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Himanshu Thapa Sir
UPSC
SAMAGRA
BOOK SERIES
(HINGLISH)
GEOGRAPHY
•
TOPICS TO BE COVERED:-
Class 11 Geography NCERT
Geography questions Trend
Why Should We Study Geography?
● Our lives are affected in many ways by
our surroundings.
● We depend on the resources available
from the earth's surface. Also the
cropping pattern is based on the climate
of the place.
● To know the changes taken place
throughout the geological time.
● To know the land, resources and the
people
● To have a visual sense of the earth's
surface.
Natural resources around us
Evolution of life
Geography as a study and a subject
● Erathosthenes, a Greek Scholar (276-
194 BC) wrote a book which was called
‘Geographia.’
● The word ‘geography’ is derived from
two Greek words -
● Geo - Earth
● Graphos - Description.
● Some scholars defined geography as the
description of the earth as the abode of
human beings.
What do Geographers study?
● A geographer is a scholar whose area of
study is geography, the study of Earth’s
natural environment and human
society.
● They study the variations and
association of the features on the earth
surface e.g. Cropping pattern differs
from place to place and it is due to
differences in the climate, soil, demand,
transport facility, capacity of the farmer.
What is the relation between man and nature?
● Humans are sophisticated and evolved
animals who have modified the natural
environment to make it suitable for
living.
● While human dependence on nature has
decreased over the process of evolution,
people still demonstrate many forms of
nature contentment.
● This includes emotional attachment to
nature, perception of themselves as a
part of nature, and activities aimed at
nature protection.
What does Geography study?
● Geography is the study of Earth’s
landscapes, peoples, places and
environments. It is, quite simply, about
the world in which we live.
● Geography is unique in bridging the
social sciences (human geography) with
the natural sciences (physical
geography).
● It also studies spatial organization and
spatial integration.
Which are the three questions concerned with
Geography?
(i) Some questions are related to the identification of the patterns of
natural and cultural features as found over the surface of the earth.
(ii) Some questions are related to the distribution of the natural and
human/ cultural features over the surface of the earth.
(iii)The third question is related to the explanation or the causal
relationships between features and the processes and phenomena.
How can we say that Geography is an integrated
discipline?
● It is a discipline of synthesis; it includes
spatial and temporal synthesis.
● Its approach is holistic in nature.
● It recognizes the fact that the world is a
system of interdependence.
● The present world is a global village.
The efficient transport and
communication helped the world to
become a unified village.
● Geography as an integrating discipline
has interfaces with numerous natural
and social sciences.
Branches of Geography
How can we say that Geography is an integrated
discipline?
THANK YOU

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Geography as a Discipline Chapter 1 __ Class 11 Geography NCERT _ Class Notes __ Samagra Book Series Batch (Hinglish).pdf

  • 1. Himanshu Thapa Sir UPSC SAMAGRA BOOK SERIES (HINGLISH) GEOGRAPHY
  • 2. • TOPICS TO BE COVERED:- Class 11 Geography NCERT
  • 4. Why Should We Study Geography? ● Our lives are affected in many ways by our surroundings. ● We depend on the resources available from the earth's surface. Also the cropping pattern is based on the climate of the place. ● To know the changes taken place throughout the geological time. ● To know the land, resources and the people ● To have a visual sense of the earth's surface. Natural resources around us
  • 6. Geography as a study and a subject ● Erathosthenes, a Greek Scholar (276- 194 BC) wrote a book which was called ‘Geographia.’ ● The word ‘geography’ is derived from two Greek words - ● Geo - Earth ● Graphos - Description. ● Some scholars defined geography as the description of the earth as the abode of human beings.
  • 7. What do Geographers study? ● A geographer is a scholar whose area of study is geography, the study of Earth’s natural environment and human society. ● They study the variations and association of the features on the earth surface e.g. Cropping pattern differs from place to place and it is due to differences in the climate, soil, demand, transport facility, capacity of the farmer.
  • 8. What is the relation between man and nature? ● Humans are sophisticated and evolved animals who have modified the natural environment to make it suitable for living. ● While human dependence on nature has decreased over the process of evolution, people still demonstrate many forms of nature contentment. ● This includes emotional attachment to nature, perception of themselves as a part of nature, and activities aimed at nature protection.
  • 9. What does Geography study? ● Geography is the study of Earth’s landscapes, peoples, places and environments. It is, quite simply, about the world in which we live. ● Geography is unique in bridging the social sciences (human geography) with the natural sciences (physical geography). ● It also studies spatial organization and spatial integration.
  • 10. Which are the three questions concerned with Geography? (i) Some questions are related to the identification of the patterns of natural and cultural features as found over the surface of the earth. (ii) Some questions are related to the distribution of the natural and human/ cultural features over the surface of the earth. (iii)The third question is related to the explanation or the causal relationships between features and the processes and phenomena.
  • 11. How can we say that Geography is an integrated discipline? ● It is a discipline of synthesis; it includes spatial and temporal synthesis. ● Its approach is holistic in nature. ● It recognizes the fact that the world is a system of interdependence. ● The present world is a global village. The efficient transport and communication helped the world to become a unified village. ● Geography as an integrating discipline has interfaces with numerous natural and social sciences.
  • 13. How can we say that Geography is an integrated discipline?