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Artificial Intelligence
Dr. Abdul Ahad Abro
Artificial Intelligence
AI is an area of computer science that aims to create the intelligent machine.
AI is exciting. Today AI is like an umbrella that encompasses everything from
robot process algorithm to actual robot.
The ability of a system to calculate, reason, perceive relationships and analogies, learn
from experience, store and retrieve information from memory, solve problems,
comprehend complex ideas, use natural language fluently, classify, generalize, and adapt
new situations.
Or
Intelligence is defined as general cognitive problem-solving skills. A mental ability
involved in reasoning, perceiving relationships and analogies, calculating, learning
quickly… etc.
What is Intelligence?
The intelligence is intangible. It is composed of −
Reasoning
Learning
Problem Solving
Perception
Linguistic Intelligence
What is Intelligence Composed of ?
To Create Expert Systems − The systems which exhibit intelligent behavior, learn,
demonstrate, explain, and advice its users.
To Implement Human Intelligence in Machines − Creating systems that understand, think,
learn, and behave like humans.
Goals of AI
“Can a machine think and behave like humans do?”
Philosophy of AI
Types of Intelligence
Linguistic intelligence
Musical intelligence
Logical-mathematical intelligence
Spatial intelligence
Bodily-Kinesthetic intelligence
Intra-personal intelligence
Interpersonal intelligence
Contributes to AI
Artificial intelligence is a science and technology based on disciplines such as
Computer Science, Biology, Psychology, Linguistics, Mathematics, and
Engineering. A major thrust of AI is in the development of computer functions
associated with human intelligence, such as reasoning, learning, and problem
solving.
AI Fields of Study
Applications of AI
Gaming − AI plays crucial role in strategic games such as chess, poker, tic-
tac-toe, etc., where machine can think of large number of possible positions
based on heuristic knowledge.
Natural Language Processing − It is possible to interact with the computer that
understands natural language spoken by humans.
Expert Systems − There are some applications which integrate machine,
software, and special information to impart reasoning and advising. They
provide explanation and advice to the users.
Vision Systems − These systems understand, interpret, and comprehend visual
input on the computer.
Speech Recognition − Some intelligent systems are capable of hearing and
comprehending the language in terms of sentences and their meanings while a
human talks to it.
Handwriting Recognition − The handwriting recognition.
Advantages of Artificial Intelligence
AI also help in Error Reduction, Difficult Exploration, Daily Application, Digital
Assistants, . Repetitive Jobs, Medical Applications and No breaks
Disadvantages / Limitation / Drawbacks of Artificial Intelligence
High Cost, No Improvement with Experience, No Original Creativity,
Unemployment.
Humans developed AI systems by introducing into them every possible intelligence they
could, for which the humans themselves now seem threatened.
Threat to Privacy
An AI program that recognizes speech and understands natural language is theoretically
capable of understanding each conversation on e-mails and telephones.
Threat to Human Dignity
AI systems have already started replacing the human beings in few industries. It should not
replace people in the sectors where they are holding dignified positions which are
pertaining to ethics such as nursing, surgeon, judge, police officer, etc.
Threat to Safety
The self-improving AI systems can become so mighty than humans that could be very
difficult to stop from achieving their goals, which may lead to unintended consequences
Issues of Artificial Intelligence

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Artificial intelligence - AI Complete Concept

  • 2. Artificial Intelligence AI is an area of computer science that aims to create the intelligent machine. AI is exciting. Today AI is like an umbrella that encompasses everything from robot process algorithm to actual robot.
  • 3. The ability of a system to calculate, reason, perceive relationships and analogies, learn from experience, store and retrieve information from memory, solve problems, comprehend complex ideas, use natural language fluently, classify, generalize, and adapt new situations. Or Intelligence is defined as general cognitive problem-solving skills. A mental ability involved in reasoning, perceiving relationships and analogies, calculating, learning quickly… etc. What is Intelligence?
  • 4. The intelligence is intangible. It is composed of − Reasoning Learning Problem Solving Perception Linguistic Intelligence What is Intelligence Composed of ?
  • 5. To Create Expert Systems − The systems which exhibit intelligent behavior, learn, demonstrate, explain, and advice its users. To Implement Human Intelligence in Machines − Creating systems that understand, think, learn, and behave like humans. Goals of AI
  • 6. “Can a machine think and behave like humans do?” Philosophy of AI
  • 7. Types of Intelligence Linguistic intelligence Musical intelligence Logical-mathematical intelligence Spatial intelligence Bodily-Kinesthetic intelligence Intra-personal intelligence Interpersonal intelligence
  • 8. Contributes to AI Artificial intelligence is a science and technology based on disciplines such as Computer Science, Biology, Psychology, Linguistics, Mathematics, and Engineering. A major thrust of AI is in the development of computer functions associated with human intelligence, such as reasoning, learning, and problem solving.
  • 9. AI Fields of Study
  • 10. Applications of AI Gaming − AI plays crucial role in strategic games such as chess, poker, tic- tac-toe, etc., where machine can think of large number of possible positions based on heuristic knowledge. Natural Language Processing − It is possible to interact with the computer that understands natural language spoken by humans. Expert Systems − There are some applications which integrate machine, software, and special information to impart reasoning and advising. They provide explanation and advice to the users. Vision Systems − These systems understand, interpret, and comprehend visual input on the computer. Speech Recognition − Some intelligent systems are capable of hearing and comprehending the language in terms of sentences and their meanings while a human talks to it. Handwriting Recognition − The handwriting recognition.
  • 11. Advantages of Artificial Intelligence AI also help in Error Reduction, Difficult Exploration, Daily Application, Digital Assistants, . Repetitive Jobs, Medical Applications and No breaks
  • 12. Disadvantages / Limitation / Drawbacks of Artificial Intelligence High Cost, No Improvement with Experience, No Original Creativity, Unemployment.
  • 13. Humans developed AI systems by introducing into them every possible intelligence they could, for which the humans themselves now seem threatened. Threat to Privacy An AI program that recognizes speech and understands natural language is theoretically capable of understanding each conversation on e-mails and telephones. Threat to Human Dignity AI systems have already started replacing the human beings in few industries. It should not replace people in the sectors where they are holding dignified positions which are pertaining to ethics such as nursing, surgeon, judge, police officer, etc. Threat to Safety The self-improving AI systems can become so mighty than humans that could be very difficult to stop from achieving their goals, which may lead to unintended consequences Issues of Artificial Intelligence