SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 38
Download to read offline
To a greener and brighter world




         Bronson  Chua Chiueh Woei   A0076951W
         Chen Xiaokai                HT083531N
         Charanya Kandhaswamy        A0076954N
         Chua Hui Yue Jeremy         A0076867J
         Low Kok Tat                 HT083262M
         Yang SiShuo                 A0039765R
Presentation Outline



Introduction           Value Proposition Customer       Value Capture   Activities   Strategic control
•Spectrum shortage                       Selection & 
•Introduction to VLC                     Market 
•Technology Status                       Segmentation
•Our Focus



                                            Yang Si Shuo

                                            Low Kok Tat

                                            Charanya Kandhaswamy

                                            Bronson  Chua Chiueh Woei

                                            Chen Xiaokai
EM Spectrum & Applications
Longer wavelength                                                Shorter wavelength
Lower frequency                                                  Higher frequency




                                           Imaging                Imaging
         Wireless 
                                         Short‐range              Medical 
      Communication
                                        Communication            Application




Source: http://www.kollewin.com/blog/electromagnetic‐spectrum/
Radio Spectrum Allocation in USA




Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:United_States_Frequency_Allocations_Chart_2003_‐_The_Radio_Spectrum.jpga
Wireless Data Demand
   Frost & Sullivan: Smartphone share rise from 23.9% in 
   2009 to 67.1% in 2015 *
          Global Mobile Data Traffic 
          Growth **
          2008                       156%
          2009                       140%
          2010                       159%
          2011 (estimate)            131%
          2012 (estimate)            113%


                                                                   Cisco Forecasts 6.3 Exabytes per Month of 
                                                                   Mobile Data Traffic by 2015

* Source: http://www.eweek.com/c/a/Mobile‐and‐Wireless/INSIDE‐MOBILE‐Why‐the‐Demand‐for‐Wireless‐Data‐is‐Growing/

** Source: Cisco Visual Networking Index: Global Mobile Data Traffic Forecast Update, 2010–2015, 
http://www.cisco.com/en/US/solutions/collateral/ns341/ns525/ns537/ns705/ns827/white_paper_c11‐520862.html
Spectrum Efficiency Improvement 




Source: Amaya, M. A., & Magee, C. L. (n.d.). The Progress in Wireless Data Transport and its Role in the Evolving Internet.
Visible Light Communication
Visible Light Communication
Radio




                                   VLC
        • A transmitter emits            • Pulsed light instead 
          the carrier frequency            radio or microwave 
          modulated by the                 to transmit data
          encoded information            • Modulated light from 
          signals                          various sources
        • a receiver                       • Indoor/outdoor 
          demodulates or                     lighting
          decodes it                       • Displays
        • Wave Guide (zero                 • Illuminated signs
          exposure) /Airwave
                                           • LEDs
Alternative to Radio Spectrum‐Visible Light
VCL Applications

 Smart lighting
 Mobile Connectivity
 Vehicle to vehicle communication
 Under water communication
 Location based service
 Indoor wireless communication
Typical Application Example
•   Wireless communication between hard‐wired Internet 
    terminal to electronic devices
•   The LED that illuminates the room could also transmit 
    date
Value  Proposition ‐ Why Visible Light Communication?

                        License ‐free 
                        Frequency above 3THz is 
                        NOT regulated by the Radio 
                        Regulation Law .


                        The use of radio frequency 
                        below 3THz is regulated by 
                        the Radio Regulation Law .
Value  Proposition ‐ Why Visible Light Communication?

  • LEDs are widely used in our life
   •     Office, home, traffic light, street light etc.
  • Ideal for ubiquitous data transmitter 
                                                                  LED Lighting 
                                                                  Market: Revenue 
                                                                  Forecasts (Asia), 
                                                                  2007‐2017 




       Source: Frost & Sullivan , world LED Lighting Market p91
Value  Proposition ‐ Why Visible Light Communication?
• Reduces electricity bill




                Before VLC                   After VLC

Source: http://eartheasy.com/live_energyeff_lighting.htm
Value  Proposition ‐ Why Visible Light Communication?

  • LED can be used both for lighting & Data Transfer
  • Less installation Charge (no cables, modem, router)
  • Easy to install at home requires minimal changes 
    (LED source, IR Transceiver Chip)
  • Data transfer rate 500 M bits/s
  • Better data security due to non inference of 
    frequency
Value Proposition – Comparison of VLC with Cable &Wireless 




     Source: Wikipedia
Market Segment & Revenue share 
Market Growth
Growth of Consumer  Broadband Market (Singapore)

                                    Home Boardband Revenue ($ Million)
                                    Business Boardband Revenue ($ Million)

    700
    600
    500
    400
    300
    200
    100
        0
             2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015

 Source: APAC  Board band Market by Frost & Sullivan
LED Lighting Market: Per Cent of Revenues by Applications 
(World), 2010 




• Its predicted that in terms of applications, the residential and commercial markets 
  are expected to grow as is street lighting. 



Source: Frost & Sullivan , world LED Lighting Market
Needs of different Market Segment
                                                                         Business

                                           RF usage permitted                          RF usage not permitted

                               General 
                               Business       Hotels/       Universities/            Petrochemical  Under Water  Millitary
               Factors    Home User           Restaurants   Polytechnics Hospitals   refinery       communication Vehicles


Speed                    Medium High          Medium        High         Low         Low           Low            High


Availability             Medium High          Medium        High         Low         Low           Low            High


Consistency              Medium High          Medium        High         Low         Low           High           High


Reliability              Medium High          Medium        High         High        High          High           High


Price Sensitivity        High   Low           Medium        High         High        High          High           Low


Infrastructure Change    Low    High          Low           High         High        Low           Low            Low


Security                 High   High          Medium        High         High        High          High           High
Target Customer
   Expectations of Pragmatic Customers???
  •   Look for well established Reference
  •   Look for better customer support 
  •   Highly Price Sensitive
  •   High sense of Practicality


How are we going to reach these pragmatic customers????
How to penetrate the market???

        Visionaries                              Conservative




                                                                Developing the  late 
           Developing the Early 

                                     Market 
                                   Penetration




                                                                market
           market




                                                 Pragmatist

   Technology Enthusiasts
Value Capture


HotelUniversitiesIDA
  (Private Sectors)                            On Approval for 
                                               Installation 


                                                                  Installation of VLC Product for       End Customer 
                                                                  HDB flats                          (Service/Consultancy)
            Consultancy




                          Consultancy




                                                                              Telco




                                        Placing order 


       VLC Company                                                   Contract Vendors
                                         Delivering order 
Summary of  Revenue capture
•Free evaluation on consultancy for  SME businesses such 
as Hotel, café on applicability of VLC for their business and 
if agreeable installation  service and hardware is charge a 
fee and upon technical issue a fee will be charged
•Upon gaining approval as a Approve Vendor, each new 
flat build and the number of needed Hardware (LED + 
Transceiver) will be charge a fee, additionally a service 
charge will  be rendered if technical support is needed  
•Working with local telcos to promote to existing  
subscribers (existing flat owners) to adopt the use of VLC, 
upon agreed by subscriber , telcos will request us to 
provide the product and installation. A fee will be charged
Value Capture in Business Model


Dominant Revenue        Basic Idea
Model


Sale of service/product Direct sales

Fee for Service         Fee for metered service (Installation
                        charge)
Scope of Activities‐ Marketing

          Visionaries                    Conservative
    • Consultancy services to 
      Singapore Government           •   Top tier customers
    • Save electricity               •   Revenue & profit
      initiative(PUB)                •   Attaining Technology maturity
    • Sustainable energy             •   Full product line services
      initiatives                    •   Strategic partners & Alliance
    • Trade Shows                    •   Business Press coverage
    • Technology Conference          •   Financial Analyst Endorsement




    •   Demos                             • Demos on Successfully 
    •   Trails                              implement Projects
    •   Technology  Press Coverage        • Product Differentiation after 
    •   Guru endorsements                   installing VLC
    •   Collaboration                     • Demos on Technology 
                                            Sustainability on large Scale 
                                            implementation
   Technology                             • Large scale Advertisements 
                                          • Market Share
   Enthusiasts

                                     Pragmatist
Scope of Activities‐Operation
Consultancy to Visionaries:
Providing consultant service to Singapore government operations such as IDA 
Singapore, Sustainable Singapore, Singapore Electricity board on ways to provide 
cheap, efficient ways of network communication




Collaboration for better Distribution Channel:
Collaboration with home Internet Service provider (SingTel, StarHub )
Scope of Activities‐Operation


                                                  Negotiation with contact 
                        Gaining approval as a         manufacturer on         Installation / technical 
Government RFP  (HDB)
                          Approve vendor          continuous improvement              support
                                                     on product quality
Scope of Activities‐R&D


Continuous improvement on product/     Participate in  Standard  Setting     Participate in Technology  conference  
             & service                Organizations (VLCC), IEEE  802.15                M2M  evolution 
Strategic Control for VLC
 •   How to sustain profit? 
 •   Apply Blue Ocean Strategy to create uncontested 
     market space 
Strategy to Expand VLC Market
Create uncontested market space in: 
• Underwater communication
• Hospital
• VEHICLE & TRANSPORTATION
• Complementary product for Smart Home




http://visiblelightcomm.com/top‐10‐visible‐light‐communications‐applications/
Strategic Control for VLC
 I.   Create high entry barrier by well protected IP 
      portfolio
 II. Research collaboration with universities  to 
      improve the product feature and functionality
 III. Create our own brand to more customer base 
      through network effect and mass advertisements 




  http://www.theengineer.co.uk/1007419.article
Thank You

More Related Content

What's hot

Visible Light Communication
Visible Light CommunicationVisible Light Communication
Visible Light CommunicationAshwin Shenoy M
 
ITRI ICL VLC 可見光通訊技術介紹 20140529
ITRI ICL VLC 可見光通訊技術介紹 20140529ITRI ICL VLC 可見光通訊技術介紹 20140529
ITRI ICL VLC 可見光通訊技術介紹 20140529Stanley Tseng
 
Visible Light communication
Visible Light communicationVisible Light communication
Visible Light communicationJay Lohokare
 
ZTE COMMUNICATIONS No.2 2016 : Optical wireless communications
ZTE COMMUNICATIONS No.2 2016 : Optical wireless communicationsZTE COMMUNICATIONS No.2 2016 : Optical wireless communications
ZTE COMMUNICATIONS No.2 2016 : Optical wireless communicationsSitha Sok
 
Visible Light Communication
Visible Light CommunicationVisible Light Communication
Visible Light CommunicationIJERD Editor
 
LiFi Visible light Communication technology
LiFi Visible light Communication technologyLiFi Visible light Communication technology
LiFi Visible light Communication technologyhawkisk
 
VISIBLELIGHT COMMUNICATION AND LI-FI
VISIBLELIGHT COMMUNICATION AND LI-FIVISIBLELIGHT COMMUNICATION AND LI-FI
VISIBLELIGHT COMMUNICATION AND LI-FImes college
 
Optical wireless communication li fi
Optical wireless communication li fiOptical wireless communication li fi
Optical wireless communication li fiMadhumita Tamhane
 
Li-Fi Technology (Perfect slides)
Li-Fi Technology (Perfect slides)Li-Fi Technology (Perfect slides)
Li-Fi Technology (Perfect slides)UzmaRuhy
 
Li fi technology paper presentation, Li- Fi, VLC, Visible light communication...
Li fi technology paper presentation, Li- Fi, VLC, Visible light communication...Li fi technology paper presentation, Li- Fi, VLC, Visible light communication...
Li fi technology paper presentation, Li- Fi, VLC, Visible light communication...Sirod Deo
 
Li Fi Visible Light Communication
Li Fi Visible Light CommunicationLi Fi Visible Light Communication
Li Fi Visible Light CommunicationRaghav Shetty
 
Visible light communication
Visible light communicationVisible light communication
Visible light communicationMuhammad Shaoor
 
Lifi data transmission
Lifi data transmission Lifi data transmission
Lifi data transmission shyam sunder
 
Implementation and demonstration of li fi technology
Implementation and demonstration of li fi technologyImplementation and demonstration of li fi technology
Implementation and demonstration of li fi technologyeSAT Publishing House
 

What's hot (20)

Kuldeep ppt11
Kuldeep ppt11Kuldeep ppt11
Kuldeep ppt11
 
Vlc
VlcVlc
Vlc
 
Visible Light Communication
Visible Light CommunicationVisible Light Communication
Visible Light Communication
 
ITRI ICL VLC 可見光通訊技術介紹 20140529
ITRI ICL VLC 可見光通訊技術介紹 20140529ITRI ICL VLC 可見光通訊技術介紹 20140529
ITRI ICL VLC 可見光通訊技術介紹 20140529
 
Li fi technology
Li fi technologyLi fi technology
Li fi technology
 
Visible Light communication
Visible Light communicationVisible Light communication
Visible Light communication
 
ZTE COMMUNICATIONS No.2 2016 : Optical wireless communications
ZTE COMMUNICATIONS No.2 2016 : Optical wireless communicationsZTE COMMUNICATIONS No.2 2016 : Optical wireless communications
ZTE COMMUNICATIONS No.2 2016 : Optical wireless communications
 
Visible Light Communication
Visible Light CommunicationVisible Light Communication
Visible Light Communication
 
LiFi Visible light Communication technology
LiFi Visible light Communication technologyLiFi Visible light Communication technology
LiFi Visible light Communication technology
 
VISIBLELIGHT COMMUNICATION AND LI-FI
VISIBLELIGHT COMMUNICATION AND LI-FIVISIBLELIGHT COMMUNICATION AND LI-FI
VISIBLELIGHT COMMUNICATION AND LI-FI
 
Optical wireless communication li fi
Optical wireless communication li fiOptical wireless communication li fi
Optical wireless communication li fi
 
Li-Fi Technology (Perfect slides)
Li-Fi Technology (Perfect slides)Li-Fi Technology (Perfect slides)
Li-Fi Technology (Perfect slides)
 
Li fi technology paper presentation, Li- Fi, VLC, Visible light communication...
Li fi technology paper presentation, Li- Fi, VLC, Visible light communication...Li fi technology paper presentation, Li- Fi, VLC, Visible light communication...
Li fi technology paper presentation, Li- Fi, VLC, Visible light communication...
 
Li Fi Visible Light Communication
Li Fi Visible Light CommunicationLi Fi Visible Light Communication
Li Fi Visible Light Communication
 
Visible light communication
Visible light communicationVisible light communication
Visible light communication
 
Li fi (light fidelity)
Li fi (light fidelity)Li fi (light fidelity)
Li fi (light fidelity)
 
Biz Model for pureLiFi
Biz Model for pureLiFiBiz Model for pureLiFi
Biz Model for pureLiFi
 
Lifi data transmission
Lifi data transmission Lifi data transmission
Lifi data transmission
 
Implementation and demonstration of li fi technology
Implementation and demonstration of li fi technologyImplementation and demonstration of li fi technology
Implementation and demonstration of li fi technology
 
Li Fi technology
 Li Fi technology Li Fi technology
Li Fi technology
 

Viewers also liked

BANGLADESH RAILWAY COMUNICATION
BANGLADESH RAILWAY COMUNICATIONBANGLADESH RAILWAY COMUNICATION
BANGLADESH RAILWAY COMUNICATIONMasudul Robin
 
Remote network monitoring
Remote network monitoringRemote network monitoring
Remote network monitoringyousef emami
 
Value-based Management
Value-based ManagementValue-based Management
Value-based ManagementAzmi Taufik
 
Data and functional modeling
Data and functional modelingData and functional modeling
Data and functional modelingSlideshare
 
Communication Concepts, Theories And Models1
Communication Concepts, Theories And Models1Communication Concepts, Theories And Models1
Communication Concepts, Theories And Models1Suchitra Patnaik
 
Communication ppt
Communication pptCommunication ppt
Communication pptTirtha Mal
 

Viewers also liked (11)

Network Monitoring Tools
Network Monitoring ToolsNetwork Monitoring Tools
Network Monitoring Tools
 
Communication models
Communication modelsCommunication models
Communication models
 
Functional modeling
Functional modelingFunctional modeling
Functional modeling
 
BANGLADESH RAILWAY COMUNICATION
BANGLADESH RAILWAY COMUNICATIONBANGLADESH RAILWAY COMUNICATION
BANGLADESH RAILWAY COMUNICATION
 
Remote network monitoring
Remote network monitoringRemote network monitoring
Remote network monitoring
 
Functional modeling
Functional modelingFunctional modeling
Functional modeling
 
Value-based Management
Value-based ManagementValue-based Management
Value-based Management
 
Data and functional modeling
Data and functional modelingData and functional modeling
Data and functional modeling
 
Communication Concepts, Theories And Models1
Communication Concepts, Theories And Models1Communication Concepts, Theories And Models1
Communication Concepts, Theories And Models1
 
Dns ppt
Dns pptDns ppt
Dns ppt
 
Communication ppt
Communication pptCommunication ppt
Communication ppt
 

Similar to Biz model for visible light comunication

Business policy and strategic management
Business policy and strategic managementBusiness policy and strategic management
Business policy and strategic managementNaresh Shah
 
Embedded Systems: Future trends, Employer Expectations
Embedded Systems: Future trends, Employer ExpectationsEmbedded Systems: Future trends, Employer Expectations
Embedded Systems: Future trends, Employer ExpectationsCareer Communications Group
 
A rede como um sensor de segurança
A rede como um sensor de segurança A rede como um sensor de segurança
A rede como um sensor de segurança Cisco do Brasil
 
About Subsidium Technologies
About Subsidium TechnologiesAbout Subsidium Technologies
About Subsidium Technologiessubsidiumtech
 
Partnering Conf Presentations
Partnering Conf PresentationsPartnering Conf Presentations
Partnering Conf Presentationsaztechcouncil
 
IRJET- Data Transmission for Proximity Devices using Ultrasonic Sound Waves
IRJET- Data Transmission for Proximity Devices using Ultrasonic Sound WavesIRJET- Data Transmission for Proximity Devices using Ultrasonic Sound Waves
IRJET- Data Transmission for Proximity Devices using Ultrasonic Sound WavesIRJET Journal
 
e-Business ideas in Telecom
e-Business ideas in Telecome-Business ideas in Telecom
e-Business ideas in Telecomsam_tandon
 
To the 5th Generation? The Future of Mobile Communications
To the 5th Generation? The Future of Mobile CommunicationsTo the 5th Generation? The Future of Mobile Communications
To the 5th Generation? The Future of Mobile CommunicationsMarc NGIAMBA
 
Future of Broadband workshop presentation - ITU Telecom World 2013
Future of Broadband workshop presentation - ITU Telecom World 2013Future of Broadband workshop presentation - ITU Telecom World 2013
Future of Broadband workshop presentation - ITU Telecom World 2013Martin Geddes
 
Next Generation Broadband In Asia: Strategies to Promote Investment
Next Generation Broadband In Asia: Strategies to Promote InvestmentNext Generation Broadband In Asia: Strategies to Promote Investment
Next Generation Broadband In Asia: Strategies to Promote InvestmentMartyn Taylor
 
Identifying Opportunities and Value in IoT Plays
Identifying Opportunities and Value in IoT PlaysIdentifying Opportunities and Value in IoT Plays
Identifying Opportunities and Value in IoT PlaysAmanjyot S. Johar
 
APAC Big Data Strategy_RK
APAC Big Data Strategy_RKAPAC Big Data Strategy_RK
APAC Big Data Strategy_RKIntelAPAC
 
APAC Big Data Strategy RadhaKrishna Hiremane
APAC Big Data  Strategy RadhaKrishna  HiremaneAPAC Big Data  Strategy RadhaKrishna  Hiremane
APAC Big Data Strategy RadhaKrishna HiremaneIntelAPAC
 

Similar to Biz model for visible light comunication (20)

Business policy and strategic management
Business policy and strategic managementBusiness policy and strategic management
Business policy and strategic management
 
Embedded Systems: Future trends, Employer Expectations
Embedded Systems: Future trends, Employer ExpectationsEmbedded Systems: Future trends, Employer Expectations
Embedded Systems: Future trends, Employer Expectations
 
A rede como um sensor de segurança
A rede como um sensor de segurança A rede como um sensor de segurança
A rede como um sensor de segurança
 
About Subsidium Technologies
About Subsidium TechnologiesAbout Subsidium Technologies
About Subsidium Technologies
 
Partnering Conf Presentations
Partnering Conf PresentationsPartnering Conf Presentations
Partnering Conf Presentations
 
10 fn s16
10 fn s1610 fn s16
10 fn s16
 
10 fn s16
10 fn s1610 fn s16
10 fn s16
 
Iot ppt
Iot pptIot ppt
Iot ppt
 
IRJET- Data Transmission for Proximity Devices using Ultrasonic Sound Waves
IRJET- Data Transmission for Proximity Devices using Ultrasonic Sound WavesIRJET- Data Transmission for Proximity Devices using Ultrasonic Sound Waves
IRJET- Data Transmission for Proximity Devices using Ultrasonic Sound Waves
 
Where 5 g meets iot!!!
Where 5 g meets iot!!!Where 5 g meets iot!!!
Where 5 g meets iot!!!
 
e-Business ideas in Telecom
e-Business ideas in Telecome-Business ideas in Telecom
e-Business ideas in Telecom
 
To the 5th Generation? The Future of Mobile Communications
To the 5th Generation? The Future of Mobile CommunicationsTo the 5th Generation? The Future of Mobile Communications
To the 5th Generation? The Future of Mobile Communications
 
Bicsi das trends
Bicsi   das trendsBicsi   das trends
Bicsi das trends
 
Future of Broadband workshop presentation - ITU Telecom World 2013
Future of Broadband workshop presentation - ITU Telecom World 2013Future of Broadband workshop presentation - ITU Telecom World 2013
Future of Broadband workshop presentation - ITU Telecom World 2013
 
Next Generation Broadband In Asia: Strategies to Promote Investment
Next Generation Broadband In Asia: Strategies to Promote InvestmentNext Generation Broadband In Asia: Strategies to Promote Investment
Next Generation Broadband In Asia: Strategies to Promote Investment
 
Identifying Opportunities and Value in IoT Plays
Identifying Opportunities and Value in IoT PlaysIdentifying Opportunities and Value in IoT Plays
Identifying Opportunities and Value in IoT Plays
 
APAC Big Data Strategy_RK
APAC Big Data Strategy_RKAPAC Big Data Strategy_RK
APAC Big Data Strategy_RK
 
APAC Big Data Strategy RadhaKrishna Hiremane
APAC Big Data  Strategy RadhaKrishna  HiremaneAPAC Big Data  Strategy RadhaKrishna  Hiremane
APAC Big Data Strategy RadhaKrishna Hiremane
 
MA2017 | Amanjyot Johar | Identifying Opportunities and Value in IoT Plays
MA2017 | Amanjyot Johar | Identifying Opportunities and Value in IoT PlaysMA2017 | Amanjyot Johar | Identifying Opportunities and Value in IoT Plays
MA2017 | Amanjyot Johar | Identifying Opportunities and Value in IoT Plays
 
810.pptx
810.pptx810.pptx
810.pptx
 

More from Jeffrey Funk Business Models

Ola Cabs: Dominating India and Challenging Uber at Global Level
Ola Cabs: Dominating India and Challenging Uber at Global LevelOla Cabs: Dominating India and Challenging Uber at Global Level
Ola Cabs: Dominating India and Challenging Uber at Global LevelJeffrey Funk Business Models
 
Zomato: Transforming the Global Restaurant Business
Zomato: Transforming the Global Restaurant BusinessZomato: Transforming the Global Restaurant Business
Zomato: Transforming the Global Restaurant BusinessJeffrey Funk Business Models
 
Beyond Flipped Classrooms and MOOCs: The future of engineering and management...
Beyond Flipped Classrooms and MOOCs: The future of engineering and management...Beyond Flipped Classrooms and MOOCs: The future of engineering and management...
Beyond Flipped Classrooms and MOOCs: The future of engineering and management...Jeffrey Funk Business Models
 
Network Effects, Platforms, Standards, and Complex Systems
Network Effects, Platforms, Standards, and Complex SystemsNetwork Effects, Platforms, Standards, and Complex Systems
Network Effects, Platforms, Standards, and Complex Systems Jeffrey Funk Business Models
 
Value Propositions and Billion Dollar Startup Club
Value Propositions and Billion Dollar Startup ClubValue Propositions and Billion Dollar Startup Club
Value Propositions and Billion Dollar Startup ClubJeffrey Funk Business Models
 

More from Jeffrey Funk Business Models (20)

Online Education: A New Business Model
Online Education: A New Business ModelOnline Education: A New Business Model
Online Education: A New Business Model
 
Biz Models for High-Tech Products
Biz Models for High-Tech ProductsBiz Models for High-Tech Products
Biz Models for High-Tech Products
 
Ola Cabs: Dominating India and Challenging Uber at Global Level
Ola Cabs: Dominating India and Challenging Uber at Global LevelOla Cabs: Dominating India and Challenging Uber at Global Level
Ola Cabs: Dominating India and Challenging Uber at Global Level
 
PlugSurfing: global network of charging stations
PlugSurfing: global network of charging stationsPlugSurfing: global network of charging stations
PlugSurfing: global network of charging stations
 
Zomato: Transforming the Global Restaurant Business
Zomato: Transforming the Global Restaurant BusinessZomato: Transforming the Global Restaurant Business
Zomato: Transforming the Global Restaurant Business
 
Vishuo Biomedical
Vishuo BiomedicalVishuo Biomedical
Vishuo Biomedical
 
Beyond Flipped Classrooms and MOOCs: The future of engineering and management...
Beyond Flipped Classrooms and MOOCs: The future of engineering and management...Beyond Flipped Classrooms and MOOCs: The future of engineering and management...
Beyond Flipped Classrooms and MOOCs: The future of engineering and management...
 
Network Effects, Platforms, Standards, and Complex Systems
Network Effects, Platforms, Standards, and Complex SystemsNetwork Effects, Platforms, Standards, and Complex Systems
Network Effects, Platforms, Standards, and Complex Systems
 
Value Propositions and Billion Dollar Startup Club
Value Propositions and Billion Dollar Startup ClubValue Propositions and Billion Dollar Startup Club
Value Propositions and Billion Dollar Startup Club
 
Augmented Reality for Travel: A Business Model
Augmented Reality for Travel: A Business ModelAugmented Reality for Travel: A Business Model
Augmented Reality for Travel: A Business Model
 
Molecular Sensor from SCIO
Molecular Sensor from SCIOMolecular Sensor from SCIO
Molecular Sensor from SCIO
 
Garena Online
Garena OnlineGarena Online
Garena Online
 
Expliseat - World's Lightest Seats
Expliseat - World's Lightest SeatsExpliseat - World's Lightest Seats
Expliseat - World's Lightest Seats
 
Google Cardboard
Google CardboardGoogle Cardboard
Google Cardboard
 
Theranos Biz Model
Theranos Biz ModelTheranos Biz Model
Theranos Biz Model
 
Airware for Drones
Airware for DronesAirware for Drones
Airware for Drones
 
Wireless charging: Qualcomm and Bosch
Wireless charging: Qualcomm and BoschWireless charging: Qualcomm and Bosch
Wireless charging: Qualcomm and Bosch
 
Jasper, Internet of Things
Jasper, Internet of ThingsJasper, Internet of Things
Jasper, Internet of Things
 
Slack
SlackSlack
Slack
 
Oscar health insurance
Oscar health insuranceOscar health insurance
Oscar health insurance
 

Recently uploaded

1911 Gold Corporate Presentation Apr 2024.pdf
1911 Gold Corporate Presentation Apr 2024.pdf1911 Gold Corporate Presentation Apr 2024.pdf
1911 Gold Corporate Presentation Apr 2024.pdfShaun Heinrichs
 
Excvation Safety for safety officers reference
Excvation Safety for safety officers referenceExcvation Safety for safety officers reference
Excvation Safety for safety officers referencessuser2c065e
 
Unveiling the Soundscape Music for Psychedelic Experiences
Unveiling the Soundscape Music for Psychedelic ExperiencesUnveiling the Soundscape Music for Psychedelic Experiences
Unveiling the Soundscape Music for Psychedelic ExperiencesDoe Paoro
 
Planetary and Vedic Yagyas Bring Positive Impacts in Life
Planetary and Vedic Yagyas Bring Positive Impacts in LifePlanetary and Vedic Yagyas Bring Positive Impacts in Life
Planetary and Vedic Yagyas Bring Positive Impacts in LifeBhavana Pujan Kendra
 
20200128 Ethical by Design - Whitepaper.pdf
20200128 Ethical by Design - Whitepaper.pdf20200128 Ethical by Design - Whitepaper.pdf
20200128 Ethical by Design - Whitepaper.pdfChris Skinner
 
Technical Leaders - Working with the Management Team
Technical Leaders - Working with the Management TeamTechnical Leaders - Working with the Management Team
Technical Leaders - Working with the Management TeamArik Fletcher
 
Guide Complete Set of Residential Architectural Drawings PDF
Guide Complete Set of Residential Architectural Drawings PDFGuide Complete Set of Residential Architectural Drawings PDF
Guide Complete Set of Residential Architectural Drawings PDFChandresh Chudasama
 
TriStar Gold Corporate Presentation - April 2024
TriStar Gold Corporate Presentation - April 2024TriStar Gold Corporate Presentation - April 2024
TriStar Gold Corporate Presentation - April 2024Adnet Communications
 
Go for Rakhi Bazaar and Pick the Latest Bhaiya Bhabhi Rakhi.pptx
Go for Rakhi Bazaar and Pick the Latest Bhaiya Bhabhi Rakhi.pptxGo for Rakhi Bazaar and Pick the Latest Bhaiya Bhabhi Rakhi.pptx
Go for Rakhi Bazaar and Pick the Latest Bhaiya Bhabhi Rakhi.pptxRakhi Bazaar
 
GUIDELINES ON USEFUL FORMS IN FREIGHT FORWARDING (F) Danny Diep Toh MBA.pdf
GUIDELINES ON USEFUL FORMS IN FREIGHT FORWARDING (F) Danny Diep Toh MBA.pdfGUIDELINES ON USEFUL FORMS IN FREIGHT FORWARDING (F) Danny Diep Toh MBA.pdf
GUIDELINES ON USEFUL FORMS IN FREIGHT FORWARDING (F) Danny Diep Toh MBA.pdfDanny Diep To
 
Neha Jhalani Hiranandani: A Guide to Her Life and Career
Neha Jhalani Hiranandani: A Guide to Her Life and CareerNeha Jhalani Hiranandani: A Guide to Her Life and Career
Neha Jhalani Hiranandani: A Guide to Her Life and Careerr98588472
 
EUDR Info Meeting Ethiopian coffee exporters
EUDR Info Meeting Ethiopian coffee exportersEUDR Info Meeting Ethiopian coffee exporters
EUDR Info Meeting Ethiopian coffee exportersPeter Horsten
 
How Generative AI Is Transforming Your Business | Byond Growth Insights | Apr...
How Generative AI Is Transforming Your Business | Byond Growth Insights | Apr...How Generative AI Is Transforming Your Business | Byond Growth Insights | Apr...
How Generative AI Is Transforming Your Business | Byond Growth Insights | Apr...Hector Del Castillo, CPM, CPMM
 
WSMM Media and Entertainment Feb_March_Final.pdf
WSMM Media and Entertainment Feb_March_Final.pdfWSMM Media and Entertainment Feb_March_Final.pdf
WSMM Media and Entertainment Feb_March_Final.pdfJamesConcepcion7
 
Lessons from Shanavas M.P. (AKA SHAN) For The Mastering in Entrepreneurship
Lessons from Shanavas M.P. (AKA SHAN) For The Mastering in EntrepreneurshipLessons from Shanavas M.P. (AKA SHAN) For The Mastering in Entrepreneurship
Lessons from Shanavas M.P. (AKA SHAN) For The Mastering in EntrepreneurshipDoge Mining Website
 
Appkodes Tinder Clone Script with Customisable Solutions.pptx
Appkodes Tinder Clone Script with Customisable Solutions.pptxAppkodes Tinder Clone Script with Customisable Solutions.pptx
Appkodes Tinder Clone Script with Customisable Solutions.pptxappkodes
 
WSMM Technology February.March Newsletter_vF.pdf
WSMM Technology February.March Newsletter_vF.pdfWSMM Technology February.March Newsletter_vF.pdf
WSMM Technology February.March Newsletter_vF.pdfJamesConcepcion7
 
Features of a Call Recorder Spy App for Android.pdf
Features of a Call Recorder Spy App for Android.pdfFeatures of a Call Recorder Spy App for Android.pdf
Features of a Call Recorder Spy App for Android.pdfOne Monitar
 
Darshan Hiranandani (Son of Niranjan Hiranandani).pdf
Darshan Hiranandani (Son of Niranjan Hiranandani).pdfDarshan Hiranandani (Son of Niranjan Hiranandani).pdf
Darshan Hiranandani (Son of Niranjan Hiranandani).pdfShashank Mehta
 
Healthcare Feb. & Mar. Healthcare Newsletter
Healthcare Feb. & Mar. Healthcare NewsletterHealthcare Feb. & Mar. Healthcare Newsletter
Healthcare Feb. & Mar. Healthcare NewsletterJamesConcepcion7
 

Recently uploaded (20)

1911 Gold Corporate Presentation Apr 2024.pdf
1911 Gold Corporate Presentation Apr 2024.pdf1911 Gold Corporate Presentation Apr 2024.pdf
1911 Gold Corporate Presentation Apr 2024.pdf
 
Excvation Safety for safety officers reference
Excvation Safety for safety officers referenceExcvation Safety for safety officers reference
Excvation Safety for safety officers reference
 
Unveiling the Soundscape Music for Psychedelic Experiences
Unveiling the Soundscape Music for Psychedelic ExperiencesUnveiling the Soundscape Music for Psychedelic Experiences
Unveiling the Soundscape Music for Psychedelic Experiences
 
Planetary and Vedic Yagyas Bring Positive Impacts in Life
Planetary and Vedic Yagyas Bring Positive Impacts in LifePlanetary and Vedic Yagyas Bring Positive Impacts in Life
Planetary and Vedic Yagyas Bring Positive Impacts in Life
 
20200128 Ethical by Design - Whitepaper.pdf
20200128 Ethical by Design - Whitepaper.pdf20200128 Ethical by Design - Whitepaper.pdf
20200128 Ethical by Design - Whitepaper.pdf
 
Technical Leaders - Working with the Management Team
Technical Leaders - Working with the Management TeamTechnical Leaders - Working with the Management Team
Technical Leaders - Working with the Management Team
 
Guide Complete Set of Residential Architectural Drawings PDF
Guide Complete Set of Residential Architectural Drawings PDFGuide Complete Set of Residential Architectural Drawings PDF
Guide Complete Set of Residential Architectural Drawings PDF
 
TriStar Gold Corporate Presentation - April 2024
TriStar Gold Corporate Presentation - April 2024TriStar Gold Corporate Presentation - April 2024
TriStar Gold Corporate Presentation - April 2024
 
Go for Rakhi Bazaar and Pick the Latest Bhaiya Bhabhi Rakhi.pptx
Go for Rakhi Bazaar and Pick the Latest Bhaiya Bhabhi Rakhi.pptxGo for Rakhi Bazaar and Pick the Latest Bhaiya Bhabhi Rakhi.pptx
Go for Rakhi Bazaar and Pick the Latest Bhaiya Bhabhi Rakhi.pptx
 
GUIDELINES ON USEFUL FORMS IN FREIGHT FORWARDING (F) Danny Diep Toh MBA.pdf
GUIDELINES ON USEFUL FORMS IN FREIGHT FORWARDING (F) Danny Diep Toh MBA.pdfGUIDELINES ON USEFUL FORMS IN FREIGHT FORWARDING (F) Danny Diep Toh MBA.pdf
GUIDELINES ON USEFUL FORMS IN FREIGHT FORWARDING (F) Danny Diep Toh MBA.pdf
 
Neha Jhalani Hiranandani: A Guide to Her Life and Career
Neha Jhalani Hiranandani: A Guide to Her Life and CareerNeha Jhalani Hiranandani: A Guide to Her Life and Career
Neha Jhalani Hiranandani: A Guide to Her Life and Career
 
EUDR Info Meeting Ethiopian coffee exporters
EUDR Info Meeting Ethiopian coffee exportersEUDR Info Meeting Ethiopian coffee exporters
EUDR Info Meeting Ethiopian coffee exporters
 
How Generative AI Is Transforming Your Business | Byond Growth Insights | Apr...
How Generative AI Is Transforming Your Business | Byond Growth Insights | Apr...How Generative AI Is Transforming Your Business | Byond Growth Insights | Apr...
How Generative AI Is Transforming Your Business | Byond Growth Insights | Apr...
 
WSMM Media and Entertainment Feb_March_Final.pdf
WSMM Media and Entertainment Feb_March_Final.pdfWSMM Media and Entertainment Feb_March_Final.pdf
WSMM Media and Entertainment Feb_March_Final.pdf
 
Lessons from Shanavas M.P. (AKA SHAN) For The Mastering in Entrepreneurship
Lessons from Shanavas M.P. (AKA SHAN) For The Mastering in EntrepreneurshipLessons from Shanavas M.P. (AKA SHAN) For The Mastering in Entrepreneurship
Lessons from Shanavas M.P. (AKA SHAN) For The Mastering in Entrepreneurship
 
Appkodes Tinder Clone Script with Customisable Solutions.pptx
Appkodes Tinder Clone Script with Customisable Solutions.pptxAppkodes Tinder Clone Script with Customisable Solutions.pptx
Appkodes Tinder Clone Script with Customisable Solutions.pptx
 
WSMM Technology February.March Newsletter_vF.pdf
WSMM Technology February.March Newsletter_vF.pdfWSMM Technology February.March Newsletter_vF.pdf
WSMM Technology February.March Newsletter_vF.pdf
 
Features of a Call Recorder Spy App for Android.pdf
Features of a Call Recorder Spy App for Android.pdfFeatures of a Call Recorder Spy App for Android.pdf
Features of a Call Recorder Spy App for Android.pdf
 
Darshan Hiranandani (Son of Niranjan Hiranandani).pdf
Darshan Hiranandani (Son of Niranjan Hiranandani).pdfDarshan Hiranandani (Son of Niranjan Hiranandani).pdf
Darshan Hiranandani (Son of Niranjan Hiranandani).pdf
 
Healthcare Feb. & Mar. Healthcare Newsletter
Healthcare Feb. & Mar. Healthcare NewsletterHealthcare Feb. & Mar. Healthcare Newsletter
Healthcare Feb. & Mar. Healthcare Newsletter
 

Biz model for visible light comunication