What makes learning active? when learning is active students do most of things They use their brain, They think ideas, they solve problems and practice what they learned Active learning is faster, enjoyable, supporting. Students generally far away from their desks, active, and think loudly.
We know students can learn best by doing At that rate we have to active learning by cheering up and refreshing Why does learning have to be active?
As a result The topics discussed, no matter how interesting , No matter how students listen carefully No matter teacher explain information sequeantial and slowly Learning by listening is limited.
TO TEACH THINKING Knowing to think must be a ability that students gain from a good practice Our thinking ability effficient on how well we take the information and how well to. So time is important. Especially for students who can learn very difficult. They need more time.
<ul><li>How? </li></ul><ul><li>Reviweew your ideas about thinking. </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t internalize that idea: “Smart kids automotically think better”. Because smart kids can give answers very fast so they can’t develop their thinking ability. </li></ul>
Start early: To learn thing and extend the power of imagination must be started before pre-school . Give to students sometings they have to think İntroduce the students to art, take them to the museums and concerts and make them to think about everything that they have seen and heart . Ask them : what would be happen if …….
Make a joke Because Jokes, word games, are evaluation of situations from different perspectives, that provides for the thinking .
Teach the students to look at all aspects The obvious answer which is not always the the best anwer For example, Kids everytime say yes for the question“do you want me to increase you pocketmoney?, This is the best answer until they understand that that stuation increase their responsibilities
Encourage the students to find trends and patterns and make connetions between them. “ How can I establish a connection between the information that I learned last week and this week?” This is the key of learning
Ask them some unusual questions. “ what will happen if we paint all cars in yellow? ” “ How can we gain the ability of flying to people?” ” What would be happen if one side of earth is always night and the other side is daytime?” The questions which have not only one anwer like these develop thinking .
Teach students to say the meaning of the concepts. “ what is the difference between acquaitanceship and friendship?” “ what do you mean when you define anybody as mysterious?” These questions are very useful to undestand what the students think.
Ask students to put themselves instead of others
Ask the right questions The right question begin thinking and give the students opportunity to make practice on developing their creativity and their own views and
Thinking the following strategies are recommended to ask the right question
Strategy 1 : Yes but why? Ask to students why the anwer is right.
Strategy 2 : What is the benefit? Ask the questions focused on the use of the information Example: What is the benefit of knowing the effect of light on plant growth? ?
Strateji 3 : What is the difference now? Ask questions related to implamentation of change or inovation Adaptation: ask the problem by turning to another format Example: What would be happen if people sleep hibernation in winter?
Change the information ask them by changing a tale or event slightly. Example: Ewhat would be happen is Hansel and Gratel took a map with them?
Enlarge. Ask a problem by adding, duplicating and expanding a topic Example: What would Newton’s fourth law be?
invert. Ask the event other way Example: Swhat would be happend if we sleep in daytime and wake up in the night?
Strategy 5 : Right, wrong, or none? After memorized information ask why? Example: After asking how many cities there are in Turkey ask them why the cities aren’t named as 1, 2, 3 but named as names.
Asking question is a risky for students because ; they can feel as a stupit in classroom Or they afraid of to be understood wrong by their teacher So the students can ask question in a atmosphere that everyone trust eachother very easiliy.
By encouraging crativity Creativity is synthesis of all people’s functions covered their cognition, emotions, actions and intuitions. Creative person have a different perspective. they are not focused on what problems need to be but very focused on what they should be. Öğrencilerde yaratıcılığın desteklenmesi için;
To support the students to be more creative: Role - playing ask student to put themselves in someone else’ place. Ask them to look at the topic from his/her aspect. Thus you can give them an opportunity to tell their thougt oral or written.
“ if........what…? With a question you can make them to start thinking on any subject. Example: If children made the rules of society, how would these rules be? What would be happen if we could communicate wiht whales? With such questions creative thinking is encouraged.
To practice to think on parts What is the differences between school and a tree? What is the similarity between a human and a book? With such questions you can encourage the students to think on parts of the whole.
To solve open-ended problems How can you make a house by using tootpick and eraser? Which artwork can you make by which kind of waste maerials? You can use these kind of question to encourage the students to think on different things.
By extending their power of imegination Power of imagination is a kind of thinking that is naturel fluency nad it is very sensitive. When it is understimated, put down or is litened listlessly it suddenly stops. For power of imagination is means of creativity, it must be listened precisionly and must be paid attention.