SlideShare a Scribd company logo
COMPARATIVES AND
SUPERLATIVES
SOME RULES ABOUT FORMING COMPARATIVES AND
SUPERLATIVES
 One syllable adjectives generally form the
comparative by adding -er and the superlative by
adding -est, e.g.:
Adjective Comparative Superlative
Soft Softer The softest
Cheap Cheaper The cheapest
Sweet Sweeter The sweetest
Thin Thinner The thinnest
SPELLING RULES
 Note that if a one syllable adjective ends in a single vowel
letter followed by a single consonant letter, the consonant
letter is doubled.
e.g.: thin → thinner, big → biggest.
 If an adjective ends in -e, this is removed when adding -er/-
est.
e.g.: wide → wider/widest.
 If an adjective ends in a consonant followed by -y, -y is
replaced by -i when adding -er/-est.
e.g.: dry → drier/driest.
TWO SYLLABLE ADJECTIVES
 Two syllable adjectives which end in -y usually form the
comparative by adding -er and the superlative by
adding -est, (note the change of -y to -i in the
comparative/superlative) e.g.:
Adjective Comparative superlative
Lucky luckier The luckiest
Pretty Prettier The prettiest
Tidy Tidier The tidiest
TWO SYLLABLE ADJECTIVES
 Two syllable adjectives ending in -ed, -ing, -ful,
or -less always form the comparative with more
and the superlative with the most, e.g.:
Adjective Comparative superlative
Worried More worried The most worried
Boring More boring The most boring
Careful More careful The most careful
Useless More useless The most useless
THREE SYLLABLE ADJECTIVES
 Adjectives which have three or more syllables always form the
comparative and superlative with MORE and THE MOST, e.g.:
 The only exceptions are some three syllable adjectives which have been
formed by adding the prefix -un to another adjective, especially those
formed from an adjective ending in -y. These adjectives can form
comparatives and superlatives by using more/most or adding -er/-est,
 e.g.:unhappy – unhappier – the unhappiest/ the most unhappy
Adjective Comparative Superlative
Dangerous More dangerous The most dangerous
Difficult More difficult The most difficult
IRREGULAR ADJECTIVES
Adjective Comparative Superlative
Good Better The best
Bad Worse The worst
Far Farther/further The farthest/furthest
USE OF COMPARATIVES
 Comparatives are very commonly followed by
than and a pronoun or noun group, in order to
describe who the other person or thing involved
in the comparison is, e.g.:
John is taller than me.
I think that she’s more intelligent than her
sister.
Object pronouns (me, him, etc)
after than and as
 After than or as we can use an object pronoun (me, him,
her, them, etc) or a subject pronoun (I, you, he, they, etc)
+ auxiliary verb.
She is taller than me. OR She is taller than I am.
They’re not as busy as us. OR They’re not as busy
as we are.
 The same as
We use the same as to say that two people, places, etc.
are identical:
Her dress is the same as mine.
Examples
Adjectives
large larger largest
The first apple is large.
The second apple is larger than the first.
The third apple is the largest of the three.
The jalopy is a fast car.
The racecar is the faster car.
The dragster is the fastest car.
REMEMBER
To make comparative and superlative forms of
adjectives some rules must be followed.
Rule 1
tall taller tallest
neat neater neatest
deep deeper deepest
To form the comparative or superlative
of one syllable words with
more than one vowel OR ending
with more than one consonant at the
add -er OR -est.
Rule 2
wide wider widest
fine finer finest
cute cuter cutest
To form the comparative or
superlative of a one syllable word ending
in e add -r OR -st.
Rule 3
sad sadder saddest
big bigger biggest
fat fatter fattest
To form the comparative or superlative of a one
syllable word with one vowel and one consonant at
the end double the consonant, and add -er OR -est.
Rule 4
happy happier happiest
jolly jollier jolliest
lazy lazier laziest
To form the comparative or superlative of a two
syllable word ending in y, change the y to i, then
add -er OR -est.
Rule 5
yellow yellower yellowest
gentle gentler gentlest
simple simpler simplest
To form the comparative or superlative of a two
syllable word ending a vowel-sound that is not
stressed then add -er OR -est.
Adjectives ending in –le, -ow, er frequently take –er
and –est.
SUMMARY
Adjective form Comparative Superlative
Only one syllable, with more than
one vowel or more than one
consonant at the end. Examples:
light, neat, fast, tall, neat, deep
Add -er:
lighter, neater, faster, taller,
neater, deeper
Add -est:
lightest, neatest, fastest, tallest.
neatest, deepest
Only one syllable, ending in E.
Examples:
wide, fine, cute
Add -r:
wider, finer, cuter
Add -st:
widest, finest, cutest
Only one syllable, with one vowel
and one consonant at the end.
Examples:
hot, big, fat, sad
Double the consonant, and add
-er:
hotter, bigger, fatter, sadder
Double the consonant, and add
-est:
hottest, biggest, fattest, saddest
Two syllables, ending in Y.
Examples:
happy, silly, lonely, jolly
Change y to i, then add -er:
happier, sillier, lonelier, jollier
Change y to i, then add -est:
happiest, silliest, loneliest, jolliest
two syllable word ending a vowel-
sound that is not stressed
yellow, simple
Add -er:
yellower, simpler
Add -est:
yellower, simpler
Two syllables or more, not ending
in Y. Examples:
modern, interesting, beautiful,
Use more before the adjective:
more modern, more interesting,
more beautiful
Use most before the adjective:
most modern, most interesting,
most beautiful
Irregular Adjectives
Word Comparative Superlative
good better best
bad worse worst
much more most
little less least
far farther farthest
old
older
elder
oldest
eldest
Irregular Adjectives
Examples
-Nathan made good stew.
-Molly's stew was better than Nathan's.
-Ezra made the best stew of all.
Comparing two actions
 We use comparative adverbs to compare two
actions.
You walk more quickly than me.
Max doesn’t speak German as well as his
wife.
More and Most:
Adverb Comparative Superlative
recently more recently most recently
effectively more effectively most effectively
frequently more frequently most frequently
Adverb Comparative Superlative
fast faster fastest
slow slower slowest
quick quicker quickest
early earlier earliest
bright brighter brightest
high higher highest
The bird sings loudly.
The moose sang louder than the bird.
Pete sang the loudest of them all.
 
Sally works hard.
Steve works harder than Sally
Kathy and Sue work the hardest of all.
“In” after superlatives
 Use “in” (NOT “of”) before places after a
superlative.
It’s the longest bridge in the world.
It’s the best beach in the Caribbean Sea.
 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yFWVbV3fd3I

More Related Content

What's hot

Grammar used to
Grammar used toGrammar used to
Grammar used to
Carmen Maza
 
Intensifiers
IntensifiersIntensifiers
Intensifiers
DavidMartnezJimnez4
 
Possessive 's
Possessive 'sPossessive 's
Possessive 's
Sara
 
Superlatives- GRAMMAR AND EXAMPLES
Superlatives- GRAMMAR AND EXAMPLESSuperlatives- GRAMMAR AND EXAMPLES
Superlatives- GRAMMAR AND EXAMPLES
Diana Carolina Flores Uceda
 
Gerunds and infinitives
Gerunds and infinitivesGerunds and infinitives
Gerunds and infinitives
EbruKILICASLAN
 
Was were
Was wereWas were
Was were
ourbloggish
 
used to, be used to and get used to
used to, be used to and get used toused to, be used to and get used to
used to, be used to and get used to
bernadette ratna
 
Past Progressive
Past ProgressivePast Progressive
Past Progressive
Katie Mitchell
 
Demonstratives
DemonstrativesDemonstratives
Demonstratives
Jhon Murillo D
 
Comparative and superlative
Comparative and superlativeComparative and superlative
Comparative and superlative
paly2h
 
Past Simple
Past SimplePast Simple
Past Simple
marperez
 
Too, (not) enough, very, too many and too much
Too, (not) enough, very, too many and too muchToo, (not) enough, very, too many and too much
Too, (not) enough, very, too many and too much
Alina Dashkewitz
 
Present continuous for the future
Present continuous for the futurePresent continuous for the future
Present continuous for the future
Jose Gallego
 
Do does
Do   doesDo   does
Past continuous tense
Past continuous tensePast continuous tense
Past continuous tense
ehha
 
Defining and non defining relative clauses
Defining and non defining relative clausesDefining and non defining relative clauses
Defining and non defining relative clauses
sesamin
 
Clauses of contrast and purpose
Clauses of contrast and purposeClauses of contrast and purpose
Clauses of contrast and purpose
ramiro cebreiros alvarez
 
Comparatives
ComparativesComparatives
Comparatives
Ana Carlão
 
Both Either Neither
Both  Either  NeitherBoth  Either  Neither
Both Either Neither
yilmazman
 
Phrasal verbs
Phrasal verbsPhrasal verbs
Phrasal verbs
leidy_meza
 

What's hot (20)

Grammar used to
Grammar used toGrammar used to
Grammar used to
 
Intensifiers
IntensifiersIntensifiers
Intensifiers
 
Possessive 's
Possessive 'sPossessive 's
Possessive 's
 
Superlatives- GRAMMAR AND EXAMPLES
Superlatives- GRAMMAR AND EXAMPLESSuperlatives- GRAMMAR AND EXAMPLES
Superlatives- GRAMMAR AND EXAMPLES
 
Gerunds and infinitives
Gerunds and infinitivesGerunds and infinitives
Gerunds and infinitives
 
Was were
Was wereWas were
Was were
 
used to, be used to and get used to
used to, be used to and get used toused to, be used to and get used to
used to, be used to and get used to
 
Past Progressive
Past ProgressivePast Progressive
Past Progressive
 
Demonstratives
DemonstrativesDemonstratives
Demonstratives
 
Comparative and superlative
Comparative and superlativeComparative and superlative
Comparative and superlative
 
Past Simple
Past SimplePast Simple
Past Simple
 
Too, (not) enough, very, too many and too much
Too, (not) enough, very, too many and too muchToo, (not) enough, very, too many and too much
Too, (not) enough, very, too many and too much
 
Present continuous for the future
Present continuous for the futurePresent continuous for the future
Present continuous for the future
 
Do does
Do   doesDo   does
Do does
 
Past continuous tense
Past continuous tensePast continuous tense
Past continuous tense
 
Defining and non defining relative clauses
Defining and non defining relative clausesDefining and non defining relative clauses
Defining and non defining relative clauses
 
Clauses of contrast and purpose
Clauses of contrast and purposeClauses of contrast and purpose
Clauses of contrast and purpose
 
Comparatives
ComparativesComparatives
Comparatives
 
Both Either Neither
Both  Either  NeitherBoth  Either  Neither
Both Either Neither
 
Phrasal verbs
Phrasal verbsPhrasal verbs
Phrasal verbs
 

Viewers also liked

Grupo6 idi mod7_ti
Grupo6 idi mod7_tiGrupo6 idi mod7_ti
Grupo6 idi mod7_ti
maral954
 
Aprendizaje autónomo
Aprendizaje autónomoAprendizaje autónomo
Aprendizaje autónomo
JOSE ANTONIO CLEMENTE PEREZ
 
Marinaalfonso idi-tf-abril2011
Marinaalfonso idi-tf-abril2011Marinaalfonso idi-tf-abril2011
Marinaalfonso idi-tf-abril2011
maral954
 
Glogster, GlogsterEdu, Animoto
Glogster, GlogsterEdu, AnimotoGlogster, GlogsterEdu, Animoto
Glogster, GlogsterEdu, Animoto
maral954
 
Grupo5 idi mod5_sl
Grupo5 idi mod5_slGrupo5 idi mod5_sl
Grupo5 idi mod5_sl
maral954
 
Aprendizaje autonomo
Aprendizaje autonomoAprendizaje autonomo
Aprendizaje autonomo
Leticia Belem Gonzalez Leon
 
Cuadro comparativo de la educación presencial y virtual
Cuadro comparativo de la educación presencial y virtualCuadro comparativo de la educación presencial y virtual
Cuadro comparativo de la educación presencial y virtual
Maritza Garciia
 

Viewers also liked (7)

Grupo6 idi mod7_ti
Grupo6 idi mod7_tiGrupo6 idi mod7_ti
Grupo6 idi mod7_ti
 
Aprendizaje autónomo
Aprendizaje autónomoAprendizaje autónomo
Aprendizaje autónomo
 
Marinaalfonso idi-tf-abril2011
Marinaalfonso idi-tf-abril2011Marinaalfonso idi-tf-abril2011
Marinaalfonso idi-tf-abril2011
 
Glogster, GlogsterEdu, Animoto
Glogster, GlogsterEdu, AnimotoGlogster, GlogsterEdu, Animoto
Glogster, GlogsterEdu, Animoto
 
Grupo5 idi mod5_sl
Grupo5 idi mod5_slGrupo5 idi mod5_sl
Grupo5 idi mod5_sl
 
Aprendizaje autonomo
Aprendizaje autonomoAprendizaje autonomo
Aprendizaje autonomo
 
Cuadro comparativo de la educación presencial y virtual
Cuadro comparativo de la educación presencial y virtualCuadro comparativo de la educación presencial y virtual
Cuadro comparativo de la educación presencial y virtual
 

Similar to Comparatives and superlatives

Comparatives and superlatives gen
Comparatives and superlatives genComparatives and superlatives gen
Comparatives and superlatives gen
anymilek
 
adjectives, adverbs, superlatives (rulers)
adjectives, adverbs, superlatives (rulers)adjectives, adverbs, superlatives (rulers)
adjectives, adverbs, superlatives (rulers)
alejita2222
 
Adjectives and adverbs
Adjectives and adverbsAdjectives and adverbs
Adjectives and adverbs
Elena De Freitas
 
English -comparative_and_superlative_adjectives 3º eso
English  -comparative_and_superlative_adjectives 3º esoEnglish  -comparative_and_superlative_adjectives 3º eso
English -comparative_and_superlative_adjectives 3º eso
annafatima2
 
Comparative and superlative(4)
Comparative and superlative(4)Comparative and superlative(4)
Comparative and superlative(4)
Doodoiigo
 
Comparative and superlative(4)
Comparative and superlative(4)Comparative and superlative(4)
Comparative and superlative(4)
Bolortuya Boloroo
 
Comparatives and superlatives
Comparatives and superlativesComparatives and superlatives
Comparatives and superlatives
Abitxuela
 
Comparative superlative
Comparative superlativeComparative superlative
Comparative superlative
Pedro Mantilla
 
Comparative and-superlative-adjectives
Comparative and-superlative-adjectivesComparative and-superlative-adjectives
Comparative and-superlative-adjectives
Mariajo2016
 
Comparative and-superlative-2
Comparative and-superlative-2Comparative and-superlative-2
Comparative and-superlative-2
Wahito Erazo
 
Comparative And Superlative Adjectives
Comparative And Superlative AdjectivesComparative And Superlative Adjectives
Comparative And Superlative Adjectives
guest1639c2
 
Comparative and-superlative-2
Comparative and-superlative-2Comparative and-superlative-2
Comparative and-superlative-2
Wahito Erazo
 
Comparative adjectives
Comparative adjectivesComparative adjectives
Comparative adjectives
Sheela Shanmugam
 
Comparative and-superlative
Comparative and-superlativeComparative and-superlative
Comparative and-superlative
Fransemuz Prom
 
C O M P A R A T I V E A N D S U P E R L A T I V E A D J E C T I V E S A N...
C O M P A R A T I V E  A N D  S U P E R L A T I V E  A D J E C T I V E S  A N...C O M P A R A T I V E  A N D  S U P E R L A T I V E  A D J E C T I V E S  A N...
C O M P A R A T I V E A N D S U P E R L A T I V E A D J E C T I V E S A N...
Education
 
Comparative And Superlative Adjectives 1201593353419688 2
Comparative And Superlative Adjectives 1201593353419688 2Comparative And Superlative Adjectives 1201593353419688 2
Comparative And Superlative Adjectives 1201593353419688 2
conchimena
 
Comparatives and superlatives ni1
Comparatives and superlatives ni1Comparatives and superlatives ni1
Comparatives and superlatives ni1
torrepacheco
 
Comparative and superlative
Comparative and superlativeComparative and superlative
Comparative and superlative
Ana Dahliana
 
comparative-and-superlative-adjectives-1201593353419688-2.ppt
comparative-and-superlative-adjectives-1201593353419688-2.pptcomparative-and-superlative-adjectives-1201593353419688-2.ppt
comparative-and-superlative-adjectives-1201593353419688-2.ppt
AhmetUzunnar
 
comparative_superlativeppt adjectives and adv.ppt
comparative_superlativeppt adjectives and adv.pptcomparative_superlativeppt adjectives and adv.ppt
comparative_superlativeppt adjectives and adv.ppt
NguynQuangMinh37
 

Similar to Comparatives and superlatives (20)

Comparatives and superlatives gen
Comparatives and superlatives genComparatives and superlatives gen
Comparatives and superlatives gen
 
adjectives, adverbs, superlatives (rulers)
adjectives, adverbs, superlatives (rulers)adjectives, adverbs, superlatives (rulers)
adjectives, adverbs, superlatives (rulers)
 
Adjectives and adverbs
Adjectives and adverbsAdjectives and adverbs
Adjectives and adverbs
 
English -comparative_and_superlative_adjectives 3º eso
English  -comparative_and_superlative_adjectives 3º esoEnglish  -comparative_and_superlative_adjectives 3º eso
English -comparative_and_superlative_adjectives 3º eso
 
Comparative and superlative(4)
Comparative and superlative(4)Comparative and superlative(4)
Comparative and superlative(4)
 
Comparative and superlative(4)
Comparative and superlative(4)Comparative and superlative(4)
Comparative and superlative(4)
 
Comparatives and superlatives
Comparatives and superlativesComparatives and superlatives
Comparatives and superlatives
 
Comparative superlative
Comparative superlativeComparative superlative
Comparative superlative
 
Comparative and-superlative-adjectives
Comparative and-superlative-adjectivesComparative and-superlative-adjectives
Comparative and-superlative-adjectives
 
Comparative and-superlative-2
Comparative and-superlative-2Comparative and-superlative-2
Comparative and-superlative-2
 
Comparative And Superlative Adjectives
Comparative And Superlative AdjectivesComparative And Superlative Adjectives
Comparative And Superlative Adjectives
 
Comparative and-superlative-2
Comparative and-superlative-2Comparative and-superlative-2
Comparative and-superlative-2
 
Comparative adjectives
Comparative adjectivesComparative adjectives
Comparative adjectives
 
Comparative and-superlative
Comparative and-superlativeComparative and-superlative
Comparative and-superlative
 
C O M P A R A T I V E A N D S U P E R L A T I V E A D J E C T I V E S A N...
C O M P A R A T I V E  A N D  S U P E R L A T I V E  A D J E C T I V E S  A N...C O M P A R A T I V E  A N D  S U P E R L A T I V E  A D J E C T I V E S  A N...
C O M P A R A T I V E A N D S U P E R L A T I V E A D J E C T I V E S A N...
 
Comparative And Superlative Adjectives 1201593353419688 2
Comparative And Superlative Adjectives 1201593353419688 2Comparative And Superlative Adjectives 1201593353419688 2
Comparative And Superlative Adjectives 1201593353419688 2
 
Comparatives and superlatives ni1
Comparatives and superlatives ni1Comparatives and superlatives ni1
Comparatives and superlatives ni1
 
Comparative and superlative
Comparative and superlativeComparative and superlative
Comparative and superlative
 
comparative-and-superlative-adjectives-1201593353419688-2.ppt
comparative-and-superlative-adjectives-1201593353419688-2.pptcomparative-and-superlative-adjectives-1201593353419688-2.ppt
comparative-and-superlative-adjectives-1201593353419688-2.ppt
 
comparative_superlativeppt adjectives and adv.ppt
comparative_superlativeppt adjectives and adv.pptcomparative_superlativeppt adjectives and adv.ppt
comparative_superlativeppt adjectives and adv.ppt
 

More from maral954

Reading comprehension in a foreign language
Reading comprehension in a foreign language Reading comprehension in a foreign language
Reading comprehension in a foreign language
maral954
 
Focus on grammar new
Focus on grammar newFocus on grammar new
Focus on grammar new
maral954
 
Reciprocal pronouns
Reciprocal pronounsReciprocal pronouns
Reciprocal pronouns
maral954
 
Motivating learners
Motivating learnersMotivating learners
Motivating learners
maral954
 
Blocks in moodle 2.9 finished
Blocks in moodle 2.9 finishedBlocks in moodle 2.9 finished
Blocks in moodle 2.9 finished
maral954
 
Modals of deduction: might, can't, must
Modals of deduction: might, can't, mustModals of deduction: might, can't, must
Modals of deduction: might, can't, must
maral954
 
Past tenses
Past tensesPast tenses
Past tenses
maral954
 
Ed and ing adjectives
Ed and ing adjectivesEd and ing adjectives
Ed and ing adjectives
maral954
 
Can could be able to
Can could be able toCan could be able to
Can could be able to
maral954
 
Pay
Pay Pay
Pay
maral954
 
Making suggestions and giving advice
Making suggestions and giving adviceMaking suggestions and giving advice
Making suggestions and giving advice
maral954
 
Describing places
Describing placesDescribing places
Describing places
maral954
 
Advice
AdviceAdvice
Advice
maral954
 
Requests permission offer
Requests permission offerRequests permission offer
Requests permission offer
maral954
 
Reciprocal pronouns
Reciprocal pronounsReciprocal pronouns
Reciprocal pronouns
maral954
 
Connectors
ConnectorsConnectors
Connectors
maral954
 
Grupo1 idi mod4_ti
Grupo1 idi mod4_tiGrupo1 idi mod4_ti
Grupo1 idi mod4_ti
maral954
 
Tutorial de blogger
Tutorial de bloggerTutorial de blogger
Tutorial de blogger
maral954
 
TICs en la educación
TICs en la educaciónTICs en la educación
TICs en la educación
maral954
 

More from maral954 (19)

Reading comprehension in a foreign language
Reading comprehension in a foreign language Reading comprehension in a foreign language
Reading comprehension in a foreign language
 
Focus on grammar new
Focus on grammar newFocus on grammar new
Focus on grammar new
 
Reciprocal pronouns
Reciprocal pronounsReciprocal pronouns
Reciprocal pronouns
 
Motivating learners
Motivating learnersMotivating learners
Motivating learners
 
Blocks in moodle 2.9 finished
Blocks in moodle 2.9 finishedBlocks in moodle 2.9 finished
Blocks in moodle 2.9 finished
 
Modals of deduction: might, can't, must
Modals of deduction: might, can't, mustModals of deduction: might, can't, must
Modals of deduction: might, can't, must
 
Past tenses
Past tensesPast tenses
Past tenses
 
Ed and ing adjectives
Ed and ing adjectivesEd and ing adjectives
Ed and ing adjectives
 
Can could be able to
Can could be able toCan could be able to
Can could be able to
 
Pay
Pay Pay
Pay
 
Making suggestions and giving advice
Making suggestions and giving adviceMaking suggestions and giving advice
Making suggestions and giving advice
 
Describing places
Describing placesDescribing places
Describing places
 
Advice
AdviceAdvice
Advice
 
Requests permission offer
Requests permission offerRequests permission offer
Requests permission offer
 
Reciprocal pronouns
Reciprocal pronounsReciprocal pronouns
Reciprocal pronouns
 
Connectors
ConnectorsConnectors
Connectors
 
Grupo1 idi mod4_ti
Grupo1 idi mod4_tiGrupo1 idi mod4_ti
Grupo1 idi mod4_ti
 
Tutorial de blogger
Tutorial de bloggerTutorial de blogger
Tutorial de blogger
 
TICs en la educación
TICs en la educaciónTICs en la educación
TICs en la educación
 

Recently uploaded

Brigada Eskwela 2024 PowerPoint Update for SY 2024-2025
Brigada Eskwela 2024 PowerPoint Update for SY 2024-2025Brigada Eskwela 2024 PowerPoint Update for SY 2024-2025
Brigada Eskwela 2024 PowerPoint Update for SY 2024-2025
ALBERTHISOLER1
 
New Features in Odoo 17 Sign - Odoo 17 Slides
New Features in Odoo 17 Sign - Odoo 17 SlidesNew Features in Odoo 17 Sign - Odoo 17 Slides
New Features in Odoo 17 Sign - Odoo 17 Slides
Celine George
 
How to Manage Shipping Connectors & Shipping Methods in Odoo 17
How to Manage Shipping Connectors & Shipping Methods in Odoo 17How to Manage Shipping Connectors & Shipping Methods in Odoo 17
How to Manage Shipping Connectors & Shipping Methods in Odoo 17
Celine George
 
Open Source and AI - ByWater Closing Keynote Presentation.pdf
Open Source and AI - ByWater Closing Keynote Presentation.pdfOpen Source and AI - ByWater Closing Keynote Presentation.pdf
Open Source and AI - ByWater Closing Keynote Presentation.pdf
Jessica Zairo
 
11EHS Term 3 Week 1 Unit 1 Review: Feedback and improvementpptx
11EHS Term 3 Week 1 Unit 1 Review: Feedback and improvementpptx11EHS Term 3 Week 1 Unit 1 Review: Feedback and improvementpptx
11EHS Term 3 Week 1 Unit 1 Review: Feedback and improvementpptx
mansk2
 
2 Post harvest Physiology of Horticulture produce.pptx
2 Post harvest Physiology of Horticulture  produce.pptx2 Post harvest Physiology of Horticulture  produce.pptx
2 Post harvest Physiology of Horticulture produce.pptx
UmeshTimilsina1
 
Codeavour 5.0 International Impact Report - The Biggest International AI, Cod...
Codeavour 5.0 International Impact Report - The Biggest International AI, Cod...Codeavour 5.0 International Impact Report - The Biggest International AI, Cod...
Codeavour 5.0 International Impact Report - The Biggest International AI, Cod...
Codeavour International
 
slidesgo-mastering-the-art-of-listening-insights-from-robin-sharma-2024070718...
slidesgo-mastering-the-art-of-listening-insights-from-robin-sharma-2024070718...slidesgo-mastering-the-art-of-listening-insights-from-robin-sharma-2024070718...
slidesgo-mastering-the-art-of-listening-insights-from-robin-sharma-2024070718...
MANIVALANSR
 
Introduction to Banking System in India.ppt
Introduction to Banking System in India.pptIntroduction to Banking System in India.ppt
Introduction to Banking System in India.ppt
Dr. S. Bulomine Regi
 
MathematicsGrade7-Presentation-July-12024.pptx
MathematicsGrade7-Presentation-July-12024.pptxMathematicsGrade7-Presentation-July-12024.pptx
MathematicsGrade7-Presentation-July-12024.pptx
nolicaliso1
 
How To Sell Hamster Kombat Coin In Pre-market
How To Sell Hamster Kombat Coin In Pre-marketHow To Sell Hamster Kombat Coin In Pre-market
How To Sell Hamster Kombat Coin In Pre-market
Sikandar Ali
 
DepEd School Calendar 2024-2025 DO_s2024_008
DepEd School Calendar 2024-2025 DO_s2024_008DepEd School Calendar 2024-2025 DO_s2024_008
DepEd School Calendar 2024-2025 DO_s2024_008
Glenn Rivera
 
C Interview Questions PDF By Scholarhat.pdf
C Interview Questions PDF By Scholarhat.pdfC Interview Questions PDF By Scholarhat.pdf
C Interview Questions PDF By Scholarhat.pdf
Scholarhat
 
How to Manage Line Discount in Odoo 17 POS
How to Manage Line Discount in Odoo 17 POSHow to Manage Line Discount in Odoo 17 POS
How to Manage Line Discount in Odoo 17 POS
Celine George
 
C# Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHat.pdf
C# Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHat.pdfC# Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHat.pdf
C# Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHat.pdf
Scholarhat
 
MATATAG CURRICULUM sample lesson exemplar.docx
MATATAG CURRICULUM sample lesson exemplar.docxMATATAG CURRICULUM sample lesson exemplar.docx
MATATAG CURRICULUM sample lesson exemplar.docx
yardenmendoza
 
Cómo crear video-tutoriales con ScreenPal (2 de julio de 2024)
Cómo crear video-tutoriales con ScreenPal (2 de julio de 2024)Cómo crear video-tutoriales con ScreenPal (2 de julio de 2024)
Cómo crear video-tutoriales con ScreenPal (2 de julio de 2024)
Cátedra Banco Santander
 
QCE – Unpacking the syllabus Implications for Senior School practices and ass...
QCE – Unpacking the syllabus Implications for Senior School practices and ass...QCE – Unpacking the syllabus Implications for Senior School practices and ass...
QCE – Unpacking the syllabus Implications for Senior School practices and ass...
mansk2
 
RDBMS Lecture Notes Unit4 chapter12 VIEW
RDBMS Lecture Notes Unit4 chapter12 VIEWRDBMS Lecture Notes Unit4 chapter12 VIEW
RDBMS Lecture Notes Unit4 chapter12 VIEW
Murugan Solaiyappan
 
The Cruelty of Animal Testing in the Industry.pdf
The Cruelty of Animal Testing in the Industry.pdfThe Cruelty of Animal Testing in the Industry.pdf
The Cruelty of Animal Testing in the Industry.pdf
luzmilaglez334
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Brigada Eskwela 2024 PowerPoint Update for SY 2024-2025
Brigada Eskwela 2024 PowerPoint Update for SY 2024-2025Brigada Eskwela 2024 PowerPoint Update for SY 2024-2025
Brigada Eskwela 2024 PowerPoint Update for SY 2024-2025
 
New Features in Odoo 17 Sign - Odoo 17 Slides
New Features in Odoo 17 Sign - Odoo 17 SlidesNew Features in Odoo 17 Sign - Odoo 17 Slides
New Features in Odoo 17 Sign - Odoo 17 Slides
 
How to Manage Shipping Connectors & Shipping Methods in Odoo 17
How to Manage Shipping Connectors & Shipping Methods in Odoo 17How to Manage Shipping Connectors & Shipping Methods in Odoo 17
How to Manage Shipping Connectors & Shipping Methods in Odoo 17
 
Open Source and AI - ByWater Closing Keynote Presentation.pdf
Open Source and AI - ByWater Closing Keynote Presentation.pdfOpen Source and AI - ByWater Closing Keynote Presentation.pdf
Open Source and AI - ByWater Closing Keynote Presentation.pdf
 
11EHS Term 3 Week 1 Unit 1 Review: Feedback and improvementpptx
11EHS Term 3 Week 1 Unit 1 Review: Feedback and improvementpptx11EHS Term 3 Week 1 Unit 1 Review: Feedback and improvementpptx
11EHS Term 3 Week 1 Unit 1 Review: Feedback and improvementpptx
 
2 Post harvest Physiology of Horticulture produce.pptx
2 Post harvest Physiology of Horticulture  produce.pptx2 Post harvest Physiology of Horticulture  produce.pptx
2 Post harvest Physiology of Horticulture produce.pptx
 
Codeavour 5.0 International Impact Report - The Biggest International AI, Cod...
Codeavour 5.0 International Impact Report - The Biggest International AI, Cod...Codeavour 5.0 International Impact Report - The Biggest International AI, Cod...
Codeavour 5.0 International Impact Report - The Biggest International AI, Cod...
 
slidesgo-mastering-the-art-of-listening-insights-from-robin-sharma-2024070718...
slidesgo-mastering-the-art-of-listening-insights-from-robin-sharma-2024070718...slidesgo-mastering-the-art-of-listening-insights-from-robin-sharma-2024070718...
slidesgo-mastering-the-art-of-listening-insights-from-robin-sharma-2024070718...
 
Introduction to Banking System in India.ppt
Introduction to Banking System in India.pptIntroduction to Banking System in India.ppt
Introduction to Banking System in India.ppt
 
MathematicsGrade7-Presentation-July-12024.pptx
MathematicsGrade7-Presentation-July-12024.pptxMathematicsGrade7-Presentation-July-12024.pptx
MathematicsGrade7-Presentation-July-12024.pptx
 
How To Sell Hamster Kombat Coin In Pre-market
How To Sell Hamster Kombat Coin In Pre-marketHow To Sell Hamster Kombat Coin In Pre-market
How To Sell Hamster Kombat Coin In Pre-market
 
DepEd School Calendar 2024-2025 DO_s2024_008
DepEd School Calendar 2024-2025 DO_s2024_008DepEd School Calendar 2024-2025 DO_s2024_008
DepEd School Calendar 2024-2025 DO_s2024_008
 
C Interview Questions PDF By Scholarhat.pdf
C Interview Questions PDF By Scholarhat.pdfC Interview Questions PDF By Scholarhat.pdf
C Interview Questions PDF By Scholarhat.pdf
 
How to Manage Line Discount in Odoo 17 POS
How to Manage Line Discount in Odoo 17 POSHow to Manage Line Discount in Odoo 17 POS
How to Manage Line Discount in Odoo 17 POS
 
C# Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHat.pdf
C# Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHat.pdfC# Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHat.pdf
C# Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHat.pdf
 
MATATAG CURRICULUM sample lesson exemplar.docx
MATATAG CURRICULUM sample lesson exemplar.docxMATATAG CURRICULUM sample lesson exemplar.docx
MATATAG CURRICULUM sample lesson exemplar.docx
 
Cómo crear video-tutoriales con ScreenPal (2 de julio de 2024)
Cómo crear video-tutoriales con ScreenPal (2 de julio de 2024)Cómo crear video-tutoriales con ScreenPal (2 de julio de 2024)
Cómo crear video-tutoriales con ScreenPal (2 de julio de 2024)
 
QCE – Unpacking the syllabus Implications for Senior School practices and ass...
QCE – Unpacking the syllabus Implications for Senior School practices and ass...QCE – Unpacking the syllabus Implications for Senior School practices and ass...
QCE – Unpacking the syllabus Implications for Senior School practices and ass...
 
RDBMS Lecture Notes Unit4 chapter12 VIEW
RDBMS Lecture Notes Unit4 chapter12 VIEWRDBMS Lecture Notes Unit4 chapter12 VIEW
RDBMS Lecture Notes Unit4 chapter12 VIEW
 
The Cruelty of Animal Testing in the Industry.pdf
The Cruelty of Animal Testing in the Industry.pdfThe Cruelty of Animal Testing in the Industry.pdf
The Cruelty of Animal Testing in the Industry.pdf
 

Comparatives and superlatives

  • 2. SOME RULES ABOUT FORMING COMPARATIVES AND SUPERLATIVES  One syllable adjectives generally form the comparative by adding -er and the superlative by adding -est, e.g.: Adjective Comparative Superlative Soft Softer The softest Cheap Cheaper The cheapest Sweet Sweeter The sweetest Thin Thinner The thinnest
  • 3. SPELLING RULES  Note that if a one syllable adjective ends in a single vowel letter followed by a single consonant letter, the consonant letter is doubled. e.g.: thin → thinner, big → biggest.  If an adjective ends in -e, this is removed when adding -er/- est. e.g.: wide → wider/widest.  If an adjective ends in a consonant followed by -y, -y is replaced by -i when adding -er/-est. e.g.: dry → drier/driest.
  • 4. TWO SYLLABLE ADJECTIVES  Two syllable adjectives which end in -y usually form the comparative by adding -er and the superlative by adding -est, (note the change of -y to -i in the comparative/superlative) e.g.: Adjective Comparative superlative Lucky luckier The luckiest Pretty Prettier The prettiest Tidy Tidier The tidiest
  • 5. TWO SYLLABLE ADJECTIVES  Two syllable adjectives ending in -ed, -ing, -ful, or -less always form the comparative with more and the superlative with the most, e.g.: Adjective Comparative superlative Worried More worried The most worried Boring More boring The most boring Careful More careful The most careful Useless More useless The most useless
  • 6. THREE SYLLABLE ADJECTIVES  Adjectives which have three or more syllables always form the comparative and superlative with MORE and THE MOST, e.g.:  The only exceptions are some three syllable adjectives which have been formed by adding the prefix -un to another adjective, especially those formed from an adjective ending in -y. These adjectives can form comparatives and superlatives by using more/most or adding -er/-est,  e.g.:unhappy – unhappier – the unhappiest/ the most unhappy Adjective Comparative Superlative Dangerous More dangerous The most dangerous Difficult More difficult The most difficult
  • 7. IRREGULAR ADJECTIVES Adjective Comparative Superlative Good Better The best Bad Worse The worst Far Farther/further The farthest/furthest
  • 8. USE OF COMPARATIVES  Comparatives are very commonly followed by than and a pronoun or noun group, in order to describe who the other person or thing involved in the comparison is, e.g.: John is taller than me. I think that she’s more intelligent than her sister.
  • 9. Object pronouns (me, him, etc) after than and as  After than or as we can use an object pronoun (me, him, her, them, etc) or a subject pronoun (I, you, he, they, etc) + auxiliary verb. She is taller than me. OR She is taller than I am. They’re not as busy as us. OR They’re not as busy as we are.  The same as We use the same as to say that two people, places, etc. are identical: Her dress is the same as mine.
  • 10. Examples Adjectives large larger largest The first apple is large. The second apple is larger than the first. The third apple is the largest of the three.
  • 11. The jalopy is a fast car. The racecar is the faster car. The dragster is the fastest car.
  • 12. REMEMBER To make comparative and superlative forms of adjectives some rules must be followed.
  • 13. Rule 1 tall taller tallest neat neater neatest deep deeper deepest To form the comparative or superlative of one syllable words with more than one vowel OR ending with more than one consonant at the add -er OR -est.
  • 14. Rule 2 wide wider widest fine finer finest cute cuter cutest To form the comparative or superlative of a one syllable word ending in e add -r OR -st.
  • 15. Rule 3 sad sadder saddest big bigger biggest fat fatter fattest To form the comparative or superlative of a one syllable word with one vowel and one consonant at the end double the consonant, and add -er OR -est.
  • 16. Rule 4 happy happier happiest jolly jollier jolliest lazy lazier laziest To form the comparative or superlative of a two syllable word ending in y, change the y to i, then add -er OR -est.
  • 17. Rule 5 yellow yellower yellowest gentle gentler gentlest simple simpler simplest To form the comparative or superlative of a two syllable word ending a vowel-sound that is not stressed then add -er OR -est. Adjectives ending in –le, -ow, er frequently take –er and –est.
  • 18. SUMMARY Adjective form Comparative Superlative Only one syllable, with more than one vowel or more than one consonant at the end. Examples: light, neat, fast, tall, neat, deep Add -er: lighter, neater, faster, taller, neater, deeper Add -est: lightest, neatest, fastest, tallest. neatest, deepest Only one syllable, ending in E. Examples: wide, fine, cute Add -r: wider, finer, cuter Add -st: widest, finest, cutest Only one syllable, with one vowel and one consonant at the end. Examples: hot, big, fat, sad Double the consonant, and add -er: hotter, bigger, fatter, sadder Double the consonant, and add -est: hottest, biggest, fattest, saddest Two syllables, ending in Y. Examples: happy, silly, lonely, jolly Change y to i, then add -er: happier, sillier, lonelier, jollier Change y to i, then add -est: happiest, silliest, loneliest, jolliest two syllable word ending a vowel- sound that is not stressed yellow, simple Add -er: yellower, simpler Add -est: yellower, simpler Two syllables or more, not ending in Y. Examples: modern, interesting, beautiful, Use more before the adjective: more modern, more interesting, more beautiful Use most before the adjective: most modern, most interesting, most beautiful
  • 19. Irregular Adjectives Word Comparative Superlative good better best bad worse worst much more most little less least far farther farthest old older elder oldest eldest
  • 20. Irregular Adjectives Examples -Nathan made good stew. -Molly's stew was better than Nathan's. -Ezra made the best stew of all.
  • 21. Comparing two actions  We use comparative adverbs to compare two actions. You walk more quickly than me. Max doesn’t speak German as well as his wife.
  • 22. More and Most: Adverb Comparative Superlative recently more recently most recently effectively more effectively most effectively frequently more frequently most frequently
  • 23. Adverb Comparative Superlative fast faster fastest slow slower slowest quick quicker quickest early earlier earliest bright brighter brightest high higher highest
  • 24. The bird sings loudly. The moose sang louder than the bird. Pete sang the loudest of them all.
  • 25.   Sally works hard. Steve works harder than Sally Kathy and Sue work the hardest of all.
  • 26. “In” after superlatives  Use “in” (NOT “of”) before places after a superlative. It’s the longest bridge in the world. It’s the best beach in the Caribbean Sea.