What can a corpus tell us about lexis (1)

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RECURSOS, HERRAMIENTAS Y NUEVAS TECNOLOGÍAS PARA LOS ESTUDIOS INGLESES Practice session 3
Group B. Pascual Pérez-Paredes

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What can a corpus tell us about lexis (1)

  1. 1. What can a corpus tell us about Lexis? Olivia Sánchez Caton Lucía Roth Martínez Mar Sáez Ortega Déborah Vera Pérez Alba Pérez-Cuadrado Robles
  2. 2. <ul><li>Lexis and the lexicon </li></ul><ul><li>Lexis can be searched simply through exploring individual lexical items and their behaviour, or by using corpus data to examine the lexicon as a whole or to test lexical theory. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>THE GENERAL LEXICON </li></ul><ul><li>What do corpora tell us about the English lexicon? </li></ul><ul><li>How many words comprise the main vocabulary of a language, its central lexicon? </li></ul><ul><li>- “Exact rank orderings of words and rates of occurrence vary according to corpus composition and lemmatisation policies” </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>WORD FORMATION </li></ul><ul><li>General corpora also provide information about derivation and compounding, helping establish with potential words are actually institutionalised . </li></ul><ul><li>For example. Formations such as colo(u)rous , miscolo(u)r are morphologically possible but not found . </li></ul>
  5. 5. 2. Phraseology and phrases <ul><li>It is better to look at words in their corpus than looking at them in isolation? </li></ul><ul><li>COLLOCATION AND PATTERNING </li></ul><ul><li>What can we learn about a word from looking at its collocates, the words which it co-occurs? </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>FIXED EXPRESSIONS AND IDIOMS </li></ul><ul><li>Multi-words vs. idioms </li></ul><ul><li>· Multi-words: 1:Have a wide range </li></ul><ul><li> 2:Great varieties of behaviour </li></ul><ul><li>· Idioms: 1: Infrequent </li></ul><ul><li> 2: Appear mainly in journalism & fiction </li></ul>
  7. 7. 3. Meaning <ul><li>CONTEXT AND MEANING </li></ul><ul><li>Corpus concordances makes us aware of how far the meanings of words are derived from context </li></ul><ul><li>Do words have independence meaning at all? </li></ul><ul><li>What can corpora tell us about the meanings of words? </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>POLYSEMY </li></ul><ul><li>How many different senses or uses words have? </li></ul><ul><li>How these are distinguished in context? </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>METAPHOR, CONNOTATION & IDEOLOGY </li></ul><ul><li>Does corpora inform us about metaphors? </li></ul><ul><li>How does it do it? </li></ul><ul><li>How is connotational meaning analyzed? </li></ul><ul><li>How is ideology analyzed? </li></ul>
  10. 10. 4. Sets and synonyms <ul><li>LEXICAL SETS </li></ul><ul><li>Is it useful to divide a corpus by fields? </li></ul><ul><li>SYNONYMS AND ANTONYMS </li></ul><ul><li>How does corpora analyze synonyms? </li></ul><ul><li>Can antonyms also be explored with corpus data? </li></ul>
  11. 11. 5. Lexis in spoken language <ul><li>How lexis in spoken interaction is analyzed or explored? </li></ul><ul><li>PHRASEOLOGY </li></ul><ul><li>What types of features can appear when analyzing spoken lexis? </li></ul><ul><li>What distinctions can be found between speech and writing lexis? </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>MEANING AND USAGE </li></ul><ul><li>Do words and phraseologies fulfil pragmatic functions? </li></ul><ul><li>How the meaning has to be explored? </li></ul>

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