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HSL

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Transportselskapet i Helsinkiregionen forteller om sin strategiske satsing og sine ambisjoner. Blant annet et samarbeid med Maas Global.

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HSL

  1. 1. Helsingin seudun liikenne -kuntayhtymä 30.11.2016 Helsinki region transport - what it is and what does it do
  2. 2. Contents • HSL stategy and operations • Helsinki region and history of transport system planning • Helsinki region transport system plan 2015 • Towards next transport system plan • HSL enables MAAS Vocabulary HSL = Helsinki region transport HLJ = Helsinki region transport system plan MAL = Land use, Housing and Transport (plan)
  3. 3. HSL in general
  4. 4. HSL – Strategy into action
  5. 5. What does HSL do? • Is responsible for the preparation of the Helsinki Region Transport System Plan(HLJ). • Plans and organizes public transport in the region and work to improve its operating conditions. • Procures bus, tram, Metro, ferry and commuter train services. • Approves the public transport fare and ticketing system as well as public transport fares. • Is responsible for public transport marketing and passenger information. • Organizes ticket sales and is responsible for ticket inspections.
  6. 6. 6 founding municipalities: Helsinki, Espoo, Kauniainen, Vantaa, Kerava, Kirkkonummi. Sipoo joined in 2012. According to its charter, HSL may expand to cover all 14 municipalities in the region. Cooperation area and expansion of HSL
  7. 7. Public transport purchaser-provider model Bus services (Helb, Nobina, Veolia, Pohjolan liikenne, Korsisaari, Oy Andersson, Taksikuljetus, Etelä-Suomen linjaliikenne, Tammelundin liikenne, Åbergin linja) Ferry services (HKL/SLL) Raitiovaunut (HKL) Commuter trains (VR) Trams (HKL) Metro (HKL)
  8. 8. Economic outlook
  9. 9. HSL’s operating income 2015 Total €614.8m Ticket revenue Espoo internal 2.4% Extended regional tickets 2.7% Vantaa internal 1.7% Kirkkonummi internal 0.1% Kerava-Sipoo internal 0.1% Kutsuplus 0.1% Government subsidies for PT 1.0%Other income 1.9 % Kauniainen internal 0.02% Municipal contributions 48.6% Ticket revenue 48.5% Helsinki internal 23.2% Regional tickets 18.2%
  10. 10. HSL’s operating expenses 2015 Total €614.9m Infra services 11.2% Other purchases of services 4.6% Personnel expenses 3.1% Rents 0.6% Metro services 4.3% Ferry services 0.7% Other expenses 0.6% Operating costs Kutsuplus 0.4% Operating costs 79.9% Bus services 52.2% Train services 13.9% Tram services 8.4%
  11. 11. Public transport figures
  12. 12. Development of public transport Helsinki metropolitan area residents’ travel habits: number of journeys made and the share of public transport within the metropolitan area
  13. 13. Source: Public Transport Performance Statistics 2013, Finnish Transport Agency Number of public transport passengers 2013–2014, million Whole Finland 2013 352.7 63.4 56.6 69.3 1.8 543.8 Share of HSL 2013 51 % 100 % 100 % 73 % 100 % 65 % HSL 2013 179.3 63.4 56.6 50.3 1.8 351.4 HSL 2014 182.0 62.1 55.5 51.9 1.8 353.3 Buses Metro Trams Commuter trains Ferrie Total Boardings on public transport vehicles
  14. 14. 497 2,408 857 72 24,906 2 12 14 2 349 21,072319 Routes and number of services 2014 Routes Services Weekdays Metro Trams Trains Ferry Total Bus
  15. 15. Helsinki region transport system planning
  16. 16. Helsinki Region Transport System Plan • A long-term strategic plan. • Aligns regional transport policy. • A common view on the transport system development path and measures in the near future. • Part of the land use, housing and transport (MAL) co- operation in the Helsinki region and of the MAL Letter of Intent preparation and monitoring process. • Is based on the Regional Development Act and HSL’s Charter.
  17. 17. • Land area 3700 km2 • 14 municipalities • Population 1.38 million • HSL plans and organizes public transport in the region • HSL is responsible for the preparation of the Helsinki Region Transport System Plan (HLJ). Cooperation area and main responsibilites of HSL Helsinki Region Transport
  18. 18. Helsinki Region Transport System 2016 Modal split in Helsinki region in 2008 ja 2012
  19. 19. Helsinki – Gradual expansion of regional cooperation and planning Smith and Polvinen 1968 • A transport plan introducing a motorway-system in the centre of Helsinki led to a transport policy that favors public transport. Transport studies and plans in the 1970’s and 1980’s • Laid the groundwork for using transport studies in the planning and, for the regional co-operation and goal-oriented transport strategies. The beginning of the regional planning process in the 1990’s • The first regional transport plan PLJ 1994 gave the “shape” for the plan and for the planning process. PLJ 1998 continued the process. The expansion of the regional transport planning in the 2000’s • PLJ 2002 was a more comprehensive plan of the transport system. It led to a letter of intent (Transport) between the region and the state. PLJ 2007 introduced a more comprehensive (strategic environmental) assessment of the plan. • HLJ 2011 expanded the planning area to cover all 14 municipalities in the Helsinki region (instead of 4 municipalities in the PLJ-plans). It led to a wider letter of intent (Transport, Land-use, Housing) between the region and the state.
  20. 20. MAL Letter of Intent 2012–2015 Signed 20.6.2012 Additionally: Agreement between the government and Helsinki region municipalities to support infrastructure investments and housing 25.8.2014
  21. 21. The latest HLJ 2015 –process: combining Land use, Housing and Transport planning
  22. 22. HLJ 2015 MASU Preparation of the Land Use Plan MASU and the Housing Strategy MASU- draft Implementation 2013 2014 2015 2016 HLJ 2015 - draft 2012 Preparation of the Helsinki Region Transport System Plan HLJ 2015 MAL- Intention 2016-2019 Impact assesment MAL-HLJ-interaction - two processes hand in hand M = Land use A = Housing L = Transport
  23. 23. Helsinki region is developed as an attractive metropolitan area functioning as an integrated whole. The coherent urban structure of the metropolitan area combines multiple functions and is eco- efficient. The dense core area is surrounded by a network of district centers each with their own distinctive character and close-to- nature environment. The transport system based on sustainable modes of transport serves the accessibility of the region and the competitiveness of industry and commerce. The growing region offers a wide range of housing options. (HSYK 26.11.2013 , HLJ Committee 31.1.2014) MAL-VISION
  24. 24. 25 Transport goals (HLJ Committee 18 March 2014) Accessibility – smoothness • Trip and transportation chains are seamless and reliable near and far. • The competitiveness of public transport improves. • Cycling is attractive and smooth. • Vehicular traffic journey times are predictable and congestion is in control. • Walking routes and environments are pedestrian-friendly. Social, economic and ecological sustainability – responsibility • Travel is safe on all modes of transport. • There are alternatives for daily journeys meeting diverse user needs. • It is easy for people to choose healthy and responsible modes of transport. • Adverse environmental impacts and the environmental load of transport are reduced. • The transport system is developed cost-effectively
  25. 25. In 2050, the Helsinki region is home to every third Finn 2,000,000 inhabitants network-like public transport 1,050,000 jobs 5.7 a strong metropolis million daily trips
  26. 26. HLJ 2015 policies show the way
  27. 27. Themes Measures Rail and bus trunk route network and supplementary feeder services • The predictability of journey times is improved and number of services increased. • The trunk route network is strengthened with radial and transverse links and well- working feeder services. • Rail services are developed as the basis of the transport system supplemented by trunk bus routes. • Rail network is expanded in phases beginning from the core area. Nodes and pedestrian environments • Pedestrian environments in centers are made more attractive and safer • Trunk route nodes are improved • Transfers are made smoother by improving feeder links and the service level of nodes • Housing construction is intensified around public transport nodes. Regional main cycling network • A high-quality, safe regional main cycling network is implemented. • Parking, information and maintenance services for cycling are developed. • A method for monitoring cycling in the region is defined. Division of responsibilities for Park & Ride • Park & Ride for cars and bicycles is developed as part of the public transport system. • The responsibilities for the costs of Park & Ride are reorganized and regional Park & Ride areas implemented accordingly. • Provisions are made for pricing of Park & Ride beginning from the core area. • The division of responsibilities for the implementation and maintenance of Park & Ride is piloted in the Pasila-Riihimäki project. The service level of sustainable modes of transport is improved
  28. 28. Themes Measures Vehicular traffic pricing • Feasible technical-functional options for vehicular traffic pricing are identified along with an analysis of how they promote the transport system goals. • Changes needed to legislation necessary to implement vehicular traffic pricing are studied together with questions relating to administration and decision-making. • Decision on the possible introduction of vehicular traffic pricing is made as part of the transport system financing. Incident management and information • The package of measures to improve the monitoring and control system of the main road network is implemented and the operation of the Helsinki rail yard is improved. • Authorities and service providers cooperate to develop information and incident management covering all modes of transport. • Operating principles for incident management on the Helsinki region transport network are established. • The operational activities of incident management and up-to-date information for all modes of transport are centralized at the traffic control center. Regional parking policy • The “beneficiary pays” principle is strengthened in the development of regional parking policy. • Regional principles for parking at business premises are set out. • Parking standards are reviewed and centralized parking solutions promoted. Mobility management • Mobility plans are created and implemented for places that generate significant numbers of journeys. • Mobility management tools are systematically utilized. • Communications and interaction related to the development and use of the transport system are made more efficient Information and steering tools are effectively utilized
  29. 29. Themes Measures Logistics links and service level of national main routes • The performance of the key logistics links is ensured by improving links of national importance as well as logistics quality routes. • It is ensured that the transport system, ports and Helsinki Airport together form a functioning network that supports the competitiveness of business and industry. • The transverse logistics links needed in Central Uusimaa are developed. Freight traffic service areas • Division of responsibilities and an implementation model for freight traffic parking and rest areas are developed. • The missing parking and rest areas are implemented to enable the enforcement of the regulations on driving times and rest periods as well as the timeliness of transportation. Performance of the street and road network • The service level of the street and road network is ensured through small and mid-sized infrastructure projects and information. • A study on the overall performance and service level of the street and road network is conducted in regional co-operation. The needs of logistics are catered to and flow of traffic ensured
  30. 30. Results are achieved by effective methods Themes Measures Long-term KUHA funding • The long-term funding for small and cost-effective KUHA projects is ensured and programmed to promote walking, cycling and public transport, logistics links and services as well as dense land use and noise abatement. • The programming of KUHA projects is continued and funding for the projects in the State and municipal budgets from 2016 on is ensured. • The programming of KUHA projects is coordinated together with the infrastructure subsidies of the Housing Finance and Development Centre of Finland (ARA) to promote more coherent urban structure. Integrated public transport area • Public transport is planned and organized as an integrated whole across the region. • An integrated ticketing system is created for the Helsinki region. • Sufficient depot capacity is ensured in locations suitable for the operation of public transport. • A regional public transport management group is established as a cooperation forum. Resource-efficient operating models • All-round cooperation and pilots are increased to develop mobility.. • The mobility as a service concept is studied from the point of view trip chains and the promotion of sustainable modes of transport together with various actors. • The use of operating models, rolling stock and vehicles that reduce environmental load is promoted.
  31. 31. Infrastructure development projects Proposal for projects to be launched in 2015-2025 1a. Small cost-effective measures KUHA (continuous) * 1b. Helsinki downtown tram network (continuous) 2. Improvement of Keravantie (Road 148) (supp budget 2014) 3. Western additional track in Pasila (budget 2015) 4. Pasila–Riihimäki rail section, 1st phase (budget 2015) * 5. Metro Matinkylä – Kivenlahti + street and road arrangements * 6. Pisara Rail Loop (more detailed cost estimate on 15 Oct 2014) * 7. Klaukkala bypass, Road 132* 8. Hyrylä eastern bypass* 9. Improving the operation of the Helsinki rail yard (HELRA) 10. Development of the main road network monitoring and control system 11. Mid-sized road packages (competitiveness of public transport, vehicular traffic congestion control) 12. Logistics link needed in Central Uusimaa, 1st phase 13. Espoo City Rail Link (Leppävaara-Espoon keskus) 14. Jokeri Light Rail 15. Ruskeasanta station 16. Ring Road I, 2nd phase €375m/year *Projects named in the agreement signed between the State and Helsinki region municipalities to promote large infrastructure projects and housing
  32. 32. 33 The primary development areas of the region 2016– 2050 The goal is to direct at least 80 % of new housing construction into these areas Other areas of development for the municipalities 2016–2050 The development of areas outside the regional zones which have a strategic importance in the current plans of the municipalities Areal development may not cause significant regional investment needs or hinder the development of the regional scale at a later time The complemental areas of the primary development areas in the region 2025–2050 These areas become primary development areas as the transport network is complemented in accordance with the HLJ 2015 Possible areas of expansion after 2040 Areas connected to large transport investments and whose development in a grand scale is in conjunction with the implementation of the possible transport investments Regional industrial, logistical and warehouse centres Areas outside the designated zones Areal development may not cause significant regional investment needs or hinder the development of the regional scale at a later time Land Use Zones 5.12.2016
  33. 33. HLJ 2015 is good for the region Public transport is used more: its share of motorized trips increases by 6 percentage points. Accessibility of the region improves significantly. The per journey cost of public transport decreases. The capacity of main roads is used almost to the full but hardly ever exeeded. An increasing number of people choose public transport, cycling and walking.
  34. 34. Significant environmental impacts Quiet areas are not at risk. Increase in vehicular traffic increases accidents but relative to population, accidents decrease. The climate target 2030 for the metropolitan area is achieved. New land use is located in noise zones. Conditions for a car-free lifestyle are created but car dependency continues to be a challenge. Air quality may deteriorate locally. The EU climate targets are not achieved without significant changes.
  35. 35. Summary In the future the population of the region increases significantly. The functioning of the traffic system is ensured by: • intensifying land use in harmony with transport system. • examining vehicular traffic pricing as a means of directing mobility and funding transport system • improving the service level of public transport in the whole region.
  36. 36. Towards next transport system plan
  37. 37. • Prepared together with regional housing and land use planning processes (MAL agreement) • Key challenge is to decrease CO2 emissions (with economically viable solutions) More compact cities Bigger share of sustainable modes of transport Technology will for sure help, but when and how? • ”Realism and resilience” Towards next transport system plan
  38. 38. MAL 2019 -principles • More prioritizing in short term (2030) and flexibility in long term (2050) • Check points and synchronising • Efficient usage of existing knowledge and focus on planning • Continuous impact assesment guides the planning process • Transparency, clarity and justification in interaction Decision making Preparation of plan an impact assessment Decisions on frames Specific studies Preparation of process Initial studies
  39. 39. Themes and studies Ongoing • Development of impact assesment: economý and health • Cycling infra and parking • Park&ride implementation plan • Shared vehicles (OECD/ITF) Planned • Networked region: ”Trunk network and regional centers” ”Businesses, services and employers outside of centers” • ”Digitalisation, technology and new services” • ”How have we succeeded in meeting set goals?” • ”Possibilities to decrease CO2 emissions?”
  40. 40. MAL -projectgroup HSL executive board MAL –steering Helsingin region general meeting (HSYK) Helsinki, Espoo, Vantaa, Kauniainen, Kerava, Sipoo, Kirkkonummi KUUMA –executive board Hyvinkää, Järvenpää, Mäntsälä, Nurmijärvi, Pornainen, Tuusula, Vihti Helsinki, Espoo, Vantaa, Kauniainen Hyvinkää, Järvenpää, Kerava, Kirkkonummi, Mäntsälä, Nurmijärvi, Pornainen, Sipoo, Tuusula, Vihti HLJ -steering MAL 2019 -PLAN MAANKÄYTTÖ LIIKENNEASUMINEN Land use group Land use group HSL Transport system department HLJ –collaboration groups PREPARATIONCOORDINATIONSTEERINGDECISIONMAKING MAL-AGREEMENT MAL-secretary STATE MAL negotiation group state MAL-supervision LVM, LIVI, ELY, YM Finnish transport agency Ministry of transport and communication Ministry of environmentment ELY-centre HELSINKI REGION
  41. 41. Helsingin seudun liikenne -kuntayhtymä HSL enables Mobility as a Service
  42. 42. HSL is an enabler in many levels HSL • Coordinates transport system planning • Is forerunner in many hands on measures • Is reliable partner in the search of solutions to challenges created in the operational environment
  43. 43. HSL and MaaS • We enable and support to build new MaaS-services. • We are a neutral partner. • We are positive to projects and services that make easier to build effective journey chains, in which HSL’s public transport services play one role • We offer open data Transport information Passenger loads • We offer open data interfaces (APIs) Transport information Park & Ride information • Ticket sell interfaces are developed in close cooperation with active 3rd parties, such as potential MaaS operators. A contract is always needed. • We may choose suitable companies to be part of our loyalty programme benefits  visibility in HSL’s own information and marketing channels • HSL informs actively about ongoing and future digitals services and service development • HSL develops its services openly together and in cooperation with our customers, partners and transport operators.
  44. 44. www.digitransit.fi
  45. 45. Promotion of sustainable transport • Marketing campaigns: an HSL Travel Card loaded with two weeks of travel time delivered home for free for new customers • Co-operation with businesses and schools (consultation visits, Commuting calculator, employer- subsidized commuter ticket, Transport tutor’s visits, mobility plans…) • General information and marketing, digital services (hsl.fi, reittiopas.fi, beta.reittiopas.fi, displays at stops and vehicles…)
  46. 46. Promotion of cycling • Marketing strategy for cycling 2016ꟷ2020: implementation of the strategy at HSL and in the metropolitan area municipalities  the normalization of cycling • Cycling brand: coherent visual image for communications and infrastructure • Integrating city bikes into HSL's services > City Bike Service started May 2016 I do not have to be a nerd or a sports addict to cycle.
  47. 47. Registration at hsl.fi/citybikes There will be five stations where customers can borrow a bike with a payment card, without pre-registration: •Kaivopuisto •Unioninkatu •Rautatientori/East •Kiasma •Hakaniemi Metro Station
  48. 48. Thank you for your interest! Tapani Touru Head of transport system planning group Helsinki region transport Finland +358 40 504 2270 tapani.touru@hsl.fi https://www.hsl.fi/en/hlj-helsinki-region- transport-system-plan

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