Emilio Aguinaldoestablished hisheadquarters inBiak-na-Bato in theprovince of Bulacan
In July 1897, Aguinaldo established the Biak-na-Bato Republicand issued a proclamation stating the following demands:1. Expulsion of the friars and the return of the friar lands to the Filipinos2. Representation in the Spanish Cortes3. Freedom of the press and of religion4. Abolition of the government’s power to banish Filipinos5. Equality for all before the law.
THE BIAK-NA-BATO CONSTITUTION Constitution based on the Cuban Constitution Drafted by Felix Ferrer and Isabelo Artacho Signed on November 1, 1897 The Constitution provided a: SUPREME COUNCIL EMILIO AGUINALDO MARIANO TRIAS President Vice-President
TO END THE CLASHES BETWEEN FILIPINOS AND SPANIARDS…Emilio Gov. Gen.Aguinaldo Primo de Rivera PEDRO PATERNO volunteered to act as negotiator
A ceasefire was declared by both camps and an agreementbetween Aguinaldo and the Spanish forces was made.
CONDITIONS:The Spanish government will grant SELF-RULE to the Philippines in 3 YEARS if Aguinaldo went to exile in HONG KONG and surrender his arms. IN EXCHANGE FOR WHAT??
Aguinaldo will receive P800,000 (Mexican Pesos) as remuneration to the revolutionaries and an amnesty.SO…After receiving a partial payment of P400,000, Aguinaldo left for Hong Kong on board the ship URANUS December 27, 1897.Some Filipino generals, however, did not believe in the sincerity of the Spaniards. They refused to surrender their arms.
WHY? The Filipino’s and the Spaniards did not trust each other. As a result, periodic clashes between the two groups still took place even after Aguinaldo’s departure from the country. The Spanish did not pay the entire agreed amount.
Battle of Manila Bay • May 1, 1898 •First major battle of Spanish American War •Led by George Dewey •Won with four deaths •Battle lasted only a few hours
AGUINALDO RETURNS TO MANILA... May 19, 1898Aguinaldo arrived on board the MCCULLOCH withammunition bought with the money he receivedfrom SpainBy June 1898, General Emilio Aguinaldo had capturedthe whole of Luzon and was ready to storm Manilawith the help of Gregorio del PilarMANILA = INSIDE INTRAMUROS
Aguinaldo was firmly convinced that itjust was a matter of days before theSpaniards surrendered.Therefore, he started planning for thedeclaration of Philippine independence.
JUNE 12, 1898...PHILIPPINE INDEPENDENCE is declared by AGUINALDO
The TREATY OF PARIS...FELIPE AGONCILLO – was sent to the USA to tryto speak to Pres. McKinley – FAILED
FELIPE AGONCILLO – Tried to go to France toattend a meeting between Spanish and American representatives
WHAT WAS THE MEETING ABOUT? 1. Outcome of the Spanish – American War 2. Situation in Cuba and the Philippines
TREATY OF PARIS IS SIGNED...On Dec. 10, 1898, THE TREATY OF PARIS ended theSpanish-American War.Cuba was granted its independenceSpain ceded the Philippines, Guam, and Puerto RicoIn return, the US paid Spain the sum ofUS$20 million for the Philippines.