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  2. 2. Compound words Complete the centre column of the table to make two compound words. To make it easier, each answer is a three letter part of the body.
  3. 3. Answers
  4. 4. Blend Words These are two words blended into one: Can you un-blend these?3. electrocute4. fortnight5. intercom6. motel7. Muppet8. paratroops9. smog10. workaholic
  5. 5. Blend Words Answers:2. electric + execute3. fourteen + nights4. internal + communication5. motor + hotel6. marionette + puppet7. parachute + troops8. smoke + fog9. work + alcoholic
  6. 6. Morphology The study of the structure of words Is a word the smallest unit of meaning?The plogs glorped bliplyQ1: How many plogs were there: one, or more than one?Q2: What were they doing?Q3: Were they doing it now or in the past?
  7. 7. Morphemes  Smaller units of meaning are called morphemes, eg. ed, s, dog, elephant, establish, childmorphemetwo dog s, elephant ine, establish ment, child ishmorphemesthree dis establish ment, child ish nessmorphemes  Just for fun, how many morphemes in: Anti dis establish ment arian ism ?
  8. 8. Split these into individual morphemes, then identify each morpheme as one of these:- Independent (I) – can stand on its own- Dependent (D) – must be attached to another morphemeand the dependent ones as:- Grammatical (G) – defines the word’s role in the sentence or gives grammatical information- Creative (C) – forms a new word pigs, barked, unlikely, motherhood, salty, cherry, taller, hammer, displease, hardship, superheroes, player, payee, coffee
  9. 9. Prefixes and Suffixes Many morphemes are affixes – prefixes which go at the start of the word or suffixes which go at the end. How many prefixes and suffixes can you list?
  10. 10. Prefixes
  11. 11. Suffixes
  12. 12. Conversion – when affixes change theword class These affixes change a word’s word class, eg from verb to adjective. Can you identify which do what? able, ible, ing, ive, pre, ify, ally, ly, sion, tion, less, ful, ism
  13. 13. Some examples: able: enjoy to enjoyable – verb to adjective ible: digest to digestible – verb to adjective ing: shine to shining – verb to verb/adjective ive: response to responsive – noun to adjective pre: operation to pre-operation – noun to adjective ify: valid to validify - adjective to verb ally: radical to radically – adjective to adverb ly: neat to neatly – adjective to adverb sion: averse to aversion – adjective to noun tion: abbreviate to abbreviation – verb to noun less: fault to faultless – noun to adjective ful: beauty to beautiful – noun to adjective ism: athletic to athleticism – adjective to noun
  14. 14. Lexical relationships - remember these? Homophone Homonym Homograph Synonym Antonym homo- same ant- opposite syn- together -phone sound -nym name -graph written
  15. 15. Lexical relationships - remember these? Homophone – there/their/they’re r Homonym – punch/punch t he a no o r of e f Homograph – bow/bow T hink mpl exa each Synonym – seat/chair Antonym – hot/cold homo- same ant- opposite syn- together -phone sound -nym name -graph written