SlideShare a Scribd company logo
The basics of sentences
Thinking about how words and sentences are joined
Adverbials; conjunctions; relative clauses + relative pronouns.
Drop in relative clauses to add extra information
 The main relative pronouns are: which, that, whose, who, and
whom.
• Who = people
• Which - things
• The old man, who was starving, picked up the banana.
• The bus, which was bright red, could easily be seen.
• ‘That’ is used when the clause is essential to the meaning:
• Turn the key that is red to the left.
Conjunctions – link words and groups of words
• Co-ordinating conjunctions – and but or so
• These join sentences of equal weight and help writing flow:
I like tea and I like coffee.
• Subordinating conjunctions introduce a subordinate clause – after
although as as soon as because before even though if since
unless until when while
• When it grew dark, they lit the fire.
• They lit the fire when it grew dark.
Adverbials
• Adverbials are words, phrases or subordinate clauses.
• Often, they can move around in sentences.
• They add extra information, telling the reader:
• where, when, how, how much, how often, how long, why, what.
Slowly, Kabir ate his lunch.
Late last night, Kabir ate a melon.
After eating the melon, Kabir slept.
• Adverbials at the front of a sentence are called ‘fronted’ adverbials.
Adverbials
Use adverbials to add extra information.
They help you vary sentence openings.
Where – By the lake, an ogre waited.
When – In the morning, Harry woke up.
Feeling what – Excited by the idea, Bilbo laughed.
Doing what – Creeping slowly, Jo left the chamber.
How – Eagerly, she bit the donut.
Adverbials
Some adverbials make a link from one sentence to the next:
Furthermore Moreover Additionally Also First
On the other hand By contrast In other words As a result
• The Romans ate dormice. Furthermore, they ate lots of garlic.
• The blue whale is the largest mammal in the world. By contrast, the
bumblebee bat is the smallest, weighing only 2 grams.

More Related Content

Similar to The basics of sentences session 5pptx.pptx

The basics of sentences session 2pptx copy 2.pptx
The basics of sentences session 2pptx copy 2.pptxThe basics of sentences session 2pptx copy 2.pptx
The basics of sentences session 2pptx copy 2.pptx
DeputyMitchell
 
Phrase, clause, and sentence (2)
Phrase, clause, and sentence (2)Phrase, clause, and sentence (2)
Phrase, clause, and sentence (2)
Restu Mustaqim
 
Phrase, clause, and sentence
Phrase, clause, and sentencePhrase, clause, and sentence
Phrase, clause, and sentence
Restu Mustaqim
 
Grammar book sp2 h
Grammar book sp2 hGrammar book sp2 h
Grammar book sp2 h
Mikey Caloca
 
Evolution of english language 2
Evolution of english language 2Evolution of english language 2
Evolution of english language 2
English Damian EV
 
English Essentials Power Points
English Essentials Power PointsEnglish Essentials Power Points
English Essentials Power Points
Elizabeth Buchanan
 
Spoken english, ielts & grammar classes through phone
Spoken english, ielts & grammar classes through phone  Spoken english, ielts & grammar classes through phone
Spoken english, ielts & grammar classes through phone
English Online Trainer
 
Evolution of english language 2
Evolution of english language 2Evolution of english language 2
Evolution of english language 2
English Online Trainer
 
Week 2 thurs
Week 2 thursWeek 2 thurs
Week 2 thurs
bscottbriere
 
Literary terms defined 2nd
Literary terms defined 2ndLiterary terms defined 2nd
Literary terms defined 2nd
Scholars Burton
 
Understanding and Correcting Common Writing Errors Pt. I Grammar and Punctuation
Understanding and Correcting Common Writing Errors Pt. I Grammar and PunctuationUnderstanding and Correcting Common Writing Errors Pt. I Grammar and Punctuation
Understanding and Correcting Common Writing Errors Pt. I Grammar and Punctuation
tvandamericanculture
 
Eng 52 transitions and patterns of organization
Eng 52 transitions and patterns of organizationEng 52 transitions and patterns of organization
Eng 52 transitions and patterns of organization
Elizabeth Buchanan
 
Eng 83 r transitions and patterns of organization
Eng 83 r transitions and patterns of organizationEng 83 r transitions and patterns of organization
Eng 83 r transitions and patterns of organization
Elizabeth Buchanan
 
Eng 83 r week 6 day 1 022414 transitions and patterns of organization
Eng 83 r  week 6 day 1 022414 transitions and patterns of organizationEng 83 r  week 6 day 1 022414 transitions and patterns of organization
Eng 83 r week 6 day 1 022414 transitions and patterns of organization
Elizabeth Buchanan
 
Fun with Idioms, Collocations & Phrasal Verbs
Fun with Idioms, Collocations & Phrasal VerbsFun with Idioms, Collocations & Phrasal Verbs
Fun with Idioms, Collocations & Phrasal Verbs
English on the Move
 
Eng 72 transitions and thought patterns
Eng 72 transitions and thought patternsEng 72 transitions and thought patterns
Eng 72 transitions and thought patterns
Elizabeth Buchanan
 
Strategic reading 2015
Strategic reading 2015Strategic reading 2015
Strategic reading 2015
Francis Angeles
 
Part of speech in english grammar
Part of speech in english grammarPart of speech in english grammar
Part of speech in english grammar
Engr Mir Noor Ahmed Langove
 
Understanding clause
Understanding clauseUnderstanding clause
Understanding clause
Gopal Panda
 
adverbios en ingles por Katherine Chacón
adverbios en ingles  por Katherine Chacón  adverbios en ingles  por Katherine Chacón
adverbios en ingles por Katherine Chacón
kathy4ever
 

Similar to The basics of sentences session 5pptx.pptx (20)

The basics of sentences session 2pptx copy 2.pptx
The basics of sentences session 2pptx copy 2.pptxThe basics of sentences session 2pptx copy 2.pptx
The basics of sentences session 2pptx copy 2.pptx
 
Phrase, clause, and sentence (2)
Phrase, clause, and sentence (2)Phrase, clause, and sentence (2)
Phrase, clause, and sentence (2)
 
Phrase, clause, and sentence
Phrase, clause, and sentencePhrase, clause, and sentence
Phrase, clause, and sentence
 
Grammar book sp2 h
Grammar book sp2 hGrammar book sp2 h
Grammar book sp2 h
 
Evolution of english language 2
Evolution of english language 2Evolution of english language 2
Evolution of english language 2
 
English Essentials Power Points
English Essentials Power PointsEnglish Essentials Power Points
English Essentials Power Points
 
Spoken english, ielts & grammar classes through phone
Spoken english, ielts & grammar classes through phone  Spoken english, ielts & grammar classes through phone
Spoken english, ielts & grammar classes through phone
 
Evolution of english language 2
Evolution of english language 2Evolution of english language 2
Evolution of english language 2
 
Week 2 thurs
Week 2 thursWeek 2 thurs
Week 2 thurs
 
Literary terms defined 2nd
Literary terms defined 2ndLiterary terms defined 2nd
Literary terms defined 2nd
 
Understanding and Correcting Common Writing Errors Pt. I Grammar and Punctuation
Understanding and Correcting Common Writing Errors Pt. I Grammar and PunctuationUnderstanding and Correcting Common Writing Errors Pt. I Grammar and Punctuation
Understanding and Correcting Common Writing Errors Pt. I Grammar and Punctuation
 
Eng 52 transitions and patterns of organization
Eng 52 transitions and patterns of organizationEng 52 transitions and patterns of organization
Eng 52 transitions and patterns of organization
 
Eng 83 r transitions and patterns of organization
Eng 83 r transitions and patterns of organizationEng 83 r transitions and patterns of organization
Eng 83 r transitions and patterns of organization
 
Eng 83 r week 6 day 1 022414 transitions and patterns of organization
Eng 83 r  week 6 day 1 022414 transitions and patterns of organizationEng 83 r  week 6 day 1 022414 transitions and patterns of organization
Eng 83 r week 6 day 1 022414 transitions and patterns of organization
 
Fun with Idioms, Collocations & Phrasal Verbs
Fun with Idioms, Collocations & Phrasal VerbsFun with Idioms, Collocations & Phrasal Verbs
Fun with Idioms, Collocations & Phrasal Verbs
 
Eng 72 transitions and thought patterns
Eng 72 transitions and thought patternsEng 72 transitions and thought patterns
Eng 72 transitions and thought patterns
 
Strategic reading 2015
Strategic reading 2015Strategic reading 2015
Strategic reading 2015
 
Part of speech in english grammar
Part of speech in english grammarPart of speech in english grammar
Part of speech in english grammar
 
Understanding clause
Understanding clauseUnderstanding clause
Understanding clause
 
adverbios en ingles por Katherine Chacón
adverbios en ingles  por Katherine Chacón  adverbios en ingles  por Katherine Chacón
adverbios en ingles por Katherine Chacón
 

More from heathfieldcps1

The basics of sentences session 10pptx.pptx
The basics of sentences session 10pptx.pptxThe basics of sentences session 10pptx.pptx
The basics of sentences session 10pptx.pptx
heathfieldcps1
 
The basics of sentences session 9pptx.pptx
The basics of sentences session 9pptx.pptxThe basics of sentences session 9pptx.pptx
The basics of sentences session 9pptx.pptx
heathfieldcps1
 
The basics of sentences session 8pptx.pptx
The basics of sentences session 8pptx.pptxThe basics of sentences session 8pptx.pptx
The basics of sentences session 8pptx.pptx
heathfieldcps1
 
The basics of sentences session 7pptx.pptx
The basics of sentences session 7pptx.pptxThe basics of sentences session 7pptx.pptx
The basics of sentences session 7pptx.pptx
heathfieldcps1
 
The basics of sentences session 6pptx.pptx
The basics of sentences session 6pptx.pptxThe basics of sentences session 6pptx.pptx
The basics of sentences session 6pptx.pptx
heathfieldcps1
 
The basics of sentences session 4pptx.pptx
The basics of sentences session 4pptx.pptxThe basics of sentences session 4pptx.pptx
The basics of sentences session 4pptx.pptx
heathfieldcps1
 
The basics of sentences session 3pptx.pptx
The basics of sentences session 3pptx.pptxThe basics of sentences session 3pptx.pptx
The basics of sentences session 3pptx.pptx
heathfieldcps1
 
The basics of sentences session 10pptx.pptx
The basics of sentences session 10pptx.pptxThe basics of sentences session 10pptx.pptx
The basics of sentences session 10pptx.pptx
heathfieldcps1
 
The basics of sentences session 9pptx.pptx
The basics of sentences session 9pptx.pptxThe basics of sentences session 9pptx.pptx
The basics of sentences session 9pptx.pptx
heathfieldcps1
 
The basics of sentences session 8pptx.pptx
The basics of sentences session 8pptx.pptxThe basics of sentences session 8pptx.pptx
The basics of sentences session 8pptx.pptx
heathfieldcps1
 
The basics of sentences session 7pptx.pptx
The basics of sentences session 7pptx.pptxThe basics of sentences session 7pptx.pptx
The basics of sentences session 7pptx.pptx
heathfieldcps1
 

More from heathfieldcps1 (11)

The basics of sentences session 10pptx.pptx
The basics of sentences session 10pptx.pptxThe basics of sentences session 10pptx.pptx
The basics of sentences session 10pptx.pptx
 
The basics of sentences session 9pptx.pptx
The basics of sentences session 9pptx.pptxThe basics of sentences session 9pptx.pptx
The basics of sentences session 9pptx.pptx
 
The basics of sentences session 8pptx.pptx
The basics of sentences session 8pptx.pptxThe basics of sentences session 8pptx.pptx
The basics of sentences session 8pptx.pptx
 
The basics of sentences session 7pptx.pptx
The basics of sentences session 7pptx.pptxThe basics of sentences session 7pptx.pptx
The basics of sentences session 7pptx.pptx
 
The basics of sentences session 6pptx.pptx
The basics of sentences session 6pptx.pptxThe basics of sentences session 6pptx.pptx
The basics of sentences session 6pptx.pptx
 
The basics of sentences session 4pptx.pptx
The basics of sentences session 4pptx.pptxThe basics of sentences session 4pptx.pptx
The basics of sentences session 4pptx.pptx
 
The basics of sentences session 3pptx.pptx
The basics of sentences session 3pptx.pptxThe basics of sentences session 3pptx.pptx
The basics of sentences session 3pptx.pptx
 
The basics of sentences session 10pptx.pptx
The basics of sentences session 10pptx.pptxThe basics of sentences session 10pptx.pptx
The basics of sentences session 10pptx.pptx
 
The basics of sentences session 9pptx.pptx
The basics of sentences session 9pptx.pptxThe basics of sentences session 9pptx.pptx
The basics of sentences session 9pptx.pptx
 
The basics of sentences session 8pptx.pptx
The basics of sentences session 8pptx.pptxThe basics of sentences session 8pptx.pptx
The basics of sentences session 8pptx.pptx
 
The basics of sentences session 7pptx.pptx
The basics of sentences session 7pptx.pptxThe basics of sentences session 7pptx.pptx
The basics of sentences session 7pptx.pptx
 

Recently uploaded

How to Create Sequence Numbers in Odoo 17
How to Create Sequence Numbers in Odoo 17How to Create Sequence Numbers in Odoo 17
How to Create Sequence Numbers in Odoo 17
Celine George
 
modul ajar kelas x bahasa inggris 2024-2025
modul ajar kelas x bahasa inggris 2024-2025modul ajar kelas x bahasa inggris 2024-2025
modul ajar kelas x bahasa inggris 2024-2025
NurFitriah45
 
How to Create & Publish a Blog in Odoo 17 Website
How to Create & Publish a Blog in Odoo 17 WebsiteHow to Create & Publish a Blog in Odoo 17 Website
How to Create & Publish a Blog in Odoo 17 Website
Celine George
 
C# Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHat.pdf
C# Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHat.pdfC# Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHat.pdf
C# Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHat.pdf
Scholarhat
 
formative Evaluation By Dr.Kshirsagar R.V
formative Evaluation By Dr.Kshirsagar R.Vformative Evaluation By Dr.Kshirsagar R.V
formative Evaluation By Dr.Kshirsagar R.V
DrRavindrakshirsagar1
 
What is Rescue Session in Odoo 17 POS - Odoo 17 Slides
What is Rescue Session in Odoo 17 POS - Odoo 17 SlidesWhat is Rescue Session in Odoo 17 POS - Odoo 17 Slides
What is Rescue Session in Odoo 17 POS - Odoo 17 Slides
Celine George
 
Year-to-Date Filter in Odoo 17 Dashboard
Year-to-Date Filter in Odoo 17 DashboardYear-to-Date Filter in Odoo 17 Dashboard
Year-to-Date Filter in Odoo 17 Dashboard
Celine George
 
Configuring Single Sign-On (SSO) via Identity Management | MuleSoft Mysore Me...
Configuring Single Sign-On (SSO) via Identity Management | MuleSoft Mysore Me...Configuring Single Sign-On (SSO) via Identity Management | MuleSoft Mysore Me...
Configuring Single Sign-On (SSO) via Identity Management | MuleSoft Mysore Me...
MysoreMuleSoftMeetup
 
New Features in Odoo 17 Sign - Odoo 17 Slides
New Features in Odoo 17 Sign - Odoo 17 SlidesNew Features in Odoo 17 Sign - Odoo 17 Slides
New Features in Odoo 17 Sign - Odoo 17 Slides
Celine George
 
Odoo 17 Social Marketing - Lead Generation On Facebook
Odoo 17 Social Marketing - Lead Generation On FacebookOdoo 17 Social Marketing - Lead Generation On Facebook
Odoo 17 Social Marketing - Lead Generation On Facebook
Celine George
 
Cómo crear video-tutoriales con ScreenPal (2 de julio de 2024)
Cómo crear video-tutoriales con ScreenPal (2 de julio de 2024)Cómo crear video-tutoriales con ScreenPal (2 de julio de 2024)
Cómo crear video-tutoriales con ScreenPal (2 de julio de 2024)
Cátedra Banco Santander
 
How to Handle the Separate Discount Account on Invoice in Odoo 17
How to Handle the Separate Discount Account on Invoice in Odoo 17How to Handle the Separate Discount Account on Invoice in Odoo 17
How to Handle the Separate Discount Account on Invoice in Odoo 17
Celine George
 
The Cruelty of Animal Testing in the Industry.pdf
The Cruelty of Animal Testing in the Industry.pdfThe Cruelty of Animal Testing in the Industry.pdf
The Cruelty of Animal Testing in the Industry.pdf
luzmilaglez334
 
Individual Performance Commitment Review Form-Developmental Plan.docx
Individual Performance Commitment Review Form-Developmental Plan.docxIndividual Performance Commitment Review Form-Developmental Plan.docx
Individual Performance Commitment Review Form-Developmental Plan.docx
monicaaringo1
 
How to Manage Access Rights & User Types in Odoo 17
How to Manage Access Rights & User Types in Odoo 17How to Manage Access Rights & User Types in Odoo 17
How to Manage Access Rights & User Types in Odoo 17
Celine George
 
NC Public Schools Involved in NCDPI, Zipline Partnership
NC Public Schools Involved in NCDPI, Zipline PartnershipNC Public Schools Involved in NCDPI, Zipline Partnership
NC Public Schools Involved in NCDPI, Zipline Partnership
Mebane Rash
 
Bedok NEWater Photostory - COM322 Assessment (Story 2)
Bedok NEWater Photostory - COM322 Assessment (Story 2)Bedok NEWater Photostory - COM322 Assessment (Story 2)
Bedok NEWater Photostory - COM322 Assessment (Story 2)
Liyana Rozaini
 
"DANH SÁCH THÍ SINH XÉT TUYỂN SỚM ĐỦ ĐIỀU KIỆN TRÚNG TUYỂN ĐẠI HỌC CHÍNH QUY ...
"DANH SÁCH THÍ SINH XÉT TUYỂN SỚM ĐỦ ĐIỀU KIỆN TRÚNG TUYỂN ĐẠI HỌC CHÍNH QUY ..."DANH SÁCH THÍ SINH XÉT TUYỂN SỚM ĐỦ ĐIỀU KIỆN TRÚNG TUYỂN ĐẠI HỌC CHÍNH QUY ...
"DANH SÁCH THÍ SINH XÉT TUYỂN SỚM ĐỦ ĐIỀU KIỆN TRÚNG TUYỂN ĐẠI HỌC CHÍNH QUY ...
thanhluan21
 
1-NLC-MATH7-Consolidation-Lesson1 2024.pptx
1-NLC-MATH7-Consolidation-Lesson1 2024.pptx1-NLC-MATH7-Consolidation-Lesson1 2024.pptx
1-NLC-MATH7-Consolidation-Lesson1 2024.pptx
AnneMarieJacildo
 
How to Manage Line Discount in Odoo 17 POS
How to Manage Line Discount in Odoo 17 POSHow to Manage Line Discount in Odoo 17 POS
How to Manage Line Discount in Odoo 17 POS
Celine George
 

Recently uploaded (20)

How to Create Sequence Numbers in Odoo 17
How to Create Sequence Numbers in Odoo 17How to Create Sequence Numbers in Odoo 17
How to Create Sequence Numbers in Odoo 17
 
modul ajar kelas x bahasa inggris 2024-2025
modul ajar kelas x bahasa inggris 2024-2025modul ajar kelas x bahasa inggris 2024-2025
modul ajar kelas x bahasa inggris 2024-2025
 
How to Create & Publish a Blog in Odoo 17 Website
How to Create & Publish a Blog in Odoo 17 WebsiteHow to Create & Publish a Blog in Odoo 17 Website
How to Create & Publish a Blog in Odoo 17 Website
 
C# Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHat.pdf
C# Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHat.pdfC# Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHat.pdf
C# Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHat.pdf
 
formative Evaluation By Dr.Kshirsagar R.V
formative Evaluation By Dr.Kshirsagar R.Vformative Evaluation By Dr.Kshirsagar R.V
formative Evaluation By Dr.Kshirsagar R.V
 
What is Rescue Session in Odoo 17 POS - Odoo 17 Slides
What is Rescue Session in Odoo 17 POS - Odoo 17 SlidesWhat is Rescue Session in Odoo 17 POS - Odoo 17 Slides
What is Rescue Session in Odoo 17 POS - Odoo 17 Slides
 
Year-to-Date Filter in Odoo 17 Dashboard
Year-to-Date Filter in Odoo 17 DashboardYear-to-Date Filter in Odoo 17 Dashboard
Year-to-Date Filter in Odoo 17 Dashboard
 
Configuring Single Sign-On (SSO) via Identity Management | MuleSoft Mysore Me...
Configuring Single Sign-On (SSO) via Identity Management | MuleSoft Mysore Me...Configuring Single Sign-On (SSO) via Identity Management | MuleSoft Mysore Me...
Configuring Single Sign-On (SSO) via Identity Management | MuleSoft Mysore Me...
 
New Features in Odoo 17 Sign - Odoo 17 Slides
New Features in Odoo 17 Sign - Odoo 17 SlidesNew Features in Odoo 17 Sign - Odoo 17 Slides
New Features in Odoo 17 Sign - Odoo 17 Slides
 
Odoo 17 Social Marketing - Lead Generation On Facebook
Odoo 17 Social Marketing - Lead Generation On FacebookOdoo 17 Social Marketing - Lead Generation On Facebook
Odoo 17 Social Marketing - Lead Generation On Facebook
 
Cómo crear video-tutoriales con ScreenPal (2 de julio de 2024)
Cómo crear video-tutoriales con ScreenPal (2 de julio de 2024)Cómo crear video-tutoriales con ScreenPal (2 de julio de 2024)
Cómo crear video-tutoriales con ScreenPal (2 de julio de 2024)
 
How to Handle the Separate Discount Account on Invoice in Odoo 17
How to Handle the Separate Discount Account on Invoice in Odoo 17How to Handle the Separate Discount Account on Invoice in Odoo 17
How to Handle the Separate Discount Account on Invoice in Odoo 17
 
The Cruelty of Animal Testing in the Industry.pdf
The Cruelty of Animal Testing in the Industry.pdfThe Cruelty of Animal Testing in the Industry.pdf
The Cruelty of Animal Testing in the Industry.pdf
 
Individual Performance Commitment Review Form-Developmental Plan.docx
Individual Performance Commitment Review Form-Developmental Plan.docxIndividual Performance Commitment Review Form-Developmental Plan.docx
Individual Performance Commitment Review Form-Developmental Plan.docx
 
How to Manage Access Rights & User Types in Odoo 17
How to Manage Access Rights & User Types in Odoo 17How to Manage Access Rights & User Types in Odoo 17
How to Manage Access Rights & User Types in Odoo 17
 
NC Public Schools Involved in NCDPI, Zipline Partnership
NC Public Schools Involved in NCDPI, Zipline PartnershipNC Public Schools Involved in NCDPI, Zipline Partnership
NC Public Schools Involved in NCDPI, Zipline Partnership
 
Bedok NEWater Photostory - COM322 Assessment (Story 2)
Bedok NEWater Photostory - COM322 Assessment (Story 2)Bedok NEWater Photostory - COM322 Assessment (Story 2)
Bedok NEWater Photostory - COM322 Assessment (Story 2)
 
"DANH SÁCH THÍ SINH XÉT TUYỂN SỚM ĐỦ ĐIỀU KIỆN TRÚNG TUYỂN ĐẠI HỌC CHÍNH QUY ...
"DANH SÁCH THÍ SINH XÉT TUYỂN SỚM ĐỦ ĐIỀU KIỆN TRÚNG TUYỂN ĐẠI HỌC CHÍNH QUY ..."DANH SÁCH THÍ SINH XÉT TUYỂN SỚM ĐỦ ĐIỀU KIỆN TRÚNG TUYỂN ĐẠI HỌC CHÍNH QUY ...
"DANH SÁCH THÍ SINH XÉT TUYỂN SỚM ĐỦ ĐIỀU KIỆN TRÚNG TUYỂN ĐẠI HỌC CHÍNH QUY ...
 
1-NLC-MATH7-Consolidation-Lesson1 2024.pptx
1-NLC-MATH7-Consolidation-Lesson1 2024.pptx1-NLC-MATH7-Consolidation-Lesson1 2024.pptx
1-NLC-MATH7-Consolidation-Lesson1 2024.pptx
 
How to Manage Line Discount in Odoo 17 POS
How to Manage Line Discount in Odoo 17 POSHow to Manage Line Discount in Odoo 17 POS
How to Manage Line Discount in Odoo 17 POS
 

The basics of sentences session 5pptx.pptx

  • 1. The basics of sentences Thinking about how words and sentences are joined Adverbials; conjunctions; relative clauses + relative pronouns.
  • 2. Drop in relative clauses to add extra information  The main relative pronouns are: which, that, whose, who, and whom. • Who = people • Which - things • The old man, who was starving, picked up the banana. • The bus, which was bright red, could easily be seen. • ‘That’ is used when the clause is essential to the meaning: • Turn the key that is red to the left.
  • 3. Conjunctions – link words and groups of words • Co-ordinating conjunctions – and but or so • These join sentences of equal weight and help writing flow: I like tea and I like coffee. • Subordinating conjunctions introduce a subordinate clause – after although as as soon as because before even though if since unless until when while • When it grew dark, they lit the fire. • They lit the fire when it grew dark.
  • 4. Adverbials • Adverbials are words, phrases or subordinate clauses. • Often, they can move around in sentences. • They add extra information, telling the reader: • where, when, how, how much, how often, how long, why, what. Slowly, Kabir ate his lunch. Late last night, Kabir ate a melon. After eating the melon, Kabir slept. • Adverbials at the front of a sentence are called ‘fronted’ adverbials.
  • 5. Adverbials Use adverbials to add extra information. They help you vary sentence openings. Where – By the lake, an ogre waited. When – In the morning, Harry woke up. Feeling what – Excited by the idea, Bilbo laughed. Doing what – Creeping slowly, Jo left the chamber. How – Eagerly, she bit the donut.
  • 6. Adverbials Some adverbials make a link from one sentence to the next: Furthermore Moreover Additionally Also First On the other hand By contrast In other words As a result • The Romans ate dormice. Furthermore, they ate lots of garlic. • The blue whale is the largest mammal in the world. By contrast, the bumblebee bat is the smallest, weighing only 2 grams.