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Medieval monks ellen buckley

Medieval Monk

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Medieval monks ellen buckley

  1. 1. By Ellen BUCKLEY
  2. 2. The Medieval monastery was established during the Middle Ages. The first type of Medieval monastery adhered to the Benedictine Rule, established by St. Benedict in 529AD. Different orders of monks were also established during the Middle Ages. The major orders of Medieval monks were the Benedictines, the Cistercians and the Carthusians. These monastic orders differed mainly in the details of their religious observation and how strictly they applied their rules. In the twelfth century four hundred and eighteen monasteries were founded in England; in the next century, only about a third as many. In the fourteenth, only twenty-three monasteries were founded in England. Medieval monks
  3. 3. Medieval monastery life consisted of a regular round of worship, reading, and manual labor. Every day was divided into eight sacred offices, beginning and ending with services in the monastery church. The first service came usually about two o'clock in the morning; the last, just as evening set in, before the monks retired. In addition to their attendance at church, the monks spent several hours in reading from the Bible, private prayer, and meditation. For most of the day, however, they worked hard with their hands, doing the necessary washing and cooking for the monastery, raising the necessary supplies of vegetables and grain, and performing all the other tasks required to maintain a large establishment like the monastery A Medieval monastery was a farm, an inn, a hospital, a school and a library. Medieval Monastery Life
  4. 4. Orders of Medieval Monks in the Middle Ages The first Medieval monks adhered to the Benedictine Rule which was established by St. Benedict in 529AD. Different orders of Medieval monks were also established during the Middle Ages. The major orders of Medieval monks were: The Benedictine Monks - the Black Monk The Cistercian Monks - the White monk The Carthusian Monks - the silent monks The Dominican Monks The Franciscan Monks Augustine Monks, including the Gilbertines Types of medieval monks
  5. 5. Washing and cooking for the monastery Raising the necessary supplies of vegetables and grain Reaping, Sowing, Ploughing, Binding and Thatching, Haymaking and Threshing Producing wine, ale and honey Providing medical care for the community Providing education for boys and novices Copying the manuscripts of classical authors Providing hospitality for pilgrims Daily life of a monk
  6. 6. The Three Vows of the Medieval Monks Different orders had different vows. The three vows of the Benedictine monks were: The Vow of Poverty The Vow of Chastity The Vow of Obedience Medieval Monks chose to renounce all worldly life and goods and spend their lives working under the strict routine and discipline of life in a medieval monastery The reasons for becoming a monk, their clothes and the different orders are detailed in medieval monks This section specifically applies to the daily life of the monks. the Vows monks took
  7. 7. §A tunic, tied around the waist with a cloth or leather belt §Over the tunic was a scapula. A scapula was a garment consisting of a long wide piece of woolen cloth worn over the shoulders with an opening for the head; §A cowl was attached to the scapula ( the cowl is the hood worn especially by a monk ) §The front of the scapula was secured with a small piece of rectangular cloth that snapped the sides together §Hair shirts - some monks imposed suffering on themselves by wearing hair shirts under their habits §Some monks would also wear a cross upon a chain around their necks What did monks wear?