Marxist Criticism


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Marxist Critical Theory

Marxist Criticism

  1. 1. Marxist Criticism Critical Theory
  2. 2. Marxist Criticism <ul><li>Based on Marxism , a historical and political theory that deals with society rather than literature </li></ul><ul><li>Marxism is based on the ideas of Karl Marx , a political scientist </li></ul>
  3. 3. Principles of Marxism <ul><li>Focus on matters such as culture, class, race and power </li></ul><ul><li>Marx believed that history is created and change occurs because of the struggles between social and economic classes </li></ul>
  4. 4. Principles of Marxism <ul><li>The current struggle in modern history, is the struggle between the rich (owner) called the “bourgeoisies” and the poor (worker) called the “proletariat” </li></ul>
  5. 5. Marxism and Literature <ul><li>The Marxist critic finds a reflection of the same conflicts in literature (whether intended by the author or not) </li></ul><ul><li>Marxist critics suggest that the struggle is inherent in our society so it is also reflected in our literature </li></ul>
  6. 6. Marxist Critical Analysis How do I apply Marxist Criticism?
  7. 7. Questions to ask: <ul><li>1. How are the conflicts in the work connected to the struggle between </li></ul><ul><ul><li>the haves and the have nots </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>owners and workers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>rich and poor </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Questions to ask: <ul><li>2. How does the work suggest that life in a Bourgeois society is empty? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The pursuit of wealth and power is meaningless </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Money does not buy happiness </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Questions to ask: <ul><li>3. What are the values of each social class in the work? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Look at the characters that have a high social status – What do they appear to believe about the value of life, money, work, family, love? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Now look at the characters that have a low social status and ask the same questions. </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. What you don’t want to hear: <ul><li>You must memorize these 3 questions and be prepared to reproduce them on a test </li></ul><ul><li>You must also be able to apply these questions to other texts that we study in class and new sight passages </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Prepared for your viewing pleasure by: </li></ul><ul><li>Liana Cote-Montminy </li></ul>