Catholic Church In Medieval Europe

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Catholic Church In Medieval Europe

  1. 1. The Catholic Church in the Middle Ages
  2. 2. <ul><li>The church was the most powerful organization in medieval Europe. </li></ul><ul><li>The church claimed to have power over all religious and secular (non-religious) parts of life. </li></ul>
  3. 3. I. Reasons for the Church’s Power <ul><li>A. Role of Faith </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1. The church represented God. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2. Religion was part of daily life. It was social and united people. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3. The church held the power to send you to Heaven or Hell. </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><ul><li>4. If you didn’t obey Canon Law you could be excommunicated . </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Canon Law - church law; the church had its own courts </li></ul>
  5. 5. Excommunication - <ul><li>exclusion (being kicked out) of the church. </li></ul><ul><li>- Cannot receive sacraments </li></ul><ul><li>(means you go to hell) </li></ul><ul><li>- Cannot receive a Christian burial </li></ul><ul><li>- Shunned (rejected) by other Christians </li></ul>
  6. 6. Interdict- <ul><li>excommunication of an entire town, region or kingdom. This resulted when a noble or king violated canon law. </li></ul>
  7. 7. II. Wealth <ul><li>A. Nobles often left land to the church when they died. </li></ul><ul><li>B. Church wealth increased through tithes (church “tax” or donation; 10%) </li></ul>
  8. 9. III. Learning <ul><li>A. Rulers relied on C lergy (religious officials) to keep records (in Latin). </li></ul><ul><li>B. The church preserved learning. </li></ul>
  9. 10. Pope (1 head)            Bishops (2946 diocese, cathedrals)           Priests (219,583 parishes)          Catholics (1 Billion members) IV. Church Hierarchy
  10. 11. V. Corruption <ul><li>A. As the church’s wealth and power grew, so did corruption. </li></ul><ul><li>B. The clergy lived in luxury and ignored their vows. </li></ul><ul><li>C. This led to reform but would later split in the Church. </li></ul>
  11. 12. Points to Remember <ul><li>1. Feudalism and the manor system separated and isolated people from each other </li></ul><ul><li>2. Shared beliefs in church teachings keep people united during difficult times. </li></ul><ul><li>3. The ultimate goal was to achieve salvation (a life in heaven). </li></ul><ul><li>4. The church had power because they administered/ controlled the sacraments. </li></ul>

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