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Psychological factors


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Psychological factors

  1. 1. Psychological Factors<br />Arousal and Anxiety <br />Motivation<br />Psychological Factors<br />Personality<br />Concentration<br />
  2. 2. Motivation<br />The drive to succeed<br />I want to win, I am going to win and do my best!<br />Intrinsic motivation<br />The desire to improve, challenge yourself and the enjoyment gained from taking part and being successful.<br />
  3. 3. Motivation<br />Extrinsic motivation<br />This type of motivation relates to receiving rewards for success and good performances. e.g. Winning a trophy for a tournament.The balance between intrinsic and extrinsic motivation are vital to a performer if they are to be successful.<br />
  4. 4. Arousal<br />Excitement<br />What is arousal?<br />“An increased state of readiness before performing”<br /><ul><li>Being ready to perform mentally
  5. 5. To perform at your best you need optimal levels of arousal</li></li></ul><li>Anxiety<br />A negative emotional feeling that occurs when arousal levels are too high.<br />The performer will feel threatened by the situation and have a fear that they will fail. There are 2 forms of anxiety that a performer may experience.<br />Stress<br />Nervous<br />Fear<br />Scared<br />
  6. 6. Anxiety<br />Negative stress is often referred to as.... Anxiety<br />There are 2 types of anxiety:<br />Cognitive:Thoughts of worry and concern because you think you lack ability to complete the task. <br />(Nervousness and worried)<br />
  7. 7. Anxiety<br />Somatic:Physiological responses. How you feel.<br />Increase heart rate, sweating, blood pressure rises, muscle tension, butterflies. These symptoms usually reduce once the event has started. <br />How you feel<br />Butterflies<br />Sweating<br />Heart rate<br />Tension<br />
  8. 8. Personality<br />What’s different about the personality of these people?<br />
  9. 9. What is Personality<br />Personality is the individual, unique characteristics of an individual. What we are like as a personand how we behave.Knowledge about personality is important to ensure optimum sporting performance.<br />Coaches will treat individuals differently depending on the performer’s personality. <br />This means they will get the best out of them. <br />
  10. 10. Concentration<br />This is the ability to process information and focus. <br />Information processing happens quickly and the body will decide whether to act on the information or not. <br />An overload of information can have a negative effect on performance. <br />A lack of concentration will affect performance negatively.<br />