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Second conditional

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The 2nd conditional, remote possibility and the unreal present.

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Second conditional

  1. 1. 2nd Conditional
  2. 2. If A ⇒ B
  3. 3. If it rained, we’d stay at home.
  4. 4. If A ⇒ B if condition result If it rained, we’d stay at home.
  5. 5. If A ⇒ B if condition result If it rained, we’d stay at home. what tense is this?
  6. 6. If A ⇒ B if condition past subjunctive result If it rained, we’d stay at home.
  7. 7. If A ⇒ B if condition past subjunctive result If it rained, we’d stay at home. what time does it refer to?
  8. 8. If A ⇒ B if condition past subjunctive result If it rained, we’d stay at home. and what tense is this?
  9. 9. If A ⇒ B if condition past subjunctive result If it rained, we’d stay at home. we’d stay = we would stay
  10. 10. If A ⇒ B if condition past subjunctive result would (conditional) If it rained, we’d stay at home.
  11. 11. If A ⇒ B if 2nd conditional condition past subjunctive result would (conditional) If it rained, we’d stay at home.
  12. 12. If it rained, we’d stay at home. NOT if it would rain…
  13. 13. Past Subjunctive
  14. 14. Past Subjunctive congiuntivo
  15. 15. verb (INF) past simple past subjunctive arrive rain work study take eat have arrived rained worked studied took ate had arrived rained worked studied took ate had
  16. 16. identical ! verb (INF) past simple past subjunctive arrive rain work study take eat have arrived rained worked studied took ate had arrived rained worked studied took ate had
  17. 17. past simple past subjunctive I he she it was were (was) we you they were were
  18. 18. different (usually) past simple past subjunctive I he she it was were (was) we you they were were
  19. 19. 1st meaning
  20. 20. If I won the lottery, I’d buy a big house.
  21. 21. If I won the lottery, I’d buy a big house. not impossible
  22. 22. If I won the lottery, I’d buy a big house. “I can win the lottery!”
  23. 23. If I won the lottery, I’d buy a big house. remote possibility
  24. 24. 2nd meaning
  25. 25. If I had a big house, I’d give a lot of parties.
  26. 26. If I had a big house, I’d give a lot of parties. impossible
  27. 27. If I had a big house, I’d give a lot of parties. “I don’t have a big house.”
  28. 28. If I had a big house, I’d give a lot of parties. unreal present
  29. 29. future meaning > remote possibility present meaning > unreal present
  30. 30. construction of the unreal present
  31. 31. steps: form example 1. real present I don’t have a big house 2. make +ive > -ive and –ive > +ive I have a big house 3. go 1 tense back I had a big house 4. add context If I had a big house, I’d give…
  32. 32. steps: form example 1. real present I don’t have a big house 2. make +ive  -ive and –ive  +ive I have a big house 3. Go 1 tense back I had a big house 4. Add context If I had a big house, I’d give…
  33. 33. steps: form example 1. real present I don’t have a big house 2. make +ive  -ive and –ive  +ive I have a big house 3. go 1 tense back I had a big house 4. add context If I had a big house, I’d give…
  34. 34. steps: form example 1. real present I don’t have a big house 2. make +ive  -ive and –ive  +ive I have a big house 3. go 1 tense back I had a big house 4. add context If I had a big house, I’d give…
  35. 35. steps: form example 1. real present I’m at university now 2. make +ive > -ive and –ive > +ive I am not at university now 3. go 1 tense back I were not at university now 4. add context If I were not at university now, I’d be…
  36. 36. steps: form example 1. real present I’m at university now 2. make +ive  -ive and –ive  +ive I am not at university now 3. go 1 tense back I were not at university now 4. add context If I were not at university now, I’d be…
  37. 37. steps: form example 1. real present I’m at university now 2. make +ive  -ive and –ive  +ive I am not at university now 3. go 1 tense back I were not at university now 4. add context If I were not at university now, I’d be…
  38. 38. steps: form example 1. real present I’m at university now 2. make +ive  -ive and –ive  +ive I am not at university now 3. go 1 tense back I were not at university now 4. add context If I were not at university now, I’d be…
  39. 39. make some unreal presents
  40. 40. real present unreal present It’s Monday … She lives outside Rome We aren’t stupid I don’t have your number He can’t do this exercise They work very hard You are my friend
  41. 41. real present unreal present It’s Monday …it weren’t Monday… She lives outside Rome We aren’t stupid I don’t have your number He can’t do this exercise They work very hard You are my friend
  42. 42. real present unreal present It’s Monday …it weren’t Monday… She lives outside Rome …she didn’t live outside Rome… We aren’t stupid I don’t have your number He can’t do this exercise They work very hard You are my friend
  43. 43. real present unreal present It’s Monday …it weren’t Monday… She lives outside Rome …she didn’t live outside Rome… We aren’t stupid …we were stupid… I don’t have your number He can’t do this exercise They work very hard You are my friend
  44. 44. real present unreal present It’s Monday …it weren’t Monday… She lives outside Rome …she didn’t live outside Rome… We aren’t stupid …we were stupid… I don’t have your number …I had your number… He can’t do this exercise They work very hard You are my friend
  45. 45. real present unreal present It’s Monday …it weren’t Monday… She lives outside Rome …she didn’t live outside Rome… We aren’t stupid …we were stupid… I don’t have your number …I had your number… He can’t do this exercise …he could do this exercise… They work very hard You are my friend
  46. 46. real present unreal present It’s Monday …it weren’t Monday… She lives outside Rome …she didn’t live outside Rome… We aren’t stupid …we were stupid… I don’t have your number …I had your number… He can’t do this exercise …he could do this exercise… They work very hard …they didn’t work very hard… You are my friend
  47. 47. real present unreal present It’s Monday …it weren’t Monday… She lives outside Rome …she didn’t live outside Rome… We aren’t stupid …we were stupid… I don’t have your number …I had your number… He can’t do this exercise …he could do this exercise… They work very hard …they didn’t work very hard… You are my friend …you weren’t my friend…
  48. 48. now write some 2nd conditionals
  49. 49. If it weren’t Monday… If she didn’t live outside Rome… If we were stupid… If I had your number… If he could do this exercise… If they didn’t work very hard… If you weren’t my friend…
  50. 50. terminology
  51. 51. 1st conditional + 2nd conditional + 3rd conditional = the conditional sentences, or the conditionals
  52. 52. I would / could / should / might do etc. = the conditional tense, or the conditional
  53. 53. www.davidnicholson.it

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