Kegley chapter 11

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  • According to United Nations projections, the world population is expected to reach 7 billion early in 2012. In developing countries, a significant number of the population is young (29% of total population are under age 15, and an additional 19% are between ages 15 and 24), making economic growth in these areas of vital importance.
  • According to the CDC’s National Center for Health Statistics, life expectancy in the United States is almost 78 years old, although it is still lower than in many industrialized countries including Canada and Japan.
  • The H1N1 flu was first identified in Mexico in April, 2009. It was declared pandemic by the World Health Organization in June, 2009.
  • Kegley chapter 11

    1. 1. Chapter 11: The Globalization of World Politics<br />
    2. 2. Copyright 2010 Cengage Learning<br />Population Growth<br />Annual population growth rate:<br />2.2% (maximum) in 1964<br />Currently 1.2%<br />6.8 billion people<br />Growth highest in Global South<br />95% of total growth<br />Often unable to deal with social, economic and environmental problems of larger population<br />2<br />
    3. 3. Copyright 2010 Cengage Learning<br />World Population Growth Projections to the Year 2050 <br />3<br />
    4. 4. Copyright 2010 Cengage Learning<br />Global South Population Growth<br />High fertility rates<br />Relatively low death rates<br />Demographic transition model:<br />High death and birth rates replaced by low death and birth rates<br />Europe and North America 1750–1930<br />A part of modernization<br />However, Global South has high birth rates and low death rates, with minimal modernization<br />4<br />
    5. 5. Copyright 2010 Cengage Learning<br />The Aging and Graying World Population<br />Rising fertility rates coinciding with increasing life expectancies  aging population<br />Less taxpayers and greater government costs <br />Contributes to the divide between rich and poor <br />5<br />
    6. 6. Copyright 2010 Cengage Learning<br />The Global North–Global South Population Divide<br />6<br />
    7. 7. Copyright 2010 Cengage Learning<br />Urbanization<br />Dual societies<br />City dwellers<br />Rural, poor periphery <br />Externalities<br />Aggravation of health and environmental problems <br />Straining supplies of clean water, shelter, and sanitation<br />Crime, smog and communicable diseases <br />7<br />
    8. 8. Copyright 2010 Cengage Learning<br />A World that is “Spiky,” Not Flat<br />8<br />
    9. 9. Copyright 2010 Cengage Learning<br />Global Migration Patterns<br />Global migration crisis<br />20 million people each year<br />Externalities<br />Erosion of cultural identity and citizenship<br />Remittances<br />Labor<br />College<br />Trafficking<br />9<br />
    10. 10. Copyright 2010 Cengage Learning<br />Foreign Students as a Percent of All University Students in Leading Countries<br />10<br />
    11. 11. Copyright 2010 Cengage Learning<br />Tuberculosis, HIV/AIDS and Swine Flu <br />TB<br />2 million deaths per year<br />Drug resistant strains<br />HIV/AIDS<br />14,500 new infections daily<br />Approximately 8000 deaths daily<br />> 90% new infections in Global South<br />Could substantially lower population growth<br />Swine Flu<br />Common name for H1N1 virus<br />Pandemic<br />11<br />
    12. 12. Copyright 2010 Cengage Learning<br />Death in the Prime of Life: The Most Seriously HIV-Affected Countries<br />12<br />
    13. 13. Copyright 2010 Cengage Learning<br />The Global Information Age <br />Globalization<br />Cosmopolitan viewpoint: An outlook that values viewing the cosmos or entire world as the best polity or unit for political governance and personal identity, as opposed to other politics, such as one’s local metropolis or city of residence<br />Global communication<br />Digital divide<br />13<br />
    14. 14. Copyright 2010 Cengage Learning<br />The Media: Markets or Monopoly?<br />Cartel of ten corporations in the Global North<br />Agenda setting<br />New World Information and Communication Order (NWICO) <br />1980 call by the less-developed Global South to combat “cultural imperialism” by circumscribing news and information disseminated by Western transnational news agencies<br />World Telecom Pact, 1997<br />14<br />
    15. 15. Copyright 2010 Cengage Learning<br />The Digital Divide in Information and Communication Technologies<br />15<br />
    16. 16. Copyright 2010 Cengage Learning<br />Globalization and the Global Future<br />Reduces capacity of state<br />Rising power of nonstate actors<br />Liberals optimistic of prospects for global civil society<br />16<br />
    17. 17. Copyright 2010 Cengage Learning<br />Levels of Globalization<br />17<br />

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