about use are separate issues (Dunne, 1997; Polanyi, 1966) • Theory can tell us how phenomena occur, but it cannot tell us when we should do one thing over another, such as how to prioritize or deal with constraints in a particular design context (Lawson & Dorst, 2009; Nelson & Stolterman, 2012)
  • 11. HOW DOES IDT DESCRIBE DESIGN THEORY? • Describe • Explain • Generative (and often prescriptive) • Describes “methods and how to use them” (Reigeluth & Carr-Chellman, p. 7, emphasis in original)
  • 12. HOW DOES IDT DESCRIBE DESIGN THEORY? “[instructional design theory is] a set of design theories that pertain to various aspects of instruction” (Reigeluth & Carr-Chellman, p. 8) DESIGN THEORY Instructional Design Theory
  • 13. (Gray, Stolterman, & Siegel, 2014) ALL IS NOT AS IT SEEMS
  • 14. “We refer here to the unarticulated and unexamined means by which eclectic practices unfold in design work; or stated differently, we are concerned that merely claiming one’s practices to be eclectic, and assuming that this admission satisfactorily clarifies one’s modus operandi in the design process, obscures fundamental issues regarding the nature of one’s design decisions in a given situation and masks— often unintentionally—the values, assumptions, and judgments that guide such choices… (Yanchar & Gabbitas, 2011, p. 385)
  • 15. …Put more bluntly, we are concerned that, in the name of eclecticism, little or no careful attention need be paid to the underlying means by which diverse techniques are selected and employed, and, by extension, little or no attention need be paid to the means by which design is actually produced.” (Yanchar & Gabbitas, 2011, p. 385)
  • 16. EXAMPLES OF DESIGN THEORY DARKE PRIMARY GENERATOR (Darke, 1979) DORST & CROSS CO-EVOLUTION OF PROBLEM AND SOLUTION (Dorst & Cross, 2001)
  • 17. Design activity is fueled by theoretical and philosophical understanding, enacted in ways that are unique to the individual designer, representing a generative/ non-deterministic use of theory and method.
  • 18. METHODS AREN'T MERELY ENACTED IN PRACTICE (Fortney & Yamagata-Lynch, 2013; Schwier, Campbell, & Kenny, 2009) WE DON'T STUDY DESIGN PRACTICE (IN GENERAL) (Rowland, 1992; Stolterman, 2008)
  • 20. WHAT'S NEXT? • Partnering with practitioners and generating/ legitimating design and practical knowledge • Deconstruction of orthodoxy within IDT scholarship • Knowledge-building within theory and method epistemologies
  • 22. • This prescriptionist stance favors the research community in a hegemonic way, causing practitioners to feel cynicism or guilt toward the research literature (Boling et al. 2011)
  • 23. THE NATURE OF THE TOOL IS INAPPROPRIATE TO THE TASK AND WE HAVE NOT EXAMINED THE TASK
  • 24. • krippendorf - designer-proof system? pointing at the issue of not just designer or teacher proofing things