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Wong Hin Kai         A0098451
                                The Rise of
Xia Liang Zhou       A0103269   Conformal Electronics
Thilani Abeysinghe   A0082206
Chen Zhao            A0098564     a shapely future for circuits
Qu Xian              A0104376
Tay Gee San          A0098527
conventional electronics are rigid and brittle

                    printed, flexible electronics lack performance
                    and reliability




high-performance electronics that can stretch, twist and expand
how do we make electronics thin
      and conformable?




                                 thin
                               means
                               flexible




but being flexible is not enough
build a stretchy mesh with
 electronics on thin islands
connected by springy bridges




                               print mesh onto thin plastic which
                                holds the entire mesh together
build body-worn stickers which seamlessly measure our body activity




          waterproof                          breathable


                                yet
digital health
- moderate development cycle
- high growth potential
- white space opportunity




                                 core technology deployed to allow
                               conformal coupling to the human body




   modular system with onboard sensing,               all on an ultrathin patch that mounts
   processing, power and communication                onto the skin like a temporary tattoo
digital health
- moderate development cycle
- high growth potential
- white space opportunity




                                 wireless
                               connectivity



                                               continuous
        seamless
                                                  data
         sensing
                                                analysis



                               informed user
digital health
- moderate development cycle
- high growth potential
- white space opportunity




                   high degree of
                 body conformance


                                          rigid, brittle    limited mobility
                                              wearable digital monitor


                          comfortable,
                            almost
                          unnoticeable
                          high mobility
                                               restricted movements
                                                     health wear
digital health
- moderate development cycle
- high growth potential
- white space opportunity




                         easy to apply



                                          complex connections
                                         wearable digital monitor

                    modular, diverse
                      substrates



                                         proprietary textiles only
                                               health wear
digital health
- moderate development cycle
- high growth potential
- white space opportunity




High
                               Skin Patch


                               Wearable
                               Digital Monitor

                               Health Wear
Low
sports & fitness
 - short development cycle
 - rapid uptake with high volumes
 - short product cycle




  Number of Physical Analysts, 2011-12                                Season

number
           18
   of
analysts 16

           14
           12
           10
             8
             6
             4
             2
             0
                     30 29 28 27 26 25 24 23   10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1   ranking
sports & fitness
- short development cycle
- rapid uptake with high volumes
- short product cycle
sports & fitness
- short development cycle
- rapid uptake with high volumes
- short product cycle




                                   tracks your every step
                                   total distance, speed, height

                                   but it is restricted to
                                            monitor performance only
sports & fitness
- short development cycle
- rapid uptake with high volumes
- short product cycle




                 Real-Time Data Transmission




                                                Seamless Sensing

    Low Cost                                   High Accuracy
                                               High Mobility

• Stretchable, Durable
• Traditional Material
• Revolutionary Technology


                                    Full Spectrum Monitoring
sports & fitness
- short development cycle
- rapid uptake with high volumes
- short product cycle




High
                                   Conventional


                                   Wrist Band


                                   Skin Patch


Low
medical device
- long development cycle
- low volumes with high margins




                                  smart balloon catheters
         conventional
         catheter


            springy interconnects that can expand
                several times of original length




                                      stretchable      ultrathin sensors embedded on surface of
                                  polymer-electronic    balloon provide direct sensory feedback
                                     composites
medical device
- long development cycle
- low volumes with high margins




                                                                       * Source: National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute




                 better understanding of
     “what‟s happening at the far end of the catheter”
                             improves the placement of stents and artificial heart valves
medical device
- long development cycle
- low volumes with high margins




                                  1                               2
                                                                             conventional
                                                                               method
                                                                                 inefficient and
                                                                                time-consuming



                                                •   second catheter to freeze tissue and kill cells causing
                                                    arrhythmia

                                      •   first catheter to identify and
                                          map abnormal tissue




                             efficient catheter for
                            mapping and ablation
medical device
- long development cycle
- low volumes with high margins




                                                               conventional
                                                                 method
                                                         passive, manually-activated, and
                                                                 skills dependent

                                                         •   largely „analog‟ systems
                                                         •   subjective treatment
                                                             decisions




                                          digital, and
                                  intelligent system
medical device
- long development cycle
- low volumes with high margins




High

                                  Conventional
                                  Catheter



                                  Smart Balloon
                                  Catheter
Low
military device
- long development cycle
- low to moderate volumes with
high margins




                                                           directly integrated into
                                                               fabrics, helmets




                                 high-efficiency gallium
                                    arsenide PV cells



                                                                   ultrathin, flexible and
                                                                     stretchable solar




                                                           stamped on as a grid, with
                                                            metal islands millimetres
                                                           across rising up from the
                                                                    substrate
military device
- long development cycle
- low to moderate volumes with
high margins




                                             conventional solar



                        stretchable
                        lightweight

                                      rigid, heavy, low mobility
                                               portable solar




       high efficiency
       extreme mobility lower efficiency, not stretchable
military device
- long development cycle
- low to moderate volumes with
high margins




                                              solar soldier – australia‟s vision



                          inconspicuous
                          hardy, durable



                                           obvious, low concealment




                                                  feeble, fragile
military device
- long development cycle
- low to moderate volumes with
high margins




High
                                 Stretchable
                                 Solar

                                 Conventional
                                 Solar

                                 Portable Solar

Low
Global Flexible Electronics Market *


2025


2016                                                                             US$B


2011


       0       50    100    150             200              250
                           * Source: International Electronics Manufacturing Initiative (iNEMI)
digital health
                                                                - moderate development cycle
                                                                - high growth potential
                                                                - white space opportunity




                                                        % GDP
Rising Healthcare Needs                                20

ascending healthcare expenses                          10

• 20% of global GDP by 2020                             0
                                                            2000 2010
limited professional resources                                        2020
• 1 physician, 2 nurses, and 2 hospital beds per
  704 population in 2011
growing elderly population
• 1 in every 6 people > age 65 in 2025
   – increasingly prone to numerous health risks
   – shortage of funds
     US’ medicare hospital fund to bankrupt by 2024
   – more demands on eldercare providers
     average of 3.1hrs per day spent on eldercare
       activities by informal providers in the US
Component
     Suppliers              Manufacturers                               Scope of
                                                                        Activities
                                                                        Cash Flow
                                            Partners

                                                                          Retailers


                                                         Agents
                                    OEM


                 Distributors




Venture Capital



                                                         Individuals   Organizations Professionals



                                                Design


                     R&D
- Revolutionary and Patented     - Non-existing Complementary
            Technology                         Assets
     - Strategic Alliances with        - Unestablished Sector
    Established Brand Names           Branding and Reputation
- Leveraging Existing Industries




- Favorable Market Conditions        - Competitors / Imitators
   - Limitless Applications;           - Raw Materials Costs
      Infinite Possibilities          - Stringent Government
- Research Grants and Awards                 Regulations
reshaping electronics
will change your way of life

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Biz Model for Conformal electronics

  • 1. Wong Hin Kai A0098451 The Rise of Xia Liang Zhou A0103269 Conformal Electronics Thilani Abeysinghe A0082206 Chen Zhao A0098564 a shapely future for circuits Qu Xian A0104376 Tay Gee San A0098527
  • 2. conventional electronics are rigid and brittle printed, flexible electronics lack performance and reliability high-performance electronics that can stretch, twist and expand
  • 3. how do we make electronics thin and conformable? thin means flexible but being flexible is not enough
  • 4. build a stretchy mesh with electronics on thin islands connected by springy bridges print mesh onto thin plastic which holds the entire mesh together
  • 5. build body-worn stickers which seamlessly measure our body activity waterproof breathable yet
  • 6. digital health - moderate development cycle - high growth potential - white space opportunity core technology deployed to allow conformal coupling to the human body modular system with onboard sensing, all on an ultrathin patch that mounts processing, power and communication onto the skin like a temporary tattoo
  • 7. digital health - moderate development cycle - high growth potential - white space opportunity wireless connectivity continuous seamless data sensing analysis informed user
  • 8. digital health - moderate development cycle - high growth potential - white space opportunity high degree of body conformance rigid, brittle limited mobility wearable digital monitor comfortable, almost unnoticeable high mobility restricted movements health wear
  • 9. digital health - moderate development cycle - high growth potential - white space opportunity easy to apply complex connections wearable digital monitor modular, diverse substrates proprietary textiles only health wear
  • 10. digital health - moderate development cycle - high growth potential - white space opportunity High Skin Patch Wearable Digital Monitor Health Wear Low
  • 11. sports & fitness - short development cycle - rapid uptake with high volumes - short product cycle Number of Physical Analysts, 2011-12 Season number 18 of analysts 16 14 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 30 29 28 27 26 25 24 23 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 ranking
  • 12. sports & fitness - short development cycle - rapid uptake with high volumes - short product cycle
  • 13. sports & fitness - short development cycle - rapid uptake with high volumes - short product cycle tracks your every step total distance, speed, height but it is restricted to monitor performance only
  • 14. sports & fitness - short development cycle - rapid uptake with high volumes - short product cycle Real-Time Data Transmission Seamless Sensing Low Cost High Accuracy High Mobility • Stretchable, Durable • Traditional Material • Revolutionary Technology Full Spectrum Monitoring
  • 15. sports & fitness - short development cycle - rapid uptake with high volumes - short product cycle High Conventional Wrist Band Skin Patch Low
  • 16. medical device - long development cycle - low volumes with high margins smart balloon catheters conventional catheter springy interconnects that can expand several times of original length stretchable ultrathin sensors embedded on surface of polymer-electronic balloon provide direct sensory feedback composites
  • 17. medical device - long development cycle - low volumes with high margins * Source: National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute better understanding of “what‟s happening at the far end of the catheter” improves the placement of stents and artificial heart valves
  • 18. medical device - long development cycle - low volumes with high margins 1 2 conventional method inefficient and time-consuming • second catheter to freeze tissue and kill cells causing arrhythmia • first catheter to identify and map abnormal tissue efficient catheter for mapping and ablation
  • 19. medical device - long development cycle - low volumes with high margins conventional method passive, manually-activated, and skills dependent • largely „analog‟ systems • subjective treatment decisions digital, and intelligent system
  • 20. medical device - long development cycle - low volumes with high margins High Conventional Catheter Smart Balloon Catheter Low
  • 21. military device - long development cycle - low to moderate volumes with high margins directly integrated into fabrics, helmets high-efficiency gallium arsenide PV cells ultrathin, flexible and stretchable solar stamped on as a grid, with metal islands millimetres across rising up from the substrate
  • 22. military device - long development cycle - low to moderate volumes with high margins conventional solar stretchable lightweight rigid, heavy, low mobility portable solar high efficiency extreme mobility lower efficiency, not stretchable
  • 23. military device - long development cycle - low to moderate volumes with high margins solar soldier – australia‟s vision inconspicuous hardy, durable obvious, low concealment feeble, fragile
  • 24. military device - long development cycle - low to moderate volumes with high margins High Stretchable Solar Conventional Solar Portable Solar Low
  • 25. Global Flexible Electronics Market * 2025 2016 US$B 2011 0 50 100 150 200 250 * Source: International Electronics Manufacturing Initiative (iNEMI)
  • 26. digital health - moderate development cycle - high growth potential - white space opportunity % GDP Rising Healthcare Needs 20 ascending healthcare expenses 10 • 20% of global GDP by 2020 0 2000 2010 limited professional resources 2020 • 1 physician, 2 nurses, and 2 hospital beds per 704 population in 2011 growing elderly population • 1 in every 6 people > age 65 in 2025 – increasingly prone to numerous health risks – shortage of funds  US’ medicare hospital fund to bankrupt by 2024 – more demands on eldercare providers  average of 3.1hrs per day spent on eldercare activities by informal providers in the US
  • 27. Component Suppliers Manufacturers Scope of Activities Cash Flow Partners Retailers Agents OEM Distributors Venture Capital Individuals Organizations Professionals Design R&D
  • 28. - Revolutionary and Patented - Non-existing Complementary Technology Assets - Strategic Alliances with - Unestablished Sector Established Brand Names Branding and Reputation - Leveraging Existing Industries - Favorable Market Conditions - Competitors / Imitators - Limitless Applications; - Raw Materials Costs Infinite Possibilities - Stringent Government - Research Grants and Awards Regulations