P RIVATE SCH OOL        IBE ROAME RICA NO              ENGLISH TENSES                             NAME:                VAN...
We often use the simple present with adverbs of frequency like:always usually, often, sometimes, never; and expressions of...
? Do             I, you, we, they       like   coffee?      Does           he, she, it            like   coffee?     I liv...
We use the present continuous tense to talk about:     action happening now     action in thefutureStructure:The structure...
I am eating my lunch.      Muriel is learning to drive.      I am living with my sister until I find an apartment.      We...
such as: yesterday, one year ago, last week, when I was a child,when I lived in Japan, at that moment, that day, one day, ...
You have seen that movie many times.     Have you seen that movie many times?     You have not seen that movie many times....
actions in the past taking place one after the other     Example: He came in, took off his coat and sat down.     action i...
subject    auxiliaryverb           mainverb     + I                                  went       toschool.       You       ...
POST CONTINUOUSDefinition:Use the Past Continuous to indicate that a longer action in the pastwas interrupted. The interru...
subject     auxiliaryverb     mainverb      + I           was               watching         TV.      + You         were  ...
PAST PERFECTDefinition:We use the Past Perfect tense to emphasize that an action in thepast finished before another action...
subject    auxiliaryverb     mainverb     + I          had               finished      mywork.     + You        had       ...
WOULD LIKE TODefinition:“Would like to” is always accompanied by an infinitive, areconstructed by inverting the auxiliary ...
Whichwine          would          you          like?      Which vegetables     would          you          like?        Wh...
FUTURE WITH WILLDefinition:Will future expresses a spontaneous decision, an assumption withregard to the future or an acti...
Structure:Positive           Subject + [WILL + Infinitive verb] + ComplementNegative  Subject + [WILL NOT (WONT)+ Infiniti...
FUTURE: BE GOING TODefinition:Going to future expresses a conclusion regarding the immediatefuture or an action in the nea...
Examples:    Maria’s going to travel this holiday.    They’re going to go to a very expensive restaurant.    I’m going to ...
INDICESIMPLE PRESENT ............................................................................. 1PRESENT CONTINUOUS.......
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Colegio particular (autoguardado)

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Colegio particular (autoguardado)

  1. 1. P RIVATE SCH OOL IBE ROAME RICA NO ENGLISH TENSES NAME: VANESSA SOLANO COURSE: 6TO “CONTABILIDAD” TEACHER: OMAR INTRIAGO SANTO DOMINGO, DECEMBER 26/12/2012 SIMPLE PRESENTDefinition:The present simple or simple present is one of the most commonways of expressing present time in English. The present simple isused to describe things that are generally true, to describe thingsthat happen on a regular basis or to describe a series of events oractions. It is also used in film reviews and plot summaries. 1
  2. 2. We often use the simple present with adverbs of frequency like:always usually, often, sometimes, never; and expressions offrequency, for instance: everyday, once a month, every year.The present simple is also used to talk about fixed arrangements inthe future; or to express the future after the conjunctions: as soonas, after, when.Structure: subject + auxiliaryverb + mainverb do baseThere are three important exceptions: 1. For positive sentences, we do not normally use the auxiliary. 2. For the 3rd person singular (he, she, it), we add s to the main verb or es to the auxiliary. 3. For the verb to be, we do not use an auxiliary, even for questions and negatives.Examples:Look at these examples with the main verb like: subject auxiliaryverb mainverb + I, you, we, they like coffee. He, she, it likes coffee. - I, you, we, they do not like coffee. He, she, it does not like coffee. 2
  3. 3. ? Do I, you, we, they like coffee? Does he, she, it like coffee? I live in New York. The Moon goes round the Earth. John drives a taxi. He does not drive a bus. WemeeteveryThursday. We do not work at night. Do youplayfootball? PRESENT CONTINUOUSDefinition:Use the Present Continuous with Normal Verbs to express the ideathat something is happening now, at this very moment. It can alsobe used to show that something is not happening now. 3
  4. 4. We use the present continuous tense to talk about: action happening now action in thefutureStructure:The structure of the present continuous tense is: subject + auxiliaryverb + mainverb be base + ingExamples:Look at theseexamples: subject auxiliaryverb mainverb + I am speaking toyou. + You are reading this. - She is not staying in London. - We are not playing football. ? Is he watching TV? ? Are they waiting for John? 4
  5. 5. I am eating my lunch. Muriel is learning to drive. I am living with my sister until I find an apartment. Were eating in a restaurant tonight. Weve already booked the table.. They can play tennis with you tomorrow. Theyre not working. When are you starting your new job? Im meeting Katie in the evening. Hes flying to Rome in September. Were not going anywhere tomorrow. PRESENT PERFECTDefinition:The present perfect is formed by combining the auxiliary verb "has"or "have" with the past participle.We use the Present Perfect to say that an action happened at anunspecified time before now. The exact time is not important. YouCANNOT use the Present Perfect with specific time expressions 5
  6. 6. such as: yesterday, one year ago, last week, when I was a child,when I lived in Japan, at that moment, that day, one day, etc. WeCAN use the Present Perfect with unspecific expressions such as:ever, never, once, many times, several times, before, so far,already, yet, etc.Structure:The structure for positive sentences in the past present perfect is: subject + auxiliaryverb + mainverb have pastparticipleThe structure for negative sentences in the past present perfect is: subject + auxiliaryverb + mainverb Haven’t pastparticipleExamples:Here are some examples of the present perfect tense: subject auxiliaryverb mainverb + I have seen ET. + You have eaten mine. - She has not been to Rome. - We have not played football. ? Have you finished? ? Have they done it? 6
  7. 7. You have seen that movie many times. Have you seen that movie many times? You have not seen that movie many times. I have seen that movie twenty times. I think I have met him once before. There have been many earthquakes in California. People have traveled to the Moon. People have not traveled to Mars. Have you read the book yet? Nobody has ever climbed that mountain. A: Has there ever been a war in the United States?B: Yes, there has been a war in the United States. SIMPLE PASTDefinition:We use the Past Simple to talk about actions that happened at aspecific time in the past. The actions can be short or long. There canbe a few actions happening one ofter another.Also use simple past when: action in the past taking place once, never or several times He visited his parents every weekend. 7
  8. 8. actions in the past taking place one after the other Example: He came in, took off his coat and sat down. action in the past taking place in the middle of another action When I was having breakfast, the phone suddenly rang. if sentences type II (If I talked, …) If I had a lot of money, I would share it with you.Structure:The structure for positive sentences in the past simple tense is: subject + auxiliaryverb + mainverb Simple pastThe structure for negative sentences in the past simple tense is: subject + auxiliaryverb + mainverb Didn’t baseThe structure for question sentences in the past simple tense is: auxiliaryverb + subject + mainverb did baseThe auxiliary verb did is not conjugated. It is the same for allpersons (I did, you did, he did etc). And the base form and past formdo not change. Look at these examples with the mainverbs go andwork: 8
  9. 9. subject auxiliaryverb mainverb + I went toschool. You worked veryhard. - She did not go with me. We did not work yesterday. ? Did you go to London? Did they work at home?Examples: I didnt see a play yesterday. Last year, I traveled to Japan. Last year, I didnt travel to Korea. Did you have dinner last night? She washed her car. He didnt wash his car. A: How long did you wait for them? B: We waited for one hour. 9
  10. 10. POST CONTINUOUSDefinition:Use the Past Continuous to indicate that a longer action in the pastwas interrupted. The interruption is usually a shorter action in theSimple Past. Remember this can be a real interruption or just aninterruption in time.The Past Continuous is interrupted by a shorter action in the SimplePast. However, you can also use a specific time as an interruption.In the Simple Past, a specific time is used to show when an actionbegan or finished. In the Past Continuous, a specific time onlyinterrupts the action.Structure:The structure of the past continuous tense is: subject + auxiliaryverb BE + mainverb conjugated in simple past tense presentparticiple was base + ing wereFor negative sentences in the past continuous tense, weinsert not between the auxiliary verb and main verb. For questionsentences, we exchange the subject and auxiliary verb. Look atthese example sentences with the past continuous tense: 10
  11. 11. subject auxiliaryverb mainverb + I was watching TV. + You were working hard. - He, she, it was not helping Mary. - We were not joking. ? Were you being silly? ? Were they playing footballExamples: I was watching TV when she called. When the phone rang, she was writing a letter. While we were having the picnic, it started to rain. What were you doing when the earthquake started? I was listening to my iPod, so I didnt hear the fire alarm. You were not listening to me when I told you to turn the oven off. While John was sleeping last night, someone stole his car. Sammy was waiting for us when we got off the plane. While I was writing the email, the computer suddenly went off. A: What were you doing when you broke your leg? B: I wassnowboarding. Last night at 6 PM, I was eating dinner. At midnight, we were still driving through the desert. Yesterday at this time, I was sitting at my desk at work. 11
  12. 12. PAST PERFECTDefinition:We use the Past Perfect tense to emphasize that an action in thepast finished before another action in the past started. This tense isalso used in reported speech, third conditional sentences, or toshow dissatisfaction with the past.We use the past present tense to talk about: Completed action before another action in the past, use of this tense is to emphasize that one action in the past happened before another action in the past. Third conditional sentences. Reported speech Dissatisfaction with the pastStructure:The structure of the past perfect tense is: subject + auxiliaryverb HAVE + mainverb conjugated in simple past tense pastparticiple had V3For negative sentences in the past perfect tense, we insert not betweenthe auxiliary verb and main verb. For question sentences, we exchangethe subject and auxiliary verb. Look at these example sentences withthe past perfect tense: 12
  13. 13. subject auxiliaryverb mainverb + I had finished mywork. + You had stopped before me. - She had not gone toschool. - We had not left. ? Had you arrived? ? Had they eaten dinner?Examples: I had never seen such a beautiful beach before I went to Kauai. I did not have any money because I had lost my wallet. Tony knew Istanbul so well because he had visited the city several times. Had Susan ever studied Thai before she moved to Thailand? She only understood the movie because she had read the book. Kristine had never been to an opera before last night. We were not able to get a hotel room because we had not booked in advance. A: Had you ever visited the U.S. before your trip in 2006? B: Yes, I had been to the U.S. once before. 13
  14. 14. WOULD LIKE TODefinition:“Would like to” is always accompanied by an infinitive, areconstructed by inverting the auxiliary and the subject.“Would like to” refers to something more concrete. Often used as anoffer, or ask for something.would is the same for all persons...We generally use it with the firstperson singular: Id like = I would like is a polite way of saying whatyou want.Structure: Would like + subject + (infinitive) + to + verb (infinitive) Subject + would + bareinfinitive (d) contraction I would like adrink. You would like a mineral. He /She would like somewater. /It We /they would like agoodwine. What + would + subject like? 14
  15. 15. Whichwine would you like? Which vegetables would you like? Whichbrand would you like?Examples: Would you like to go the cinema? Would you like to come? I’d like some coffee, would you like some too? Would you like a chocolate? Would you like to go to the cinema this evening? She’d like to speak with you for a moment. What would you like to do this weekend? I like Cuban cigars. Id like a Cuban cigar. 15
  16. 16. FUTURE WITH WILLDefinition:Will future expresses a spontaneous decision, an assumption withregard to the future or an action in the future that cannot beinfluenced.Use of will Future a spontaneousdecision Example: Wait, I will help you. an opinion, hope, uncertainty or assumption regarding the future Example: He will probably come back tomorrow. a promise Example: I will not watch TV tonight. an action in the future that cannot be influenced Example: It will rain tomorrow. conditionalclausestype I Example: If I arrive late, I will call you. 16
  17. 17. Structure:Positive Subject + [WILL + Infinitive verb] + ComplementNegative Subject + [WILL NOT (WONT)+ Infinitive verb] + ComplementQuestion Question Word + [WILL + Subject + Infinitive verb] + ComplementExamples: Tom will never get married. She will pay you next week. It won’t rain today Seth and Tom won’t come to class today. I won’t be late anymore. What will youstudy? Will Maria live in Spain? How long will Mark stay in Peru? 17
  18. 18. FUTURE: BE GOING TODefinition:Going to future expresses a conclusion regarding the immediatefuture or an action in the near future that has already been plannedor prepared.Structure: Subject + to be + going to + infinitivePositive Subject VerbTo be Goingto Infinitive I Am dance He / She / It Is Goingto Study We / You / They Are Go shoppingNegative Subject VerbTo be + not Goingto Infinitive I Am not Clean He / She / It Isnot (isn’t) Goingto Cook We / You / They Are not (aren’t) travelQuestion Question Word VerbTo Be Subject Goingto Infinitive What Am not I Do Where Isnot (isn’t) He / She / It Goingto Go —————– Are not (aren’t) We / You / They travel 18
  19. 19. Examples: Maria’s going to travel this holiday. They’re going to go to a very expensive restaurant. I’m going to come home late. I’m not going to go to the party. Juan isn’t going to work today. They aren’t going to stay at that hotel. What are you going to do later? What is she going to cook? Are they going to attend the meeting? Where is Maria going to study? 19
  20. 20. INDICESIMPLE PRESENT ............................................................................. 1PRESENT CONTINUOUS................................................................... 3PRESENT PERFECT .......................................................................... 5SIMPLE PAST ..................................................................................... 7POST CONTINUOUS .........................................................................10PAST PERFECT ................................................................................12WOULD LIKE TO ...............................................................................14FUTURE WITH WILL .........................................................................16FUTURE: BE GOING TO ...................................................................18 20

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