American Family
Chapter 8
Managing Stress and Anxiety
Learning Objective and FCS
Standards


Learning Objective: Students will define
stress and learn common causes of stress,...
What is Stress??


Stress: the reaction of the body and mind
to everyday challenges and demands.






Stress affects ...
What Causes Stress?
Stressor: anything that causes stress.
 Psychologists have identified 5 general
categories of stresso...
How does the body respond to stress?


2 major body systems are involved.





Nervous System
Endocrine System

Your r...
Response to Stress
Stage 1-Alarm


mind and body go into high alert



Also called “fight or flight response”



Severa...
Response To Stress
Stage 2 – Resistance
Your

body adapts to the rush and you react
by “flight” or “fight”.
Body

is bri...
Response To Stress
Stage 3 - Fatigue:
The body can’t take a high level of stress for a long time. It
eventually reacts wi...
Effects of Stress
Minor



Sleeplessness
Upset stomach

Life Threatening




High blood pressure
heart disease
stroke
Stress and Your Health


Physical Effects


Psychosomatic response: a physical reaction that
results from stress rather ...
More on Stress and Your Health


Mental/Emotional and Social Effects







Difficulty Concentrating
Mood Swings
Ris...


Chronic Stress: Stress associated with
long-term problems that are beyond a
person’s control. The reaction is less
inte...
Managing Stress-Step 1


The first step is to identify the cause.



Possible causes of stress.






1. Life events-...
Managing Stress-Step 2-Use your
stress management skills




Stress-management skills: skills that help an
individual ha...
More Stress Management Skills
4. Ask yourself how you are thinking
about the stress. Are you overreacting?
Don’t think of ...
What is Anxiety?


Anxiety: the condition of feeling uneasy or
worried about what may happen.


Symptoms of anxiety
Feel...
What is Depression


Depression: a prolonged feeling of
helplessness, hopelessness, and sadness.


There are 2 types:
Re...
Symptoms of Depression


Irritable or restless mood



Withdrawal from friends, family, and activities that
were previou...
Managing and Treating Depression


Express your feelings-journal, talk to
someone, be creative



Do something for someo...
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American Family-Chapter 8, Managing Stress and Anxiety

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American Family-Chapter 8, Managing Stress and Anxiety

  1. 1. American Family Chapter 8 Managing Stress and Anxiety
  2. 2. Learning Objective and FCS Standards  Learning Objective: Students will define stress and learn common causes of stress, how the body responds to stress, and healthy ways of managing stress. Students will also define anxiety and depression and learn symptoms of each and healthy ways of managing and treating anxiety and depression.  FCS Standards: 06-12.1.1, 1.A, 1.B, 1.C,
  3. 3. What is Stress??  Stress: the reaction of the body and mind to everyday challenges and demands.    Stress affects us in all three areas of the health triangle. How? Stress itself is not good or bad, but it can have positive and negative effects. It really comes down to how you manage it. How much stress you feel depends partially on your perception. It also depends on your past experiences.
  4. 4. What Causes Stress? Stressor: anything that causes stress.  Psychologists have identified 5 general categories of stressors.       1.Biological-illness, disabilities, injuries. 2.Environmental: poverty, pollution, crowding, noise, natural disaster. 3.Cognitive, or thinking stressors: the way you perceive a situation. 4.Personal behavior stressors: negative reactions in the body and mind caused by a poor choice. 5.Life situation stressor: death, separation, divorce, relationship problems with peers.
  5. 5. How does the body respond to stress?  2 major body systems are involved.    Nervous System Endocrine System Your response to stress is largely involuntary and occurs in 3 stages. 1. Alarm 2. Resistance 3. Fatigue
  6. 6. Response to Stress Stage 1-Alarm  mind and body go into high alert  Also called “fight or flight response”  Several hormonal reactions take place eventually activating the adrenal glands to produce adrenaline.  This causes:     the heart to beat faster a rise in blood pressure pupils dilate increased blood flow to muscles and brain
  7. 7. Response To Stress Stage 2 – Resistance Your body adapts to the rush and you react by “flight” or “fight”. Body is briefly able to perform at a higher level of endurance  Lifting an automobile to save a child trapped underneath.
  8. 8. Response To Stress Stage 3 - Fatigue: The body can’t take a high level of stress for a long time. It eventually reacts with fatigue. Your ability to effectively manage other stressors is low.  Physical fatigue: body becomes sore, muscles tire quickly.  Psychological fatigue: you can become depressed, feel overwhelmed, or isolate yourself.  Pathological fatigue: body can’t fight off disease as well. Anemia, flu, being overweight can lead to pathological fatigue. Drugs and alcohol can intensify these feelings.
  9. 9. Effects of Stress Minor   Sleeplessness Upset stomach Life Threatening    High blood pressure heart disease stroke
  10. 10. Stress and Your Health  Physical Effects  Psychosomatic response: a physical reaction that results from stress rather than from an injury or illness. Can include sleep disorders, skin disorders, stomach and digestive problems.     Headaches-many headaches are caused by stress. Asthma-tubes in the lungs (bronchioles) constrict, making it hard to breathe. High Blood Pressure-stress can lead to an increase in cholesterol, blocking arteries, which leads to high blood pressure. This can lead to heart attacks and stroke.  Can also cause: Weakened Immune SystemYou are more prone to colds, flu, or other more serious infections.    Upset stomach Muscles aches and tightness Ringing in ears
  11. 11. More on Stress and Your Health  Mental/Emotional and Social Effects      Difficulty Concentrating Mood Swings Risks of Substance Abuse Can interfere with relationships Mental Signs    Trouble reading or thinking clearly Lack of creativity Losing sense of humor or perspective   Emotional Signs    edginess Frustration crying Behavioral Signs       Not eating Overeating Compulsive talking Tapping feet Drumming fingers Changes in sleep
  12. 12.  Chronic Stress: Stress associated with long-term problems that are beyond a person’s control. The reaction is less intense, but it lasts longer.
  13. 13. Managing Stress-Step 1  The first step is to identify the cause.  Possible causes of stress.    1. Life events-graduation, moving, addition of family members, divorce or separation. 2. Physical stressors-physical injury, lack of rest, drug use, excessive dieting or exercise. 3. Daily hassles-time pressures, too many responsibilities, deadlines, conflicts with peers.
  14. 14. Managing Stress-Step 2-Use your stress management skills   Stress-management skills: skills that help an individual handle stress in a healthful, effective way. 1. Use Refusal Skills    2. Manage Your Time Wisely   Avoid stressful situations that can have negative consequences. It’s ok to say “no”. When you are overwhelmed, it’s ok to not take on more responsibility. Prioritize what is most important to you. Plan ahead and stay organized. 3. Take Care of Yourself     Get enough rest Eat nutritious foods Get regular physical exercise Avoid tobacco, alcohol, and drugs
  15. 15. More Stress Management Skills 4. Ask yourself how you are thinking about the stress. Are you overreacting? Don’t think of stress in a negative manner, but an opportunity to learn and grow.  5. Don’t forget to laugh.  6. Stay positive.  7. Relax. Relaxation Response: a state of calm that can be reached if one or more relaxation techniques are practiced regularly.  8. Get help when you need it. 
  16. 16. What is Anxiety?  Anxiety: the condition of feeling uneasy or worried about what may happen.  Symptoms of anxiety Feelings of fear or dread  Perspiration, trembling, restlessness, or muscle tension.  Rapid heart rate, lightheadedness, shortness of breath.   How to manage anxiety-use your stress management skills, if these aren’t effective, get some help-medication and counseling may be needed.
  17. 17. What is Depression  Depression: a prolonged feeling of helplessness, hopelessness, and sadness.  There are 2 types: Reactive Depression-a response to a stressful event, such as the death of a friend. Will go away as the person learns how to deal with the difficult situation.  Major Depression-medical condition requiring treatment. More severe and lasts longer than reactive depression. It may develop from reactive depression or may be the result of a chemical imbalance in the brain. 
  18. 18. Symptoms of Depression  Irritable or restless mood  Withdrawal from friends, family, and activities that were previously enjoyable.  Changes in weight or appetite  Feelings of guilt or worthlessness or a sense of hopelessness.  Experiencing some or all of these symptoms for more than 2 weeks.
  19. 19. Managing and Treating Depression  Express your feelings-journal, talk to someone, be creative  Do something for someone else  Get some support  If these don’t work, get some helptherapy and medication may be used.

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