Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.
Politics from “polis” - city; sovereign state
Science from “scire” - to know; study
Political Science is the study of stat...
Political Science is a social science discipline
concerned with the study of the state, government,
and politics.
Aristotl...
Political Science is the social science concerned
chiefly with the description and analysis of political
and governmental ...
Political Science is the study of politics.
How do we study Political Science?
- Studying political behavior (behavioralis...
According to Harold Lasswell, politics is “who gets
what, when, and how” and that political science is
the study of “the s...
Legitimate power or "Positional power", it is the
power of an individual because of the relative
position and duties of th...
Reward power depends on the ability of the power
wielder to confer valued material rewards.
Coercive power is the applicat...
Authority is the legitimate use of power. (Weber)
It is the right to exercise the power and influence of
a particular posi...
Legitimacy is the mass feeling that the
governmental authority is rightful and should be
obeyed.
Political legitimacy mean...
Sources of Legitimacy
Legitimacy by results: providing the basic needs of the people
such as security, welfare and respect...
Name people in the Philippines who are powerful.
Name the kinds of power they have. Be sure to
have examples for each of t...
To summarize:
Political Science is the study of how power is
achieved (or gained), shared and used in the realm
of state (...
Political Theory- entire body of doctrines relating
to origin, form, behavior, and purposes of a state
Public Law- covers ...
To discover the principles that should be
adhered to in public affairs and to study the
operations of the government.
Its ...
Education for citizenship
Essential part of liberal education
Knowledge and understanding of government
State – a community of persons more or less
numerous permanently occupying a definite
portion of territory, having a gover...
1. People – mass of population living within the
state
2. Territory – fixed portion of the surface of the
earth inhabited ...
1. Divine Right Theory – holds that the state is of divine
creation and the ruler is ordained by God to govern the
people
...
legal/political concept
free from external
control
one state may consist
of one or more nations
ethnic concept
may or may ...
State
principal
abstraction
cannot exist without
the government
cannot be changed so
long as the elements
are present
Gove...
1. As to the number of the persons exercising sovereign power:
a. Monarchy – the supreme and final authority is in the
han...
2. As to the nature of tenure of the officials
Hereditary – power and authority is passed on to
one who is a relative by c...
3. As to extent of powers exercised by the central or
national government
a. Unitary Government – the control of national
...
4. As to the relationship between the executive and
the legislative branches of government
a. Parliamentary – the state co...
Introduction to Political Science
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Introduction to Political Science

64,418 views

Published on

Introduction to Political Science

Published in: News & Politics
  • DOWNLOAD THIS BOOKS INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT (Unlimited) ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... Download Full PDF EBOOK here { https://tinyurl.com/yyxo9sk7 } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full EPUB Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/yyxo9sk7 } ......................................................................................................................... ACCESS WEBSITE for All Ebooks ......................................................................................................................... Download Full PDF EBOOK here { https://tinyurl.com/yyxo9sk7 } ......................................................................................................................... Download EPUB Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/yyxo9sk7 } ......................................................................................................................... Download doc Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/yyxo9sk7 } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBooks ......................................................................................................................... Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, Cookbooks, Crime, Ebooks, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult,
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • DOWNLOAD FULL BOOKS, INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ,DOWNLOAD FULL. PDF EBOOK here { https://tinyurl.com/y6a5rkg5 } ......................................................................................................................... ,DOWNLOAD FULL. EPUB Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y6a5rkg5 } ......................................................................................................................... ,DOWNLOAD FULL. doc Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y6a5rkg5 } ......................................................................................................................... ,DOWNLOAD FULL. PDF EBOOK here { https://tinyurl.com/y6a5rkg5 } ......................................................................................................................... ,DOWNLOAD FULL. EPUB Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y6a5rkg5 } ......................................................................................................................... ,DOWNLOAD FULL. doc Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y6a5rkg5 } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBooks ......................................................................................................................... Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, Cookbooks, Crime, Ebooks, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult,
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • DOWNLOAD FULL BOOKS, INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. PDF EBOOK here { https://tinyurl.com/y3nhqquc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. EPUB Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y3nhqquc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. doc Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y3nhqquc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. PDF EBOOK here { https://tinyurl.com/y3nhqquc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. EPUB Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y3nhqquc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. doc Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y3nhqquc } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBooks ......................................................................................................................... Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, Cookbooks, Crime, Ebooks, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult,
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • Hey guys! Who wants to chat with me? More photos with me here 👉 http://www.bit.ly/katekoxx
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here

Introduction to Political Science

  1. 1. Politics from “polis” - city; sovereign state Science from “scire” - to know; study Political Science is the study of state and government. It is the understanding of the state i.e. principles and ideals underlying its organization and activities. It is the study of a body politic, the association of people into a political community. It studies relations of men and groups, men and groups to the state, and state to other states.
  2. 2. Political Science is a social science discipline concerned with the study of the state, government, and politics. Aristotle defined it as the study of the state. It deals extensively with the theory and practice of politics, and the analysis of political systems and political behavior. from Wikipedia
  3. 3. Political Science is the social science concerned chiefly with the description and analysis of political and governmental institutions and processes. (Webster’s New Collegiate Dictionary cited in Costales et al 2010)
  4. 4. Political Science is the study of politics. How do we study Political Science? - Studying political behavior (behavioralist approach) - Studying political structure and functions (structural-functional approach) - Studying political phenomena (phenomenological approach) - Studying political ideas (philosophical approach) - Studying political documents - Studying political futures Lawson, 1989
  5. 5. According to Harold Lasswell, politics is “who gets what, when, and how” and that political science is the study of “the shaping and sharing of power.” Power is the ability to have others do something, whether they like it or not. It often connotes sanctions for those who will not abide.
  6. 6. Legitimate power or "Positional power", it is the power of an individual because of the relative position and duties of the holder of the position within an organization. Referent power is the power or ability of individuals to attract others and build loyalty. It's based on the charisma and interpersonal skills of the power holder. A person may be admired because of specific personal trait, and this admiration creates the opportunity for interpersonal influence. Expert power is an individual's power deriving from the skills or expertise of the person and the organization's needs for those skills and expertise.
  7. 7. Reward power depends on the ability of the power wielder to confer valued material rewards. Coercive power is the application of negative influences. It includes the ability to demote or to withhold other rewards. Informational power Informational power is based on the potential use of informational resources.
  8. 8. Authority is the legitimate use of power. (Weber) It is the right to exercise the power and influence of a particular position that comes with that position. Weber’s 3 types of Legitimate Authority - Charismatic authority - political order is maintained by the force of a leader’s personality. - Traditional authority - political order is maintained by the constant reference to customs, traditions and conventions. - Rational legal authority - political order is maintained by a regard of legality in the eyes of the population.
  9. 9. Legitimacy is the mass feeling that the governmental authority is rightful and should be obeyed. Political legitimacy means having widespread approval for the way one exercises political power.
  10. 10. Sources of Legitimacy Legitimacy by results: providing the basic needs of the people such as security, welfare and respect for human rights. Legitimacy by habit: people through time become accustomed to obeying the laws of the government. Legitimacy by historical, religious or ethnic identity: legitimacy may come from various historical, religious or ethnic sources. Legitimacy by fear: fearing undesired alternative can enhance the government’s legitimacy. Legitimacy by procedures: procedures can also promote and provide legitimacy.
  11. 11. Name people in the Philippines who are powerful. Name the kinds of power they have. Be sure to have examples for each of the kinds of powers. Does the government of Pres. PNoy have authority? Support your answer. In the context of ruling a government or state: Is it possible to have political power without authority, and vice-versa? Is it possible to have political power without legitimacy, and vice-versa? Cite real-life examples or situations that these may happen.
  12. 12. To summarize: Political Science is the study of how power is achieved (or gained), shared and used in the realm of state (or local) governance and global relations. (RRL)
  13. 13. Political Theory- entire body of doctrines relating to origin, form, behavior, and purposes of a state Public Law- covers constitutional law, administrative law, and international law Public Administration- methods and techniques used in actual management of state affairs by the 3 branches of government (de Leon and de Leon)
  14. 14. To discover the principles that should be adhered to in public affairs and to study the operations of the government. Its findings can be used in seeking resolutions to immediate situations. To be able to deal with social and economic problems and other matters of public and private concerns.
  15. 15. Education for citizenship Essential part of liberal education Knowledge and understanding of government
  16. 16. State – a community of persons more or less numerous permanently occupying a definite portion of territory, having a government of its own to which the great body of inhabitants renders obedience, and and enjoying freedom from external control
  17. 17. 1. People – mass of population living within the state 2. Territory – fixed portion of the surface of the earth inhabited by the people of the state 3. Government – agency through which the will of the state is formulated, expressed and carried out 4. Sovereignty – the supreme power of the state to command and enforce obedience
  18. 18. 1. Divine Right Theory – holds that the state is of divine creation and the ruler is ordained by God to govern the people 2. Necessity or force theory – maintains that states must have been created through force 3. Paternalistic theory – attributes the origin of states to the enlargement of the family 4. Social Contract theory – asserts that the early states must have been formed by deliberate and voluntary compact among people to form a government of their own
  19. 19. legal/political concept free from external control one state may consist of one or more nations ethnic concept may or may not be free from external control one nation may be made up of several states
  20. 20. State principal abstraction cannot exist without the government cannot be changed so long as the elements are present Government agent externalize the will of the state can exist without a state can be changed
  21. 21. 1. As to the number of the persons exercising sovereign power: a. Monarchy – the supreme and final authority is in the hands of a single person. It is further classified into: absolute monarchy and limited monarchy. b. Aristocracy – the political power is exercised by the few priviledged class c. Democracy – the political power is exercised by the majority of people. It is futher classified into two: direct or pure democracy and indirect or representative democracy
  22. 22. 2. As to the nature of tenure of the officials Hereditary – power and authority is passed on to one who is a relative by consanguinity Elective or Popular – leader is chosen by an electoral process
  23. 23. 3. As to extent of powers exercised by the central or national government a. Unitary Government – the control of national and local affairs is exercised by the central or national government b. Federal Government – the powers of government are divided between two sets of organs, one for national affairs and the other for local affairs
  24. 24. 4. As to the relationship between the executive and the legislative branches of government a. Parliamentary – the state confers upon the legislature the power to terminate the tenure of office of the real executive b. Presidential – the state makes the executive constituionally independent of the legislative

×