Unit 2 Mental and Emotional Health (MEH)


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Unit 2 Mental and Emotional Health (MEH)

  2. 2. Define <ul><li>Mental and Emotional Health: </li></ul><ul><li>Accepting yourself and dealing with demands of life: </li></ul><ul><li>What good does this do? </li></ul><ul><li>Builds ………. </li></ul><ul><li>Sense of belonging </li></ul><ul><li>Positive outlook </li></ul><ul><li>Good self-esteem </li></ul>
  3. 3. Self Esteem: Chpt.3/L.1 <ul><li>Define: How much you value, respect and feel confident about yourself </li></ul><ul><li>How to raise your self esteem: STEPS** </li></ul><ul><li>A. Try new challenges </li></ul><ul><li>B. Take healthful risks </li></ul><ul><li>C. **Raise your sense of competence (working on having the skills to do something) </li></ul><ul><li>D. **Positive self-talk: giving yourself encouragement and replacing negative thoughts </li></ul><ul><li>E. **Take your mistakes and learn from them </li></ul>
  4. 4. MASLOW’S HIERARCHY OF NEEDS <ul><li>Theory that creates a ranking order of needs for each human to reach their full potential </li></ul><ul><li>LEVEL 1: PHYSICAL (food,water,sleep,shelter) </li></ul><ul><li>LEVEL 2: SAFETY(security) </li></ul><ul><li>LEVEL 3: BELONGING(to be loved) </li></ul><ul><li>LEVEL 4: RECOGNITION(achievement & value) </li></ul><ul><li>LEVEL 5: REACHING POTENTIAL </li></ul>
  5. 5. Good Character: Chpt.3/L.2 <ul><li>Good character traits: </li></ul><ul><li>A. Trustworthy: honest and loyal </li></ul><ul><li>B. Respectful: considerate of others </li></ul><ul><li>C. Responsible: Think before you act and consider consequences </li></ul><ul><li>D. Fair: Play by the rules and listen </li></ul><ul><li>E. Caring: Kind and compassionate </li></ul><ul><li>F. **Citizenship: Advocate for safe and healthy environment at school and in community </li></ul>
  6. 6. Managing Emotions: Chpt.3/L.3 <ul><li>Emotions: They are neither good nor bad BUT they can produce good or bad consequences </li></ul><ul><li>How to deal with emotions in a positive way: </li></ul><ul><li>A. Have empathy: Have the ability to imagine another person’s feelings. </li></ul><ul><li>B. Understand that people are private with their feelings and uncomfortable with expressing them. </li></ul><ul><li>C. Ask YOURSELF: </li></ul><ul><li>Will this matter? Why do I feel this way? Should I wait before I react? Who can I ask for help in dealing with this? Will this even matter in the long run? **Is this exaggerated (unhealthy) **Suppression—Am I refusing to deal with this by not talking? </li></ul>
  7. 7. ANGER <ul><li>***The most difficult emotion to handle*** </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluate the following: </li></ul><ul><li>A. What causes my anger? </li></ul><ul><li>B. How can I deal with this anger in healthy way? </li></ul><ul><li>C. Take time to calm down </li></ul><ul><li>D. Take time to deep breathe </li></ul><ul><li>E. Consider removing yourself from the situation </li></ul><ul><li>F. Find a way to relax and rechannel your energy </li></ul><ul><li>G. Always talk to someone you can trust </li></ul>
  8. 8. Managing and Understanding Stress: Chpt. 4/ L. 1 <ul><li>Stress: </li></ul><ul><li>The reaction of the body and mind to everyday challenges and demands </li></ul><ul><li>Perception: </li></ul><ul><li>The act of becoming aware through the senses </li></ul><ul><li>Stressor: </li></ul><ul><li>**ANYTHING that causes stress (good or bad)—positive outlooks help you manage stressors(it changes your “view”of the stressor </li></ul>
  9. 9. YOUR BODY’s RESPONSES to STRESS <ul><li>FACTS: </li></ul><ul><li>Stress doesn’t have to be unhealthy </li></ul><ul><li>It can have positive and negative affects </li></ul><ul><li>Positive stress can be a motivation (**examples—pressure of a big game/ doing well on a test, etc**) </li></ul><ul><li>STAGES of STRESS” </li></ul><ul><li>ALARM/ Fight or Flight Response: </li></ul><ul><li>RESISTANCE </li></ul><ul><li>FATIGUE </li></ul>
  10. 10. STAGES OF STRESS <ul><li>STAGES of STRESS” </li></ul><ul><li>1. Alarm—Mind and body go into high alert (fight or flight)/ body physically defends itself from the “threat” see. P. 94—**Example: Pupils widen/digestions affected/ Hrt rate and blood flow increase!! </li></ul><ul><li>2. Resistance---Body adapts and reacts (higher level and more endurance) </li></ul><ul><li>3. Fatigue---Exposure prolonged, body tires and loses ability to manage </li></ul><ul><li>***Hypothalamus: </li></ul><ul><li>Small area at the base of brain/ receives danger signal/ release hormone that acts on pituitary gland; The gland then secretes “adrenaline” </li></ul>
  11. 11. Managing Stress(chpt.4/L.2) <ul><li>Why? </li></ul><ul><li>1. Developing good habits, reduces the effects of stress </li></ul><ul><li>2. Stress becomes positive rather than negative </li></ul><ul><li>3. Your risk of becoming sick, decreases </li></ul><ul><li>4. Your body and mind will recover from negative stress more quickly, leaving you more productive </li></ul>
  12. 12. SLEEP(chpt.4/L.2) <ul><li>Need 8-10 hours per day </li></ul><ul><li>Helps you face challenges of the day LIKE: </li></ul><ul><li>1. Concentration in class </li></ul><ul><li>2. Test anxiety </li></ul><ul><li>3. Performance on the athletic field </li></ul>
  13. 13. ANXIETY AND DEPRESSION (chpt.5/L.1) <ul><li>Anxiety: </li></ul><ul><li>The condition of feeling uneasy or worried </li></ul><ul><li>Depression: </li></ul><ul><li>Prolonged feeling of helplessness or hopelessness </li></ul><ul><li>**Serious condition that may require medical help. 15% of teens of all teens display signs of depression **Teens should seek help from trusted adults </li></ul><ul><li>** </li></ul>
  14. 14. Coping with Anxiety <ul><li>Ask yourself: </li></ul><ul><li>What situations cause my anxiety? </li></ul><ul><li>What can I do to plan ahead so that stress will not build and cause anxiety?**friends can encourage early studying for tests </li></ul><ul><li>What techniques can I use to help reduce this? ….brainstorm w. class </li></ul><ul><li>think before agreeing to responsibilities/ plan ahead/ breath and relax </li></ul><ul><li>Realize that drugs & alcohol give people a false sense of escape </li></ul>
  15. 15. Causes of Depression (chpt. 5/L.1) <ul><li>Medical condition or illness </li></ul><ul><li>Psychological reasons like a traumatic life event**Loss of a close family member: good example </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental factor: ex. Living in poverty or in another type of harmful environment**TREATMENT may call for a “”change in your environment/surroundings** </li></ul><ul><li>WARNING SIGNS: see 5.2 </li></ul><ul><li>Irritability </li></ul><ul><li>Loss of interest in activities </li></ul><ul><li>Difficulty sleeping </li></ul><ul><li>Weight loss </li></ul><ul><li>Cannot concentrate </li></ul><ul><li>Thoughts of suicide </li></ul>
  16. 16. Mental Disorders: (chp.5/L.2) <ul><li>Define: An illness of the mind that can affect thoughts, feelings, behaviors of a person to the point that they cannot lead a happy, healthful and productive life </li></ul><ul><li>TYPES: Anxiety/ Impulse Control/ Eating Disorders/ Personality disorders/ Mood disorders </li></ul><ul><li>Mood Disorder: </li></ul><ul><li>Illness that involves extreme changes in your mood and interfere with everyday living. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: **Bipolar Disorder(periods of mania mixed with depression), Depression, manic-depress. </li></ul><ul><li>**Many go untreated! Why? Fail to seek treatment—no admission of a problem </li></ul>
  17. 17. Suicide (chpt. 5/L.3) <ul><li>Define: Act of intentionally taking one’s own life (3 rd leading cause of death in teens) </li></ul><ul><li>Warning signs: </li></ul><ul><li>Direct statements </li></ul><ul><li>Indirect statements </li></ul><ul><li>Withdrawal from friends and family </li></ul><ul><li>**Giving away personal belongings </li></ul><ul><li>Dramatic changes in personality and appearance </li></ul><ul><li>Many more: </li></ul><ul><li>How to Help: A. Show support B. **Remind person there are solutions C .** Tell a trusted adult right away—Always Step 1 for suicide, depression, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>D. Tell them suicidal survivors later express gratitude they’re alive </li></ul>
  18. 18. Getting Help for Any Mental Disorder:(chpt.5/L.4) <ul><li>1. **Psychotherapy—Talk between patient and healthy professional/ counseling </li></ul><ul><li>2.Behavior therapy—Treatment focusing on changing unwanted behaviors </li></ul><ul><li>3.**Drug or Chemical therapy---**Using medications or antidepressants and/or chemical substance to reduce symptoms of a disorder </li></ul><ul><li>4.Family Therapy—Communicating with family members </li></ul><ul><li>5.**Group Therapy—Talking with others who have similar situations/ similar disorders </li></ul><ul><li>6. Cognitive Therapy---(mental therapy): Professional helping correct distorted thinking patterns </li></ul><ul><li>****Treatment takes times, persistence and patience! **Environmental Changes </li></ul>