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Ontario’s 2012
Transit-Supportive Guidelines




                   Ontario East Municipal Conference
                   September 12, 2012
                   Ministry of Transportation     1
Introduction
   First published jointly by the Ontario
    Ministry of Transportation (MTO) and
    Municipal Affairs and Housing (MMAH) in
    1992.

   1992 Guidelines focused on transit-friendly
    land use planning and urban design
    practices.

   2012 Guidelines update land use content
    and introduce a new chapter on transit
    improvement strategies.

   Provide strategies, tools and resources to
    assist municipal planners, transit agencies
    and others in creating an environment that
    is supportive of transit and developing
    services and programs to increase transit
    ridership.



                                                  2
Context
   The Guidelines are intended to assist
    municipalities in implementing the policies
    and objectives of the Provincial Policy
    Statement (PPS).

   Other recent provincial initiatives that
    support the development of compact,
    complete, transit-friendly communities
    make an update timely:
       Greenbelt Plan

       Growth Plans for the Greater Golden
         Horseshoe and Northern Ontario
       The Big Move, Metrolinx Regional

         Transportation Plan
       Provincial priority to increase transit

         ridership across Ontario




                                                  3
Context
   Many municipalities are growing
      Ontario’s population will grow from 13 million to 17 million by 2031
      Congestion is a major concern with significant economic impact
      Changing demographics will mean more seniors dependent on transit

   Major transit investments have been made
      Since 2003, the Ontario government has invested more than $13.4
       billion in public transit

   Transit ridership is growing
      Investments are paying off – in 2010, there was an increase of nearly
       132 million passenger trips on municipal transit systems compared to
       2003.




                                                                               4
Benefits of transit-supportive planning
   There is increasing recognition that building transit-supportive
    communities can help achieve sustainable development and an improved
    urban environment by:
       Supporting healthy, active, age-friendly communities

       Addressing environmental challenges

       Reducing congestion, travel times and transportation affordability

       Promoting economic competitiveness

       Making more efficient use of infrastructure


   Transit-supportive land use patterns are also pedestrian- and cyclist-
    friendly, making it safer and easier to use active transportation along with
    transit.

   Walkable neighbourhoods can have a particular impact on community
    health:
       For every 5% improvement in the walkability of a neighbourhood,
         adults tend to walk and cycle 32% more
       Risk of obesity can decline by 4.8% for each km walked per day and
         can increase by 6% for each hour spent in a car per day

                                                                                   5
Role of the Guidelines
   Collection of best practices, strategies, case studies, references for
    municipal and transportation planners to transit operators and managers

   Guidance for all communities, not just big cities.
       Topics specifically targeted to small and mid-sized communities

       In-depth case studies illustrating innovative transit-supportive

         initiatives undertaken by smaller centres and rural areas.
       Strategies intended primarily for larger communities and those
         intended for smaller towns are identified for easy reference.

   For use by municipalities and other planning authorities, with the
    expectation that municipalities will adapt these guidelines and examples to
    the specific circumstances of their community.

   The Guidelines provide guidance not only for formal planning processes
    such as official plan reviews, but also for transit improvement and other
    related initiatives, such as transportation demand management programs.




                                                                                  6

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Transit supportive guidelines overview

  • 1. Ontario’s 2012 Transit-Supportive Guidelines Ontario East Municipal Conference September 12, 2012 Ministry of Transportation 1
  • 2. Introduction  First published jointly by the Ontario Ministry of Transportation (MTO) and Municipal Affairs and Housing (MMAH) in 1992.  1992 Guidelines focused on transit-friendly land use planning and urban design practices.  2012 Guidelines update land use content and introduce a new chapter on transit improvement strategies.  Provide strategies, tools and resources to assist municipal planners, transit agencies and others in creating an environment that is supportive of transit and developing services and programs to increase transit ridership. 2
  • 3. Context  The Guidelines are intended to assist municipalities in implementing the policies and objectives of the Provincial Policy Statement (PPS).  Other recent provincial initiatives that support the development of compact, complete, transit-friendly communities make an update timely:  Greenbelt Plan  Growth Plans for the Greater Golden Horseshoe and Northern Ontario  The Big Move, Metrolinx Regional Transportation Plan  Provincial priority to increase transit ridership across Ontario 3
  • 4. Context  Many municipalities are growing  Ontario’s population will grow from 13 million to 17 million by 2031  Congestion is a major concern with significant economic impact  Changing demographics will mean more seniors dependent on transit  Major transit investments have been made  Since 2003, the Ontario government has invested more than $13.4 billion in public transit  Transit ridership is growing  Investments are paying off – in 2010, there was an increase of nearly 132 million passenger trips on municipal transit systems compared to 2003. 4
  • 5. Benefits of transit-supportive planning  There is increasing recognition that building transit-supportive communities can help achieve sustainable development and an improved urban environment by:  Supporting healthy, active, age-friendly communities  Addressing environmental challenges  Reducing congestion, travel times and transportation affordability  Promoting economic competitiveness  Making more efficient use of infrastructure  Transit-supportive land use patterns are also pedestrian- and cyclist- friendly, making it safer and easier to use active transportation along with transit.  Walkable neighbourhoods can have a particular impact on community health:  For every 5% improvement in the walkability of a neighbourhood, adults tend to walk and cycle 32% more  Risk of obesity can decline by 4.8% for each km walked per day and can increase by 6% for each hour spent in a car per day 5
  • 6. Role of the Guidelines  Collection of best practices, strategies, case studies, references for municipal and transportation planners to transit operators and managers  Guidance for all communities, not just big cities.  Topics specifically targeted to small and mid-sized communities  In-depth case studies illustrating innovative transit-supportive initiatives undertaken by smaller centres and rural areas.  Strategies intended primarily for larger communities and those intended for smaller towns are identified for easy reference.  For use by municipalities and other planning authorities, with the expectation that municipalities will adapt these guidelines and examples to the specific circumstances of their community.  The Guidelines provide guidance not only for formal planning processes such as official plan reviews, but also for transit improvement and other related initiatives, such as transportation demand management programs. 6
  • 7. Transit-Supportive Policies  The Guidelines are intended to assist municipalities in implementing Provincial Policy Statement policies and objectives, including policies related to:  Integrating transportation and land use considerations at all stages of the planning process.  Promoting opportunities for intensification and compact urban form.  Identifying growth areas, nodes and corridors and related density targets.  Promoting a land use pattern, density and mix of employment and housing uses that minimizes vehicle trips and supports transit and other alternative modes of transportation as viable mode choices.  Promoting the use of public transit and other alternative modes in and between residential, employment and other areas.  Focusing travel-intensive land uses on sites well served by existing or planned public transit, or designing these to facilitate future service.  Protecting of corridors and rights-of-way for transit and related facilities. 7
  • 8. New Format  1992 version was black and white with simple drawings  New design and layout provides for both quick reference and more in- depth reading  Each guideline includes topic objective and summary followed by detailed strategies  Symbols indicate the applicable community size and planning scale for each strategy  List of linked resources 8
  • 9. New Format  Small communities - less than 50,000  Mid-Size – 50,000 to 150,000  Large – 150,000 to 500,000  Big City – greater than 500,000  Site – site and building scale  District – subdivisions, district secondary plans  Municipal – town or city-wide  Regional – multiple municipalities 9
  • 10. New Content • A comprehensive resource and reference tool • Over 200 pages of text and illustrations • 54 sets of guidelines • Over 500 separate strategies • 13 in-depth case studies as well as numerous shorter examples • Links to further resources on the internet • Expanded content includes: • Transit improvement strategies • Transit service and operations • Planning and performance monitoring • Enhancing user experience through trip planning and accommodation • Growing ridership through targeted strategies • Increased emphasis on walking and cycling • Expanding reach of transit via cycling • Enhancing walk/bike connections to transit • Supporting pedestrians and cyclists • Other key issues • Accessibility, sustainable design, complete streets, transportation demand management 10
  • 11. Document Structure 1. Community-Wide Guidelines • Community structure • Regional mobility planning 2. District-Level and Site-Specific Guidelines • Layout of streets and open spaces • Creating complete streets • Enhancing access to transit • Parking management • Specialized uses 3. Transit Improvement Guidelines • Service and operations • Planning and performance monitoring • Enhancing the experience • Targeting ridership 4. Implementation • The planning process • Innovative planning approaches • Inspiring change • Funding and investment 11