Section 3 Notes







During the Middle Ages, the Church’s most
important achievement was to Christianize
the diverse peoples of West...








In manor villages, the priest of the parish was
usually the only contact people had with the
church
The priest...









The church was the social center as well as a
place of worship
After services, peasants gossiped or danced
I...









Some churches housed relics, or remains of
martyrs or other holy figures
Local people, as well as visitors, ...








The Church taught that men and women were
equal before God
On Earth, women were viewed as “daughters
of Eve”--...








A monk named Benedict organized the
monastery of Monte Cassino in southern Italy
Monks and nuns took three vow...









Monasteries and convents also performed a
vital role in preserving the writings of the
ancient world
Monks a...





Many women entered convents
Convents were important because they
provided an education to many women
during the Mi...






The Church became the most powerful
secular force in medieval Europe
The pope was the spiritual leader of the
Rom...






Christians believed that all people were
sinners and doomed to eternal suffering
The only way to avoid hell was t...










The medieval Church developed its own body of
laws known as canon law
Canon law applied to religious teachi...






Francis of Assisi led a reform movement who
sent friars (monks) out to travel and preach
around Europe
Francis li...








Jewish communities flourished in Spain
The Muslims who conquered Spain treated
both Jews and Christians wit...
Chapter 8 Section 3 Notes
Chapter 8 Section 3 Notes
Chapter 8 Section 3 Notes
Chapter 8 Section 3 Notes
Chapter 8 Section 3 Notes
Chapter 8 Section 3 Notes
Chapter 8 Section 3 Notes
Chapter 8 Section 3 Notes
Chapter 8 Section 3 Notes
Chapter 8 Section 3 Notes
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Chapter 8 Section 3 Notes

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Chapter 8 Section 3 Notes

  1. 1. Section 3 Notes
  2. 2.     During the Middle Ages, the Church’s most important achievement was to Christianize the diverse peoples of Western Europe In 597, Pope Gregory I sent Augustine to convert the Anglo-Saxons in England Women also helped to spread the faith Some married pagan kings and brought their husbands into the church---ex. Clovis and his wife Clothilde
  3. 3.     In manor villages, the priest of the parish was usually the only contact people had with the church The priest cared for the souls of his parishioners by celebrating the mass and by administering the sacraments In addition to administering the sacraments, priests also preached the Gospels and the teachings of the Church They guided people on issues regarding values and morality and offered help to the sick and needy
  4. 4.      The church was the social center as well as a place of worship After services, peasants gossiped or danced In the later Middle Ages, some parish priests ran schools Villages took pride in their church buildings and decorated them with care Prosperous communities began to build stone churches rather than wooden ones
  5. 5.      Some churches housed relics, or remains of martyrs or other holy figures Local people, as well as visitors, might make pilgrimages, or journeys, to pray before the relics To support itself and its parishes, the Church required Christians to pay a tithe, or tax equal to a tenth (10% or 1/10) of their income Daily life revolved around the Christian calendar, which marked “holy days” such as Easter in addition to changes in the seasons Holidays were added to the calendar to honor saints
  6. 6.     The Church taught that men and women were equal before God On Earth, women were viewed as “daughters of Eve”---weak and easily led into sin---thus they supposedly needed the guidance of men The church set a minimum age for marriage and fined men who seriously injured their wives However, they often punished women more severely than men for the same offense
  7. 7.     A monk named Benedict organized the monastery of Monte Cassino in southern Italy Monks and nuns took three vows under Benedictine rule: obedience to the head of the monastery or convent, poverty, and chastity Monasteries and convents provided basic services such as: hospital services, schooling, lodging to travelers, missionaries St. Patrick---monk who set up the Irish Church
  8. 8.      Monasteries and convents also performed a vital role in preserving the writings of the ancient world Monks and nuns often copied ancient works as a form of labor Educated monks and nuns kept learning alive The Venerable Bede (from Britain) wrote the earliest known history of England Bede introduced the use of B.C. and A.D. to date historical events
  9. 9.    Many women entered convents Convents were important because they provided an education to many women during the Middle Ages In the later Middle Ages, the church put restrictions on convents lessening the power nuns once held and frowned upon too much learning for women
  10. 10.    The Church became the most powerful secular force in medieval Europe The pope was the spiritual leader of the Roman Catholic Church and popes eventually claimed papal supremacy---authority over all secular rulers The Church and secular rulers were intertwined---because church officials were educated they were appointed to high government positions and even the pope himself held lands in central Italy
  11. 11.    Christians believed that all people were sinners and doomed to eternal suffering The only way to avoid hell was to believe in Christ and participate in the sacraments Because the medieval Church gave out the sacraments, it had absolute power in religious matters
  12. 12.      The medieval Church developed its own body of laws known as canon law Canon law applied to religious teachings, the clergy, marriages, and morals Anyone who disobeyed Church law faced a range of penalties Excommunication---person is kicked out of the Church and cannot receive sacraments or burial Interdict---order excluding an entire town, region, or kingdom from receiving sacraments or burial
  13. 13.    Francis of Assisi led a reform movement who sent friars (monks) out to travel and preach around Europe Francis lived a comfortable life until his midtwenties when he chose to give up all his wealth and take a life of poverty and charity Franciscan friars went out to serve the poor and the sick and preach
  14. 14.        Jewish communities flourished in Spain The Muslims who conquered Spain treated both Jews and Christians with tolerance Jews eventually spread out into Western Europe In the late 1000s, Christian persecution of Jews increased Scapegoats---blamed for killing Jesus, couldn’t own land or certain jobs Anti-Semitism---prejudice against Jews Jews were forced to migrate to Eastern Europe

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