Governance for Inland fishery development in water
Commons – Experience of DVTF

Presented by
Madurai Symposium 2013
Tamuk...
Governance and Good Governance
The concept of "governance" is not new. It
is as old as human civilization.
"governance" ...
Governance
 Swaraj can mean generally self governance or
"self-rule", and was used synonymous with
"home-rule" by Mahatma...
Good Governance
 Former UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan noted that
good governance is perhaps the single most important
f...
Elements OF Governance
Public private and communities
Planning

Legislation

Regulation

policy

Control:

decision making...
Dimensions and Principles of Governance
Access to justice

Responsiveness

Transparency

Participation

Accountability
Governance on Water bodies
Governance on water commons is not the new
one, done by our ancestors many more years. In
Indi...
Decline of Water commons
declining in recent years.
The major reason is being the centralization of
the tanks’ and ponds...
Status of Fishery in India
Global Position
- 2nd in Aquaculture
due to large number of water bodies
available.

Tanks and ...
Growth Of Aquaculture

aquaculture
DVTF’s Objective & Focus of community
inland fisheries in water commns:
 Bring back ownership on water commons among all
...
Case study - SDTT-DHAN Water and Livelihood Security Project -

Experience of Community Based Fish Rearing Activities in Y...
Case study - SDTT-DHAN Water and Livelihood Security Project -Experience

of Community Based Fish Rearing Activities in Ya...
Case study - SDTT-DHAN Water and Livelihood Security Project -

Experience of Community Based Fish Rearing Activities in Y...
Inland fishery development - Governance
issues

1. Ownership on water commons among
all stakeholders
2. Inland Fishery rig...
Governance on water commons –
DVTF approach

 Social capital and fishery development in Water
Commons
 C&D of water comm...
Training and Exposure Visit to Leaders
Stocking of Fish seeds
Employment to Rural poor
harvest of a village tank in
Villur, Madurai District

Partial Harvest of a village pond
in a Tri...
Phase Harvest and selling of fishes
Partial harvest of a village
pond and selling of fishes
within the village,
Vennervaik...
Dead Storage
DEAD STORAGE - is a deeper storage area not useful for
irrigation in the water spread area of Tanks

photo
Gender and fishery
Partners in Action in developing
Fishery Activity

60
HIVOS
JSYS
OTELP

1.4
1
1
10

40

2

FAO, TFSF
Oxfam GB
APCBTMP

14
...
DVTF’s Reach
180

160

140

120

100
Tanks
Ponds

80

60

40

20

0
2006-07

2007-08

2008-09

2009-10

2010 -11

2011-12
...
Success of fish Rearing
Particulars 2006- 2007- 2008- 2009- 2010 2011- 201207
08
09
10
-11
12
13

Success
rate in %

62

7...
Way Forward
 To arrive at concrete road map to overcome
governance issues
 To evolve new ways of working and action plan...
Thank You
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Governance for inland fishery development in water commons_SP Madan Mohan_2013

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This presentation briefs the efforts of DHAN Tank Vayalagam Foundation's efforts in governance of Governance on water commons and inland fisheries development

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Governance for inland fishery development in water commons_SP Madan Mohan_2013

  1. 1. Governance for Inland fishery development in water Commons – Experience of DVTF Presented by Madurai Symposium 2013 Tamukkam Ground on 12.09.2013 S.P.Madhan Mohan Team Leader DHAN Vayalagam (Tank) Foundation, Madurai, INDIA
  2. 2. Governance and Good Governance The concept of "governance" is not new. It is as old as human civilization. "governance" means: the process of decision-making and the process by which decisions are implemented To distinguish the term governance from government: "governance" is what a "governing body" does
  3. 3. Governance  Swaraj can mean generally self governance or "self-rule", and was used synonymous with "home-rule" by Mahatma Gandhi but the word usually refers to Gandhi's concept for indian Independence from foreign domination.  Swaraj lays stress on governance not by a hierarchical government, but self governance through individuals and community building
  4. 4. Good Governance  Former UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan noted that good governance is perhaps the single most important factor in eradicating poverty and promoting development”, stressing Value based good governance and highlighting the importance of the common values of fairness, equality, justice, liberty, and solidarity.  Mr. Annan warns that "without actions based on these values, the risk is that we will be driven further apart, with increasing disparities in wealth and power both between societies and within them, fuelling anger, despair and intolerance."
  5. 5. Elements OF Governance Public private and communities Planning Legislation Regulation policy Control: decision making monitoring, policing, enforcement and sanctioning Institutions implementing authorities
  6. 6. Dimensions and Principles of Governance Access to justice Responsiveness Transparency Participation Accountability
  7. 7. Governance on Water bodies Governance on water commons is not the new one, done by our ancestors many more years. In India, the use of natural resources and their associated technologies and laws have their origin from very early period. Fishing of natural stock in water commons is an old practice as fishing played major role in revenue making and added nutrition to rural community.
  8. 8. Decline of Water commons declining in recent years. The major reason is being the centralization of the tanks’ and ponds’ administration including fishery rights. Such a move led the local communities to alienate from these important water resources & fishery and they restrained themselves from taking up collective efforts towards the betterment of tanks and ponds.
  9. 9. Status of Fishery in India Global Position - 2nd in Aquaculture due to large number of water bodies available. Tanks and Ponds - 2.35 million ha
  10. 10. Growth Of Aquaculture aquaculture
  11. 11. DVTF’s Objective & Focus of community inland fisheries in water commns:  Bring back ownership on water commons among all users  Involving community organization in common activity and making full use of available water in rural common water resources by taking up fish rearing activity.  Providing additional income to community organisations to sustain through the maintenance of rural water ecosystems.  Providing protein rich food at their reach to offer additional nutrition to rural community  Employment generation for inland fishermen & Landless agriculture labours
  12. 12. Case study - SDTT-DHAN Water and Livelihood Security Project - Experience of Community Based Fish Rearing Activities in Yadgiri and Gurmitkal Blocks Inference  Fish rearing activity has been taken up in 25 tanks. Out of them 16 tanks are taken up the activity for the first time.  Fastest growing Indian Carps like Common Carp, Catla, Rohu, and Mrigal are reared in Tanks.  From 16 tanks ,19300 Kgs of Fishes are harvested which valued Rs 579000  To meet the nutritional requirement, around 50 % of the fishes harvested are consumed by the local people paid less and remaining is marketed to nearby city Yadgiri.  Apart from this, it has demonstrated about Profitable fish rearing activity to the community.  It motivated the community, and Fish rearing activity is being taken up in 15 tanks with 100% people contribution.
  13. 13. Case study - SDTT-DHAN Water and Livelihood Security Project -Experience of Community Based Fish Rearing Activities in Yadgiri and Gurmitkal Blocks  Key Learning’s  Tank Association members are exposed to experience the Fish rearing. They felt that fish rearing is profitable and it will assist to meet nutritional requirement of the local people  There is competition for Fishery Rights for the tanks holding water for more than 5 months – Second leasing of fishery rights  Timely Getting good seeds is a challenging one. There is chance of poor quality seeds by the fish hatchery due to limited hatcheries  Poaching is a problematic .It needs to address at local level  Fish Rearing is profitable in tanks where water stands for more than 4 months  There may be conflict between Command area farmers and Tank Association Executive body members regarding Sharing of water. Sometimes water will be used for crops in command area during reduced amount of rain fall which results in shortage of water for fish growth .
  14. 14. Case study - SDTT-DHAN Water and Livelihood Security Project - Experience of Community Based Fish Rearing Activities in Yadgiri and Gurmitkal Blocks  Key Learning’s  Tank Association members are exposed to experience the Fish rearing. They felt that fish rearing is profitable and it will assist to meet nutritional requirement of the local people  There is competition for Fishery Rights for the tanks holding water for more than 5 months – Second leasing of fishery rights  Timely Getting good seeds is a challenging one. There is chance of poor quality seeds by the fish hatchery due to limited hatcheries  Poaching is a problematic .It needs to address at local level  Fish Rearing is profitable in tanks where water stands for more than 4 months  There may be conflict between Command area farmers and Tank Association Executive body members regarding Sharing of water. Sometimes water will be used for crops in command area during reduced amount of rain fall which results in shortage of water for fish growth .
  15. 15. Inland fishery development - Governance issues 1. Ownership on water commons among all stakeholders 2. Inland Fishery rights and revenue in water commons 3. Water usage management issue 4. Social issues- Poaching, poisoning 5. Traditional Practices
  16. 16. Governance on water commons – DVTF approach  Social capital and fishery development in Water Commons  C&D of water commons with community participation and contribution  Creating Awareness on Fish rearing  Skill building on Fish rearing  Sustaining Community organizations  Categorization of water bodies  Creation of Dead storage or Fish pond in water commons  Phase Harvest and selling fishes within the village and adding nutrition
  17. 17. Training and Exposure Visit to Leaders
  18. 18. Stocking of Fish seeds
  19. 19. Employment to Rural poor harvest of a village tank in Villur, Madurai District Partial Harvest of a village pond in a Tribal village, Mayurbhanj District, Orissa
  20. 20. Phase Harvest and selling of fishes Partial harvest of a village pond and selling of fishes within the village, Vennervaikkal of Ramnad District
  21. 21. Dead Storage DEAD STORAGE - is a deeper storage area not useful for irrigation in the water spread area of Tanks photo
  22. 22. Gender and fishery
  23. 23. Partners in Action in developing Fishery Activity 60 HIVOS JSYS OTELP 1.4 1 1 10 40 2 FAO, TFSF Oxfam GB APCBTMP 14 20 5 12 20 8.5 0 2.5 80 SDTT ITC AXIS Bankn 45 100 20 120 Oxfam Novib EU HUL ITDP 140 160
  24. 24. DVTF’s Reach 180 160 140 120 100 Tanks Ponds 80 60 40 20 0 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10 2010 -11 2011-12 2012-13
  25. 25. Success of fish Rearing Particulars 2006- 2007- 2008- 2009- 2010 2011- 201207 08 09 10 -11 12 13 Success rate in % 62 71 62 73 68 58 46
  26. 26. Way Forward  To arrive at concrete road map to overcome governance issues  To evolve new ways of working and action plan for better governance and sustainability  To highlight , sound inland fish rearing traditional practices towards nutritional security  To evolve mechanisms and strategies to institutionalise inland fishery in small water bodies , formation of PPGs, PMGs and PCs exclusive for Fishery .
  27. 27. Thank You

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