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THE
MATERIAL
SELF
“I believe that a simple and
unassuming manner of life is
best for everyone, best both for
the body and the mind.”
- Albert Einstein
According to William
James, the self is
everything that an
individual considers to be
his or hers, not only his
or her body and material
possessions but also his
or her reputation and
beliefs. The self,
therefore, is composed of
the material self which is
a manifestation of one’s
identity through his
material possessions.
The basic component of the
material self includes the body.
> One of the tasks adolescents is
to accept and appreciate the
physical characteristics of their
body.
> Adolescents tend to worry about
their bodies and physical
appearance.
> Girls are more concerned about
their bodies and physical
appearance than boys.
> Perceptions about what makes a
body beautiful are usually
influenced by the media.
Apart from clothes,
the material components
of the self can include
one’s house, car, pets and
other things that he or
she considers as his or
hers possession.
Immediate and extended
family connections even
“pets” can be an
expression of one’s social
status, pride and
prestige.
Are we what we own?
Material possessions can be
a reflection of hard work
and success.
Normally, people tend to
measure success through
the amount of their
material possession.
Owning material
possessions becomes a
driving force in urging an
individual to seek high
level of achievement in
order to be able to acquire
more possessions.
MATERIALISM
- refers to giving more
importance to material
possessions than intangible
values
CONSUMERISM
- is the consumption of
material goods and services
in excess of one’s basic needs.
The
Spiritual
Self
“Just as a candle cannot burn without
fire, men cannot live without a
Spiritual Life.”
- Buddha
Spirituality influences the
individual through acts of
faith, hope, and love.
The Spiritual self enables the
person to experience a feeling
of oneness with a higher being
and the universe and gives a
deeper purpose or meaning of
one’s life.
Spirituality begins at an early
age but develops throughout
life as people continuously
interacts in the environment.
In Christian Ethics, Peschke
(1994) describes that the
experience of the sacred is
characterized by
reverence, faith, fear,
trust, love and
admiration which are
intimately connected to
God.
Acts of worship may
include prayer, reading
the Bible, attending
sacraments, and doing
sacrifices.
Religion – is an organized
system of ideas about the
spiritual sphere or the
supernatural along with
associated ceremonial
practices by which people try
to interpret and/or influence
aspects of the universe
otherwise beyond their control.
All Religions recognize the
importance of spirituality in
one’s life.
Logotherapy is the pursuit of
human existence as well as on
man’s search for a meaning.
BASIC PRINCIPLEOF LOGOTHERAPY
• Life has meaning under all circumstances, even the
most miserable ones.
• Our main motivation for living is our will to find
meaning in life.
• We have freedom to find meaning in what we do,
and what we experience, or at least in the stance we
take when faced with a situation of unchangeable
suffering.
The Practice of
Animism
Spirituality is also
associated with animism.
Belief about the sacred
also include the primitive
concept about animism or
belief that things and
places are alive and
grounded by a
supernatural order.

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  • 2. “I believe that a simple and unassuming manner of life is best for everyone, best both for the body and the mind.” - Albert Einstein
  • 3. According to William James, the self is everything that an individual considers to be his or hers, not only his or her body and material possessions but also his or her reputation and beliefs. The self, therefore, is composed of the material self which is a manifestation of one’s identity through his material possessions.
  • 4. The basic component of the material self includes the body. > One of the tasks adolescents is to accept and appreciate the physical characteristics of their body. > Adolescents tend to worry about their bodies and physical appearance. > Girls are more concerned about their bodies and physical appearance than boys. > Perceptions about what makes a body beautiful are usually influenced by the media.
  • 5. Apart from clothes, the material components of the self can include one’s house, car, pets and other things that he or she considers as his or hers possession. Immediate and extended family connections even “pets” can be an expression of one’s social status, pride and prestige.
  • 6. Are we what we own?
  • 7. Material possessions can be a reflection of hard work and success. Normally, people tend to measure success through the amount of their material possession. Owning material possessions becomes a driving force in urging an individual to seek high level of achievement in order to be able to acquire more possessions.
  • 8. MATERIALISM - refers to giving more importance to material possessions than intangible values
  • 9. CONSUMERISM - is the consumption of material goods and services in excess of one’s basic needs.
  • 10. The Spiritual Self “Just as a candle cannot burn without fire, men cannot live without a Spiritual Life.” - Buddha
  • 11. Spirituality influences the individual through acts of faith, hope, and love. The Spiritual self enables the person to experience a feeling of oneness with a higher being and the universe and gives a deeper purpose or meaning of one’s life. Spirituality begins at an early age but develops throughout life as people continuously interacts in the environment.
  • 12. In Christian Ethics, Peschke (1994) describes that the experience of the sacred is characterized by reverence, faith, fear, trust, love and admiration which are intimately connected to God. Acts of worship may include prayer, reading the Bible, attending sacraments, and doing sacrifices.
  • 13. Religion – is an organized system of ideas about the spiritual sphere or the supernatural along with associated ceremonial practices by which people try to interpret and/or influence aspects of the universe otherwise beyond their control. All Religions recognize the importance of spirituality in one’s life. Logotherapy is the pursuit of human existence as well as on man’s search for a meaning. BASIC PRINCIPLEOF LOGOTHERAPY • Life has meaning under all circumstances, even the most miserable ones. • Our main motivation for living is our will to find meaning in life. • We have freedom to find meaning in what we do, and what we experience, or at least in the stance we take when faced with a situation of unchangeable suffering.
  • 14. The Practice of Animism Spirituality is also associated with animism. Belief about the sacred also include the primitive concept about animism or belief that things and places are alive and grounded by a supernatural order.