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SYNONYMY
Expressions with the same (or nearly) the same
meaning are synonymous.
Two points should be noted about this definition:
1.

It does not restrict the meaning of synonymy to
lexemes: it allows f...
2. It makes identity not merely similarity, of meaning
the criterion of synonymy.
Near synonymy
expressions that are more ore less similar but
not identical in meaning.
Examples
Mist-fog
Stream-brook
Dive...
Partial synonymy
which meet the criterion the identity of meaning, but
which, for various reasons, fail to meet the condit...
Absolute(perfect,complete) synonymy
words matching in all their shades of meaning and in
all stylistic characteristics.
Ex...
*absolute synonyms are rare in English language
*they are rare when it’s the relationship between
lexemes.
*its not rare w...
Two or more expressions are absolutely synonymous
if, and only if they are satisfy the following conditions:
1. All their meanings are identical.
they live in a large/big house.
I will tell my big sister.
I will tell my large siste...
3. They are semantically equivalent, their meaning or
meninges are identical on all dimensions of meaning,
descriptive or ...
Expressive(non descriptive meaning)
Skillful- clever
Stingy –economical
Enormous, colossal-huge; very big
Synonymy and its types
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Synonymy and its types

Synonymy and its types

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Synonymy and its types

  1. 1. SYNONYMY
  2. 2. Expressions with the same (or nearly) the same meaning are synonymous.
  3. 3. Two points should be noted about this definition: 1. It does not restrict the meaning of synonymy to lexemes: it allows for the possibility that lexically simple expression may have the same meaning as lexically complex expression.
  4. 4. 2. It makes identity not merely similarity, of meaning the criterion of synonymy.
  5. 5. Near synonymy expressions that are more ore less similar but not identical in meaning. Examples Mist-fog Stream-brook Dive_plunge
  6. 6. Partial synonymy which meet the criterion the identity of meaning, but which, for various reasons, fail to meet the conditions of what is generally referred to as absolute synonymy. car- vehicle
  7. 7. Absolute(perfect,complete) synonymy words matching in all their shades of meaning and in all stylistic characteristics. Ex airman-pilot car-automobile
  8. 8. *absolute synonyms are rare in English language *they are rare when it’s the relationship between lexemes. *its not rare when it’s the relationship of lexically composite expressions.
  9. 9. Two or more expressions are absolutely synonymous if, and only if they are satisfy the following conditions:
  10. 10. 1. All their meanings are identical. they live in a large/big house. I will tell my big sister. I will tell my large sister. 2. They are synonymous in all contexts. You will make a big mistake. You will make a large mistake.
  11. 11. 3. They are semantically equivalent, their meaning or meninges are identical on all dimensions of meaning, descriptive or non descriptive. Descriptive synonymy bachelor- unmarried man- divorcee
  12. 12. Expressive(non descriptive meaning) Skillful- clever Stingy –economical Enormous, colossal-huge; very big

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