FRESH WATER FISH CULTURE IN
AGRO-BIODIVERSITY HOTSPOTS, COMMUNITY
INITIATIVE IN INDIA
International Food Security Dialogue...
India Total Fish Production (2011-2012)
Total Fish Production ( Marine & Inland) 8.67 million tonnes
Marine Fish Productio...
Sources of Inland Fisheries in India
Resources No.
Area
(ha.)
%
Fish
Production
(in Tonnes)
%
Reservoirs 61 52,055 13.93 1...
INLAND FISHERY SCENARIO IN THREE STATES
S.No. State/UTs
Rivers
&
Canals
(Kms.)
Reservoi
rs
(Lakh
Ha)
Tanks &
Ponds
(Lakh H...
Constraints of Inland Fisheries in Agro-
Biodiversity Hotspots
Sponsored By:
• Non availability of perennial Rivers, long ...
RELEVANCE OF INLAND FISHERIES IN
APM SITES IN INDIA
• Under-nutrition, Aneamia
Protein energy Malnutrition
is prevailing a...
Pond User’s group formation
Resolution submitted to Village Panchayat
Panchayat president submits to BDO
BDO forwarded to ...
Local Fish available in ponds are limited in quantity, are uneven sizes, fetch less market
value, and are less preferred d...
FARMERS PARTICIPATORY FISH SPECIES
SELECTION- CRITERIA
• Less mortality rate and higher production preferred
• Disease tol...
Participatory selection of Carp Fish species
Catla
Silver Carp
Mrigal Grass Carp
Rohu
Sponsored By:
Under utilized water bodies Chosen by the
community f for fish farming
Kolli Hills
Jeypore wayanad
Sponsored By: Hosted By:
Skill Development through Training
and Demonstration
Gender participation in training and
demonstrations (Eg.KH)
Kolli
Hil...
Training, Fish sampling and Fish nutrition
demonstration
OUTREACH..
• Among the 589 families using the pond, 87.2 % are marginal, 6.5 % small farmers
while 6.3% were landless. Wom...
Production and Consumption (Public Pond Users)
PARTICULARS Kolli Hills Jeypore
2012 2013 2012 2013
Public ponds in Nos 4 4...
Production and Consumption
(Private Pond Users)
PARTICULARS Kolli Hills Jeypore Wayanad
2012 2013 2012 2013 2012 2013
Priv...
Harvesting, Processing, Consumption and Sale of
fish among the community members
Sponsored By:
Prospects
Sponsored By:
 Productivity of Water bodies can be improved by stocking right mix of
fast growing fish varietie...
Summary
• There is potential for promoting fresh water
fish culture from community ponds, which
entails fish as an additio...
THANK YOU
Sponsored By:
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Nutrition and Health: Fresh Water Fish Culture in Agrobiodiversity Hotspots, Community Initiative in India

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Nutrition and Health: Fresh Water Fish Culture in Agrobiodiversity Hotspots, Community Initiative in India

  1. 1. FRESH WATER FISH CULTURE IN AGRO-BIODIVERSITY HOTSPOTS, COMMUNITY INITIATIVE IN INDIA International Food Security Dialogue 2014 “Enhancing Food Production, Gender Equity and Nutritional Security in a Changing World.” Sponsored By: Hosted By: S.ABUBACKER SIDDICK*, R.DURAIRAJA, ED.I OLIVERKING
  2. 2. India Total Fish Production (2011-2012) Total Fish Production ( Marine & Inland) 8.67 million tonnes Marine Fish Production (in MT) 3.37 million Inland Fish production (in MT) 5.30 million Exported Fish and Fishery Products (2011-12) Quantity ( in MT) 8.62 lakhs Exported Fish and Fishery Products (2011-12) Value in Crores Rs.16,597.23 GDP at current prices (Fisheries Sector) in crores Rs.76,699 GDP share in overall (%) 1.07 GDP share in Agriculture (%) 4.15 source: http://www.dahd.nic.in
  3. 3. Sources of Inland Fisheries in India Resources No. Area (ha.) % Fish Production (in Tonnes) % Reservoirs 61 52,055 13.93 1,922.30 1 Long Seasonal Irrigation Tanks 2012 92,304 24.70 69,269.56 39 Short Seasonal Tanks 6007 163486 43.75 84,894.99 48 Brackish water & Swamps - 56,000 14.99 10,744.00 6 Others 9,851 2.63 9,394.15 6 Total 3,73,696 100 1,71,305.00 100 Sponsored By: Hosted By:
  4. 4. INLAND FISHERY SCENARIO IN THREE STATES S.No. State/UTs Rivers & Canals (Kms.) Reservoi rs (Lakh Ha) Tanks & Ponds (Lakh Ha) Floodplain Lakes &Der- elict Water (Lakh Ha) Brackish Water (Lakh Ha) Total Water Bodies (Lakh Ha) 1 Kerala 3092 0.3 0.3 2.43 2.4 5.43 2 Tamil Nadu 7420 5.7 0.56 0.07 0.6 6.93 3 Orissa 4500 2.56 1.14 1.8 4.3 9.8 source: http://dahd.nic.in/rtia2005/Hand%20Book%202004%20-%2011.07.05/fishstat.htm Sponsored By:
  5. 5. Constraints of Inland Fisheries in Agro- Biodiversity Hotspots Sponsored By: • Non availability of perennial Rivers, long term tanks and ponds • Inadequate & erratic rain fall • Lack of awareness among the farmers on fresh water fish production • Major carp seed production season (May- Aug) not coinciding with availability of water in ponds/tanks during North East monsoon, (Oct – Dec). • Mismatch of demand & supply of fish seed. Non availability of candidate species for stocking in short seasonal tanks. • Water bodies are owned, under utilized and poorly managed by local administration in all the hotspot regions. • Water is prioritized for agriculture than fish culture. • Public policies on water bodies - ownership as per Indian Fishery Act and State wise Panchayat Raj Acts. (As per Tamil Nadu Panchayat Act 1994 (RSO211) ownership of Inland water bodies rest with local panchayat and state authority can allot ownership to community) Hosted By:
  6. 6. RELEVANCE OF INLAND FISHERIES IN APM SITES IN INDIA • Under-nutrition, Aneamia Protein energy Malnutrition is prevailing across Agro- biodiversity hotspot regions in India. • Alleviating Poverty and Malnutrition (APM) project funded by CIFSRF-IDRC of MSSRF – UoA conducted a study on participatory fish culture in underutilized community ponds. • The objective of the study is to Promote Fish as a source of animal protein in the diet Sponsored By: UNDER-NUTRITION STATUS IN INDIA (%) Nutrition Indicators NFHSII (1998-99) NFHS III (2005-06) Stunting (Children <3) 51 45 Wasting (Children <3) 20 23 Underweight (Children <3) 43 40 Anaemia (<11.0g/dl) (Children 6- 35 months) 74 79 Vitamin A deficiency (Children<5) NA 57 Women with BMI < 18.5 36 33 Men with BMI <18.5 NA 28 Women with anaemia 52 56 Men with anaemia NA 24 source: National Family Health Survey (NFHS)-3 (2005-06) http://www.rchiips.org/nfhs/nfhs3.shtml
  7. 7. Pond User’s group formation Resolution submitted to Village Panchayat Panchayat president submits to BDO BDO forwarded to AD and Collector Collector approve and allow farmers group Fish stocking in community ponds Training and Demonstration Production and consumption Process Adopted to promote Inland Fishery Focus Group Discussion Pond User Group Formation Identification of suitable water bodies Legalization and acquiring ponds Training and capacity building Fish stocking in the ponds and managed Fish harvest/ shared and consumption V c
  8. 8. Local Fish available in ponds are limited in quantity, are uneven sizes, fetch less market value, and are less preferred due to poor taste FRESH WATER FISH CULTURE : ISSUES Snake head fish, KH Hills Catfish, Kolli Hills Tilapia, Wayanad Minor carp, Wayanad Minor carp Kolli Hills Minor carp, Wayanad Stinging catfish Jeypore Snake head Fish, JY Tilapia, Jeypore Catfish, Kolli Hills Minor carp, Wayanad
  9. 9. FARMERS PARTICIPATORY FISH SPECIES SELECTION- CRITERIA • Less mortality rate and higher production preferred • Disease tolerant adoptable to hot and cold seasons (Max: 350C and Min: 70C) • Good taste and Culinary friendly species • Easy to market and for making curries than frying • Natural feed system based fishes preferred • Fish which live in different water columns without affecting each other •Indian major carps (IMC) for fresh water farming like Catla, Rohu, Mrigal and Grass carp were selected
  10. 10. Participatory selection of Carp Fish species Catla Silver Carp Mrigal Grass Carp Rohu Sponsored By:
  11. 11. Under utilized water bodies Chosen by the community f for fish farming Kolli Hills Jeypore wayanad Sponsored By: Hosted By:
  12. 12. Skill Development through Training and Demonstration Gender participation in training and demonstrations (Eg.KH) Kolli Hills Waya nad Jeypo re Male participants 48 18 66 Female participants 76 15 82 Total participants 124 33 148 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 Noofparticipants Participants in Training and Demonstration • Men (51%) & women (49%) participated in Training, exposure visit on Fish farming, Feed management & cooking demonstrations. 67 30 37 33 55 31 44 20 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 Tamaraikulam Alavadikulam Nachiamman kulam Pattiamman kulam Male participants Female participants Sponsored By: Community based Fish culture to cater the marginal communities through Institution building and training
  13. 13. Training, Fish sampling and Fish nutrition demonstration
  14. 14. OUTREACH.. • Among the 589 families using the pond, 87.2 % are marginal, 6.5 % small farmers while 6.3% were landless. Women constitute 47% of the total pond user group. Between 2012 and 2013, fish fingerlings were stocked in 13 community ponds and reared for 7-8 months. S.NO Particulars Kolli Hills Jaypore Wayanad 2012 2013 2012 2013 2012 2013 1 No of House Hold 115 144 490 512 10 11 2 No of settlements/ villages covered 21 25 17 23 8 10 3 No of participants Trained 124 136 148 172 33 42
  15. 15. Production and Consumption (Public Pond Users) PARTICULARS Kolli Hills Jeypore 2012 2013 2012 2013 Public ponds in Nos 4 4 9 16 stocking in Nos 11800 20500 31000 77600 Production in Kg 457 3587 1068 13580 consumption in Kg 112 896 820 3395 Mean consumption kg/per head 0.219 1.75 0.391 1.61 Sold in Kg 345 2691 248 10185 local cost per Kg 150 150 100 100 No of HH 107 107 474 524 Total family members 511 511 2096 2228 Sponsored By: Hosted By:
  16. 16. Production and Consumption (Private Pond Users) PARTICULARS Kolli Hills Jeypore Wayanad 2012 2013 2012 2013 2012 2013 Private ponds in Nos. 8 29 16 38 10 11 stocking in Nos 200 5200 20600 83600 2700 5350 Production in Kg 63 910 830 14630 114 1275 consumption in Kg 45 227 230 2194 84 318 Mean consumption per head (Kg) 1.15 1.60 2.45 10.11 2.1 6.76 Sponsored By: Hosted By:
  17. 17. Harvesting, Processing, Consumption and Sale of fish among the community members Sponsored By:
  18. 18. Prospects Sponsored By:  Productivity of Water bodies can be improved by stocking right mix of fast growing fish varieties in recommended quantities  Indian Major Carps (IMC) seed Production hatcheries to be made available at sites. (A mini IMC fish production hatchery established at KolliHills with the community support – Nachiamman Club. Two farm ponds established for fish fingerlings multiplication)  Research on Fast growing fish varieties suitable for short seasonal tanks in the sites to be carried out.  All the natural feed available in water bodies can be best utilized by stocking of composition of fish seeds utilizing different levels of water column.  Successful working model of Fresh water fish ponds managed by communities help policy makers for effective utilization of ponds
  19. 19. Summary • There is potential for promoting fresh water fish culture from community ponds, which entails fish as an additional protein dietary source in household consumption. • Fresh water Fish culture in community and private ponds (long term and seasonal)help women, marginal and landless to access under utilized water bodies. Sponsored By: Hosted By:
  20. 20. THANK YOU Sponsored By:

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