SMALL FISH IN IMPROVING NUTRITION,
INCREASING INCOMES AND DEVELOPING
DOWNSTREAM MARKET LINKAGES
Benoy Kumar Barman
Senior ...
WorldFish Mission and Vision
Mission: To reduce poverty
and hunger by improving
fisheries and aquaculture
Vision: To be th...
3
WorldFish Research Foci and How They Will Have Impact
Sustainably increase food and
nutrition security through fisheries...
A Research in Development Using Two Linked
Complementary Levels of Research
Program
of System-Level
Action Research
&
Stra...
“Mache Bhate Bengali” – Fish and Rice
Make Bengali People
National, Rural and Urban Annual Fish Intakes Per
Capita, 2000-2010
Source: Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics, 2007 and 2012...
Changes in Farmed and Non-Farmed Fish Consumption 957
households in 4 districts, 1996-2006
(IFPRI survey; for 957 househol...
Fish Production in Bangladesh - Past, Present
and Future Projection
Fish Production in 2011-12 is 3.262 M MT (DoF, 2012)
Acute problems on micronutrient malnutrition of
poorer households especially pregnant women
lactating mother and minor chi...
IFAD funded
Project on Linking Fisheries and Nutrition:
Promoting Innovative Fish Production Technologies
in Ponds and Wet...
Goal of the Project
To increase income, improve nutrition (focus
on first 1000 days of life) of poorer farming
and fishers...
Micronutrient-rich Small fish
‘Mola’ (Amblypharyngodon
mola)
Micronutrient-rich Small fish ‘Darkina’ (Esomus
danricus) with few other small fish
IFAD Funded Small Fish and
Nutrition Project
Northwest (upland dry
areas with seasonal water
supply): 1,500 households
wit...
Activities and Implementation Strategies
Identification of communities with and without project
intervention
Conduct surve...
Activities and Implementation Strategies
Development and Uses of Innovative Technologies
Collection and transportation of ...
Fish Production and Income from Pond
Fish production and income more than doubled than
baseline year fish production and i...
Mola harvest from pond
Investment on fish production in pond
Stocking of mola broodfish (initially) for perennial
pond and every year for seasona...
Fish production and income from wetland
Three-folds increase in fish production from
256kg/ha to 755kg/ha
In a77 ha wetlan...
Bulk harvest of mola and other small fish
from wetland
Extended the impacts of introduction of small
fish in ponds and wetlands
Stocking in one floodplain reported to increase
p...
Investment on fish production in wetland
Stocking of mola broodfish (initially) for in
ditches of the wetland 4-5 kg/ha
Pa...
Contribution of Mola and Other Small Fish in
Household Consumption
Contribution of small fish from pond in
household consu...
Marketing of small fish
Small fish has high demand largely sold in the
farmgate and in local market
Small fish can be purc...
Nutrition Education
Way Forward
Small fish and nutrition project clearly
demonstrated the use of the technologies, its
dissemination and adopt...
Way Forward
Needs to take initiative on how the technologies along
with Nutrition Education can be disseminated
throughout...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Benoy Kumar Barman, WorldFish "Small Fish in Improving Nutrition, Increasing Incomes and Developing Downstream Market Linkages"

991 views

Published on

Science Forum 2013 (www.scienceforum13.org)
Breakout Session 10: Economic Implications

Published in: Business, Technology
0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
991
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
14
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
22
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Benoy Kumar Barman, WorldFish "Small Fish in Improving Nutrition, Increasing Incomes and Developing Downstream Market Linkages"

  1. 1. SMALL FISH IN IMPROVING NUTRITION, INCREASING INCOMES AND DEVELOPING DOWNSTREAM MARKET LINKAGES Benoy Kumar Barman Senior Scientist WorldFish, Bangladesh and South Asia
  2. 2. WorldFish Mission and Vision Mission: To reduce poverty and hunger by improving fisheries and aquaculture Vision: To be the research partner of choice for delivering fisheries and aquaculture solutions in developing countries
  3. 3. 3 WorldFish Research Foci and How They Will Have Impact Sustainably increase food and nutrition security through fisheries and aquaculture Reduce poverty and vulnerability through fisheries and aquaculture Focal Area Key Research Questions Climate Change Vulnerability and Adaptation How will climate change affect fisheries and aquaculture in developing countries and how can adaptive capacity be built? Improved value chains How can we improve input and output value chains to increase the development impact of aquaculture and fisheries? Nutrition and health How can investments in fisheries and aquaculture best improved human nutrition and health? Gender equity How can strengthening the rights of marginalized fish dependent people reduce inequality and poverty? Sustainable aquaculture technologies How do we increase productivity, ecological resilience and development impact of aquaculture? Policies and practice for resilience What policy and management investments will increase the resilience of small-scale fisheries and increase their contribution to reducing poverty and hunger?
  4. 4. A Research in Development Using Two Linked Complementary Levels of Research Program of System-Level Action Research & Strategic Research Agendas Community Vision-Informed Researcher Leadership Community Level Program of Action Research, Inquiry and Capacity Building Researcher, NGO & Public Ins support Farmer Leadership Science Outputs Development Outcomes Platform for Practice, Knowledge, Coordination & Communication
  5. 5. “Mache Bhate Bengali” – Fish and Rice Make Bengali People
  6. 6. National, Rural and Urban Annual Fish Intakes Per Capita, 2000-2010 Source: Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics, 2007 and 2012 Fish Consumption (kg) Change in consumption (2000-2005) Change in consumption (2005-2010) 2000 2005 2010 (kg) (%) (kg) (%) National 14.05 15.37 18.07 1.31 9.4 2.70 17.6 Rural 13.8 14.49 16.71 0.69 5.0 2.22 15.3 Urban 14.93 18.1 21.86 3.18 21.2 3.76 20.8
  7. 7. Changes in Farmed and Non-Farmed Fish Consumption 957 households in 4 districts, 1996-2006 (IFPRI survey; for 957 households in 4 Districts) Quartile 1 – poorest Q4 – Better-off) 1996 2006 Contribution of farmed fish in household consumption increasingly higher than non-farmed fish; gap among well-being categories also reduced for farmed and non-farmed fish consumption
  8. 8. Fish Production in Bangladesh - Past, Present and Future Projection Fish Production in 2011-12 is 3.262 M MT (DoF, 2012)
  9. 9. Acute problems on micronutrient malnutrition of poorer households especially pregnant women lactating mother and minor children is very high in Bangladesh, also in other countries of South Asia. There are underweight 41%, stunted 43% and wasted 17% children (UNICEF 2008) Women and girl child are more subjected to this problem than boys
  10. 10. IFAD funded Project on Linking Fisheries and Nutrition: Promoting Innovative Fish Production Technologies in Ponds and Wetlands with Nutrient-Rich Small Fish Species in Bangladesh Small Fish and Nutrition Project
  11. 11. Goal of the Project To increase income, improve nutrition (focus on first 1000 days of life) of poorer farming and fishers’ households through increased production and consumption of small fish (rich with micro-nutrients)
  12. 12. Micronutrient-rich Small fish ‘Mola’ (Amblypharyngodon mola)
  13. 13. Micronutrient-rich Small fish ‘Darkina’ (Esomus danricus) with few other small fish
  14. 14. IFAD Funded Small Fish and Nutrition Project Northwest (upland dry areas with seasonal water supply): 1,500 households with small homestead ponds and pond connected rice fields Northeast (areas with seasonal floodplains called ‘haor’: community groups of fishers, 500 households managing a wetland Both areas with higher proportion of poorer households Duration: 32 months; completed in June, 2013
  15. 15. Activities and Implementation Strategies Identification of communities with and without project intervention Conduct survey of household using simple questionnaire Selection of households with ponds (1500) and wetland (517) Formation of Groups in Communities with ponds (80) and wetland (21) Selection of Lead Farmers/Fishers (LFs) ToT for Support Providers and LFs on Technologies and Nutrition Education Training of men and women household members in communities by LFs Conduct Household Food Consumption Survey
  16. 16. Activities and Implementation Strategies Development and Uses of Innovative Technologies Collection and transportation of mola as live for stocking in ponds and ditches of wetlands Use of tools to harvest small fish separating from large fish without stress Establishment of sanctuaries and application of regulation measures in gear uses for wetlands Harvesting small fish regularly for sale and household consumption Nutrition education to members of households Awareness on importance of mola for pregnant women, lactating mother and minor children Develop methods on how to process and cook mola useful for feeding of minor children Sharing Lessons Learned in workshops, visits, conference – Bangladesh, India, Nepal and Cambodia Extended support for dissemination of technologies and NE
  17. 17. Fish Production and Income from Pond Fish production and income more than doubled than baseline year fish production and income Fish production in pond increased from 1398 ± 307 kg/ha to 2974 ± 408 kg/ha Gross income BDT 140,000 ±30,000/ha to BDT 320,000± 45,000/ha (I USD = BDT 77) Contribution of mola and other small fish to total fish production increased from 4.6 % to 31%. Fish production and income even higher when ponds are connected to ricefields during the wet season – fish production 4093 ± 1909 kg/ha and gross income BDT 440,000 ± 200,000/ha.
  18. 18. Mola harvest from pond
  19. 19. Investment on fish production in pond Stocking of mola broodfish (initially) for perennial pond and every year for seasonal pond; 35 to 40kg/ha, cost BDT 10,000-12,000/ha Needs extra cost for fertilization of pond and use of supplementary feed Cost for netting of ponds for harvest of bulk harvest of fish, use local gear for harvest of fish for regular household consumption Cost associated with the construction of dyke of rice field if the pond connected to rice fields seasonally for achieving higher production Incurred around 15-20% extra investment, complete
  20. 20. Fish production and income from wetland Three-folds increase in fish production from 256kg/ha to 755kg/ha In a77 ha wetland initial fish production was 19,736kg/ha which increased to 58,101kg/ha Gross income BDT 20,559/ha to BDT 72,757/ha (1 USD = BDT 77) Fish species diversity in the wetland increased from 49 to 68 Contribution of mola in total fish production 8% (3rd in position before project intervention which was almost absence
  21. 21. Bulk harvest of mola and other small fish from wetland
  22. 22. Extended the impacts of introduction of small fish in ponds and wetlands Stocking in one floodplain reported to increase production of small fish in adjacent floodplains Communities with ponds stocked with small fish (mola) increase also helps the availability of mola in the surrounding aquatic system allowing for people to get the fish harvest and to use for income earning and nutritional benefits Studies are now carrying out in both cases to get the evidence of the small fish
  23. 23. Investment on fish production in wetland Stocking of mola broodfish (initially) for in ditches of the wetland 4-5 kg/ha Payment lease values to the government Cost for establishment of sanctuaries or reconstruction of ditches in wetlands Support to provide alternative income generation during period on regulation in use of gears - project tried for establishment of cage based fingerling involving women members of the fishers households Example - Government uses supply of food in case of ban on fishing of hilsa fishers in coastal areas
  24. 24. Contribution of Mola and Other Small Fish in Household Consumption Contribution of small fish from pond in household consumption, sale 12 % in 2011, which is increased to 26% in 2012 Contribution of small fish in household consumption increased from 9.5% in 2011 to 18.6% in 2012
  25. 25. Marketing of small fish Small fish has high demand largely sold in the farmgate and in local market Small fish can be purchased even in small amount easy to afford by poorer consumers Supply of small fish through regular harvest from ponds and wetlands useful to meet up the continued demands of the people for longer period Fishers received higher proportion of income through harvest of small fish from ponds and wetlands Open catch from the floodplains in many cases allowed landless people to harvest and sell fish for their livelihoods
  26. 26. Nutrition Education
  27. 27. Way Forward Small fish and nutrition project clearly demonstrated the use of the technologies, its dissemination and adoption by farmers and fishers with success Within 2-3 years of its introduction large numbers of institutions: DoF, LGED, NGOs, and WorldFish have taken initiatives for its promotion in Bangladesh, Nepal and India
  28. 28. Way Forward Needs to take initiative on how the technologies along with Nutrition Education can be disseminated throughout Bangladesh and other countries of the world with having high potential for its promotion to have major impacts on improved human nutrition and health Needs to make the analysis of such success in broader framework system based framework which includes economic, social, cultural, gender and environmental issues for better understanding before wider dissemination.

×