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Past perfect

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PAST PERFECT. SE UTILIZA CUANDO HAY DOS ACCIONES EN PASADO Y SE QUIERE IDENTIFICAR QUÉ ACCIÓN SUCEDIÓ PRIMERO EN EL PASADO, O SEA, MÁS ANTIGUA.

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Past perfect

  1. 1. the Past Perfect tense What is this tense . . . . . . and when do we use it in English?
  2. 2. Meaning of Past Perfect: <ul><li>~Use 1: Completed Action Before Something in the Past </li></ul><ul><li>The Past Perfect expresses the idea that something occurred before another action in the past. </li></ul><ul><li>It can also show that something happened before a specific time in the past </li></ul>
  3. 3. Examples: <ul><li>~Use 1: Completed Action Before Something in the Past </li></ul><ul><li>1. She only understood the movie because she had read the book. </li></ul><ul><li>2. I had never seen such a beautiful sunset before I went to Hawaii. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Meaning of Past Perfect: <ul><li>~Use 2: Duration Before Something in the Past </li></ul><ul><li>We can also use the Past Perfect to show that something started in the past and continued up until another action in the past. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Examples: <ul><li>~Use 2: </li></ul><ul><li>Duration Before Something in the Past </li></ul><ul><li>1. We had owned our car for 10 years before it finally died. </li></ul><ul><li>2. They had been married for 5 years when they had their first child. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Meaning of Past Perfect: <ul><li>~Important Note: </li></ul><ul><li>Specific Times with the Past Perfect </li></ul><ul><li>Unlike with the Present Perfect Tense , it is possible to use specific time words or phrases with the Past Perfect. </li></ul><ul><li>Although this is possible , it is usually not necessary. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Example: <ul><li>~Specific Times: </li></ul><ul><li>Often, you can use the simple past OR the past perfect. </li></ul><ul><li>She had visited the U.S. once in 2000 before she moved here in 2005. </li></ul><ul><li>2. She visited the U.S. once in 2000 before she moved here in 2005. </li></ul>past perfect simple past
  8. 8. Past Perfect tense <ul><li>How do we make the present perfect tense in English? </li></ul><ul><li>Can you think of the grammar rule? </li></ul>He had already left when she called.
  9. 9. Form: <ul><li>This grammar has 2 parts: </li></ul>Had + verb past participle *use HAD for all subjects
  10. 10. Negative Form: <ul><li>had not + verb (past participle) </li></ul><ul><li>OR </li></ul><ul><li>hadn’t + verb (past participle) </li></ul><ul><li>Example: </li></ul><ul><li>The teacher hadn’t finished correcting papers when the students started to arrive. </li></ul>
  11. 11. More Practice: <ul><li>Complete each sentence with the past perfect form of the verb given. </li></ul>ready? set? Practice!
  12. 12. <ul><li>Karen ____________ (finish) making dinner by the time her husband came home. </li></ul><ul><li>When I arrived at the store, it ___________ (close) already. </li></ul>had finished had closed
  13. 13. Practice makes Perfect! <ul><li>For additional practice . . . </li></ul><ul><li>Go to our class website! </li></ul><ul><li>www.ecc6.blogspot.com </li></ul><ul><li>On the right side, under Important Websites for Class , click on Week 6 Grammar Practice . </li></ul>
  14. 14. The End

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