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Community Based Fish Culture in Seasonal Floodplains in Bangladesh


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Community Based Fish Culture in Seasonal Floodplains in Bangladesh

  1. 1. Community Based Fish Culture in Seasonal Floodplains in Bangladesh Benoy Kumar Barman, Fazlur Rahman and Mahfuzul Haque
  2. 2. Floodplains in Bangladesh Bangladesh Area: 143000 km 2 , Popn 160 m Inland water: 4.58 m ha (Open water 4.05 m ha – 88% and closed water 0.53 m ha -12%) Floodplain: 2.8 million ha 62% of inland water Livelihoods of 1.28 m people depends largely fishing in floodplains resources
  3. 3. Hold water 4-6 months during monsoon normally use as CPR Lands use for rice cultivation in dry months by individual land owners Seasonal floodplains
  4. 4. <ul><li>Leased to fishers – taken up by influential, use for fish culture with increase production and income but limiting access and benefits of the poor - fishers and other users </li></ul><ul><li>Not leased - encroachment and land grabbing by private land owners </li></ul><ul><li>Some leased to fishers - managing under CBFM program </li></ul>Public floodplains
  5. 5. <ul><li>Private floodplains </li></ul><ul><li>CPR in monsoon – over exploitation, very low prod </li></ul><ul><li>Fish culture by individual owner/s, companies use as large close systems - increase fish production and income but there is risk of loss of access by poor, adversely affect on biodiversity of natural fisheries </li></ul><ul><li>Institution </li></ul><ul><li>Weak institution with poor governance </li></ul><ul><li>Problem in Leadership, less transparent to members </li></ul><ul><li>Less active participation of members </li></ul><ul><li>Poor linkages with support providers </li></ul><ul><li>Due to weak institution some cases public floodplains leased to fishers group are taken up by influential people </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>CP35 project of CPWF (Phase 1) implemented in Bangladesh, China, Vietnam, Cambodia and Mali from 2005-2010 </li></ul><ul><li>Bangladesh – the major focus was on fish culture in seasonal floodplains using community based approach </li></ul><ul><li>Objective/Purpose : To develop appropriate technical and institutional options of use of floodplains to increase water productivity, income and benefits of the poor in a sustainable way. </li></ul><ul><li>Partners : WorldFish (lead), BARC, DoF, BFRI and Universities (Bangladesh and abroad) </li></ul>Community Based Fish Culture (CBFC) in seasonal floodplains
  7. 7. * Rajshahi Rangpur Mymensingh CBFC in seasonal floodplains – study areas Floodplain Area (ha) Ownership Beel Mail 40 Public-private Chandpur Beel 50 Public-private Kalmina Beel 33 Private Andula Beel 16 Private Angrar Beel 31 Private Painglar Beel 20 Private
  8. 8. Activities <ul><li>Selected suitable floodplains and communities with willingness to participate </li></ul><ul><li>Formed FMC based on new or existing society and do regular meeting with them </li></ul><ul><li>Constructed simple water control structure in inlets/outlets </li></ul><ul><li>Set large meshed bamboo fence in inlet/outlet </li></ul><ul><li>Stocked large size fingerlings of suitable species </li></ul>
  9. 9. Activities <ul><li>Mobile guarding </li></ul><ul><li>Regulate use of gears </li></ul><ul><li>Partial harvesting </li></ul><ul><li>Exchange visits </li></ul><ul><li>Awareness meeting </li></ul><ul><li>Monitoring and data collection </li></ul><ul><li>Events for distribution of benefits </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Fish production increased to 691 kg.ha -1 (baseline 282 kg.ha -1 ) </li></ul><ul><li>Gross income increased to US$ 470.ha -1 (baseline US$ 192.ha -1 ) </li></ul><ul><li>Net income increased from US$ 55.6 to 277.8.ha -1 </li></ul><ul><li>Rice production from increased from 6.25 t.ha -1 to7.24 t.ha -1 related to improve water management and increase in soil fertility </li></ul>Outputs
  11. 11. CBFC – Institutional outcomes <ul><li>Ensure access and rights over floodplains and benefits of the poor – fishers, landless non-fishers </li></ul><ul><li>Establish good governance - leadership and facilitation support ,develop/strengthen local level institutions (fishers’ society, FMC) </li></ul><ul><li>Select leaders in democratic way with having voice of the poor </li></ul><ul><li>Select good leader - transparency in investment and equity in distribution of benefits </li></ul>
  12. 12. CBFC – institutional outcomes <ul><li>Build up strong linkages with support providers </li></ul><ul><li>Execute regulation in use of destructive gears, control illegal entrance of outsiders </li></ul><ul><li>Develop effective fish harvest and market strategy </li></ul><ul><li>Develop strategy for distribution of income among members keeping necessary capital for re-investment </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage members to take part in nursing of fingerlings for supply to get benefit </li></ul>
  13. 13. CBFC – technological outcomes <ul><li>Retaining more water with simple water control structures in inlets/outlets useful for both fish and supplementary irrigation of rice </li></ul><ul><li>Stocking large size fingerlings and setting of large meshed bamboo fences in inlets/outlets </li></ul><ul><li>Rear fingerling by members establishing own nurseries and transport by using local devices </li></ul>
  14. 14. CBFC – multiple benefits <ul><li>Multiple benefits – increase production of stocked and small non-stocked wild fish, income, employment and nutrition by increased fish consumption </li></ul><ul><li>Landless non-fishers catch non-stocked small fish using local gears throughout the season </li></ul><ul><li>Fishers get 50% of non-stocked small fish 10-20% stocked fish for fishing </li></ul>
  15. 15. CPWF RIU – Adaptive scaling out (Jan 2012- April 2014) <ul><li>10 representative areas: </li></ul><ul><li>5 for CBFC </li></ul><ul><li>5 for IFM </li></ul><ul><li>Each of these areas: </li></ul><ul><li>one focus CBO/ enterprise for adapting good practices </li></ul><ul><li>5-10 other CBOs/ enterprises for learning </li></ul>CBFC IFM Dhaka
  16. 16. Thank You All